Educating Physicians

A Call for Reform of Medical School and Residency

Author: Molly Cooke,David M. Irby,Bridget C. O'Brien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470617640

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 3891

Praise for Educating Physicians "Educating Physicians provides a masterful analysis of undergraduate and graduate medical education in the United States today. It represents a major educational document, based firmly on educational psychology, learning theory, empirical studies, and careful personal observations of many individual programs. It also recognizes the importance of financing, regulation, and institutional culture on the learning environment, which suffuses its recommendations for reform with cogency and power. Most important, like Abraham Flexner's classic study a century ago, the report recognizes that medical education and practice, at their core, are profoundly moral enterprises. This is a landmark volume that merits attention from anyone even peripherally involved with medical education." —Kenneth M. Ludmerer, author, Time to Heal: American Medical Education from the Turn of the Century to the Era of Managed Care "This is a very important book that comes at a critical time in our nation's history. We will not have enduring health care reform in this country unless we rethink our medical education paradigms. This book is a call to arms for doing just that." —George E. Thibault, president, Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation "The authors provide us with the evidence-based model for physician education with associated changes in infrastructure, policy, and our roles as educators. Whether you agree or not with their conclusions, if you are a teacher this book is a must-read as it will frame both what and how we discuss medical education throughout the current century." —Deborah Simpson, associate dean for educational support and evaluation, Medical College of Wisconsin "A provocative book that provides us with a creative vision for medical education. Using in-depth case studies of innovative educational practices illustrating what is actually possible, the authors provide sage advice for transforming medical education on the basis of learning theories and educational research." —Judith L. Bowen, professor of medicine, Oregon Health & Science University

Educating physicians in the nineteenth century

selected titles bearing on the subject in the collections of the National Library of Medicine

Author: Thomas Neville Bonner,National Institutes of Health (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 11

View: 8712

The Digital Patient

Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education

Author: C. D. Combs,John A. Sokolowski,Catherine M. Banks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118952774

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 6237

A modern guide to computational models and constructive simulation for personalized patient care using the Digital Patient The healthcare industry’s emphasis is shifting from merely reacting to disease to preventing disease and promoting wellness. Addressing one of the more hopeful Big Data undertakings, The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education presents a timely resource on the construction and deployment of the Digital Patient and its effects on healthcare, research, and education. The Digital Patient will not be constructed based solely on new information from all the “omics” fields; it also includes systems analysis, Big Data, and the various efforts to model the human physiome and represent it virtually. The Digital Patient will be realized through the purposeful collaboration of patients as well as scientific, clinical, and policy researchers. The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education addresses the international research efforts that are leading to the development of the Digital Patient, the wealth of ongoing research in systems biology and multiscale simulation, and the imminent applications within the domain of personalized healthcare. Chapter coverage includes: The visible human The physiological human The virtual human Research in systems biology Multi-scale modeling Personalized medicine Self-quantification Visualization Computational modeling Interdisciplinary collaboration The Digital Patient: Advancing Healthcare, Research, and Education is a useful reference for simulation professionals such as clinicians, medical directors, managers, simulation technologists, faculty members, and educators involved in research and development in the life sciences, physical sciences, and engineering. The book is also an ideal supplement for graduate-level courses related to human modeling, simulation, and visualization.

Educating For Professionalism

Creating A Culture Of Humanism In Medical Education

Author: Delese Wear,Janet Bickel

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 158729334X

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 9477

The thirteen essays in Educating for Professionalism examine the often conflicting ethical, social, emotional, and intellectual messages that medical institutions send to students about what it means to be a doctor. Because this disconnection between what medical educators profess and what students experience is partly to blame for the current crisis in medical professionalism, the authors offer timely, reflective analyses of the work and opportunities facing medical education if doctors are to win public trust. In their drive to improve medical professionalism within the world of academic medicine, editors Delese Wear and Janet Bickel have assembled thought-provoking essays that elucidate the many facets of teaching, valuing, and maintaining medical professionalism in the middle of the myriad challenges facing medicine at the dawn of the twenty-first century. The collection traces how the values of altruism and service can influence not only mission statements and admission policies but also the content of medical school ethics courses, student-led task forces, and mentoring programs, along with larger environmental issues in medical schools and the communities they serve. Contributors: Stanley Joel Reiser Jack Coulehan Peter C. Williams Frederic W. Hafferty Richard Martinez Judith Andre Jake Foglio Howard Brody Sheila Woods Sue Fosson Lois Margaret Nora Mary Anne C. Johnston Tana A. Grady-Weliky Cynthia N. Kettyle Edward M. Hundert Norma E. Wagoner Frederick A. Miller William D. Mellon Howard Waitzkin Donald Wasylenki Niall Byrne Barbara McRobb Edward J. Eckenfels Lucy Wolf Tuton Claudia H. Siegel Timothy B. Campbell

