Early Childhood and Neuroscience

Theory, Research and Implications for Practice

Author: Mine Conkbayir

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474231926

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 8932

Early Childhood and Neuroscience is a practical guide to understanding the complex and challenging subject of neuroscience and its use (and misapplication) in early childhood policy and practice. The author begins by introducing the definition and history of neuroscience. The reader is then led through structured chapters discussing questions such as: Why should practitioners know about neuroscience? How can neuroscience help practitioners better provide for babies and children? and Is it relevant? Topics covered include the nature vs. nurture debate through the lens of neuroscience, epigenetics, the first 1001 days and a discussion on just how critical the first three years of life are to healthy brain development. The book provides a balanced overview of the debates by weaving discussion on the opportunities of using neuroscience in early childhood practice with examination of the limitations and ethical implications throughout the chapters. This enables students to inform their own opinions about the discipline and its use in their future practice. Clear explanations of the main terms and theories are complemented with illustrative case studies of cutting-edge research from around the world, a glossary of key terms and suggestions for further reading. Reflective discussion questions give students the chance to apply their theoretical knowledge to real-world contexts. These features encourage and support independent critical thinking, helping students to reflect on, evaluate and analyse a range of ideas, research findings and applications for their own future early childhood practice. Early Childhood and Neuroscience is essential reading for lecturers, undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field as well as for the new practitioner.

Early Childhood Theories and Contemporary Issues

An Introduction

Author: Mine Conkbayir,Christine Pascal

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1780937342

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 7424

Having a good grasp of the theories of child development and how these translate into practice can make a positive difference to how you understand babies and children and the ways in which you can help them learn. This approachable guide offers easy access to a wide range of concepts, as well as classic and current theories, about how babies and children learn. Each chapter offers clear guidance on how to recognise the theory in action and suggests ways to test these ideas out in early years settings, supporting the development of reflective practice. Case studies are included throughout, along with questions to guide thinking and encourage readers to develop their practice. Summaries conclude each chapter offering a quick reference of the theory examined and the benefits of applying it to practice. Early Childhood Theories and Contemporary Issues is an essential guide for all those looking to develop and enhance their practice in supporting child development within the early years.

Neuroscience for Social Work

Current Research and Practice

Author: Holly C. Matto, PhD,Jessica Strolin-Goltzman, PhD,Michelle Ballan, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108776

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 9630

This clear and accessible guideówritten by social workers for social workersódescribes the most current developments in neuroscience and their practical applications for social work in education, child welfare, health, mental health, and criminal justice settings. The contributions of social work experts in these key areas of practice make this vast and ever-expanding body of neuroscientific knowledge easily understandable, with specific relevance to understanding the impact of the environment on neural mechanisms and human life course trajectories. The text examines how neuroimaging can be used to examine psychosocial treatment efficacy, discusses cross-system programmatic and policy implications that respond to the way in which toxic environments and early disrupted attachment affect brain and behavior, and addresses the importance of bioethics to inform the integration of neuroscience into social work practice. This is the only text on this topic with chapters organized around five practice settings and embedded with application skills across micro, mezzo, and macro levels. Each chapter includes an overview of the latest scientific research pertaining to the topic and discusses implications for assessment, prevention, intervention, policy, research, and ethics. Real-world case studies in each chapter enhance practice applications. Key Features: Describes the latest applications of neuroscience across social work settings in education, child welfare, health, mental health, and criminal justice Examines latest neuroscientific research for each topic and its implications for assessment, prevention, intervention, policy issues, research, and ethical/legal issues Draws clear practical implications in each chapter Written by social workers for social workers Includes the contributions of noted social work researchers, faculty, and practitioners

Mind, Brain, & Education

Neuroscience Implications for the Classroom

Author: David A. Sousa

Publisher: Solution Tree Press

ISBN: 1935542214

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 3917

Understanding how the brain learns helps teachers do their jobs more effectively. Primary researchers share the latest findings on the learning process and address their implications for educational theory and practice. Explore applications, examples, and suggestions for further thought and research; numerous charts and diagrams; strategies for all subject areas; and new ways of thinking about intelligence, academic ability, and learning disability.

