Towards Practicable Foundations for Constructive Mathematics
Author: Laura Crosilla,Peter Schuster
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Bridging the foundations and practice of constructive mathematics, this text focusses on the contrast between the theoretical developments - which have been most useful for computer science - and more specific efforts on constructive analysis, algebra and topology.
23rd International Workshop, CSL 2009, 18th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Coimbra, Portugal, September 7-11, 2009, Proceedings
Author: Erich Grädel,Reinhard Kahle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 23rd International Workshop on Computer Science Logic, CSL 2009, held in Coimbra, Portugal, in September 2009. The 34 papers presented together with 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 89 full paper submissions. All current aspects of logic in computer science are addressed, ranging from foundational and methodological issues to application issues of practical relevance. The book concludes with a presentation of this year's Ackermann award, the EACSL Outstanding Dissertation Award for Logic in Computer Science.
The volume includes twenty-five research papers presented as gifts to John L. Bell to celebrate his 60th birthday by colleagues, former students, friends and admirers. Like Bell’s own work, the contributions cross boundaries into several inter-related fields. The contributions are new work by highly respected figures, several of whom are among the key figures in their fields. Some examples: in foundations of maths and logic (William Lawvere, Peter Aczel, Graham Priest, Giovanni Sambin); analytical philosophy (Michael Dummett, William Demopoulos), philosophy of science (Michael Redhead, Frank Arntzenius), philosophy of mathematics (Michael Hallett, John Mayberry, Daniel Isaacson) and decision theory and foundations of economics (Ken Bimore). Most articles are contributions to current philosophical debates, but contributions also include some new mathematical results, important historical surveys, and a translation by Wilfrid Hodges of a key work of arabic logic.
This anthology reviews the programmes in the foundations of mathematics from the classical period and assesses their possible relevance for contemporary philosophy of mathematics. A special section is concerned with constructive mathematics.
Model theory, a major branch of mathematical logic, plays a key role connecting logic and other areas of mathematics such as algebra, geometry, analysis, and combinatorics. Simplicity theory, a subject of model theory, studies a class of mathematical structures, called simple. The class includes all stable structures (vector spaces, modules, algebraically closed fields, differentially closed fields, and so on), and also important unstable structures such as the random graph, smoothly approximated structures, pseudo-finite fields, ACFA and more. Simplicity theory supplies the uniform model theoretic points of views to such structures in addition to their own mathematical analyses. This book starts with an introduction to the fundamental notions of dividing and forking, and covers up to the hyperdefinable group configuration theorem for simple theories. It collects up-to-date knowledge on simplicity theory and it will be useful to logicians, mathematicians and graduate students working on model theory.
This book is about some recent work in a subject usually considered part of "logic" and the" foundations of mathematics", but also having close connec tions with philosophy and computer science. Namely, the creation and study of "formal systems for constructive mathematics". The general organization of the book is described in the" User's Manual" which follows this introduction, and the contents of the book are described in more detail in the introductions to Part One, Part Two, Part Three, and Part Four. This introduction has a different purpose; it is intended to provide the reader with a general view of the subject. This requires, to begin with, an elucidation of both the concepts mentioned in the phrase, "formal systems for constructive mathematics". "Con structive mathematics" refers to mathematics in which, when you prove that l a thing exists (having certain desired properties) you show how to find it. Proof by contradiction is the most common way of proving something exists without showing how to find it - one assumes that nothing exists with the desired properties, and derives a contradiction. It was only in the last two decades of the nineteenth century that mathematicians began to exploit this method of proof in ways that nobody had previously done; that was partly made possible by the creation and development of set theory by Georg Cantor and Richard Dedekind.