Physician Compensation Plans

State-Of-The-Art Strategies

Author: Bruce A. Johnson,Deborah Walker Keegan

Publisher: Medical Group Management Assn

ISBN: 9781568292755

Category: Managed care plans (Medical care)

Page: 566

View: 9010

Navigating the maze of methods by which income for physicians is determined and paid in a wide variety of health care organizations, this step-by-step guide covers plan development and information on pay-for-performance programs, implementation methods, and more.

Catching Babies

The Professionalization of Childbirth, 1870-1920

Author: Charlotte G. Borst

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674102620

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 6929

Childbirth is a quintessential family event that simultaneously holds great promise and runs the risk of danger. By the late nineteenth century, the birthing room had become a place where the goals of the new scientific professional could be demonstrated, but where traditional female knowledge was in conflict with the new ways. Here the choice of attendants and their practices defined gender, ethnicity, class, and the role of the professional. Using the methodology of social science theory, particularly quantitative statistical analysis and historical demography, Charlotte Borst examines the effect of gender, culture, and class on the transition to physician-attended childbirth. Earlier studies have focused on physician opposition to midwifery, devoting little attention to the training for and actual practice of midwifery. As a result, until now we knew little about the actual conditions of the midwife's education and practice. Catching Babies is the first study to examine the move to physician-attended birth within the context of a particular community. It focuses on four representative counties in Wisconsin to study both midwives and physicians within the context of their community. Borst finds that midwives were not pushed out of practice by elitist or misogynist obstetricians. Instead, their traditional, artisanal skills ceased to be valued by a society that had come to embrace the model of disinterested, professional science. The community that had previously hired midwives turned to physicians who shared ethnic and cultural values with the very midwives they replaced.

Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Author: Marion Danis,Samia A. Hurst,Len Fleck,Reidun Forde,Anne Slowther

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190225475

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 6035

Health systems need to set priorities fairly. In one way or another, part of this important task will fall to physicians. How do they make judgments about resource stewardship, and how should they do so? How can they make such decisions in a manner that is compatible with their clinical duties to patients? In this book, philosophers, bioethicists, physicians, lawyers and health policy experts make the case that priority setting and rationing contribute significantly to the possibility of affordable and fair healthcare and that clinicians play an indispensable role in that process. The book depicts the results of a survey of European physicians about their experiences with rationing and other cost containment strategies, and their perception of scarcity and fairness in their health care systems. Responding to and complementing these findings, commentators discuss why resource allocation and bedside rationing is necessary and justifiable. The book explores how bedside rationing relates to clinical judgments about medical necessity and medical indications, marginal benefits, weak evidence based medicine, off-label use. The book highlights how comparative studies of health care systems can advance more effective and fair bedside rationing through learning from one another. From a practical standpoint, the book offers a number of strategies for health care systems and clinicians to work in tandem to allocate and ration resources as fairly as possible: how to foster more attention to fairness when rationing at the bedside, how to avoid exacerbating health disparities when allocating resources, how to teach about bedside rationing to students, how to discuss rationing more explicitly in the public arena and in the doctor's office.