Neuroscience in Education

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

Author: Sergio Della Sala,Mike Anderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019960049X

Category: Education

Page: 385

View: 2089

In the past ten years, there has been growing interest in applying our knowledge of the functioning of the human brain to the field of education-including reading, learning, language and mathematics. This has resulted in the development of a number of new practices in education-some good, some bad and some just crazy. Neuroscience in Education brings together an international group of leading psychologists, neuroscientists, educationalists andgeneticists to critically review some of these new developments, examining the science behind these practices, the validity of the theories on which they are based, and whether they work. It will be fascinating reading for anyone involved in education, including teachers, psychologists, neuroscientists, andpolicy makers as well as interested parents.

Der Zahlensinn oder Warum wir rechnen können

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034878257

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 6759

Wir sind umgeben von Zahlen. Ob auf Kreditkarten gestanzt oder auf Münzen geprägt, ob auf Schecks gedruckt oder in den Spalten computerisierter Tabellen aufgelistet, überall beherrschen Zahlen unser Leben. Sie sind auch der Kern unserer Technologie. Ohne Zahlen könnten wir weder Raketen starten, die das Sonnensystem erkunden, noch Brücken bauen, Güter austauschen oder Rech nungen bezahlen. In gewissem Sinn sind Zahlen also kulturelle Erfindungen, die sich ihrer Bedeutung nach nur mit der Landwirtschaft oder mit dem Rad vergleichen lassen. Aber sie könnten sogar noch tiefere Wurzeln haben. Tausende von Jahren vor Christus benutzten babylonische Wissenschaftler Zahlzeichen, um erstaun lich genaueastronomische Tabellen zu berechnen. Zehntausende von Jahren zuvor hatten Menschen der Steinzeit die ersten geschriebenen Zahlenreihen geschaffen, indem sie Knochen einkerbten oder Punkte auf Höhlenwände malten. Und, wie ich später überzeugend darzustellen hoffe, schon vor weiteren Millionen von Jahren, lange bevor es Menschen gab, nahmen Tiere aller Arten Zahlen zur Kenntnis und stellten mit ihnen einfache Kopfrechnungen an. Sind Zahlen also fast so alt wie das Leben selbst? Sind sie in der Struktur unseres Gehirns verankert? Besitzen wir einen Zahlensinn, eine spezielle Intuition, die uns hilft, Zahlen und Mathematik mit Sinn zu erfüllen? Ich wurde vor fünfzehn Jahren, während meiner Ausbildung zum Mathema tiker, fasziniert von den abstrakten Objekten, mit denen ich umzugehen lernte, vor allem von den einfachsten von ihnen- den Zahlen.

Executive Function in Education, First Edition

From Theory to Practice

Author: Lynn Meltzer

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606236504

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 6051

This uniquely integrative book brings together research on executive function processes from leaders in education, neuroscience, and psychology. It focuses on how to apply current knowledge to assessment and instruction with diverse learners, including typically developing children and those with learning difficulties and developmental disabilities. The role of executive function processes in learning is examined and methods for identifying executive function difficulties are reviewed. Chapters describe scientifically grounded models for promoting these key cognitive capacities at the level of the individual child, the classroom, and the entire school. Implications for teaching particular content areas—reading, writing, and math—are also discussed.

