Cover copy - Kitchin: Europe between the Wars: A Political History Back cover The Great War traumatised a generation. Millions died. The European economy was left in ruins and the social structure disrupted. It broke the old certainties of nineteenth-century Europe: for those who survived there was no going back. To them it had seemed the war to end all wars . Yet peace when it finally came in November 1918 brought few solutions and many new problems. A mere twenty-one years later the unthinkable became the inevitable and Europe was burning again. How did it all happen? In this compelling and bestselling account of the Europe between the Wars, Martin Kitchen traces the course of the deepening crisis by looking first at the peace settlement itself, and then at the economic and social problems of the interwar years. Separate chapters follow on the Soviet Union, the often ignored countries of Eastern Europe, Italy, Weimar Germany, Britain, France, Spain and Nazi Germany. The book concludes with a chapter on the origins of the Second World War. Although the events have a direct bearing on our lives today, they are still too close for many readers to see them in a true perspective. This clear, cogent and readable study is, therefore, all the more valuable: it is both an exposition of what happened and an explanation of why. Front flap Idealism became the first post Great War casualty; and President Wilson s vision of a better world in which human rights and freedoms were guaranteed remained a dream. An unsatisfactory settlement failed to resolve the tensions that had caused the war in the first place. The realities of power politics drew the exhausted combatants, victorious and defeated alike, into new crises; and the democratic powers were soon under siege from the new forces of both the Left and Right. But the Soviet Revolution, triumphant in Russia, did not spread to the other European states; rather, right-wing extremism proved a far greater threat to the western democracies. With chilling success, totalitarian regimes of the right took power in Italy, Germany and, ultimately, Spain. The unthinkable became the inevitable. The author Martin Kitchin is Professor of History at Simon Fraser University, Canada. Back flap (275 years of publishing history logo - from Louise Corless) As part of Longman s 275th Anniversary - a landmark in publishing history - we are launching an exciting collection of classic books. The Silver Library celebrates the very best in history writing published by Longman. This selection of seminal and best-selling works by world renowned authorities will become the essential collection. Titles in the Silver Library are: John Tosh The Pursuit of History, Third Edition Bernard W Anderson The Living World of the Old Testament, Fourth Edition R H C Davis A History of Medieval Europe, Second Edition H G Koenigsberger, George L Mosse, G Q Bowler Europe in the Sixteenth Century, Second Edition Barry Coward The Stuart Age 1603 - 1714, Second Edition H G Koenigsberger Early Modern Europe 1500 - 1789 Asa Briggs The Age of Improvement 1783 - 1867, Second Edition M S Anderson The Ascendancy of Europe 1815 - 1914, Second Edition James Joll The Origins of the First World War, Second Edition J M Roberts Europe 1880 - 1945, Second Edition Martin Kitchen Europe Between the Wars Peter Calvocoressi World Politics Since 1945, Seventh Edition "
East Central Europe Between The Two World Wars is a sophisticated political history of East Central Europe in the interwar years. Written by an eminent scholar in the field, it is an original contribution to the literature on the political cultures of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and the Baltic states.
The central aim of this interdisciplinary book is to make visible the intentionality behind the 'forgetting' of European women's contributions during the period between the two world wars in the context of politics, culture and society. It also seeks to record and analyse women's agency in the construction and reconstruction of Europe and its nation states after the First World War, and thus to articulate ways in which the writing of women's history necessarily entails the rewriting of everyone's history. By showing that the erasure of women's texts from literary and cultural history was not accidental but was ideologically motivated, the essays explicitly and implicitly contribute to debates surrounding canon formation. Other important topics are women's political activism during the period, antifascism, the contributions made by female journalists, the politics of literary production, genre, women's relationship with and contributions to the avant-garde, women's professional lives, and women's involvement in voluntary associations. In bringing together the work of scholars whose fields of expertise are diverse but whose interests converge on the inter-war period, the volume invites readers to make connections and comparisons across the whole spectrum of women's political, social, and cultural activities throughout Europe.
The financial history of interwar Europe was dominated by catastrophic episodes of hyper-inflation, dramatic exchange rate crises, massive and destabilizing movements of gold and capital, and extensive banking failures. In their attempt to restore and sustain the gold standard as the basis of the international monetary system, many countries were compelled to resort to deflationary fiscal and monetary policies of exceptional severity. The policies thus adopted in the 1920s were a major cause of the Great Depression of 1929-33; and this in turn exerted a powerful influence on the subsequent political and economic history of the 1930s. This collection of essays is the work of an international network of economic historians from Europe and the United States convened by the European Science Foundation. It brings together, in an accessible style, current knowledge and understanding of the nature and effects of these developments in banking, currency, and finance in the interwar period. The topics are examined at three levels. In Part I a substantial introductory survey of the central issues over the entire period is followed by special studies of the banking crises, the global capital flows, and the interrelationship of economic and political policies, with each of these themes considered in an international perspective. Part II is devoted to illuminating comparative analyses of the financial and exchange policies of pairs of countries; France and Italy, Britain and Germany, Sweden and Finland, and Belgium and France. In Part III the essays move to the level of individual countries and each contributor explores topics such as the form and efficacy of official banking and monetary policies, the role of the central bank, movements in the money supply and prices, the relationship between the banks and the industrial sector, changes in exchange rates and foreign capital investment. The volume covers all the major countries, and also makes available the results of recent research on banking and finance in smaller countries, such as Spain, Austria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Bulgaria, and Ireland. The questions addressed by this book, and the temes and patterns it reveals, are relevant both to economic and political historians of the years between the two world wars, and to those interested in contemporary banking and financial problems.
This volume brings together a distinguished group of international scholars to discuss the major debates in the study of early twentieth-century Europe. Brings together contributions from a distinguished group of international scholars. Provides an overview of current thinking on the period. Traces the great political, social and economic upheavals of the time. Illuminates perennial themes, as well as new areas of enquiry. Takes a pan-European approach, highlighting similarities and differences across nations and regions.
The Wilhelmstrasse and the Formulation of Foreign Policy
Author: William Young
Examines the continuity of German Foreign Office influence in the forumlation of foreign policy under the leadership of Otto von Bismarck (1862-1890), Kaiser William II (1888-1918), the Weimar Republic (1919-1933), and Adolf Hitler (1933-1945)
Imagination and Politics in Britain Between the Wars
Author: Luisa Passerini
Combining the history of ideas and the history of emotions, this work explores the convergence between political and cultural ideas of Europe and the idea of love in the period between the two world wars. It investigates European unity from a political viewpoint, but also from cultural and symbolic ones, taking a critical stand towards Euro-centricism.
The period spanning the two World Wars was unquestionably the most catastrophic in Europe's history. Historians have been drawn to its exceptionally dramatic and harrowing events, as bookshops continue to stock new studies on Hitler, Stalin, Churchill, the Holocaust, and the battles of the two World Wars with monotonous regularity. There is a deeper need, however, to explain why Europe experienced so many conflicts, revolutions, coup d'états, and civil wars within such a short space of time? Why did much of Europe succumb to authoritarian rule and why did political violence become so endemic? Why was mass politics followed by mass murder? Why did Europe experience a 'Thirty Years' War'? Another challenge is to explain the diversity of experiences: why some European societies were not traumatized by war and invasion, why liberal democracy survived throughout north-western Europe, why general living standards continued to rise, and why the status of women continued to improve. The Oxford Handbook of European History 1914-1945 looks afresh at this troubled and complicated age. It does so by taking comparative and transnational approaches rather than merely focusing on individual national experiences. Its features a collection of distinguished historians who explain the patterns of change and continuity that applied generally, while at the same time accounting for various regional and local articulations. Among the themes covered are political economy, international relations, genocide, colonialism, gender, sexuality, human rights, welfare, rural politics, labour and youth, as well as the era's more distinctive features, such as fascism, Stalinism, the Great Depression, trench warfare and the ethnic cleansing. The Handbook serves as a guide for revising the 1914-1945 era, and for how to write histories that take the whole Europe as their subject and not merely its constituent parts: histories of Europe rather than merely in Europe.