The Internet for Physicians

Author: Roger P. Smith,Margaret J.A. Edwards

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475730748

Category: Medical

Page: 207

View: 1740

Does the Internet offer anything besides cybermalls and computer games? Is there anything out there for physicians? As Roger Smith and Margaret Edwards demonstrate in The Internet for Physicians, 2nd edition, the answer is a resounding "YES!" The authors describe the Internet in clear, easy-to-read language, how it is useful to the physician in practice, how to employ its various tools, and what hardware and software are required to "log on". Building on the success of the 1st edition, The Internet for Physicians, 2nd edition, continues to provide thorough coverage of Internet basics and now includes all-new chapters on advanced issues and options facing the seasoned surfer. Updates address choosing a service provider, search secrets, designing a personal web page, html programming, Internet security, laptop vs desktop, and hardware decisions such as choosing a platform. An expanded glossary explains Internet-related terms and a detailed bibliography suggests further reading. Additionally, the book offers an extensive directory of over 600 Internet medical resources, organized by disease and medical specialty, for both physicians and patients. With each site personally reviewed by Smith, it is a treasure trove of the Internet information available to doctors. What's more, a CD-ROM component brings the reader hypertext links to websites with the click of a mouse. Intelligent, informative, and witty, The Internet for Physicians, 2nd edition, offers medical professionals essential knowledge to keep their practices progressive, professional, and cutting-edge.

Accelerated Education in Nursing

Challenges, Strategies, and Future Directions

Author: Dr. Li-Fang Zhang, PhD,Lin Zhan, PhD, RN, FAAN,Linda Finch, PhD, RN, APN,Linda P. Finch, PhD, RN, APN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107648

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 7181

"As one of the first books examining the core issues of accelerated nursing education, this one offers valuable information on the challenges and successes of this educational model."--Doody's Medical Reviews "Accelerated degree programs provide evidence that creativity in nursing program design can facilitate learning experiences that assure competence in the profession while also taking advantage of the knowledge, skills, and experiences the learner brings to our profession. Lessons learned from accelerated nursing programs can be applied in all our programs and enrich the education of professional nursesÖ" Geraldine Polly Bednash, PhD, RN, FAAN CEO, AACN Over the last two decades, an unprecedented pool of nursing students-many with academic degrees and prior work experience-have entered accelerated programs. This is the first volume to examine core issues in accelerated nursing education, such as curriculum innovation, clinical immersion, recruitment and retention of students and faculty, and inter-professional education. It also addresses questions regarding: How accelerated nursing programs prepare graduates to meet changing health care needs Which curriculums and clinical models are best suited to accelerated education What teaching strategies and evidence-based practices ensure high quality results Key Features: Discusses enrollment and admission at the BSN and MSN levels Explores curriculum innovation, new teaching methods, and start-up programs Analyzes student retention and progression, with remediation strategies Presents faculty recruitment, retention, and development successes Addresses issues concerning second degree and second career students

Handbook of Health Behavior Research IV

Relevance for Professionals and Issues for the Future

Author: David S. Gochman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489904840

Category: Psychology

Page: 532

View: 597

Volume 4 considers the importance of health behavior research in practical settings. Particularly notable are treatments of the "narrative approach", the taxonomy of health behavior, and the organization of health behavior knowledge. Each volume features extensive supplementary and integrative material prepared by the editor, the detailed index to the entire four-volume set, and a glossary of health behavior terminology.

Physician Performance Management

Tool for Survival and Success

Author: Christine N. Micklitsch,Theresa A. Ryan-Mityling

Publisher: Medical Group Management Assn

ISBN: 9781568290782

Category: Medical

Page: 122

View: 4473

Medical Group Management in Turbulent Times

How Physician Leadership Can Optimize Health Plan, Hospital, and Medical Group Performance

Author: William Winston,Paul A Sommers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317948629

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 3110

Medical Group Management in Turbulent Times: How Physician Leadership Can Optimize Health Plan, Hospital, and Medical Group Performance provides you with proven methods and new strategies on how to deliver more effective health care, health products, and related services to patients and other consumers. Stressing physician leadership and proactive participation, this text will enhance your understanding of how a working relationship between practicing physicians and health care managers is a positive and necessary means for administering and managing quality health care now and in the future. Through units preceded by defined goals, projected outcomes, and outcome analyses, Medical Group Management presents material to you in a practical, comprehensive manner on topics such as: understanding values and relationships among physicians, hospitals, and health plans working together toward a common goal establishing trust and communication between physicians, hospitals, and health plans embracing change as a catalyst for the enhancement of medical practice understanding the physicians’role in the management of a consumer-focused medical group planning for shifts in medical practice away from intervention and toward prevention creating jointly developed plans and budgets predicated upon principles of continuous quality improvement, such as eliminating unnecessary patient paperwork and improving employees’morale and job satisfaction In addition, most units in this text feature a “factors to consider” category that advises you, for example, how to research competition, establish a target market, and research the demographics of a community before formulating a plan to increase your number of patients. Complete with recommendations, sample plans on how to market health services or better serve your patients, and suggestions on how to enhance quality care, Medical Group Management will give you the knowledge to successfully address problems and work together with other professionals in the health care community to provide quality services to patients and consumers now and into the next century.