The interplay between computability and randomness has been an active area of research in recent years, reflected by ample funding in the USA, numerous workshops, and publications on the subject. The complexity and the randomness aspect of a set of natural numbers are closely related. Traditionally, computability theory is concerned with the complexity aspect. However, computability theoretic tools can also be used to introduce mathematical counterparts for the intuitive notion of randomness of a set. Recent research shows that, conversely, concepts and methods originating from randomness enrich computability theory. The book covers topics such as lowness and highness properties, Kolmogorov complexity, betting strategies and higher computability. Both the basics and recent research results are desribed, providing a very readable introduction to the exciting interface of computability and randomness for graduates and researchers in computability theory, theoretical computer science, and measure theory.
This book is focused on the first three parts of Bolzano's Theory of Sciene and introduces a more systematic reconsideration of Bolzano's logial thought. In undertaking this task, the book is intended as an exploration, not so much of the more specifically discursive aspects of Bolzano's logial thought - already amply studied - as muh as on identifying the singularly coherent and systematic nature of the logic presented in Bolzano's work. Casari presents this within a formal system and adopts the approach of the predicate calculus with identity and choice operator by using Hilbert's epsilon calculus (the logical formalism developed by David Hilbert in the service of his program in the foundations of mathematics).
This book, Foundations of Constructive Analysis, founded the field of constructive analysis because it proved most of the important theorems in real analysis by constructive methods. The author, Errett Albert Bishop, born July 10, 1928, was an American mathematician known for his work on analysis. In the later part of his life Bishop was seen as the leading mathematician in the area of Constructive mathematics. From 1965 until his death, he was professor at the University of California at San Diego.
This book is an exposition of the central features of one of the most developed and sophisticated parts of modern model theory. Geometric stability theory studies the fine structure of models of stable theories. An ever present theme is the existence and structure of definable groups. Fundamental applications to a classification theory are included in the text. Recent years have seen other surprising applications to, among other things, diophantine geometry. This book will be invaluable to anyone interested in modern model theory, such as working model theorists and graduate students in logic.
This work grew out of Errett Bishop's fundamental treatise 'Founda tions of Constructive Analysis' (FCA), which appeared in 1967 and which contained the bountiful harvest of a remarkably short period of research by its author. Truly, FCA was an exceptional book, not only because of the quantity of original material it contained, but also as a demonstration of the practicability of a program which most ma thematicians believed impossible to carry out. Errett's book went out of print shortly after its publication, and no second edition was produced by its publishers. Some years later, 'by a set of curious chances', it was agreed that a new edition of FCA would be published by Springer Verlag, the revision being carried out by me under Errett's supervision; at the same time, Errett gener ously insisted that I become a joint author. The revision turned out to be much more substantial than we had anticipated, and took longer than we would have wished. Indeed, tragically, Errett died before the work was completed. The present book is the result of our efforts. Although substantially based on FCA, it contains so much new material, and such full revision and expansion of the old, that it is essentially a new book. For this reason, and also to preserve the integrity of the original, I decided to give our joint work a title of its own. Most of the new material outside Chapter 5 originated with Errett.
This work is a sequel to the author's G?del's Incompleteness Theorems, though it can be read independently by anyone familiar with G?del's incompleteness theorem for Peano arithmetic. The book deals mainly with those aspects of recursion theory that have applications to the metamathematics of incompleteness, undecidability, and related topics. It is both an introduction to the theory and a presentation of new results in the field.
The first book available providing comprehensive coverage of a new research area in algebra and model theory. The expostion starts from scratch and ultimately prgresses on to discussion of open problems.
Second Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, Swansea, UK, June 30-July 5, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Arnold Beckmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, held in Swansea, UK, in June/July 2006. The 31 revised full papers presented together with 30 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from about 80 submissions. Among them are papers corresponding to 8 plenary talks and papers of 6 special sessions entitled proofs and computation, computable analysis, challenges in complexity, foundations of programming, mathematical models of computers and hypercomputers, and G??del centenary: G??del's legacy for computability.
This is a new systematic study of the principles behind the variety of logical systems in mathematical logic and computer science. The technical work is illuminated by information about its historical and philosophical context.