Experimental Techniques in Nuclear and Particle Physics

Author: Stefaan Tavernier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 253

I have been teaching courses on experimental techniques in nuclear and particle physics to master students in physics and in engineering for many years. This book grew out of the lecture notes I made for these students. The physics and engineering students have rather different expectations of what such a course should be like. I hope that I have nevertheless managed to write a book that can satisfy the needs of these different target audiences. The lectures themselves, of course, need to be adapted to the needs of each group of students. An engineering student will not qu- tion a statement like “the velocity of the electrons in atoms is ?1% of the velocity of light”, a physics student will. Regarding units, I have written factors h and c explicitly in all equations throughout the book. For physics students it would be preferable to use the convention that is common in physics and omit these constants in the equations, but that would probably be confusing for the engineering students. Physics students tend to be more interested in theoretical physics courses. However, physics is an experimental science and physics students should und- stand how experiments work, and be able to make experiments work.

Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments

A How-to Approach

Author: William R. Leo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 270

A treatment of the experimental techniques and instrumentation most often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experiments, providing useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details. This second edition has been revised, while sections on Cherenkov radiation and radiation protection have been updated and extended.

Experimental Techniques in High-energy Nuclear and Particle Physics

Author: Thomas Ferbel

Publisher: World Scientific


Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 356

Experimental Techniques in High-Energy Nuclear and Particle Physics is a compilation of outstanding technical papers and reviews of the ingenious methods developed for experimentation in modern nuclear and particle physics. This book, a second edition, provides a balanced view of the major tools and technical concepts currently in use, and elucidates the basic principles that underly the detection devices. Several of the articles in this volume have never been published, or have appeared in relatively inaccessible journals. Although the emphasis is on charged-particle tracking and calorimetry, general reviews of ionization detectors and Monte Carlo techniques are also included.This book serves as a compact source of reference for graduate students and experimenters in the fields of nuclear and particle physics, seeking information on some of the major ideas and techniques developed for modern experiments in these fields.

Nuclear and Particle Physics

An Introduction

Author: Brian R. Martin

Publisher: Wiley


Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 397

Updated and expanded edition of this well-known Physics textbook provides an excellent Undergraduate introduction to the field This new edition of Nuclear and Particle Physics continues the standards established by its predecessors, offering a comprehensive and highly readable overview of both the theoretical and experimental areas of these fields. The updated and expanded text covers a very wide range of topics in particle and nuclear physics, with an emphasis on the phenomenological approach to understanding experimental data. It is one of the few publications currently available that gives equal treatment to both fields, while remaining accessible to undergraduates. Early chapters cover basic concepts of nuclear and particle physics, before describing their respective phenomenologies and experimental methods. Later chapters interpret data through models and theories, such as the standard model of particle physics, and the liquid drop and shell models of nuclear physics, and also discuss many applications of both fields. The concluding two chapters deal with practical applications and outstanding issues, including extensions to the standard model, implications for particle astrophysics, improvements in medical imaging, and prospects for power production. There are a number of useful appendices. Other notable features include: New or expanded coverage of developments in relevant fields, such as the discovery of the Higgs boson, recent results in neutrino physics, research to test theories beyond the standard model (such as supersymmetry), and important technical advances, such as Penning traps used for high-precision measurements of nuclear masses. Practice problems at the end of chapters (excluding the last chapter) with solutions to selected problems provided in an appendix, as well as an extensive list of references for further reading. Companion website with solutions (odd-numbered problems for students, all problems for instructors), PowerPoint lecture slides, and other resources. As with previous editions, the balanced coverage and additional resources provided, makes Nuclear and Particle Physics an excellent foundation for advanced undergraduate courses, or a valuable general reference text for early graduate studies.

Problems and Solutions on Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics

Author: Yung-kuo Lim

Publisher: World Scientific


Category: Science

Page: 717

View: 706

Atomic and Molecular Physics : Atomic Physics (1001--1122) - Molecular Physics (1123--1142) - Nuclear Physics : Basic Nuclear Properties (2001--2023) - Nuclear Binding Energy, Fission and Fusion (2024--2047) - The Deuteron and Nuclear forces (2048--2058) - Nuclear Models (2059--2075) - Nuclear Decays (2076--2107) - Nuclear Reactions (2108--2120) - Particle Physics : Interactions and Symmetries (3001--3037) - Weak and Electroweak Interactions, Grand Unification Theories (3038--3071) - Structure of Hadros and the Quark Model (3072--3090) - Experimental Methods and Miscellaneous Topics : Kinematics of High-Energy Particles (4001--4061) - Interactions between Radiation and Matter (4062--4085) - Detection Techniques and Experimental Methods (4086--4105) - Error Estimation and Statistics (4106--4118) - Particle Beams and Accelerators (4119--4131).

Data Analysis Techniques for High-Energy Physics

Author: R. K. Bock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press


Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 863

Up-dated indispensable guide to handling and analysing data obtained from high-energy and nuclear physics experiments.

Polarized Sources, Targets and Polarimetry

Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop, Ferrara, Italy, 7 - 11 September 2009

Author: Giuseppe Ciullo

Publisher: World Scientific


Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 154

This book collects the most recent experimental results, new ideas and prototypes in the field of nuclear gaseous and solid polarized targets and polarimetry. It contains the contribution of the biennial meeting on the topics of Polarized Sources, Targets and Polarimetry. Therefore includes the most recent developments and performances in the field and new proposals. The contributing authors are the experts of the field. The topics covered include: Polarized Electron Sources, Polarized Proton and Deuterium Sources, Polarized Internal Targets, Polarized 3He Ion Sources and Targets, Polarimetry (e, p, d) at Low and High Energy, Polarized antiprotons, Polarized Solid Targets.

Instrumentation in Elementary Particle Physics

First ICFA Instrumentation School at the ICFA Instrumentation Center in Morelia, Morelia, Michoacán, México, 18-29 November 2002

Author: Luis Villaseñor

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics


Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 686

The main focus of this school was to teach about experimental techniques for particle, nuclear, cosmic ray, and medical physics by means of laboratory sessions, lecture courses, and review talks. It was aimed primarily at graduate students with some participation of young post-doctoral students. This volume includes lecture courses on: Particle identification, tracking detectors, front-end electronics and signal processing, triggering and data acquisition general considerations, confidence intervals, as well as calorimetry.