This book brings together eleven topics on different aspects of fractional calculus in a single volume. It provides readers the basic knowledge of fractional calculus and introduces advanced topics and applications. The information in the book is presented in four parts: Fractional Diffusion Equations: (i) solutions of fractional diffusion equations using wavelet methods, (ii) the maximum principle for time fractional diffusion equations, (iii) nonlinear sub-diffusion equations. Mathematical Analysis: (i) shifted Jacobi polynomials for solving and identifying coupled fractional delay differential equations, (ii) the monotone iteration principle in the theory of Hadamard fractional delay differential equations, (iii) dynamics of fractional order modified Bhalekar-Gejji System, (iv) Grunwald-Letnikov derivatives. Computational Techniques: GPU computing of special mathematical functions used in fractional calculus. Reviews: (i) the popular iterative method NIM, (ii) fractional derivative with non-singular kernels, (iii) some open problems in fractional order nonlinear system This is a useful reference for researchers and graduate level mathematics students seeking knowledge about of fractional calculus and applied mathematics.
This monograph contains the author's work of the last four years in discrete and fractional analysis. It introduces the right delta and right nabla fractional calculus on time scales and continues with the right delta and right nabla discrete fractional calculus in the Caputo sense. Then, it shows representation formulae of functions on time scales and presents Ostrowski type inequalities, Landau type inequalities, Grüss type and comparison of means inequalities, all these over time scales. The volume continues with integral operator inequalities and their multivariate vectorial versions using convexity of functions, again all these over time scales. It follows the Grüss and Ostrowski type inequalities involving s-convexity of functions; and also examines the general case when several functions are involved. Then, it presents the general fractional Hermite–Hadamard type inequalities using m-convexity and (s, m)-convexity. Finally, it introduces the reduction method in fractional calculus and its connection to fractional Ostrowski type inequalities is studied. This book's results are expected to find applications in many areas of pure and applied mathematics, especially in difference equations and fractional differential equations. The chapters are self-contained and can be read independently, and advanced courses can be taught out of it. It is suitable for researchers, graduate students, seminars of the above subjects, and serves well as an invaluable resource for all science libraries. Contents:Foundations of Right Delta Fractional Calculus on Time ScalesPrinciples of Right Nabla Fractional Calculus on Time ScalesAbout Right Delta Discrete FractionalityAbout Right Nabla Discrete Fractional CalculusRepresentations and Ostrowski Inequalities over Time ScalesLandau Inequalities on Time ScalesGrüss and Comparison of Means Inequalities over Time ScalesAbout Integral Operator Inequalities over Time ScalesAbout Vectorial Integral Operator Inequalities Using Convexity over Time ScalesGeneral Grüss and Ostrowski Inequalities Using s-ConvexityEssential and s-Convexity Ostrowski and Grüss Inequalities Using Several FunctionsGeneral Fractional Hermite–Hadamard Inequalities Using m-Convexity and (s, m)-ConvexityAbout the Reduction Method in Fractional Calculus and Fractional Ostrowski Inequalities Readership: Advanced graduate students and researchers interested in time scales, inequalities and difference/differential equations. Key Features:Presents new research on time scales and related inequalitiesMaterials are crucially related to difference/differential equationsSelf-contained chapters that can be read independentlyAn extensive list of references is given in each chapterThe topics covered are diverseKeywords:Time Scale;Fractional Derivative;Difference Equation;Fractional Inequality
This text provides the first comprehensive treatment of the discrete fractional calculus. Experienced researchers will find the text useful as a reference for discrete fractional calculus and topics of current interest. Students who are interested in learning about discrete fractional calculus will find this text to provide a useful starting point. Several exercises are offered at the end of each chapter and select answers have been provided at the end of the book. The presentation of the content is designed to give ample flexibility for potential use in a myriad of courses and for independent study. The novel approach taken by the authors includes a simultaneous treatment of the fractional- and integer-order difference calculus (on a variety of time scales, including both the usual forward and backwards difference operators). The reader will acquire a solid foundation in the classical topics of the discrete calculus while being introduced to exciting recent developments, bringing them to the frontiers of the subject. Most chapters may be covered or omitted, depending upon the background of the student. For example, the text may be used as a primary reference in an introductory course for difference equations which also includes discrete fractional calculus. Chapters 1—2 provide a basic introduction to the delta calculus including fractional calculus on the set of integers. For courses where students already have background in elementary real analysis, Chapters 1—2 may be covered quickly and readers may then skip to Chapters 6—7 which present some basic results in fractional boundary value problems (FBVPs). Chapters 6—7 in conjunction with some of the current literature listed in the Bibliography can provide a basis for a seminar in the current theory of FBVPs. For a two-semester course, Chapters 1—5 may be covered in depth, providing a very thorough introduction to both the discrete fractional calculus as well as the integer-order calculus.