Neues Lernen

Warum Faulheit und Ablenkung dabei helfen

Author: Benedict Carey

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644042918

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 5689

Die Wissenschaft hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten vieles über den Haufen geworfen, was wir darüber zu wissen glaubten, wie das Gehirn Informationen aufnimmt und verarbeitet. Fest steht: Wir lernen von Geburt an schnell, effizient und automatisch. Weil wir diesen Vorgang unbedingt systematisieren wollen, betrachten wir Vergessen, Schlafen und Tagträumen als hinderlich. Dabei sind sie wertvolle Hilfsmittel, die den Eigenarten unseres Gehirns Rechnung tragen. Benedict Carey erklärt, mit welchen Methoden wir uns Stoffe leichter einprägen und unser problemlösendes Denken verbessern können und wie wir die Potenziale des Unbewussten möglichst effizient nutzen – lernen, ohne nachzudenken. Nebenbei erfahren wir, dass Ablenkung zu Unrecht verteufelt wird, Wiederholung keineswegs immer weiterhilft und es sinnvoll ist, sich zu Themen testen zu lassen, über die man noch gar nichts weiß. Ein äußerst unterhaltsam geschriebenes Buch voller überraschender Erkenntnisse, das zeigt: Lernen muss keine Qual sein.

Early Childhood and Neuroscience - Links to Development and Learning

Author: Leslie Haley Wasserman,Debby Zambo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766718

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 4845

Information from neuroscience is growing and being properly used, and misused wich makes it imperative that educators receive accurate and practical information. This book provides the accurate and practical information educators (pre-service and in-service) and caregivers serving children birth through age 8 need to know. This volume takes a practical and cautionary stance. It reminds educators to consider the ethical implications of neuroscience when it is applied to education, reviews current findings from neuroscience and reveals the dangers of oversimplification and inappropriate extensions of neuroscience into curricula. It brings together a group of authors with varied expertise writing on an array of inter-related educational topics that will help educators use neuroscience to understand and address the cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral needs of all young children, including those with exceptionalities. They believe neuroscience can be insightful and useful to educators if applied ethically and with care. The book offers strategies educators and caregivers can use to affect children today and the adults they can become.

Social and Communication Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Author: Skye McDonald,Leanne Togher,Chris Code

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136768718

Category: Psychology

Page: 432

View: 8632

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can seriously disrupt the social and communication skills that are basic requirements for everyday life. It is the loss of these interpersonal skills that can be the most devastating for people with TBI and their families. Although there are many books that focus upon TBI, none focus on communication and communication skills specifically. This book fills this important gap in the literature and provides information ranging from a broad overview of the nature of pathology following TBI and its effects on cognition and behaviour, through to the latest evidence about ways to assess and treat social and communication disorders. Much has changed in the field of communication disorders and TBI since the first edition of this book was published in 1999. There have been advances in neuroimaging, providing more accurate understanding of how the brain is damaged in TBI and also insights into its repair. There has been a burgeoning interest in social cognition, and advances in how communication is conceptualized, with a particular focus on the role of how context facilitates or impedes communicative ability. Most importantly, much has changed in the arena of rehabilitation. There is now a growing evidence base of treatments aimed at improving communication problems following TBI, new resources for accessing this information and renewed interest in different kinds of methods for demonstrating treatment effects. Bringing together a range of expert international researchers interested in understanding the nature and treatment of TBI this book covers topics from understanding how the brain damage occurs, how it affects social and communication skills and how these problems might be treated. As such it will be of great interest to clinicians, postgraduate and undergraduate students and researchers in neuropsychology, speech and language pathology.

Handbook of Attachment, Third Edition

Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications

Author: Jude Cassidy,Phillip R. Shaver

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462525296

Category: Psychology

Page: 1068

View: 8502

Widely regarded as the state-of-the-science reference on attachment, this handbook interweaves theory and cutting-edge research with clinical applications. Leading researchers examine the origins and development of attachment theory; present biological and evolutionary perspectives; and explore the role of attachment processes in relationships, including both parent?child and romantic bonds. Implications for mental health and psychotherapy are addressed, with reviews of exemplary attachment-oriented interventions for children and adolescents, adults, couples, and families. Contributors discuss best practices in assessment and critically evaluate available instruments and protocols. New to This Edition *Chapters on genetics and epigenetics, psychoneuroimmunology, and sexual mating. *Chapters on compassion, school readiness, and the caregiving system across the lifespan. *Chapter probing the relation between attachment and other developmental influences. *Nearly a decade's worth of theoretical and empirical advances.

