Ecology

From Individuals to Ecosystems

Author: Michael Begon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470667101

Category: Biology

Page: 1024

View: 8522

No further information has been provided for this title.

Eucalypt Ecology

Individuals to Ecosystems

Author: Jann Williams,John Woinarski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521497404

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 8527

Comprehensive review of eucalypt ecology, from genetics to conservation.

Essentials of Ecology

Author: Colin R. Townsend,Michael Begon,John L. Harper

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405103282

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 7406

Essentials of Ecology presents introductory ecology in an accessible, state–of–the–art format designed to cultivate the novice student′s understanding of, and fascination with, the natural world. In a concise, engaging style, this text outlines the essential principles of ecology from the theoretical fundamentals to their practical applications. Full color artwork, simple pedagogical features and a wide range of timely examples make this book an ideal introduction to ecology for students at all levels. The second edition of this successful text provides expanded coverage and over 400 references including 100 new examples reflecting the vibrancy of the field. More than a simple update, the new edition also features new artwork http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/townsend/Images.htm, an enhanced design, and additional integrated applications to make Essentials of Ecology up–to–date and relevant. Outstanding features of the second edition of Essentials of Ecology include: ∗ Dedicated website – study resources and web research questions provide students and instructors with an enhanced, interactive experience of the book www.blackwellpublishing.com/townsend ∗ Key Concepts – summarized at the beginning of each chapter ∗ Unanswered questions – highlighted throughout, emphasizing that in ecology, as in any science, we have much left to learn ∗ History boxes – outlining key landmarks in the development of ecology ∗ Quantitative boxes – allowing mathematical aspects of ecology to be explained thoroughly without interrupting the flow of the text ∗ Topical ECOncerns boxes – highlighting ethical, social and political questions in ecology ∗ Review questions – included at the end of each chapter

Individual-Based Models and Approaches In Ecology

Populations, Communities and Ecosystems

Author: D. L. DeAngelis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351090364

Category: Mathematics

Page: 545

View: 8259

Until fairly recently, populations were handled as homogenized averages, which made modeling feasible but which ignored the essential fact that in any population there is a great variety of individuals of different ages, sizes, and degrees of fitness. Recently, because of the increased availability of affordable computer power, approaches have been developed which are able to recognize individual differences. Individual-based models are of great use in the areas of aquatic ecology, terrestrial ecology, landscape or physiological ecology, terrestrial ecology, landscape or physiological ecology, and agriculture. This book discusses which biological problems individual-based models can solve, as well as the models' inherent limitations. It explores likely future directions of theoretical development in these models, as well as currently feasible management applications and the best mathematical approaches and computer languages to use. The book also details specific applications to theory and management.

Aquatic Functional Biodiversity

An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective

Author: Andrea Belgrano,Guy Woodward,Ute Jacob

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012417020X

Category: Nature

Page: 312

View: 7214

Aquatic Functional Biodiversity: An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective provides a general conceptual framework by some of the most prominent investigators in the field for how to link eco-evolutionary approaches with functional diversity to understand and conserve the provisioning of ecosystem services in aquatic systems. Rather than producing another methodological book, the editors and authors primarily concentrate on defining common grounds, connecting conceptual frameworks and providing examples by a more detailed discussion of a few empirical studies and projects, which illustrate key ideas and an outline of potential future directions and challenges that are expected in this interdisciplinary research field. Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in using network approaches to disentangle the relationship between biodiversity, community structure and functioning. Novel methods for model construction are being developed constantly, and modern methods allow for the inclusion of almost any type of explanatory variable that can be correlated either with biodiversity or ecosystem functioning. As a result these models have been widely used in ecology, conservation and eco-evolutionary biology. Nevertheless, there remains a considerable gap on how well these approaches are feasible to understand the mechanisms on how biodiversity constrains the provisioning of ecosystem services. Defines common theoretical grounds in terms of terminology and conceptual issues Connects theory and practice in ecology and eco-evolutionary sciences Provides examples for successful biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service management

Laws, Theories, and Patterns in Ecology

Author: Walter Dodds

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520260414

Category: Nature

Page: 232

View: 4208

"Physics and chemistry are distinguished from biology by the way generalizations are codified into theories tested by observation and experimentation. This work enumerates generalizations in ecology. It describes how the practice of science, in general, and ecology specifically, yields theories and laws." -- BOOK PUBLISHER WEBSITE.

