Earth Materials

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107155401

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 8549

Designed specifically for one-semester courses, this beautifully illustrated textbook explains the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology.

Earth Materials

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony R. Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052114521X

Category: Nature

Page: 533

View: 2472

Key concepts in mineralogy and petrology are explained alongside beautiful full-color illustrations, in this concisely written textbook.

Earth Materials

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony R. Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851160

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6872

The fundamental concepts of mineralogy and petrology are explained in this highly illustrated, full-color textbook to create a concise overview for students studying Earth materials. The relationship between minerals and rocks and how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences is interwoven throughout. Beautiful photos of specimens and Crystal-Maker's 3-D illustrations allow students to easily visualize minerals, rocks and crystal structures. Review questions at the end of chapters allow students to check their understanding. The importance of Earth materials to human cultural development and the hazards they pose to humans are discussed in later chapters. This ambitious, wide-ranging book is written by two world-renowned textbook authors each with over 40 years of teaching experience, who bring that experience to clearly convey the important topics.

Earth Materials 2nd Edition

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108108008

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1984

This concise, accessible, market-leading textbook brings together the wide-ranging fundamentals students need to understand rocks and minerals, and shows them how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences. Designed specifically for one-semester courses, it is beautifully illustrated to explain the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology. This edition has been fully updated based on classroom experience, and new features include a completely new chapter providing an elementary introduction to thermodynamics, kinetics, radioactive decay and absolute dating; new mineral descriptions and many new stunning color photographs; and a new section on hydraulic fracturing and discussion of some of its most serious potential environmental consequences. The book uses stunning photos of mineral specimens and rock thin sections to help students build a core understanding. It also creates a highly effective learning experience through close integration of clear illustrations with engaging text, and helps students to easily visualize crystal structures through the CrystalViewer's 3D software, available online.

Earth Materials

Author: Kevin Hefferan,John O'Brien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391213

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 377

Minerals and rocks form the foundation of geologic studies. This new textbook has been written to address the needs of students at the increasing number of universities that have compressed separate mineralogy and petrology courses into a one- or two-semester Earth materials course. Key features of this book include: equal coverage of mineralogy, sedimentary petrology, igneous petrology and metamorphic petrology; copious field examples and regional relationships with graphics that illustrate the concepts discussed; numerous case studies to show the uses of earth materials as resources and their fundamental role in our lives and the global economy, and their relation to natural and human-induced hazards; the integration of earth materials into a cohesive process-based earth systems framework; two color thoughout with 48 pages of four color. Readership: students taking an earth materials, or combined mineralogy and petrology course in an earth science degree program. It will also be useful for environmental scientists, engineering geologists, and physical geographers who need to learn about minerals, rocks, soil and water in a comprehensive framework. A companion website for this book is available at: www.wiley.com/go/hefferan/earthmaterials.

Intro Optical Mineralogy

Author: William D. Nesse,Chair and Professor of Geology at the Department of Earth Sciences William D Nesse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199846283

Category:

Page: 384

View: 8034

The fourth edition of Introduction to Optical Mineralogy has been thoroughly revised and updated to increase reading comprehension and improve the clarity of its illustrations. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in optical mineralogy, this accessible text is also an essential resource for petrology and petrography courses.

Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Author: Anthony Philpotts,Jay Ague

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268877

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3240

This textbook provides a basic understanding of the formative processes of igneous and metamorphic rock through quantitative applications of simple physical and chemical principles. The book encourages a deeper comprehension of the subject by explaining the petrologic principles rather than simply presenting the student with petrologic facts and terminology. Assuming knowledge of only introductory college-level courses in physics, chemistry, and calculus, it lucidly outlines mathematical derivations fully and at an elementary level, and is ideal for intermediate and advanced courses in igneous and metamorphic petrology. The end-of-chapter quantitative problem sets facilitate student learning by working through simple applications. They also introduce several widely-used thermodynamic software programs for calculating igneous and metamorphic phase equilibria and image analysis software. With over 350 illustrations, this revised edition contains valuable new material on the structure of the Earth's mantle and core, the properties and behaviour of magmas, recent results from satellite imaging, and more.

Principles of Environmental Geochemistry

Author: G. Nelson Eby

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478633646

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 5869

Many geochemists focus on natural systems with less emphasis on the human impact on those systems. Environmental chemists frequently approach their subject with less consideration of the historical record than geoscientists. The field of environmental geochemistry combines these approaches to address questions about the natural environment and anthropogenic effects on it. Eby provides students with a solid foundation in basic aqueous geochemistry before discussing the important role carbon compounds, isotopes, and minerals play in environmental issues. He then guides students through how these concepts apply to problems facing our atmosphere, continental lands, and oceans. Rather than broadly discussing a variety of environmental problems, the author focuses on principles throughout the text, leading students to understand processes and how knowledge of those processes can be applied to environmental problem solving. A wide variety of case studies and quantitative problems accompany each chapter, giving each instructor the flexibility to tailor the material to his/her course. Many problems have no single correct answer, illustrating the analytical nature of solving real-world environmental problems.

Introduction to Mineralogy

Author: Professor Emeritus of Geology at the Department of Earth Sciences William D Nesse,William D. Nesse

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190618353

Category:

Page: 512

View: 2858

Introduction to Mineralogy, Third Edition, consolidates much of the material now covered in traditional mineralogy and optical mineralogy courses and focuses on describing minerals within their geologic context. Presenting the important traditional content of mineralogy--including crystallography, chemical bonding, controls on mineral structure, mineral stability, and crystal growth--it provides students with a foundation for understanding the nature and occurrence of minerals. FEATURES Describes in detail physical, optical, and X-ray powder diffraction techniques of mineral study Outlines common chemical analytical methods Provides thorough descriptions of more than 100 common minerals, emphasizing the geologic contexts within which they occur Includes tables and diagrams that help students identify minerals using both physical and optical properties Incorporates numerous line drawings, photographs, and photomicrographs that elucidate complex concepts Introduction to Mineralogy can be packaged with Daniel Schulze's An Atlas of Minerals in Thin Section for use in your course for a nominal additional fee.

Essentials of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Author: B. Ronald Frost,Carol D. Frost

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107027543

Category: Nature

Page: 314

View: 1742

Concise introductory textbook on the petrology of igneous and metamorphic rocks for one-semester courses. Topics are organized around the types of rocks to expect in tectonic environments, rather than around rock classifications. Application boxes engage students by showing how petrology connects to wider aspects of geology. Includes end-of-chapter exercises.

Geochemistry

Author: William M. White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118485270

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 1377

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of geochemistry. The book first lays out the ‘geochemical toolbox’: the basic principles and techniques of modern geochemistry, beginning with a review of thermodynamics and kinetics as they apply to the Earth and its environs. These basic concepts are then applied to understanding processes in aqueous systems and the behavior of trace elements in magmatic systems. Subsequent chapters introduce radiogenic and stable isotope geochemistry and illustrate their application to such diverse topics as determining geologic time, ancient climates, and the diets of prehistoric peoples. The focus then broadens to the formation of the solar system, the Earth, and the elements themselves. Then the composition of the Earth itself becomes the topic, examining the composition of the core, the mantle, and the crust and exploring how this structure originated. A final chapter covers organic chemistry, including the origin of fossil fuels and the carbon cycle’s role in controlling Earth’s climate, both in the geologic past and the rapidly changing present. Geochemistry is essential reading for all earth science students, as well as for researchers and applied scientists who require an introduction to the essential theory of geochemistry, and a survey of its applications in the earth and environmental sciences. Additional resources can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/white/geochemistry

Introduction to Seismology

Author: Peter M. Shearer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139478753

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2982

This book provides an approachable and concise introduction to seismic theory, designed as a first course for undergraduate students. It clearly explains the fundamental concepts, emphasizing intuitive understanding over lengthy derivations. Incorporating over 30% new material, this second edition includes all the topics needed for a one-semester course in seismology. Additional material has been added throughout including numerical methods, 3-D ray tracing, earthquake location, attenuation, normal modes, and receiver functions. The chapter on earthquakes and source theory has been extensively revised and enlarged, and now includes details on non-double-couple sources, earthquake scaling, radiated energy, and finite slip inversions. Each chapter includes worked problems and detailed exercises that give students the opportunity to apply the techniques they have learned to compute results of interest and to illustrate the Earth's seismic properties. Computer subroutines and datasets for use in the exercises are available at www.cambridge.org/shearer.

