This engaging text shows how statistics and methods work together, demonstrating a variety of techniques for evaluating statistical results against the specifics of the methodological design. Richard Gonzalez elucidates the fundamental concepts involved in analysis of variance (ANOVA), focusing on single degree-of-freedom tests, or comparisons, wherever possible. Potential threats to making a causal inference from an experimental design are highlighted. With an emphasis on basic between-subjects and within-subjects designs, Gonzalez resists presenting the countless "exceptions to the rule" that make many statistics textbooks so unwieldy and confusing for students and beginning researchers. Ideal for graduate courses in experimental design or data analysis, the text may also be used by advanced undergraduates preparing to do senior theses. Useful pedagogical features include: Discussions of the assumptions that underlie each statistical test Sequential, step-by-step presentations of statistical procedures End-of-chapter questions and exercises Accessible writing style with scenarios and examples This book is intended for graduate students in psychology and education, practicing researchers seeking a readable refresher on analysis of experimental designs, and advanced undergraduates preparing senior theses. It serves as a text for graduate level experimental design, data analysis, and experimental methods courses taught in departments of psychology and education. It is also useful as a supplemental text for advanced undergraduate honors courses.
This comprehensive text introduces students to the aquaculture industry. Every aspect of this growing field is covered, from history of aquaculture, descriptions of aquatic plants and animals and feeding to in-depth coverage of economics, marketing, management and diseases of aquatic animals and plants. AQUACULTURE SCIENCE, third edition, addresses the latest production methods, species types, advances in technology, trends and statistics. The science of aquaculture, chemistry, biology, and anatomy and physiology, is stressed throughout to ensure that students understand the fundamental principles. A complete chapter offers detailed information on career opportunities in the aquaculture industry. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Experimental Design for Biologists explains how to establish the framework for an experimental project, including the effects of using a hypothesis–driven approach versus a question/answer approach, how to set up a system, design experiments within that system, and how to determine and use the correct set of controls. Separate chapters are devoted to the negative control, the positive control, and other categories of controls which are perhaps less recognized, such as “assumption controls”, and “experimentalist controls.” Further, there are sections on establishing the experimental system, which includes performing critical “system controls”. While the book does reference the use of statistics, statistics is not the focus of this book, but rather the way the scientist should go about framing an experimental question, establishing a validated system to answer the question, and deriving verifiable models from experimental data. There is often very little formal training in this area for biologists; therefore this text serves as an essential teaching tool for understanding the theory and practice of designing a research plan.
Although statistical design is one of the oldest branches of statistics, its importance is ever increasing, especially in the face of the data flood that often faces statisticians. It is important to recognize the appropriate design, and to understand how to effectively implement it, being aware that the default settings from a computer package can easily provide an incorrect analysis. The goal of this book is to describe the principles that drive good design, paying attention to both the theoretical background and the problems arising from real experimental situations. Designs are motivated through actual experiments, ranging from the timeless agricultural randomized complete block, to microarray experiments, which naturally lead to split plot designs and balanced incomplete blocks. George Casella is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Statistics at the University of Florida. He is active in many aspects of statistics, having contributed to theoretical statistics in the areas of decision theory and statistical confidence, to environmental statistics, and has more recently concentrated efforts in statistical genomics. He also maintains active research interests in the theory and application of Monte Carlo and other computationally intensive methods. He is listed as an ISI "Highly Cited Researcher." In other capacities, Professor Casella has served as Theory and Methods Editor of the Journal of the American Statistical Association, 1996-1999, Executive Editor of Statistical Science, 2001-2004, and Co-Editor of the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, 2009-2012. He has served on the Board of Mathematical Sciences of the National Research Council, 1999-2003, and many committees of both the American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. Professor Casella has co-authored five textbooks: Variance Components, 1992; Theory of Point Estimation, Second Edition, 1998; Monte Carlo Statistical Methods, Second Edition, 2004; Statistical Inference, Second Edition, 2001, and Statistical Genomics of Complex Traits, 2007.
