Essentials of Neurophysiology

Basic Concepts and Clinical Applications for Scientists and Engineers

Author: M.J.A.M. van Putten

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642089343

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 231

View: 6694

In this book, we approach neurophysiology at the interface of neurology and clinical neurophysiology. The medical disciplines of the nervous system, n- rology and clinical neurophysiology, rest heavily on other sciences, notably cellular biology, neuro-anatomy, neuro-physiology, applied physics and ma- ematical biology. Existing medical textbooks on neurophysiology, neurology and clinical neurophysiology are an excellent source of the phenomenology of various principles and diseases. Here, we choose to elucidate some of the under- ing physiological, physical processes and experimental methods, intended for a broad audience – medical residents and students, as well as students in the emerging area of medical technical sciences. We feel that a good understanding of fundamentals may signi?cantly - hance insight into various aspects of clinical neurology and clinical neu- physiology. This book, therefore, is focused on a selection of clinical signs and symptoms to highlight basic principles of neurology, (neuro-)physiology and neuroanatomy. While we believe this text to be of interest to medical students or residents in neurology or clinical neurophysiology, we speci?cally aim at students - terested in contributing to new developments and innovations in neurology and clinical neurophysiology. These students are involved with patients, even though they are not trained for routine patient care.

Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurophysiology

Author: Kerry R. Mills,Professor of Clinical Neurophysiology Kerry R Mills

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199688397

Category:

Page: 512

View: 6995

Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology series, the Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurophysiology includes sections that provide a summary of the basic science underlying neurophysiological techniques, a description of the techniques themselves, including normal values, and a description of the use of the techniques in clinical situations. Much of diagnostic neurophysiology is essentially pattern recognition which is illustrated throughout the text using audio and video examples. Divided into four key sections, this book begins with the scientific basis of clinical neurophysiology (Section 1) before exploring specific techniques including Electromyography, Intracranial EEG recordings, and Magnetoencephalography (Section 2). The final two sections explore clinical aspects of both the peripheral nervous system (Section 3) and the central nervous system (Section 4).

Quantitative Human Physiology

An Introduction

Author: Joseph J Feher

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128011548

Category: Medical

Page: 1008

View: 7600

Quantitative Human Physiology: An Introduction is the first text to meet the needs of the undergraduate bioengineering student who is being exposed to physiology for the first time, but requires a more analytical/quantitative approach. This book explores how component behavior produces system behavior in physiological systems. Through text explanation, figures, and equations, it provides the engineering student with a basic understanding of physiological principles with an emphasis on quantitative aspects. Features a quantitative approach that includes physical and chemical principles Provides a more integrated approach from first principles, integrating anatomy, molecular biology, biochemistry and physiology Includes clinical applications relevant to the biomedical engineering student (TENS, cochlear implants, blood substitutes, etc.) Integrates labs and problem sets to provide opportunities for practice and assessment throughout the course NEW FOR THE SECOND EDITION Expansion of many sections to include relevant information Addition of many new figures and re-drawing of other figures to update our understanding and clarify difficult areas Substantial updating of the text to reflect newer research results Addition of several new appendices including statistics, nomenclature of transport carriers, and structural biology of important items such as the neuromuscular junction and calcium release unit Addition of new problems within the problem sets Addition of commentary to power point presentations

Numerical and Statistical Methods for Bioengineering

Applications in MATLAB

Author: Michael R. King,Nipa A. Mody

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139493420

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 594

View: 5123

The first MATLAB-based numerical methods textbook for bioengineers that uniquely integrates modelling concepts with statistical analysis, while maintaining a focus on enabling the user to report the error or uncertainty in their result. Between traditional numerical method topics of linear modelling concepts, nonlinear root finding, and numerical integration, chapters on hypothesis testing, data regression and probability are interweaved. A unique feature of the book is the inclusion of examples from clinical trials and bioinformatics, which are not found in other numerical methods textbooks for engineers. With a wealth of biomedical engineering examples, case studies on topical biomedical research, and the inclusion of end of chapter problems, this is a perfect core text for a one-semester undergraduate course.