Ecology, From Individuals to Ecosystems

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478447192

Category: Education

Page: 94

View: 3143

Facts101 is your complete guide to Ecology, From Individuals to Ecosystems. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 008091456X

Category: Science

Page: 3120

View: 7652

The groundbreaking Encyclopedia of Ecology provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the complete field of ecology, from general to applied. It includes over 500 detailed entries, structured to provide the user with complete coverage of the core knowledge, accessed as intuitively as possible, and heavily cross-referenced. Written by an international team of leading experts, this revolutionary encyclopedia will serve as a one-stop-shop to concise, stand-alone articles to be used as a point of entry for undergraduate students, or as a tool for active researchers looking for the latest information in the field. Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology Ecological Processes Ecological Modeling Ecological Engineering Ecological Indicators Ecological Informatics Ecosystems Ecotoxicology Evolutionary Ecology General Ecology Global Ecology Human Ecology System Ecology The first reference work to cover all aspects of ecology, from basic to applied Over 500 concise, stand-alone articles are written by prominent leaders in the field Article text is supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Fully indexed and cross referenced with detailed references for further study Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert Available electronically on ScienceDirect shortly upon publication

Plant Disturbance Ecology

The Process and the Response

Author: Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080492957

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 3151

The media coverage of natural disasters (hurricanes, fires, floods, ice storms, etc.) indicates the prevalence of natural disasters in most, if not all, ecosystems. In order for scientists to study, understand, and ultimately predict how these disturbances affect ecosystems, it is necessary for them to know more about the physical processes involved in these disturbances and to learn how to couple these processes to the ecological systems. Essential for all ecologists, forest researchers, and conservation biologists, this book includes chapters on the disturbance processes, how the disturbance causes necrosis or death to individuals, and their effects on population or community processes. In Plant Disturbance Ecology, physical scientists who study disturbances provide an introduction to the physical disturbance processes, while ecologists relate this information to the way the vegetation responds to the disturbances. This reference is also key for all researchers hydrology, geomorphology, and environmental management. Includes coverage on six different disturbance processes: Wind, Gravity, Geomorphic, Hydrologic, Combustion, and Biotic Provides a clear explanation of how some of the physical processes of disturbance affect plant ecological processes Offers ecologists an up-to-date understanding of the physical processes and allows them to predict future affects of disturbances Unites two related fields by linking the disturbance processes and ecological responses Presents physical scientists with ideas of how they might usefully apply their knowledge to advance understanding of ecological systems

Individual-based Modeling and Ecology

Author: Volker Grimm,Steven F. Railsback

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691096667

Category: Computers

Page: 428

View: 1803

Individual-based models are an exciting and widely used new tool for ecology. These computational models allow scientists to explore the mechanisms through which population and ecosystem ecology arises from how individuals interact with each other and their environment. This book provides the first in-depth treatment of individual-based modeling and its use to develop theoretical understanding of how ecological systems work, an approach the authors call "individual-based ecology." Grimm and Railsback start with a general primer on modeling: how to design models that are as simple as possible while still allowing specific problems to be solved, and how to move efficiently through a cycle of pattern-oriented model design, implementation, and analysis. Next, they address the problems of theory and conceptual framework for individual-based ecology: What is "theory"? That is, how do we develop reusable models of how system dynamics arise from characteristics of individuals? What conceptual framework do we use when the classical differential equation framework no longer applies? An extensive review illustrates the ecological problems that have been addressed with individual-based models. The authors then identify how the mechanics of building and using individual-based models differ from those of traditional science, and provide guidance on formulating, programming, and analyzing models. This book will be helpful to ecologists interested in modeling, and to other scientists interested in agent-based modeling.

Ecology in Agriculture

Author: Louise E. Jackson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080530680

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 971

Agricultural crops are prominent features of an increasing number of variously perturbed ecosystems and the landscapes occupied by these ecosystems. Yet the ecology of agricultural-dominated landscapes is only now receiving the scientific attention it has long deserved. This attention has been stimulated by the realization that all agriculture must become sustainable year after year while leaving nearby ecosystems unaffected. Ecology in Agriculture focuses exclusively on the ecology of agricultural ecosystems. The book is divided into four major sections. An introduction establishes the unique ties between agricultural and ecological sciences. The second section describes the community ecology of these sorts of ecosystems, while the final section focuses on the processes that operate throughout these agricultural landscapes. Contains an ecological perspective on agricultural production and resource utilization Includes in-depth reviews of major issues in crop ecology by active researchers Covers a range of topics in agricultural ecophysiology, community ecology, and ecosystems ecology Provides examples of ecological approaches to solving problems in crop management and environmental quality