Global Atmospheric Change and Public Health

Author: James C. White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400904436

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 9769

The world is just beginning to face up to the problems which will be brought about by global climate change. Most people equate climate change with rising temperatures, disturbed weather patterns, agricultural crises, and sea level rises; yet potential health effects may be the most significant factors in the whole developing picture. Man's effect on climate accelerates as population increases. Population increases strain infrastructures and strained infrastructures lead to stresses on society. We already are experiencing higher ultraviolet B radiation through our depleted ozone layer and can expect more cancers, more cataracts, and diminishing immunity. Expected changing weather and storm patterns may result in disturbed and diminished agricultural production with malnutrition and famine on a grandiose scale; diseases would migrate and the number of displaced persons would increase greatly. This book consists of papers presented at a meeting on Global Atmospheric Change and Public Health, held in Washington, D.C., in December 1989. It was sponsored by the Air Resources Information Clearinghouse (ARIC), a project of the Center for En vironmental Information, Inc. (CEI), a nonprofit organization in Rochester, New York, and co-sponsored by thirty-two U.S., Canadian and international organizations and agencies. The conference was the first to bring together in a public forum the health, scien tific, policy and information communities to address the issues. The book examines potential public health and health-related impacts on society, communicable diseases, cancer and cataract, immunity, heat effects, respiratory problems and human nutrition.

Handbook of Teaching for Physical Therapists - E-Book

Author: Gail M. Jensen,Elizabeth Mostrom

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455706019

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 1204

Whether you are practicing in an in-patient or an out-patient facility, academic institution, or clinical residency program, this well-respected handbook gives you the background and guidance you need to effectively educate individuals across the continuum of physical therapy practice. Practical, real-life examples show you how to: incorporate health literacy and needs of the learner; assess and adapt to the various learning styles of patients; use simulations in education; facilitate the development of clinical reasoning skills; and assess learning outcomes and the effectiveness of your teaching. Plus, four all-new chapters and major revisions of all content throughout the book keep you on top of the latest research and best practices. Coverage of the theory and application of educational principles across the continuum of PT practice provides the information you need to improve your skills in the educational process both in academic and clinical settings. Two section format divides content into two parts: designing academic and clinical education programs and teaching students in academic and clinical settings; and teaching patients and families in clinical and community settings. Variety of teaching and teaching assessment methods expands your teaching, learning, and assessment repertoires. Case stories at the beginning of each chapter allow you to see the relevance of the information in the chapter. Threshold concepts highlight key ideas that are important to know. Annotated bibliography at end of each chapter provides resources for further study. NEW! Chapter on Authentic Assessment: Simulation-Based Education reflects the new ways to facilitate student learning through the use of human simulation models. NEW! Chapter on Strategies for Planning and Implementing Interprofessional Education covers the fundamental concepts of team-based care and interprofessional learning. NEW! Chapter on What Makes a Good Clinical Teacher? translates current research on clinical teaching into clinical education and practice. NEW! Chapter on Facilitating the Teaching and Learning of Clinical Reasoning helps you apply current research on clinical reasoning in rehabilitation to clinical education and teaching. NEW! Two combined chapters on Patient Education and Health Literacy (previously chapters 8 and 12) and Applied Behavioral Theory and Adherence: Models for Practice (previously chapters 9 and 10) provide focused presentations on current thinking and practical strategies for addressing health literacy issues in the clinical environment. NEW! Expanded chapter on Post-Professional Clinical Residency and Fellowship Education offers more information on models and trends in residency education and mentoring.