Physiology for Engineers

Applying Engineering Methods to Physiological Systems

Author: Michael Chappell,Stephen Payne

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319261975

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 167

View: 2118

This book provides an introduction to qualitative and quantitative aspects of human physiology. It looks at biological and physiological processes and phenomena, including a selection of mathematical models, showing how physiological problems can be mathematically formulated and studied. It also illustrates how a wide range of engineering and physics topics, including electronics, fluid dynamics, solid mechanics and control theory can be used to describe and understand physiological processes and systems. Throughout the text there are introductions to measuring and quantifying physiological processes using both signal and imaging technologies. Physiology for Engineers describes the basic structure and models of cellular systems, the structure and function of the cardiovascular system, the electrical and mechanical activity of the heart and provides an overview of the structure and function of the respiratory and nervous systems. It also includes an introduction to the basic concepts and applications of reaction kinetics, pharmacokinetic modelling and tracer kinetics. It is of interest to final year biomedical engineering undergraduates and graduate students alike, as well as to practising engineers new to the fields of bioengineering or medical physics.

Fundamental Neuroscience

Author: Larry R. Squire

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123858704

Category: Medical

Page: 1127

View: 8438

Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition introduces graduate and upper-level undergraduate students to the full range of contemporary neuroscience. Addressing instructor and student feedback on the previous edition, all of the chapters are rewritten to make this book more concise and student-friendly than ever before. Each chapter is once again heavily illustrated and provides clinical boxes describing experiments, disorders, and methodological approaches and concepts. A companion web site contains test questions, and an imagebank of the figures for ready use in presentations, slides, and handouts. Capturing the promise and excitement of this fast-moving field, Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition is the text that students will be able to reference throughout their neuroscience careers! New to this edition: * 30% new material including new chapters on Dendritic Development and Spine Morphogenesis, Chemical Senses, Cerebellum, Eye Movements, Circadian Timing, Sleep and Dreaming, and Consciousness * Companion website with figures, web links to additional material, and test questions * Additional text boxes describing key experiments, disorders, methods, and concepts * Multiple model system coverage beyond rats, mice, and monkeys * Extensively expanded index for easier referencing

Introduction to Statistics for Biomedical Engineers

Author: Kristina M. Ropella

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598291963

Category: Mathematics

Page: 93

View: 2745

There are many books written about statistics, some brief, some detailed, some humorous, some colorful, and some quite dry. Each of these texts is designed for a specific audience. Too often, texts about statistics have been rather theoretical and intimidating for those not practicing statistical analysis on a routine basis. Thus, many engineers and scientists, who need to use statistics much more frequently than calculus or differential equations, lack sufficient knowledge of the use of statistics. The audience that is addressed in this text is the university-level biomedical engineering student who needs a bare-bones coverage of the most basic statistical analysis frequently used in biomedical engineering practice. The text introduces students to the essential vocabulary and basic concepts of probability and statistics that are required to perform the numerical summary and statistical analysis used in the biomedical field. This text is considered a starting point for important issues to consider when designing experiments, summarizing data, assuming a probability model for the data, testing hypotheses, and drawing conclusions from sampled data.A student who has completed this text should have sufficient vocabulary to read more advanced texts on statistics and further their knowledge about additional numerical analyses that are used in the biomedical engineering field but are beyond the scope of this text. This book is designed to supplement an undergraduate-level course in applied statistics, specifically in biomedical engineering. Practicing engineers who have not had formal instruction in statistics may also use this text as a simple, brief introduction to statistics used in biomedical engineering. The emphasis is on the application of statistics, the assumptions made in applying the statistical tests, the limitations of these elementary statistical methods, and the errors often committed in using statistical analysis. A number of examples from biomedical engineering research and industry practice are provided to assist the reader in understanding concepts and application. It is beneficial for the reader to have some background in the life sciences and physiology and to be familiar with basic biomedical instrumentation used in the clinical environment.Contents: Introduction / Collecting Data and Experimental Design / Data Summary and Descriptive Statistics / Assuming a Probability Model from the Sample Data / Statistical Inference / Linear Regression and Correlation Analysis / Power Analysis and Sample Size / Just the Beginning / Bibliography

