"This book discusses the causes of a major explosion at the Texas City Oil Refinery on March 23, 2005. The explosion killed 15 workers and injured more than 170 others. Failure to Learn also analyses the similarities between this event and the Longford Gas Plant explosion in Victoria in 1998."--Provided by publisher.
This provides a succinct overview of the future changes to work health and safety laws in Australia. This plain English guide explains the reasons behind the harmonisation of the upcoming laws and processes in order to give a clear understanding of the expected changes and their implications. This overview has been designed for OHS professionals who need to be prepared ahead of the 2012 changes and face the challenge of applying this legislation to their business.
Learning from Failures provides techniques to explore the root causes of specific disasters and how we can learn from them. It focuses on a number of well-known case studies, including: the sinking of the Titanic; the BP Texas City incident; the Chernobyl disaster; the NASA Space Shuttle Columbia accident; the Bhopal disaster; and the Concorde accident. This title is an ideal teaching aid, informed by the author’s extensive teaching and practical experience and including a list of learning outcomes at the beginning of each chapter, detailed derivation, and many solved examples for modeling and decision analysis. This book discusses the value in applying different models as mental maps to analyze disasters. The analysis of these case studies helps to demonstrate how subjectivity that relies on opinions of experts can be turned into modeling approaches that can ensure repeatability and consistency of results. The book explains how the lessons learned by studying these individual cases can be applied to a wide range of industries. This work is an ideal resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, and will also be useful for industry professionals who wish to avoid repeating mistakes that resulted in devastating consequences. Explores the root cause of disasters and various preventative measures Links theory with practice in regard to risk, safety, and reliability analyses Uses analytical techniques originating from reliability analysis of equipment failures, multiple criteria decision making, and artificial intelligence domains
Industrial Catastrophes, Corporate Malfeasance, and Government Inaction
Author: Rena Steinzor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The US Department of Justice is under fire for failing to prosecute banks that caused the 2008 economic meltdown because they are too big to jail. Prosecutors have long neglected to hold corporate executives accountable for chronic mistakes that kill and injure workers and customers. This book, the first of its kind, analyzes five industrial catastrophes that have killed or sickened consumers and workers or caused irrevocable harm to the environment. From the Texas City refinery explosion to the Upper Big Branch mine collapse, the root causes of these preventable disasters include crimes of commission and omission. Although federal prosecutors have made a start on holding low-level managers liable, far more aggressive prosecution is appropriate as a matter of law, policy, and justice. Written in accessible and jargon-free language, this book recommends innovative interpretations of existing laws to elevate the prosecution of white-collar crime at the federal and state levels.
Tomasz Nowakowski,Marek Młyńczak,Anna Jodejko-Pietruczuk,Sylwia Werbińska-Wojciechowska
Author: Tomasz Nowakowski,Marek Młyńczak,Anna Jodejko-Pietruczuk,Sylwia Werbińska-Wojciechowska
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Within the last fifty years the performance requirements for technical objects and systems were supplemented with: customer expectations (quality), abilities to prevent the loss of the object properties in operation time (reliability and maintainability), protection against the effects of undesirable events (safety and security) and the ability to restore performance (resilience). The need to adapt the operation of complex systems in such an uncertain and volatile environment has caused the necessity to formulate new and well established achievements associated with modeling, testing and evaluation of these properties. The concept of a complex system applies not only to the technical ones but also the infrastructure of major importance for social life such as transportation and logistics systems, buildings, power systems, water distribution systems or health services. Safety and Reliability: Methodology and Applications contains the proceedings of the 24th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2014, Wroclaw, Poland, 14-18 September 2014), and discusses theories and methods and their applications in the areas of risk, safety and reliability. The abstracts book (408 pages) + full paper CD-ROM (2496 pages) will be of interest to researchers and practitioners, academics and engineers working in academic, industrial and governmental sectors.
«Komplexität erzeugt Unsicherheit. Unsicherheit erzeugt Angst. Vor dieser Angst wollen wir uns schützen. Darum blendet unser Gehirn all das Komplizierte, Undurchschaubare, Unberechenbare aus. Übrig bleibt ein Ausschnitt – das, was wir schon kennen. Weil dieser Ausschnitt aber mit dem Ganzen, das wir nicht sehen wollen, verknüpft ist, unterlaufen uns viele Fehler – der Misserfolg wird logisch programmiert.» (Rheinischer Merkur) Seit Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe 1989 hat sich «Die Logik des Misslingens» zum «Standardwerk des Querdenkens» für Psychologen, Kognitionswissenschaftler, Risikoforscher und Motivationstrainer entwickelt. Dass komplexe Systeme nicht nur individuelle Entscheidungen, sondern auch Dynamik und erfolgreiches Handeln in Gruppen maßgeblich beeinflussen, ist neu in dieser erweiterten Ausgabe.
Financial incentives have long been used to try to influence professional values and practices. Recent events including the global financial crisis and the BP Texas City refinery disaster have been linked to such incentives, with commentators calling for a critical look at these systems given the catastrophic outcomes. Risky Rewards engages with this debate, particularly in the context of the present and potential role of incentives to manage major accident risk in hazardous industries. It examines the extent to which people respond to financial incentives, the potential for perverse consequences, and approaches that most appropriately focus attention on major hazard risk. The book is based in part on an empirical study of bonus arrangements in eleven companies operating in hazardous industries, including oil, gas, chemical and mining.
Heinrich Heine: Almansor. Eine Tragödie Der Maure Almansor liebt Suleima, die unter dem Druck der Maurenverfolgung im Spanien des 15. Jahrhunderts zum Christentum konvertiert und als Donna Clara einen Spanier heiraten soll. Almansor entführt sie von ihrem Hochzeitsfest. Der Jude Heinrich Heine beschreibt den Zwiespalt zwischen Assimilation und Herkunft, dem er sich in der antisemitischen Restaurationszeit durch grausame, christliche Eiferer selbst ausgesetzt sieht. Erstdruck in: Der Gesellschafter oder Blätter für Herz und Geist (Berlin), 5. Jg., November 1821. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Heinrich Heine: Werke und Briefe in zehn Bänden. Herausgegeben von Hans Kaufmann, 2. Auflage, Berlin und Weimar: Aufbau, 1972. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Unbekannter Künstler, Deckenbemalung in der Alhambra in Granada, 15. Jahrhundert. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.
Designed to give students and public relations professionals the knowledge and skills they need to become successful crisis managers, Applied Crisis Communication and Crisis Management: Cases and Exercises by W. Timothy Coombs, includes a wide range of cases that explore crisis communication and management in action using a practical approach. In the first two chapters, the author introduces key theories and principles in crisis communication, which students apply by analyzing 17 cases drawn from recent headlines. Cases are explored from pre-crisis, mid-crisis, and post-crisis communication perspectives, and include a range of predominant crisis scenarios from product recalls to lawsuits to environmental disasters.
Written as a tool for both researchers and communication managers, the Handbook of Crisis Communication is a comprehensive examination of the latest research, methods, and critical issues in crisis communication. Includes in-depth analyses of well-known case studies in crisis communication, from terrorist attacks to Hurricane Katrina Explores the key emerging areas of new technology and global crisis communication Provides a starting point for developing crisis communication as a distinctive field research rather than as a sub-discipline of public relations or corporate communication
The Second Edition of Case Studies in Organizational Communication: Ethical Perspectives and Practices, by Dr. Steve May, integrates ethical theory and practice to help strengthen readers' awareness, judgment, and action in organizations by exploring ethical dilemmas in a diverse range of well-known business cases.
what went wrong? : hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, September 7, 2006