The Prevention of Eating Problems and Eating Disorders

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Michael P. Levine,Linda Smolak

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135645345

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 482

View: 9093

This is the first authored volume to offer a detailed, integrated analysis of the field of eating problems and disorders with theory, research, and practical experience from community and developmental psychology, public health, psychiatry, and dietetics. The book highlights connections between the prevention of eating problems and disorders and theory and research in the areas of prevention and health promotion; theoretical models of risk development and prevention (e.g., developmental psychopathology, social cognitive theory, feminist theory, ecological approaches); and related research on the prevention of smoking and alcohol use. It is the most comprehensive book available on the study of prevention programs, especially for children and adolescents. The authors review the spectrum of eating problems and disorders, the related risk and protective factors, the models that have guided prevention efforts to date, the literature on the studies of prevention, and suggestions for curriculum and program development and evaluation. The book concludes with a new prevention program based on the Feminist Ecological Developmental model. The 800 + references highlight work done around the world. The Prevention of Eating Problems and Eating Disorders addresses: * methodologies for assessing and establishing prevention; * the implications of neuroscience for prevention; * dramatic increases in the incidence of obesity; * the role of boys, men, and the media on body image; * prevention programming for minority groups; and * whether to focus on primary or secondary prevention. Intended for clinicians and academicians from disciplines such as health, clinical, developmental, and community psychology; social work; medicine; and public health; this book is also an ideal text for advanced courses on eating disorders.

The Global Context for New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development

New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, Number 147

Author: Elena L. Grigorenko

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119058449

Category: Psychology

Page: 152

View: 1176

Take an in depth look at the field of child and adolescent development. In this issue, the new leadership of this series offers different aspects of relevant work throughout multiple disciplines and continents, capturing both the variability and the richness of the themes considered and topics investigated in the field of childhood and adolescence. It answers: What are some of the “new” directions in the developmental sciences of childhood and adolescence? Where will the field be within the next decade or so? How do those who practice in the field’s different corners see its trajectory? This is the 147th volume in this Jossey-Bass series New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development. Its mission is to provide scientific and scholarly presentations on cutting edge issues and concepts in this subject area. Each volume focuses on a specific new direction or research topic and is edited by experts from that field.

Education and Neuroscience

Evidence, Theory and Practical Application

Author: Paul Howard-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317987691

Category: Education

Page: 88

View: 7330

This book brings together contributions from scientists and educators at the forefront of interdisciplinary research efforts involving neuroscience and education. It includes consideration of what we know about brain function that may be relevant to educational areas including reading, mathematics, music and creativity. The increasing interest of educators in neuroscience also brings dangers with it, as evidenced by the proliferation of neuromyths within schools and colleges. For this reason, it also reviews some of the more prominent misconceptions, as well as exploring how educational understanding can be constructed in the future that includes concepts from neuroscience more judiciously. This book will be of interest to educators, policymakers and scientists seeking fresh perspectives on how we learn. This book was published as a special issue in Educational Research, a journal of the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER).

Mentalisieren in der psychotherapeutischen Praxis

Konzept und Umsetzung aus einer Hand

Author: Jon G. Allen,Peter Fonagy,Anthony W Bateman

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608102035

Category: Psychology

Page: 478

View: 2772

Die Einsatzmöglichkeiten: - Intervention bei bestimmten Störungsbildern wie Trauma und Borderline -Persönlichkeitsstörung - Arbeit in Familien und mit Eltern - Im Feld der sozialen Arbeit und der Anwendung in gesellschaftlichen Kontexten, etwa im Rahmen der Gewaltprävention oder in der Auseinandersetzung mit globalen Konflikten ZIELGRUPPE: - PsychotherapeutInnen aller Schulen - PsychoanalytikerInnen - Kognitive VerhaltenstherapeutInnen Mentalisieren bezeichnet - die Fähigkeit, das Verhalten anderer Menschen mit Bezugnahme auf ihre Grundhaltungen, Emotionen und Absichten zu verstehen und angemessen darauf zu reagieren, - das Wissen um die psychischen Beweggründe des eigenen Verhaltens. Mentalisierungsfähigkeit kann trainiert werden. Sie ist ausschlaggebend für die Organisation des eigenen Selbst und die Regulierung der Affekte.

Developmental Social Neuroscience and Childhood Brain Insult

Theory and Practice

Author: Vicki Anderson,Miriam H. Beauchamp

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1462504663

Category: Psychology

Page: 398

View: 4349

Synthesizing cutting-edge knowledge from multiple disciplines, this book explores the impact of acquired brain injury and developmental disabilities on children's emerging social skills. The editors present an innovative framework for understanding how brain processes interact with social development in both typically developing children and clinical populations. Key issues in assessment are addressed, including ways to measure both social function and brain function using developmentally sound tools. Balancing theoretical and clinical concerns, the book describes promising interventions for promoting children's adjustment and helping them participate more fully in the social world. Illustrations include six color plates.

Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 32, 2012

Emerging Perspectives on Resilience in Adulthood and Later Life

Author: Bert Hayslip, Jr., PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610875X

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 2529

"This collection is a timely and excellent contribution to the study of resilience and the field of gerontology."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics provides a comprehensive examination of critical issues on resilience in a variety of life domains central to the well-being of older persons. It examines the role of resilience in determining adjustment and function in the domains of health, grief and bereavement, physical activity and functioning, spirituality, work, retirement, intellectual/cognitive functioning, coping with life events, care giving, and mental health interventions. The first section of the book addresses such domains of resilience as immunological function, stress and mood disorders, emotional and cognitive resilience, adjustment to cultural and environmental changes, and spirituality. Section two is concerned with practical applications of resilience. A developmental family perspective is used to examine differences in adaptation to age-related challenges. The role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation is discussed as is adaptive coping in regard to loss and trauma. The text also explores resilience in regard to career management, retirement, and volunteerism, considers resilience as a component of health in regard to public policy, and examines exemplary public health programs and policies and the relationship of resilience to health care finance. Also addressed is resilience in caregiving as a mutually beneficial process, clinical interventions that enhance resilience, and resilience from a lifespan developmental perspective. Key Features: Synthesizes the best current research in the field, with direct practice implications Addresses resilience in regard to immunological function, emotional and cognitive resilience, and spirituality Explores the role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation, career management and retirement, person-environ fit, and public health and policy Examines directions for future research and resilience-oriented interventions

Play, Learning and the Early Childhood Curriculum

Author: Elizabeth Wood,Jane Attfield

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446204685

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 6495

`An excellent overview of the development in thinking about play, based on research into different aspects of play...This book enables the reader to not only access, and engage with developing theories and ideas, but also provides practical ideas and examples that have been tried and tested in the classroom. This book should be compulsory reading for every teacher of young children who are interested in developing their practice to provide a stimulating, active and playful environment with their children in which effective learning and positive attitudes are developed' - Bernadette Hancock, Headteacher of Christ the King Primary School, Cardiff `One of the major strengths of the book is that it makes some complex theory highly accessible to its audience....This makes it an excellent introductory book for use on inservice and undergraduate programs' - Sue Rogers, Institute of Education `This book aims to improve the quality of play in "educational" settings. It will be valuable for a wide range of practitioners' - Nursery World `In this new and updated edition of an outstanding book, Wood and Attfield once again demonstrate how young children make meaning, and construct knowledge, through play. They combine an informed discussion of the 'ideological tradition' of the early childhood pioneers, which continues to underpin most contemporary provision, with a refreshing openness to the new insights provided by recent research, and the new opportunities offered by the Foundation Stage era. Their unrivalled explanation of the links between theorists, such as Vygotsky, and classroom provision for play, is now expanded through considerations of recent findings in neuroscience, and a renewed awareness of the sociocultural contexts of childhood, as well as by studies which acknowledge the importance of boisterous, rough-and-tumble, play activities for children's development. And throughout, they remind readers and practitioners of the important distinction between play as a spontaneous activity of children ('play as such'), and the play which educators offer as a medium for learning' - Elizabeth Brooker, