Political Communication and Democracy provides a wide-ranging and inclusive study of political communications that uses current political events and debates to illustrate its arguments. Looking beyond the narrow view that political communication concerns only the media and spin doctors, Gary Rawnsley examines the subject in its myriad forms: political parties and pressure groups as a way by which people join together, referendums, public opinion and how communications contribute to the process of democratization around the world.
The revolutions of 1989 swept away Eastern Europe's communist governments and created expectations on the part of many observers that post-communist media would lead the liberated societies in establishing and embracing democratic political cultures. Peter Gross finds that it was utopian to hold such expectations of the media in societies in transition. On the one hand, those countries' media professionals had all learned their jobs under the communist regimes and could not instantly transform themselves into guides for a politically enabled populace, Gross argues. On the other hand, newcomers to the media world, even those who were notable literary figures, viewed themselves as social and political leaders rather than mere informers and facilitators of the resocialization required to form new democracies. The news media have remained highly politicized and partisan. So how are the media, civil society, and political culture related in societies in transition? And can changes in these relationships be anticipated? To address these questions, Entangled Evolutions examines media in post-1989 Eastern Europe. It studies the effects of privatization of the media, journalists' relations to political figures, institutional structures such as media laws, professional journalistic culture, and the media's relation to their market. Sources include interviews with journalists and politicians, sociological and political data from national surveys, and media audience studies.
Critiques global mediascape through feminist perspectives, highlighting concerns of policy, power, labor, and technology. Starting with the state of international communications, this work covers cases on online news, pornography, democracy, policies for women's development, violence against women, information workers, print media and telecentres.
The last quarter of a century has seen an unprecedented wave of democratization around the globe. In these transitions from authoritarian rule to a more democratic order, the media have played a key role both by facilitating, but frequently also inhibiting, democratic practices to take root. This book provides an accessible and systematic introduction to the media in transitional democracies. It analyses the problems that occur when transforming the media into independent institutions that are able to inform citizens and hold governments to account. The book covers the following topics: normative conceptions of media and democracy; the role of the past in the transition process; the internet as a new space for democratic change; the persistence of political interference in emerging democracies; the interlocking power of media markets and political ownership; the challenges to journalistic professionalism in post-authoritarian contexts; the role of the media in divided societies; The book takes a global view by exploring the interplay of political and media transitions in different pathways of democratization that have taken place in Eastern Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia. It will be of interest to advanced students and scholars who want a better understanding of the media outside established Western democracies. The book will also be of great value to policymakers and activists who are involved in strengthening the media in transitional democracies.
Central and Eastern European Media Change in a Global Perspective
Author: Karol Jakubowicz
Publisher: Intellect Books
Category: Literary Criticism
This is a international comparison of the media systems and the democratic performance of the media in post-Communist countries. It explores issues of commercial media, social exclusion and consumer capitalism in a comparative East-West perspective. This book is a overview of what media transformation has meant for post-Communist countries in nearly two decades.
How has mass communication evolved in Latin America? How has the political climate in that region shaped the role of the mass media? What are the special challenges facing this turbulent area? In Communication in Latin America, Richard Cole has assembled a selection of articles that explores these issues, with a special emphasis on journalism, given the traditional strength of the press in Latin America. The twelve essayswritten exclusively for this publication - examine either an aspect of the mass media in the region or the media in a particular country during a number of stages of its political development. Communication in Latin America opens with an overview of the state of mass communication in the entire region. Articles in the first part of the volume focus on topics such as the changing role of women in the media and the usefulness of propaganda in effecting political change. Essays in the second section discuss situations in individual countries, including freedom of the press in Mexico and Chile and the Argentine media's struggle to define their role under the new democratic government. Professor Cole concludes with a forecast of the future of mass communication in Latin America.
social and media change in Central and Eastern Europe
Author: Karol Jakubowicz
Publisher: Hampton Pr
This book examines processes of media change in post-Communist countries. Considerable attention is paid to the general process of transformation before turning to the media in particular. In this reexamination of the media under the Communist system and its role in the transition, the stress is on analysis of media policy and media systems. The author develops a model of change in Central and Eastern Europe and how it can be applied. As such, the intention is not to provide a full account of the debate but to illustrate the main elements and mechanisms of the process as exemplified by the situation in selected countries.