Neuroprosthetics

Theory and Practice

Author: Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812380227

Category: Science

Page: 1261

View: 9064

A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers

Author: Gabi Nindl Waite,Lee Waite

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071509527

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 326

View: 8849

A Guide to the Fundamentals and Latest Concepts of Molecular and Cell Biology Bridging the gap between biology and engineering, Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers uses clear, straightforward language to introduce you to the cutting-edge concepts of molecular and cell biology. Written by an international team of engineers and life scientists, this vital tool contains “clinical focus boxes” and “applications boxes” in each chapter to link biology and engineering in today's world. To help grasp complex material quickly and easily, a glossary is provided. Applied Cell and Molecular Biology for Engineers features: Clear descriptions of cell structures and functions Detailed coverage of cellular communication In-depth information on cellular energy conversion Concise facts on information flow across generations A succinct guide to the evolution of cells to organisms Inside This Biomedical Engineering Guide Biomolecules: • Energetics • Components of the cell • Cell Morphology: • Cell membranes • Cell organelles • Enzyme Kinetics: • Steady-state kinetics • Enzyme inhibition • Cellular Signal Transduction: • Receptor binding • Apoptosis • Energy Conversion: • Cell metabolism • Cell respiration • Cellular Communication: • Direct • Local • Long distance • Cellular Genetics: • DNA and RNA synthesis and repair • Cell Division and Growth: • Cell cycle • Mitosis • Stem cells • Cellular Development: • Germ cells and fertilization • Limb development • From Cells to Organisms: • Cell differentiation • Systems biology

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists

Author: Wim van Drongelen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012810483X

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 2858

Signal Processing for Neuroscientists, Second Edition provides an introduction to signal processing and modeling for those with a modest understanding of algebra, trigonometry and calculus. With a robust modeling component, this book describes modeling from the fundamental level of differential equations all the way up to practical applications in neuronal modeling. It features nine new chapters and an exercise section developed by the author. Since the modeling of systems and signal analysis are closely related, integrated presentation of these topics using identical or similar mathematics presents a didactic advantage and a significant resource for neuroscientists with quantitative interest. Although each of the topics introduced could fill several volumes, this book provides a fundamental and uncluttered background for the non-specialist scientist or engineer to not only get applications started, but also evaluate more advanced literature on signal processing and modeling. Includes an introduction to biomedical signals, noise characteristics, recording techniques, and the more advanced topics of linear, nonlinear and multi-channel systems analysis Features new chapters on the fundamentals of modeling, application to neuronal modeling, Kalman filter, multi-taper power spectrum estimation, and practice exercises Contains the basics and background for more advanced topics in extensive notes and appendices Includes practical examples of algorithm development and implementation in MATLAB Features a companion website with MATLAB scripts, data files, figures and video lectures

Bioengineering Fundamentals

Author: Ann Saterbak,Ka-Yiu San,Larry V. McIntire

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780134637433

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 8499

For sophomore-level courses in Bioengineering, Biomedical Engineering, and related fields. A unifying, interdisciplinary approach to the fundamentals of bioengineering Now in its 2nd Edition, Bioengineering Fundamentals combines engineering principles with technical rigor and a problem-solving focus, ultimately taking a unifying, interdisciplinary approach to the conservation laws that form the foundation of bioengineering: mass, energy, charge, and momentum. The text emphasizes fundamental concepts, practical skill development, and problem-solving strategies while incorporating a wide array of examples and case studies. This 2nd Edition has been updated and expanded with new and clarified content, plus new homework and example problems.

Global Health Informatics

Principles of eHealth and mHealth to Improve Quality of Care

Author: Leo Anthony G. Celi,Hamish S. F. Fraser,Vipan Nikore,Juan Sebastián Osorio,Kenneth Paik

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262338130

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 7299

The widespread usage of mobile phones that bring computational power and data to our fingertips has enabled new models for tracking and battling disease. The developing world in particular has become a proving ground for innovation in eHealth (using communication and technology tools in healthcare) and mHealth (using the affordances of mobile technology in eHealth systems). In this book, experts from a variety of disciplines--among them computer science, medicine, public health, policy, and business--discuss key concepts, frameworks, examples, and lessons learned in designing and implementing digital health systems in the developing world. The contributors consider such topics as global health disparities and quality of care; aligning eHealth strategies with government policy; the role of monitoring and evaluation in improving care; databases, patient registries, and electronic health records; the lifecycle of a digital health system project; software project management; privacy and security; and evaluating health technology systems.

Biomedical Engineering Principles, Second Edition

Author: Arthur B. Ritter,Vikki Hazelwood,Antonio Valdevit,Alfred N. Ascione

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439812322

Category: Medical

Page: 540

View: 5697

Current demand in biomedical sciences emphasizes the understanding of basic mechanisms and problem solving rather than rigid empiricism and factual recall. Knowledge of the basic laws of mass and momentum transport as well as model development and validation, biomedical signal processing, biomechanics, and capstone design have indispensable roles in the engineering analysis of physiological processes. To this end, an introductory, multidisciplinary text is a must to provide the necessary foundation for beginning biomedical students. Assuming no more than a passing acquaintance with molecular biology, physiology, biochemistry, and signal processing, Biomedical Engineering Principles, Second Edition provides just such a solid, accessible grounding to this rapidly advancing field. Acknowledging the vast range of backgrounds and prior education from which the biomedical field draws, the organization of this book lends itself to a tailored course specific to the experience and interests of the student. Divided into four sections, the book begins with systems physiology, transport processes, cell physiology, and the cardiovascular system. Part I covers systems analysis, biological data, and modeling and simulation in experimental design, applying concepts of diffusion, and facilitated and active transport. Part II presents biomedical signal processing, reviewing frequency, periodic functions, and Fourier series as well as signal acquisition and processing techniques. Part III presents the practical applications of biomechanics, focusing on the mechanical and structural properties of bone, musculoskeletal, and connective tissue with respect to joint range, load bearing capacity, and electrical stimulation. The final part highlights capstone design, discussing design perspectives for living and nonliving systems, the role of the FDA, and the project timeline from inception to proof of concept. Cutting across many disciplines, Biomedical Engineering Principles, Second Edition offers illustrative examples as well as problems and discussion questions designed specifically for this book to provide a readily accessible, widely applicable introductory text.

Biomedical Engineering and Information Systems: Technologies, Tools and Applications

Technologies, Tools and Applications

Author: Shukla, Anupam

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 161692005X

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 9658

"Bridging the disciplines of engineering and medicine, this book informs researchers, clinicians, and practitioners of the latest developments in diagnostic tools, decision support systems, and intelligent devices that impact and redefine research in and delivery of medical services"--Provided by publisher.

Network Neuroscience

Author: Flavio Fröhlich

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128015861

Category: Medical

Page: 482

View: 1698

Studying brain networks has become a truly interdisciplinary endeavor, attracting students and seasoned researchers alike from a wide variety of academic backgrounds. What has been lacking is an introductory textbook that brings together the different fields and provides a gentle introduction to the major concepts and findings in the emerging field of network neuroscience. Network Neuroscience is a one-stop-shop that is of equal use to the neurobiologist, who is interested in understanding the quantitative methods employed in network neuroscience, and to the physicist or engineer, who is interested in neuroscience applications of mathematical and engineering tools. The book spans 27 chapters that cover everything from individual cells all the way to complex network disorders such as depression and autism spectrum disorders. An additional 12 toolboxes provide the necessary background for making network neuroscience accessible independent of the reader’s background. Dr. Flavio Frohlich (www.networkneuroscientist.org) wrote this book based on his experience of mentoring dozens of trainees in the Frohlich Lab, from undergraduate students to senior researchers. The Frohlich lab (www.frohlichlab.org) pursues a unique and integrated vision that combines computer simulations, animal model studies, human studies, and clinical trials with the goal of developing novel brain stimulation treatments for psychiatric disorders. The book is based on a course he teaches at UNC that has attracted trainees from many different departments, including neuroscience, biomedical engineering, psychology, cell biology, physiology, neurology, and psychiatry. Dr. Frohlich has consistently received rave reviews for his teaching. With this book he hopes to make his integrated view of neuroscience available to trainees and researchers on a global scale. His goal is to make the book the training manual for the next generation of (network) neuroscientists, who will be fusing biology, engineering, and medicine to unravel the big questions about the brain and to revolutionize psychiatry and neurology. Easy-to-read, comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of network neuroscience Includes 27 chapters packed with information on topics from single neurons to complex network disorders such as depression and autism Features 12 toolboxes serve as primers to provide essential background knowledge in the fields of biology, mathematics, engineering, and physics

Biopacemaking

Author: J.A.E Spaan,Ruben Coronel,Jacques M. T. de Bakker,Antonio Zaza

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354072110X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 182

View: 6442

The development of a bio-engineered pacemaker is of substantial clinical and also scientific interest because it promises to overcome several limitations of electronic pacemakers. Moreover it may answer the longstanding question of whether the complex structure of the sinus node is indeed a prerequisite for reliable pacemaking, or simpler structures might work as well. This book gives an overview of the current state-of-the-art of creating a bio-engineered pacemaker. It shows the approaches to develop of genetic and cell-based engineering methods suitable to implement them with safety and stability. It also illuminates the problems that need to be solved before bio-pacemaking can be considered for clinical use.

Essentials of Clinical Neurophysiology

Author: Karl E. Misulis,Thomas Channing Head

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780750674416

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 4697

Covering the basics of normal and abnormal neurologic function, this book provides clinical guidance on performing and interpreting a range of diagnostic studies, including EEG, EMG, NCS, EP, and sleep studies. It includes a CD-ROM with the contents of the book in HTML format.

Career Development in Bioengineering and Biotechnology

Author: Guruprasad Madhavan,Barbara Oakley,Luis Kun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387764955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 8425

This indispensable guide provides a roadmap to the broad and varied career development opportunities in bioengineering, biotechnology, and related fields. Eminent practitioners lay out career paths related to academia, industry, government and regulatory affairs, healthcare, law, marketing, entrepreneurship, and more. Lifetimes of experience and wisdom are shared, including "war stories," strategies for success, and discussions of the authors’ personal views and motivations.

Introduction to Biomedical Engineering

Author: John Denis Enderle,Joseph D. Bronzino

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123749794

Category: Medical

Page: 1253

View: 6763

Introduction to Biomedical Engineering is a comprehensive survey text for biomedical engineering courses. It is the most widely adopted text across the BME course spectrum, valued by instructors and students alike for its authority, clarity and encyclopedic coverage in a single volume. Biomedical engineers need to understand the wide range of topics that are covered in this text, including basic mathematical modeling; anatomy and physiology; electrical engineering, signal processing and instrumentation; biomechanics; biomaterials science and tissue engineering; and medical and engineering ethics. Enderle and Bronzino tackle these core topics at a level appropriate for senior undergraduate students and graduate students who are majoring in BME, or studying it as a combined course with a related engineering, biology or life science, or medical/pre-medical course. * NEW: Each chapter in the 3rd Edition is revised and updated, with new chapters and materials on compartmental analysis, biochemical engineering, transport phenomena, physiological modeling and tissue engineering. Chapters on peripheral topics have been removed and made avaialblw online, including optics and computational cell biology. * NEW: many new worked examples within chapters * NEW: more end of chapter exercises, homework problems * NEW: Image files from the text available in PowerPoint format for adopting instructors * Readers benefit from the experience and expertise of two of the most internationally renowned BME educators * Instructors benefit from a comprehensive teaching package including a fully worked solutions manual * A complete introduction and survey of BME * NEW: new chapters on compartmental analysis, biochemical engineering, and biomedical transport phenomena * NEW: revised and updated chapters throughout the book feature current research and developments in, for example biomaterials, tissue engineering, biosensors, physiological modeling, and biosignal processing. * NEW: more worked examples and end of chapter exercises * NEW: Image files from the text available in PowerPoint format for adopting instructors * As with prior editions, this third edition provides a historical look at the major developments across biomedical domains and covers the fundamental principles underlying biomedical engineering analysis, modeling, and design *bonus chapters on the web include: Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology, Genomics and Bioinformatics, and Computational Cell Biology and Complexity.

Electromyography

Physiology, Engineering, and Non-Invasive Applications

Author: Roberto Merletti,Philip A. Parker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471675808

Category: Medical

Page: 494

View: 1139

"Featuring contributions from key innovators working in the field today, Electromyography reveals the broad applications of EMG data in areas as diverse as neurology, ergonomics, exercise physiology, rehabilitation, movement analysis, biofeedback, and myoelectric control of prostheses." "Electromyography offers physiologists, medical professionals, and students in biomedical engineering a new window into the possibilities of this technology."--Jacket.