Practical Field Ecology

A Project Guide

Author: C. Philip Wheater,James R. Bell,Penny A. Cook

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470976708

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 6046

This book introduces experimental design and data analysis / interpretation as well as field monitoring skills for both plants and animals. Clearly structured throughout and written in a student-friendly manner, the main emphasis of the book concentrates on the techniques required to design a field based ecological survey and shows how to execute an appropriate sampling regime. The book evaluates appropriate methods, including the problems associated with various techniques and their inherent flaws (e.g. low sample sizes, large amount of field or laboratory work, high cost etc). This provides a resource base outlining details from the planning stage, into the field, guiding through sampling and finally through organism identification in the laboratory and computer based data analysis and interpretation. The text is divided into six distinct chapters. The first chapter covers planning, including health and safety together with information on a variety of statistical techniques for examining and analysing data. Following a chapter dealing with site characterisation and general aspects of species identification, subsequent chapters describe the techniques used to survey and census particular groups of organisms. The final chapter covers interpreting and presenting data and writing up the research. The emphasis here is on appropriate wording of interpretation and structure and content of the report.

Introduction to Systems Ecology

Author: Sven Erik Jorgensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143985520X

Category: Nature

Page: 360

View: 6596

Possibly the first textbook to present a practically applicable ecosystems theory, Introduction to Systems Ecology helps readers understand how ecosystems work and how they react to disturbances. It demonstrates—with many examples and illustrations—how to apply the theory to explain observations and to make quantitative calculations and predictions. In this book, Sven Erik Jørgensen takes a first step toward integrating thermodynamics, biochemistry, hierarchical organization, and network theory into a holistic theory of systems ecology. The first part of the book covers the laws of thermodynamics and the basic biochemistry of living organisms, as well as the constraints they impose on ecosystems. To grow and develop, however, ecosystems have to evade these thermodynamic and biochemical constraints, so the second part of the book discusses the seven basic properties that enable ecosystems to grow, develop, and survive: They are open systems, far from thermodynamic equilibrium. They are organized hierarchically. They have a high diversity. They have high buffer capacities toward changes. Their components are organized in cooperative networks, which allows for sophisticated feedback, regulation mechanisms, and higher efficiencies. They contain an enormous amount of information embodied in genomes. They have emerging system properties. This timely textbook also looks at how systems ecology is applied in integrated environmental management, particularly in ecological modeling and engineering and in the assessment of ecosystem health using ecological indicators. Acknowledging that there is still much room for improvement, it will inspire ecologists to develop a stronger and more widely applicable ecosystem theory.

Ecology

Principles and Applications

Author: J. L. Chapman,M. J. Reiss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521588027

Category: Nature

Page: 330

View: 376

The second edition has been brought up to date with current syllabuses by the addition of further material on the key issue of conservation providing coverage of the principles of conservation and using case studies to provide examples of conservation policies in practice.

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology

Author: R. S. K. Barnes,K. H. Mann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444314106

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 7036

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology is a completely updated and revised edition of the earlier work, Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecosystems. The new edition has been re-titled to reflect the fact that the authors found that, from the modification exercise, a completely different and new book emerged. The new edition concentrates heavily of the fundamental features common to all aquatic systems, both marine and freshwater. This unique synthesis allows for the discussion of ecological processes comparatively, across environments. A general introduction is followed by discussion of various 'types' of aquatic ecosystems - open waters, coastal zones, benthos, and the aquatic ecosystem as a whole. This is followed by an important new chapter on aquatic ecosystems and global ecology. Later chapters consider the individuals and communities in aquatic ecosystems. A totally re-written and rejuvenated edition of an established student text. Synthesizes both marine and freshwater ecology. Covers both ecosystem ecology and population biology. In depth consideration of man's impact on the aquatic environment.

