Forest Fires

A Reference Handbook

Author: Philip N. Omi

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851094385

Category: Nature

Page: 347

View: 2537

From killer fires to ecosystem rehabilitation, an exhaustive survey exploring the ecological, social, and economic consequences of managing fires in U.S. wildland areas. * Provides a detailed chronology of events, legislative acts, policy controversies, and precedents for fire management in the United States, illustrating how the fires discussed reflect a continuation of trends established in the 20th century and before * Includes biographies of past and present forest fire management leaders, scientists, academicians, and policy makers

Marijuana: A Reference Handbook, 2nd Edition

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440850526

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 2319

This single-volume resource provides sound, up-to-date information and authoritative resources for research on the controversial topics of the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes and the effects of marijuana use on society. • Provides readers with an in-depth understanding of the way in which marijuana has been treated in the nation's long-running "war on drugs" • Presents arguments both for and against the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes • Offers a variety of resources that readers can use for further study of the subject • Contains a chapter with selections from important documents in the history of marijuana use, including laws and court cases that deal with the substance and its use and abuse

Human Trafficking: A Reference Handbook

Author: Alexis A. Aronowitz

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440834857

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 6975

Offering an up-to-date and comprehensive resource for students and general readers investigating human trafficking, this book examines the phenomenon in its many forms, the factors contributing to its existence, the victims it affects, and those who perpetrate this horrific crime. • Provides readers with a greater understanding of the complexities of human trafficking—from lack of clarity in the definition to the problem of identifying victims—and how human trafficking differs from human smuggling • Enables a greater appreciation for the social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors that contribute to human trafficking and suggests how these crimes should be addressed • Suggests measures that have been introduced and must be applied more extensively to combat trafficking and protect potential victims

The Right to Die: A Reference Handbook

Author: Howard Ball

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440843120

Category: Architecture

Page: 368

View: 9528

This book provides a comprehensive and contemporary examination of the right-to-die issues facing society now that vast improvements in public health care and medicine have resulted in people not only living longer but taking much longer to die—often in great pain and suffering. • Provides readers a clear picture of the complexity of the right-to-die controversy as it has emerged in the courts and in the political branches of state and federal governments • Presents perspectives written by advocates for and against the right to die that give personal insight into the reasons for their positions • Supplies a selection of primary source documents that represent viewpoints from both sides of the right-to-die controversy • Includes a fully annotated chapter that provides readers with secondary resources such as books, journal articles, and medical reports with which to explore the issue further

Genocide

A Reference Handbook

Author: Howard Ball

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598844887

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 6276

This book presents the background and history of genocide, the key issues associated with this worldwide crime, and the problems inherent in preventing its occurrence. * Provides a chronological timeline of genocide from 1900 to present day * Includes related content such as brief biographies of major 20th century leaders accused of genocide, bilateral immunity agreements involving the United States from 2003 to 2009, and a directory of organizations that have worked to prevent or end genocide * Addresses key issues such as the motivations for genocide; the perpetrators, victims, and bystanders; and the eight stages of genocide * Contains an annotative bibliography of print and nonprint resources

Sex and Gender: A Reference Handbook

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440854807

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 3018

Geared toward high school students, undergraduate students, and general readers, this reference work provides a thorough and unbiased treatment of sex, gender, and transgenderism—social issues of particular importance in today's world. • Offers answers to essential questions about transgender issues that are accessible to high school students, undergraduate students, and general readers interested in sex and gender • Presents background and insight to a number of social issues and topics that are of considerable interest to young adults but are often treated in a very limited fashion or skipped completely in school curricula • Includes a chapter comprising perspective essays that voice diverse opinions regarding controversial gender issues • Provides additional resources that enable readers to conduct further research or stay up to date on issues that are as yet unresolved

Religious Nationalism

A Reference Handbook

Author: Atalia Omer,Jason A. Springs

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598844393

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 4925

This book tackles the assumptions behind common understandings of religious nationalism, exploring the complex connections between religion, nationalism, conflict, and conflict transformation. * Speeches of political and religious leaders * Chronologies of conflicts in such places as Israel-Palestine, Sri Lanka, and the former Yugoslavia

Healthcare Reform in America

A Reference Handbook

Author: Jennie J. Kronenfeld,Michael R. Kronenfeld

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576079775

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 5881

An authoritative look at the core issues of the healthcare debate in the United States, with a focus on reform of the system. * A detailed list of annotated print and web-based resources such as Fedstats, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Coalition on Healthcare, providing readers the tools to explore issues in more detail * Biographies of key figures in healthcare reform including Richard Nixon, Lyndon Johnson, and Lister Hill

Social Media

A Reference Handbook

Author: Kelli S. Burns

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440843556

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 2582

Social media is arguably one of the most powerful technology-enabled innovations since the Internet itself. This single-volume book provides a broad and easily understandable discussion of the evolution of social media; related problems and controversies, especially for youth; key people and organizations; and useful social media data. * Provides readers with a clearly written overview of the impacts of social media worldwide that highlights key people and companies in the development of social media * Presents up-to-date information on the range of problems related to social media and presents potential solutions * Offers a variety of voices from social media experts, supplying perspectives from creators to users

The Animal Experimentation Debate

A Reference Handbook

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610693183

Category: PHILOSOPHY

Page: 322

View: 1061

Reviewing the topic from antiquity to the present day, this book examines the debate over the use of animals in research in a fair and balanced way.

Solar Energy: A Reference Handbook

A Reference Handbook

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610696964

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 6755

This book provides an outstanding single-volume resource on the topic of solar energy for young adults and general audiences. • Provides an accessible and useful technical introduction to the various ways in which solar energy can be used for heat production and the generation of electricity • Outlines some of the critical environmental, technical, economic, and political issues that have prevented solar energy from becoming a more significant part of the nation's energy equation • Includes primary source documents such as relevant laws, court cases, position statements, and other items that allow readers to directly examine the history of solar energy

Hackers and Hacking

A Reference Handbook

Author: Thomas J. Holt,Bernadette Hlubik Schell

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610692772

Category: Computers

Page: 354

View: 8760

This book provides an in-depth exploration of the phenomenon of hacking from a multidisciplinary perspective that addresses the social and technological aspects of this unique activity as well as its impact. • Documents how computer hacking fits into various forms of cybercrime • Describes the subculture of computer hackers and explains how this social world plays an integral role in the business of hacking • Clarifies the subtle differences between ethical and malicious hacks • Focuses on the non-technical aspects of computer hacking to enable the reader to better understand the actors and their motives

Child Soldiers

A Reference Handbook

Author: David M. Rosen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598845268

Category: History

Page: 323

View: 5586

This book exposes the role of children in war, describing where, why, and how children are deployed, the attempts made by international organizations to protect children, and the underlying political and cultural issues that make this such a thorny issue. * A chronology of major events in the efforts to limit the use of child soldiers * Biographical sketches of famous child soldiers and key figures in the effort to ban the use of child soldiers * A directory of organizations involved in the child soldier issue

The American Political Party System: A Reference Handbook

Author: Michael C. LeMay

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440854122

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 350

View: 5181

What historical factors transformed American politics into the institution we know today? This in-depth look at America's party system traces its efficacy, sustainability, and popularity through six influential presidencies spanning 1790 to the present day. • Theorizes how the presidencies of Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, McKinley, FDR, and Ronald Reagan marked the beginning of a new political party system at the time and considers how Obama's election might signal the latest transformation • Contains essays that explain how political beliefs affect party identification, examine each party's platform on national security issues, and identify the effects the Trump campaign has on the Republican Party • Features 15 primary documents including excerpts from the Federalist Papers and relevant sections of the U.S. Constitution • Includes maps, bar and line graphs, and pie charts to illustrate key elements of the party system

Women in Combat: A Reference Handbook

A Reference Handbook

Author: Rosemarie Skaine

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598844601

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 978

This handbook provides a straightforward account of how women have served in combat roles and explains the ongoing controversy surrounding efforts to legalize combat assignments for female service members. • Offers insights obtained from exclusive interviews with distinguished long-time female military officers, international scholars, and religious leaders • Contains relevant materials such as the 1988 Risk Rule, Soldier's Creed, Department of Defense ground combat policy, and USC 6015 • Includes biographical information on more than 25 women who have served or are serving in combat positions, as well as advocates and opponents of combat roles for women • Presents a chronology of significant events related to women in the military from 1775 to 2010 • Contains a bibliography of important materials to assist readers in further study of this controversial subject • Provides a glossary defining key military acronyms and terms

Media and Politics in America

A Reference Handbook

Author: Guido Hermann Stempel

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576078450

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 8070

Provides an introductory essay; biographies of activists, legislators, and advocates; a chronology of events, legislation, and movements; a directory of organizations; and a listing of print and nonprint resources.

The Minimum Wage: A Reference Handbook

A Reference Handbook

Author: Oren M. Levin-Waldman

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440833958

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

View: 4051

This unbiased look at the minimum wage debate in America traces the history of minimum wage policy at both the federal and state levels, discusses the controversies swirling around the issue, and examines the veracity of claims made by people on both sides of the debate. • Presents data not typically found in many of the standard works • Reviews the impact of previous increases in the minimum wage at both the federal and state levels • Identifies the leading critics and proponents of minimum wage increases from the early 20th century to the present • Surveys the impact of compensation laws around the world • Pays attention to impact of minimum wage policy on the middle class as well as the poor and working class • Provides an impartial and unbiased look at the issue, acknowledging the validity of points and concerns raised by both sides

Endangered Species: A Reference Handbook

Author: Jan A. Randall

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440849005

Category: Nature

Page: 396

View: 5235

A detailed exploration of the variety of threats that endangered species are facing around the world, whether they are due to human impact or so-called natural causes. • Includes a Perspectives chapter that allows for voices to be heard from many individuals who are concerned with endangered species • Serves general readers who wants to learn more about the history and current events concerning endangered species in an easy-to-understand fashion as well as high school and undergrad students conducting research for reports or projects • Presents facts that enables readers reach their own conclusions regarding the controversies regarding endangered species

Globalization

A Reference Handbook

Author: Justin Ervin,Zachary Alden Smith

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598840738

Category: Political Science

Page: 293

View: 4415

This extensive yet concise introduction to the phenomenon of globalization looks at its economic, environmental, and security dimensions as interpreted from different political points of view. * Includes original documents pertaining to globalization such as excerpts from free trade agreements, international environmental agreements, arms treaties, and the United Nations charter * Provides a chronology of important events leading up to the modern era of globalization, showing a historical progression that contains precursor conditions and processes that reflect modern globalization

Hate Crimes: A Reference Handbook, 3rd Edition

A Reference Handbook

Author: Donald Altschiller

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610699475

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 1407

Hate crime is a disturbing phenomenon that is the subject of constant debate, discussion, and legislation. This book helps readers understand the complex issue and see how the government and activists are proactively combating hate crime. •Presents a unique listing of audio-visual sources, including the most comprehensive annotated entries of magazine articles and other books on the topic •Provides the most comprehensive source for U.S. congressional hearings and legislation on hate crimes •Supplies a wide range of viewpoints on the philosophical and legal arguments both in support of and in opposition to hate crime legislation