Earth Environments

Past, Present and Future

Author: David Huddart,Tim Stott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688120

Category: Science

Page: 912

View: 4787

This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topics within undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmental science, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology. This text introduces students to the Earth's four key interdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactions between them and environmental change. Topics covered include: An earth systems model; components systems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenic geological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeography and, aspects of the Earth's Record. The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in a final chapter which draws together Earth's systems and their evolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environments and various time periods in the geological record. Throughout the book geological case studies are used in addition to the modern processes.

Igneous Rocks and Processes

A Practical Guide

Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444362437

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 4836

This book is for geoscience students taking introductory or intermediate-level courses in igneous petrology, to help develop key skills (and confidence) in identifying igneous minerals, interpreting and allocating appropriate names to unknown rocks presented to them. The book thus serves, uniquely, both as a conventional course text and as a practical laboratory manual. Following an introduction reviewing igneous nomenclature, each chapter addresses a specific compositional category of magmatic rocks, covering definition, mineralogy, eruption/ emplacement processes, textures and crystallization processes, geotectonic distribution, geochemistry, and aspects of magma genesis. One chapter is devoted to phase equilibrium experiments and magma evolution; another introduces pyroclastic volcanology. Each chapter concludes with exercises, with the answers being provided at the end of the book. Appendices provide a summary of techniques and optical data for microscope mineral identification, an introduction to petrographic calculations, a glossary of petrological terms, and a list of symbols and units. The book is richly illustrated with line drawings, monochrome pictures and colour plates. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/gill/igneous.

Key Concepts in Geomorphology

Author: Paul R. Bierman,David R. Montgomery

Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education

ISBN: 1464152985

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 5753

Written for introductory geomorphology courses, Key Concepts in Geomorphology offers an integrative, applications-centered approach to the study of the Earth’s dynamic surface. Bierman and Montgomery draw from the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics to help students get a basic understanding of Earth surface processes and the evolution of topography over short and long timescales. The authors also hone in on practical applications, showing how scientists are using geomorphological research to tackle critical societal issues (natural disaster response, safer infrastructure, protecting species, and more).

Rock-forming Minerals

Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: N.A

Category: Feldspathoid

Page: 982

View: 4656

Description based on: v. 3, published in 2003.

Minerals of the World

Author: Ole Johnsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691095363

Category: Nature

Page: 439

View: 9587

Describes more than five hundred minerals, providing such information as the mineral's crystallography, chemical properties, occurence, and names and varieties.

An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing

Author: Seelye Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107019389

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 1475

Covering significant new advances in satellite oceanography, this new edition introduces remote sensing for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

The Solid Earth

An Introduction to Global Geophysics

Author: C. M. R. Fowler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521584098

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 4701

The Solid Earth is a general introduction to the study of the physics of the solid Earth, including the workings of both the Earth's surface and its deep interior. The emphasis throughout is on basic physical principles rather than instrumentation or data handling. The second edition of this acclaimed textbook has been revised to bring the content fully up-to-date and to reflect the most recent advances in geophysical research. It is designed for undergraduates on introductory geophysics courses who have a general background in the physical sciences, including introductory calculus. It can also be used as a reference book for graduate students and other researchers in geology and geophysics. Each chapter ends with exercises of various degrees of complexity, for which solutions are available to instructors from www.cambridge.org/9780521893077. The book contains an extensive glossary of geological and physical terms, as well as appendices that develop more advanced mathematical topics.

Global Tectonics

Author: Philip Kearey,Keith A. Klepeis,Frederick J. Vine

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688082

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 1564

The third edition of this widely acclaimed textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of global tectonics, and includes major revisions to reflect the most significant recent advances in the field. A fully revised third edition of this highly acclaimed text written by eminent authors including one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory Major revisions to this new edition reflect the most significant recent advances in the field, including new and expanded chapters on Precambrian tectonics and the supercontinent cycle and the implications of plate tectonics for environmental change Combines a historical approach with process science to provide a careful balance between geological and geophysical material in both continental and oceanic regimes Dedicated website available at www.blackwellpublishing.com/kearey/