By the end of the nineteenth century, reform and development of the British electoral system had inaugurated a new style of mass politics which fundamentally transformed the face of the British party system. This book traces the evolution of recognisably modern parties from their roots in the 1880s through half a century of dramatic change in organisational structure, electoral competition and constitutional thought. In the House of Commons the Labour Party replaced the Liberals as the radical answer to the Conservative Party. In the country at large the complex web of Victorian social, regional and religious allegiances gave way to a cruder but more dynamic model of modern political loyalties. The transformation at Westminster and in the constituencies is surveyed in relation to changes to the franchise (including the vote for women), class consciousness, political organisation and doctrine. The comprehensive account explains the varying fortunes of the parties in the face of mass democracy, collectivism, the First World War and economic uncertainty. It also provides a critical insight into the debates and conflicts of interpretation which surround this pivotal period in British political history.
This accessible new study provides a much-needed guide to the pivotal period of British history between 1910 and 1935, against the background of upheavals such as the First World War and the transition to full democracy as a consequence of the Reform Acts of 1918 and 1928. Combining an up-to-date synthesis of previous work with a reappraisal of the main personalities, themes and events of the period, David Powell brings clarity to this crucial yet complex period. Examining British politics on the eve of war, David Powell assesses the impact of war on the parties and the political system and the process of realignment that followed in the interwar period. In particular he analyzes to what extent these events as a whole constituted a crisis of the party system. From the structure of the Edwardian political system and the party politics of pre-war Britain, through to the economic and political crisis of 1931 and the subsequent rebuilding of the party system, this comprehensive analysis offers an indispensable survey to all students of British history or politics. s comprehensive analysis offers an indispensable survey to all students of British history or politics.
A History of the British Labour Party Between the Wars
Author: Matthew Worley
Category: Political Science
In 1906, a confident Labour Party felt that it was already rattling the governing classes. Its campaigning cartoon, which gives this book its title, showed the party wielding an axe towards the gates of Parliament, cutting through the special interests protecting the old system to aid the working classes. What followed was the remarkable transformation of a parliamentary pressure group into a credible governing force. The inter-war years were a crucial stage in the development of the Labour Party as it grew from pressure group status, to national opposition, to party of government. At the end of the Great War (1914-1918) Labour had a developing national organisation and a fledgling constitution. By 1922, it rivalled the war-ravaged Liberals as the party of opposition; a fact that was affirmed with the formation of the first minority Labour government in January 1924. The second Labour administration of 1929 collapsed amidst the whirlwind of the ‘great depression’ but the organisational basis of the party remained solid allowing Labour to reinvent itself over the 1930s. By the Second World War, the foundations had been laid for the landslide victory that brought in the Attlee government of 1945. Matthew Worley has written the first study dedicated solely to this crucial period in Labour's development. In an accessible style, he provides a comprehensive account of all aspects of the movement. Using a wide range of sources, he explores this often-marginalised period in Labour’s history both looking at the parliamentary party and the growing network of constituency parties. Worley’s approach unites high politics and issues that cross local and national boundaries. He combines policy, social history and economics with broader themes such as gender and culture. Labour inside the Gate will appeal to students and scholars as well as all those interested in Labour’s history. Its new insights into the 1945 landslide victory illuminate this important period in the growth of the Labour Party as it continues to redefine and realign itself as the new “party of government”
Annotation The Liberal Unionist party was one of the shortest-lived political parties in British history. Ian Cawood provides a study of the party, arguing that it was a genuinely successful political movement with widespread activist and popular support which resulted in the development of an authentic Liberal Unionist culture across Britain.
This Companion brings together 32 new essays by leading historians to provide a reassessment of British history in the early twentieth century. The contributors present lucid introductions to the literature and debates on major aspects of the political, social and economic history of Britain between 1900 and 1939. Examines controversial issues over the social impact of the First World War, especially on women Provides substantial coverage of changes in Wales, Scotland and Ireland as well as in England Includes a substantial bibliography, which will be a valuable guide to secondary sources
This three-volume set contains the results of the second and final stage of an AHRC-funded project which aims to examine the nature of legal development in Western Europe since 1850, focusing on liability for fault. By bringing together experts with different disciplinary backgrounds - comparative lawyers and legal historians, all with an understanding of modern tort law in their own systems - and getting them to work collaboratively, the books produce a more nuanced comparative legal history and one which is theoretically...
The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism comprises thirty six essays by an international team of leading scholars, providing a global coverage of the history of nationalism in its different aspects - ideas, sentiments, and politics. Every chapter takes the form of an interpretative essay which, by a combination of thematic focus, comparison, and regional perspective, enables the reader to understand nationalism as a distinct and global historical subject. The book covers the emergence of nationalist ideas, sentiments, and cultural movements before the formation of a world of nation-states as well as nationalist politics before and after the era of the nation-state, with chapters covering Europe, the Middle East, North-East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Americas. Essays on everday national sentiment and race ideas in fascism are accompanied by chapters on nationalist movements opposed to existing nation-states, nationalism and international relations, and the role of external intervention into nationalist disputes within states. In addition, the book looks at the major challenges to nationalism: international socialism, religion, pan-nationalism, and globalization, before a final section considering how historians have approached the subject of nationalism. Taken separately, the chapters in this Handbook will deepen understanding of nationalism in particular times and places; taken together they will enable the reader to see nationalism as a distinct subject in modern world history.