For students, DIY hobbyists, and science buffs, who can no longer get real chemistry sets, this one-of-a-kind guide explains how to set up and use a home chemistry lab, with step-by-step instructions for conducting experiments in basic chemistry -- not just to make pretty colors and stinky smells, but to learn how to do real lab work: Purify alcohol by distillation Produce hydrogen and oxygen gas by electrolysis Smelt metallic copper from copper ore you make yourself Analyze the makeup of seawater, bone, and other common substances Synthesize oil of wintergreen from aspirin and rayon fiber from paper Perform forensics tests for fingerprints, blood, drugs, and poisons and much more From the 1930s through the 1970s, chemistry sets were among the most popular Christmas gifts, selling in the millions. But two decades ago, real chemistry sets began to disappear as manufacturers and retailers became concerned about liability. ,em>The Illustrated Guide to Home Chemistry Experiments steps up to the plate with lessons on how to equip your home chemistry lab, master laboratory skills, and work safely in your lab. The bulk of this book consists of 17 hands-on chapters that include multiple laboratory sessions on the following topics: Separating Mixtures Solubility and Solutions Colligative Properties of Solutions Introduction to Chemical Reactions & Stoichiometry Reduction-Oxidation (Redox) Reactions Acid-Base Chemistry Chemical Kinetics Chemical Equilibrium and Le Chatelier's Principle Gas Chemistry Thermochemistry and Calorimetry Electrochemistry Photochemistry Colloids and Suspensions Qualitative Analysis Quantitative Analysis Synthesis of Useful Compounds Forensic Chemistry With plenty of full-color illustrations and photos, Illustrated Guide to Home Chemistry Experiments offers introductory level sessions suitable for a middle school or first-year high school chemistry laboratory course, and more advanced sessions suitable for students who intend to take the College Board Advanced Placement (AP) Chemistry exam. A student who completes all of the laboratories in this book will have done the equivalent of two full years of high school chemistry lab work or a first-year college general chemistry laboratory course. This hands-on introduction to real chemistry -- using real equipment, real chemicals, and real quantitative experiments -- is ideal for the many thousands of young people and adults who want to experience the magic of chemistry.
First half of book presents fundamental mathematical definitions, concepts, and facts while remaining half deals with statistics primarily as an interpretive tool. Well-written text, numerous worked examples with step-by-step presentation. Includes 116 tables.
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Algorithm Design introduces algorithms by looking at the real-world problems that motivate them. The book teaches students a range of design and analysis techniques for problems that arise in computing applications. The text encourages an understanding of the algorithm design process and an appreciation of the role of algorithms in the broader field of computer science. August 6, 2009 Author, Jon Kleinberg, was recently cited in the New York Times for his statistical analysis research in the Internet age.
Basic Science Methods for Clinical Researchers addresses the specific challenges faced by clinicians without a conventional science background. The aim of the book is to introduce the reader to core experimental methods commonly used to answer questions in basic science research and to outline their relative strengths and limitations in generating conclusive data. This book will be a vital companion for clinicians undertaking laboratory-based science. It will support clinicians in the pursuit of their academic interests and in making an original contribution to their chosen field. In doing so, it will facilitate the development of tomorrow's clinician scientists and future leaders in discovery science. Serves as a helpful guide for clinical researchers who lack a conventional science background Organized around research themes pertaining to key biological molecules, from genes, to proteins, cells, and model organisms Features protocols, techniques for troubleshooting common problems, and an explanation of the advantages and limitations of a technique in generating conclusive data Appendices provide resources for practical research methodology, including legal frameworks for using stem cells and animals in the laboratory, ethical considerations, and good laboratory practice (GLP)
Egg Innovations and Strategies for Improvements examines the production of eggs from their development to human consumption. Chapters also address consumer acceptance, quality control, regulatory aspects, cost and risk analyses, and research trends. Eggs are a rich source of macro- and micronutrients which are consumed not only by themselves, but also within the matrix of food products, such as pastas, cakes, and pastries. A wholesome, versatile food with a balanced array of essential nutrients, eggs are a stable of the human diet. Emerging strategies entail improvements to the composition of eggs via fortification or biological enrichment of hen's feed with polyunsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins, or minerals. Conversely, eggs can be a source of food-borne disease or pollutants that can have effects on not only human health, but also egg production and commercial viability. Written by an international team of experts, the book presents a unique overview of the biology and science of egg production, nutrient profiling, disease, and modes for increasing their production and quality. Designed for poultry and food scientists, technologists, microbiologists, and workers in public health and the food and egg industries, the book is valuable as an industrial reference and as a resource in academic libraries. Focuses on the production and food science aspects of eggs Includes a broad range of microbial contaminants, their risks, and prevention, as well as non-microbial contaminant risks Presents analytical techniques for practical application
Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque,Reinaldo Farias Paiva de Lucena,Luiz Vital Fernandes Cruz da Cunha,Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
Author: Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque,Reinaldo Farias Paiva de Lucena,Luiz Vital Fernandes Cruz da Cunha,Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
Publisher: Humana Press
Ethnobiology and ethnoecology have become very popular in recent years. Particularly in the last 20 years, many manuals of methods have published the most classical approaches to the subject. There have been, however, many advances in research as a result of interaction with different disciplines, but also due to more recent results, new original and interesting questions. This handbook provides the current state of the art methods and techniques in ethnobiology and ethnoecology, and related fields. This new volume, besides bringing new and original aspects of what is found in the literature, fills some of the gaps in volume one by including the most systematic and extensive treatment of methods and techniques in qualitative research. Along with the various methods covered in the individual chapters, the handbook also includes an extensive bibliography that details the current literature in the field.
Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention presents a comprehensive look at the compounds in coffee, their reported benefits (or toxicity risks) and also explores them on a health-condition specific level, providing researchers and academics with a single-volume resource to help in identifying potential treatment uses. No other book on the market considers all the varieties of coffee in one volume, or takes the disease-focused approach that will assist in directing further research and studies. The book embraces a holistic approach and effectively investigates coffee and its specific compounds from the biochemical to the nutritional well-being of geographical populations. This book represents essential reading for researchers in nutrition, dietetics, food science, biochemistry, and public health. Presents one comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of how coffee plays a role in disease prevention and health Experts in nutrition, diet, and food chemistry (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Focuses on coffee composition; nutritional aspects of coffee; protective aspects of coffee-related compounds; specific coffee components and their effects on tissue and organ systems Features sections on both the general effects of coffee consumption on the body as well as the effects of specific coffee compounds on specific organ systems
R.M. Natal Jorge,Sónia M. Santos,João Manuel R.S. Tavares,Reis Campos,Mário A.P. Vaz
Author: R.M. Natal Jorge,Sónia M. Santos,João Manuel R.S. Tavares,Reis Campos,Mário A.P. Vaz
Publisher: CRC Press
The aim of Biodental Engineering is to solidify knowledge of bioengineering applied to dentistry. Dentistry is a branch of medicine with its own peculiarities and very diverse areas of action, and in recent years multiple new techniques and technologies have been introduced. This book is a collection of keynote lectures and full papers from Biodental 2009 (Porto, Portugal, 26-27 June 2009). The contributions are from nine countries and provide a comprehensive coverage of the current state-of-the-art on several scientific and relevant fields, such as: Biomechanical disorders Orthodontics Implantology Aesthetics Dental systems Medical devices Medical images The techniques and methodologies covered in this book include, among others, the finite element method, experimental techniques, composite materials, clinical studies, biomaterials, rapid prototyping, fracture mechanics, osseointegration, biomechanics, dental prostheses, image processing and analysis, dental systems and equipments and mechanical biology. The book is useful to dentists, engineers, researchers and students in fields of bioengineering, and to suppliers and providers of medical systems, equipment and services related to dentistry.
Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies: Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment is the first book to take an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of cannabis use and misuse. Recent worldwide trends toward decriminalizing marijuana for medical use have increased legal use of the drug and recreational use remains high, making cannabis one of the most commonly used drugs. Cannabis has a wide range of adverse neurological effects, and use and abuse can lead to physical, social, and psychopathological issues that are multifarious and complex. Effective understanding and treatment requires knowledge of the drug's effects from across scientific disciplines. This book provides an overview of the biological and pharmacological components of the cannabis plant, outlines its neurological, social, and psychopathological effects, assists in the diagnosis and screening for use and dependency, and aids researchers in developing effective treatments for cannabis-related issues and disorders. Fully illustrated, with contributions from internationally recognized experts, it is the go-to resource for neuroscientists, pharmacologists, pathologists, public-health workers, and any other researcher who needs an in-depth and cross-disciplinary understanding of cannabis and its effects. Comprehensive chapters include an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points Presents illustrations with at least six figures, tables, and diagrams per chapter Provides a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with cannabis and its related pathology, from chemicals and cells, individuals and communities, and diagnosis and treatment Offers an integrated and informed synopsis of the complex issues surrounding cannabis as a substance, its use, and its misuse
Surface chemistry is an essential and developing area of physical chemistry and one that has become increasingly interdisciplinary. The Second Edition of Surface Science: Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience has been fully revised and updated to reflect all the latest developments in the field and now includes an extensive discussion about nanoparticle growth and the quantum confinement effects in nanoscale systems. Two new chapters have been added and discuss The Liquid/Solid Interface and Non-Thermal Reactions, and Photon and Electron Stimulated Chemistry and Atom Manipulation. There are now many more worked examples included throughout to help students develop their problem-solving skills.
"Geometric Structure of High-Dimensional Data and Dimensionality Reduction" adopts data geometry as a framework to address various methods of dimensionality reduction. In addition to the introduction to well-known linear methods, the book moreover stresses the recently developed nonlinear methods and introduces the applications of dimensionality reduction in many areas, such as face recognition, image segmentation, data classification, data visualization, and hyperspectral imagery data analysis. Numerous tables and graphs are included to illustrate the ideas, effects, and shortcomings of the methods. MATLAB code of all dimensionality reduction algorithms is provided to aid the readers with the implementations on computers. The book will be useful for mathematicians, statisticians, computer scientists, and data analysts. It is also a valuable handbook for other practitioners who have a basic background in mathematics, statistics and/or computer algorithms, like internet search engine designers, physicists, geologists, electronic engineers, and economists. Jianzhong Wang is a Professor of Mathematics at Sam Houston State University, U.S.A.
Mineral elements are found in foods and drink of all different types, from drinking water through to mothers? milk. The search for mineral elements has shown that many trace and ultratrace-level elements presented in food are required for a healthy life. By identifying and analysing these elements, it is possible to evaluate them for their specific health-giving properties, and conversely, to isolate their less desirable properties with a view to reducing or removing them altogether from some foods. The analysis of mineral elements requires a number of different techniques ? some methods may be suitable for one food type yet completely unsuited to another. The Handbook of Mineral Elements in Food is the first book to bring together the analytical techniques, the regulatory and legislative framework, and the widest possible range of food types into one comprehensive handbook for food scientists and technologists. Much of the book is based on the authors? own data, most of which is previously unpublished, making the Handbook of Mineral Elements in Food a vital and up-to-the-minute reference for food scientists in industry and academia alike. Analytical chemists, nutritionists and food policy makers will also find it an invaluable resource. Showcasing contributions from international researchers, and constituting a major resource for our future understanding of the topic, the Handbook of Mineral Elements in Food is an essential reference and should be found wherever food science and technology are researched and taught.