An Introduction to Fractional Derivatives, Fractional Differential Equations, to Methods of Their Solution and Some of Their Applications
Author: Igor Podlubny
This book is a landmark title in the continuous move from integer to non-integer in mathematics: from integer numbers to real numbers, from factorials to the gamma function, from integer-order models to models of an arbitrary order. For historical reasons, the word 'fractional' is used instead of the word 'arbitrary'. This book is written for readers who are new to the fields of fractional derivatives and fractional-order mathematical models, and feel that they need them for developing more adequate mathematical models. In this book, not only applied scientists, but also pure mathematicians will find fresh motivation for developing new methods and approaches in their fields of research. A reader will find in this book everything necessary for the initial study and immediate application of fractional derivatives fractional differential equations, including several necessary special functions, basic theory of fractional differentiation, uniqueness and existence theorems, analytical numerical methods of solution of fractional differential equations, and many inspiring examples of applications. A unique survey of many applications of fractional calculus Presents basic theory Includes a unified presentation of selected classical results, which are important for applications Provides many examples Contains a separate chapter of fractional order control systems, which opens new perspectives in control theory The first systematic consideration of Caputo's fractional derivative in comparison with other selected approaches Includes tables of fractional derivatives, which can be used for evaluation of all considered types of fractional derivatives
This invaluable monograph is devoted to a rapidly developing area on the research of qualitative theory of fractional ordinary and partial differential equations. It provides the readers the necessary background material required to go further into the subject and explore the rich research literature. The tools used include many classical and modern nonlinear analysis methods such as fixed point theory, measure of noncompactness method, topological degree method, the technique of Picard operators, critical point theory and semigroup theory. Based on the research work carried out by the authors and other experts during the past seven years, the contents are very recent and comprehensive. In this edition, two new topics have been added, that is, fractional impulsive differential equations, and fractional partial differential equations including fractional Navier–Stokes equations and fractional diffusion equations. Contents:Preliminaries:IntroductionSome Notations, Concepts and LemmasFractional CalculusSome Results from Nonlinear AnalysisSemigroupsFractional Functional Differential Equations:IntroductionNeutral Equations with Bounded Delayp-Type Neutral EquationsNeutral Equations with Infinite DelayIterative Functional Differential EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Ordinary Differential Equations in Banach Spaces:IntroductionCauchy Problems via Measure of Noncompactness MethodCauchy Problems via Topological Degree MethodCauchy Problems via Picard Operators TechniqueNotes and RemarksFractional Abstract Evolution Equations:IntroductionEvolution Equations with Riemann–Liouville DerivativeEvolution Equations with Caputo DerivativeNonlocal Problems for Evolution EquationsAbstract Cauchy Problems with Almost Sectorial OperatorsNotes and RemarksFractional Impulsive Differential Equations:IntroductionImpulsive Initial Value ProblemsImpulsive Boundary Value ProblemsImpulsive Langevin EquationsImpulsive Evolution EquationsNotes and RemarksFractional Boundary Value Problems:IntroductionSolution for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsMultiple Solutions for BVP with ParametersInfinite Solutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional IntegralsSolutions for BVP with Left and Right Fractional DerivativesNotes and RemarksFractional Partial Differential Equations:IntroductionFractional Navier–Stokes EquationsFractional Euler–Lagrange EquationsFractional Diffusion EquationsFractional Schrödinger EquationsNotes and Remarks Readership: Researchers and graduate or PhD students dealing with fractional calculus and applied analysis, differential equations and related areas of research.
An Application-Oriented Exposition Using Differential Operators of Caputo Type
Author: Kai Diethelm
Fractional calculus was first developed by pure mathematicians in the middle of the 19th century. Some 100 years later, engineers and physicists have found applications for these concepts in their areas. However there has traditionally been little interaction between these two communities. In particular, typical mathematical works provide extensive findings on aspects with comparatively little significance in applications, and the engineering literature often lacks mathematical detail and precision. This book bridges the gap between the two communities. It concentrates on the class of fractional derivatives most important in applications, the Caputo operators, and provides a self-contained, thorough and mathematically rigorous study of their properties and of the corresponding differential equations. The text is a useful tool for mathematicians and researchers from the applied sciences alike. It can also be used as a basis for teaching graduate courses on fractional differential equations.