Population Ecology

First Principles

Author: John H. Vandermeer,Deborah Esther Goldberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691114415

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 5126

How can the future number of deer, agricultural pests, or cod be calculated based on the present number of individuals and their age distribution? How long will it take for a viral outbreak in a particular city to reach another city five hundred miles away? In addressing such basic questions, ecologists today are as likely to turn to complicated differential equations as to life histories--a dramatic change from thirty years ago. Population ecology is the mathematical backbone of ecology. Here, two leading experts provide the underlying quantitative concepts that all modern-day ecologists need. John Vandermeer and Deborah Goldberg show that populations are more than simply collections of individuals. Complex variables such as the size distribution of individuals and allotted territory for expanding groups come into play when mathematical models are applied. The authors build these models from the ground up, from first principles, using a much broader range of empirical examples--from plants to animals, from viruses to humans--than do standard texts. And they address several complicating issues such as age-structured populations, spatially distributed populations, and metapopulations. Beginning with a review of elementary principles, the book goes on to consider theoretical issues involving life histories, complications in the application of the core principles, statistical descriptions of spatial aggregation of individuals and populations as well as population dynamic models incorporating spatial information, and introductions to two-species interactions. Complemented by superb illustrations that further clarify the links between the mathematical models and biology, Population Ecology is the most straightforward and authoritative overview of the field to date. It will have broad appeal among undergraduates, graduate students, and practicing ecologists.

Insect Ecology

An Ecosystem Approach

Author: Timothy Duane Schowalter

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123813514

Category: Science

Page: 633

View: 5971

The third edition of Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach provides a modern perspective of insect ecology that integrates two approaches traditionally used to study insect ecology: evolutionary and ecosystem. This integration substantially broadens the scope of insect ecology and contributes to prediction and resolution of the effects of current environmental changes, as these affect and are affected by insects. The third edition includes an updated and expanded synthesis of feedback and interactions between insects and their environment. This updated material and a new chapter on applications of insect ecology to social and environmental issues effectively demonstrates how evolutionary and ecosystem approaches complement each other, with the intent of stimulating further integration of these approaches in experiments that address insect roles in ecosystems. Effective management of ecosystem resources depends on evaluation of the complex, often complementary, effects of insects on ecosystem conditions, as well as insect responses to changing conditions. . Timely revision of a key reference on insect ecology . Full coverage of ecosystem structure and function balanced with essential background on evolutionary aspects . New chapter on applications to issues such as pest management, ecosystem restoration, invasive species and environmental changes . Case studies highlight practical and theoretical applications for topics covered in each chapter

Aboveground-Belowground Linkages

Biotic Interactions, Ecosystem Processes, and Global Change

Author: Richard D. Bardgett,David A. Wardle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199546878

Category: Nature

Page: 301

View: 4097

Synthesises and evaluates recent advances concerning how species and their interactions influence terrestrial ecosystem processes, such as productivity, decomposition, nutrient cycling, and fluxes.

Ecological Dynamics

Author: W. S. C. Gurney,R. M. Nisbet

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195104431

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 2998

Ecological Dynamics is unique in that it can serve both as an introductory text in numerous ecology courses and as a resource for more advanced work. It provides a flexible introduction to ecological dynamics that is accessible to students with limited previous mathematical and computational experience, yet also offers glimpses into the state of the art in the field. Ideal for courses in modelling ecological and environmental change, Ecological Dynamics can also be used in other courses such as theoretical ecology, population ecology, mathematical biology and ecology, and quantitative ecology.

Resolving Ecosystem Complexity (MPB-47)

Author: Oswald J. Schmitz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400834174

Category: Nature

Page: 192

View: 4679

An ecosystem's complexity develops from the vast numbers of species interacting in ecological communities. The nature of these interactions, in turn, depends on environmental context. How do these components together influence an ecosystem's behavior as a whole? Can ecologists resolve an ecosystem's complexity in order to predict its response to disturbances? Resolving Ecosystem Complexity develops a framework for anticipating the ways environmental context determines the functioning of ecosystems. Oswald Schmitz addresses the critical questions of contemporary ecology: How should an ecosystem be conceptualized to blend its biotic and biophysical components? How should evolutionary ecological principles be used to derive an operational understanding of complex, adaptive ecosystems? How should the relationship between the functional biotic diversity of ecosystems and their properties be understood? Schmitz begins with the universal concept that ecosystems are comprised of species that consume resources and which are then resources for other consumers. From this, he deduces a fundamental rule or evolutionary ecological mechanism for explaining context dependency: individuals within a species trade off foraging gains against the risk of being consumed by predators. Through empirical examples, Schmitz illustrates how species use evolutionary ecological strategies to negotiate a predator-eat-predator world, and he suggests that the implications of species trade-offs are critical to making ecology a predictive science. Bridging the traditional divides between individuals, populations, and communities in ecology, Resolving Ecosystem Complexity builds a systematic foundation for thinking about natural systems.