For 1st and 2nd year undergraduate courses in Modern European History in departments of history. Also, higher level courses on enlightenment.This book provides a wide-ranging account and discussion of the history of Europe from 1713-1789. As well as political events, problems and institutions, it looks at the economic life of the continent, social structures and problems and intellectual and religious life. It also covers all aspects of Europe's relations with the rest of the world during a key period in European history.
A thought-provoking and important book that raises essential issues crucial not only for our past but also the present day. In this panoramic history, Jeremy Black tells how slavery was first developed in the ancient world, and reaches all the way to present day and the contemporary crimes of trafficking and bonded labour. He shows how slavery has taken many forms throughout history and across the world - from the uprising of Spartacus, the plantations of the Indies, and the murderous forced labour of the gulags and concentration camps. Slavery helped consolidated transoceanic empires and helped mould new world societies such as America and Brazil. In the Atlantic trade, Black also looks at the controversial area of how complicit the African peoples were in the trade. He then charts the long fight for abolition in the 19th century, including both the campaigners as well as the lost voices of the slaves themselves who spoke of their misery. Finally, as Black points out, slavery has not been completely abolished today and coerced labour can be found closer to home than is comfortable.
Friedrich Christian Weber als Gesandter im Russischen Reich und in Schweden 1714-1739
Author: Martin Klonowski
Publisher: Matthiessen Verlag
Der nahezu unbändige Reformwille des russischen Zaren Peter I. wurde im übrigen Europa mit größtem Interesse verfolgt und fand viele Chronisten. Einer der bedeutendsten unter ihnen war der aus Hannover stammende Diplomat Friedrich Christian Weber. 1714 wurde sein Landesherr König von England. Weber verstand es jedoch geschickt, die teilweise divergierenden Interessen Hannovers und Londons in den Wirren des Nordischen Krieges gegenüber dem Zaren zu vertreten. Webers Diplomatenleben, das ihn 1729 auch nach Schweden führte, ist beispielhaft für die Entwicklung des Diplomatischen Dienstes zu Beginn des 18. Jahrhunderts in Europa.
One of the images Americans hold most dear is that of the drum-beating, fire-eating Yankee Doodle Dandy rebel, overpowering his British adversaries through sheer grit and determination. The myth of the classless, independence-minded farmer or hard-working artisan-turned-soldier is deeply ingrained in the national psyche. Charles Neimeyer here separates fact from fiction, revealing for the first time who really served in the army during the Revolution and why. His conclusions are startling. Because the army relied primarily on those not connected to the new American aristorcracy, the African Americans, Irish, Germans, Native Americans, laborers-for-hire, and "free white men on the move" who served in the army were only rarely alltruistic patriots driven by a vision of liberty and national unity. Bringing to light the true composition of the enlisted ranks, the relationships of African-Americans and of Native Americans to the army, and numerous acts of mutiny, desertion, and resistance against officers and government, Charles Patrick Neimeyer here provides the first comprehensive and historically accurate portrait of the Continental soldier.
Author: Mark A. Kishlansky,Patrick J. Geary,Patricia O'Brien
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
* Four Color Design. The new four-color format enhances the value of the maps and graphics and makes the book more visually exciting, more accessible, and easier to read. * Primary Sources. Selections from primary source documents designed to stimulate student interest in history. Each source is accompanied by an explanatory headnote that provides the necessary historical context. * Geographical Tours of Europe. Thematic tours, each accompanied by a map, to guide the student around the changing contours of the geography of Western history. * TECHNOLOGY ADVANTAGE: Discovering Western Civilization On-Line. This end-of-chapter annotated website resource links students to top-rated sites of documents, images, and cultural resources. * Updated scholarship and coverage in the post-World War II chapters. * Special Feature Essays will be available on the Companion Website. There will be a link in the Discovering Western Civilization On-Line section. * Balanced approach that spotlights comprehensive coverage of social history within a traditional, political framework. * Increased Coverage of Hellenism recognizes how Hellenism influenced the cultures of the western Mediterranean. * The Visua
Louis XIV, Colbert de Torcy, and the Rise of the Information State
Author: John C. Rule,Ben S. Trotter
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Historians and social scientists have long identified bureaucracy as the modern state's foundation and the reign of France's Louis XIV as a model for its development. A World of Paper offers a fresh interpretation of bureaucracy through a close examination of the department of the Sun King's last foreign secretary, Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Torcy. Torcy, who served as foreign secretary from 1696-1715, is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant foreign ministers of the ancien regime. Building on the work of his predecessors, he fashioned a skilled team of collaborators as he managed the complex issues of war and peace during the turbulent final decades of Louis XIV's reign. John Rule and Ben Trotter examine Torcy's department to depict administrative structures as they emerged through the circulating stream of paper that connected his office with provincial administrators and diplomats abroad. They explore the collection and centralization of information during Torcy's tenure through the creation of a modern state archive, discreet intelligence gathering, and the surveillance and management of the French mails. They also study the postal carriers, couriers, household officers of the royal court, genealogists hired for research, and an informal "brain trust" of experts, and advisors who carried vital information in and out of the department every day. A remarkable reconstruction of the department of Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Torcy, A World of Paper demystifies bureaucracy and explores the ways in which the modern information state developed from his labours.
This volume surveys the political, military and diplomatic history of a period of changing alliances and limited and gentlemanly but frequent wars. It gives particular weight to the emergence of Prussia and Russia as European Powers and to the rivalry of France and England in America, in India and on the high seas. The economic background to these national fortunes is of increasing international trade, technological progress and colonialisation. Socially, European society slowly evolved from the domination of the aristocracy to that of urban populations and bourgeois administrators. Intellectually, the culture of Europe took on what are recognized as specifically eighteenth-century forms and ideals. From the point of view of world history this period saw the confirmation of European pre-eminence and dominion.
Written by one of the leading authorities on trade and finance in the early modern Atlantic world, these fourteen essays, revised and integrated for this volume, share as their common theme the development of the Atlantic economy, especially British America and the Caribbean. Topics treated range from early attempts in medieval England to measure the carrying capacity of ships, through the advent in Renaissance Italy and England of business newspapers that reported on the traffic of ships, cargoes and market prices, to the state of the economy of France over the two hundred years before the French Revolution and of the British West Indies between 1760 and 1790. Included is the story of Thomas Irving who challenged and thwarted the likes of John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.