This book aims to introduce some new trends and results on the study of the fractional differential equations, and to provide a good understanding of this field to beginners who are interested in this field, which is the authors' beautiful hope. This book describes theoretical and numerical aspects of the fractional partial differential equations, including the authors' researches in this field, such as the fractional Nonlinear Schrödinger equations, fractional Landau–Lifshitz equations and fractional Ginzburg–Landau equations. It also covers enough fundamental knowledge on the fractional derivatives and fractional integrals, and enough background of the fractional PDEs. Contents:Physics BackgroundFractional Calculus and Fractional Differential EquationsFractional Partial Differential EquationsNumerical Approximations in Fractional CalculusNumerical Methods for the Fractional Ordinary Differential EquationsNumerical Methods for Fractional Partial Differential Equations Readership: Graduate students and researchers in mathematical physics, numerical analysis and computational mathematics. Key Features:This book covers the fundamentals of this field, especially for the beginnersThe book covers new trends and results in this fieldThe book covers numerical results, which will be of broad interests to researchersKeywords:Fractional Partial Differential Equations;Numerical Solutions
Linear and nonlinear systems of equations are the basis for many, if not most, of the models of phenomena in science and engineering, and their efficient numerical solution is critical to progress in these areas. This is the first book to be published on nonlinear equations since the mid-1980s. Although it stresses recent developments in this area, such as Newton-Krylov methods, considerable material on linear equations has been incorporated. This book focuses on a small number of methods and treats them in depth. The author provides a complete analysis of the conjugate gradient and generalized minimum residual iterations as well as recent advances including Newton-Krylov methods, incorporation of inexactness and noise into the analysis, new proofs and implementations of Broyden's method, and globalization of inexact Newton methods. Examples, methods, and algorithmic choices are based on applications to infinite dimensional problems such as partial differential equations and integral equations. The analysis and proof techniques are constructed with the infinite dimensional setting in mind and the computational examples and exercises are based on the MATLAB environment.
José António Tenreiro Machado,Dumitru Baleanu,Albert C. J. Luo
Applications in Physical, Biological, and Financial Systems
Author: José António Tenreiro Machado,Dumitru Baleanu,Albert C. J. Luo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Nonlinear Dynamics of Complex Systems describes chaos, fractal and stochasticities within celestial mechanics, financial systems and biochemical systems. Part I discusses methods and applications in celestial systems and new results in such areas as low energy impact dynamics, low-thrust planar trajectories to the moon and earth-to-halo transfers in the sun, earth and moon. Part II presents the dynamics of complex systems including bio-systems, neural systems, chemical systems and hydro-dynamical systems. Finally, Part III covers economic and financial systems including market uncertainty, inflation, economic activity and foreign competition and the role of nonlinear dynamics in each.
The book is characterized by the illustration of cases of fractal, self-similar and multi-scale structures taken from the mechanics of solid and porous materials, which have a technical interest. In addition, an accessible and self-consistent treatment of the mathematical technique of fractional calculus is provided, avoiding useless complications.
This book features challenging problems of classical analysis that invite the reader to explore a host of strategies and tools used for solving problems of modern topics in real analysis. This volume offers an unusual collection of problems — many of them original — specializing in three topics of mathematical analysis: limits, series, and fractional part integrals. The work is divided into three parts, each containing a chapter dealing with a particular problem type as well as a very short section of hints to select problems. The first chapter collects problems on limits of special sequences and Riemann integrals; the second chapter focuses on the calculation of fractional part integrals with a special section called ‘Quickies’ which contains problems that have had unexpected succinct solutions. The final chapter offers the reader an assortment of problems with a flavor towards the computational aspects of infinite series and special products, many of which are new to the literature. Each chapter contains a section of difficult problems which are motivated by other problems in the book. These ‘Open Problems’ may be considered research projects for students who are studying advanced calculus, and which are intended to stimulate creativity and the discovery of new and original methods for proving known results and establishing new ones. This stimulating collection of problems is intended for undergraduate students with a strong background in analysis; graduate students in mathematics, physics, and engineering; researchers; and anyone who works on topics at the crossroad between pure and applied mathematics. Moreover, the level of problems is appropriate for students involved in the Putnam competition and other high level mathematical contests.
"Fractional-Order Nonlinear Systems: Modeling, Analysis and Simulation" presents a study of fractional-order chaotic systems accompanied by Matlab programs for simulating their state space trajectories, which are shown in the illustrations in the book. Description of the chaotic systems is clearly presented and their analysis and numerical solution are done in an easy-to-follow manner. Simulink models for the selected fractional-order systems are also presented. The readers will understand the fundamentals of the fractional calculus, how real dynamical systems can be described using fractional derivatives and fractional differential equations, how such equations can be solved, and how to simulate and explore chaotic systems of fractional order. The book addresses to mathematicians, physicists, engineers, and other scientists interested in chaos phenomena or in fractional-order systems. It can be used in courses on dynamical systems, control theory, and applied mathematics at graduate or postgraduate level. Ivo Petráš is an Associate Professor of automatic control and the Director of the Institute of Control and Informatization of Production Processes, Faculty of BERG, Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic. His main research interests include control systems, industrial automation, and applied mathematics.
Fractional calculus is undergoing rapidly and ongoing development. We can already recognize, that within its framework new concepts and strategies emerge, which lead to new challenging insights and surprising correlations between different branches of physics. This book is an invitation both to the interested student and the professional researcher. It presents a thorough introduction to the basics of fractional calculus and guides the reader directly to the current state-of-the-art physical interpretation. It is also devoted to the application of fractional calculus on physical problems, in the subjects of classical mechanics, friction, damping, oscillations, group theory, quantum mechanics, nuclear physics, and hadron spectroscopy up to quantum field theory.
James B Bassingthwaighte,Larry S Liebovitch,Bruce J. West
Author: James B Bassingthwaighte,Larry S Liebovitch,Bruce J. West
I know that most men, including those at ease with the problems of the greatest complexity, can seldom accept even the simplest and most obvious truth if it be such as would oblige them to admit the falsity of conclusions which they have delighted in explaining to colleagues, which they have proudly taught to others, and which they have woven, thread by thread, into the fabric of their lives. Joseph Ford quoting Tolstoy (Gleick, 1987) We are used to thinking that natural objects have a certain form and that this form is determined by a characteristic scale. If we magnify the object beyond this scale, no new features are revealed. To correctly measure the properties of the object, such as length, area, or volume, we measure it at a resolution finer than the characteristic scale of the object. We expect that the value we measure has a unique value for the object. This simple idea is the basis of the calculus, Euclidean geometry, and the theory of measurement. However, Mandelbrot (1977, 1983) brought to the world's attention that many natural objects simply do not have this preconceived form. Many of the structures in space and processes in time of living things have a very different form. Living things have structures in space and fluctuations in time that cannot be characterized by one spatial or temporal scale. They extend over many spatial or temporal scales.
In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation; methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; and methods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particular branches, such as optimal filtering and information compression. - Best operator approximation, - Non-Lagrange interpolation, - Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform - Generalised low-rank matrix approximation - Optimal data compression - Optimal nonlinear filtering
"FRONTIERS IN ELECTROMAGNETICS is the first all-in-one resource to bring in-depth original papers on today's major advances in long-standing electromagnetics problems. Highly regarded editors Douglas H. Werner and Raj Mittra have meticulously selected new contributed papers from preeminent researchers in the field to provide state-of-the-art discussions on emerging areas of electromagnetics. Antenna and microwave engineers and students will find key insights into current trends and techniques of electromagnetics likely to shape future directions of this increasingly important topic. Each chapter includes a comprehensive analysis and ample references on innovative subjects that range from combining electromagnetic theory with mathematical concepts to the most recent techniques in electromagnetic optimization and estimation. The contributors also present the latest developments in analytical and numerical methods for solving electromagnetics problems. With a level of expertise unmatched in the field, FRONTIERS IN ELECTROMAGNETICS provides readers with a solid foundation to understand this rapidly changing area of technology. Topics covering fast-developing applications in electromagnetics include: * Fractal electrodynamics, fractal antennas and arrays, and scattering from fractally rough surfaces * Knot electrodynamics * The role of group theory and symmetry * Fractional calculus * Lommel and multiple expansions. Professors: To request an examination copy simply e-mail [email protected]" Sponsored by: IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society.
Volume I Background and Theory Volume II Applications
Author: Vladimir V. Uchaikin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The first derivative of a particle coordinate means its velocity, the second means its acceleration, but what does a fractional order derivative mean? Where does it come from, how does it work, where does it lead to? The two-volume book written on high didactic level answers these questions. Fractional Derivatives for Physicists and Engineers— The first volume contains a clear introduction into such a modern branch of analysis as the fractional calculus. The second develops a wide panorama of applications of the fractional calculus to various physical problems. This book recovers new perspectives in front of the reader dealing with turbulence and semiconductors, plasma and thermodynamics, mechanics and quantum optics, nanophysics and astrophysics. The book is addressed to students, engineers and physicists, specialists in theory of probability and statistics, in mathematical modeling and numerical simulations, to everybody who doesn't wish to stay apart from the new mathematical methods becoming more and more popular. Prof. Vladimir V. UCHAIKIN is a known Russian scientist and pedagogue, a Honored Worker of Russian High School, a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He is the author of about three hundreds articles and more than a dozen books (mostly in Russian) in Cosmic ray physics, Mathematical physics, Levy stable statistics, Monte Carlo methods with applications to anomalous processes in complex systems of various levels: from quantum dots to the Milky Way galaxy.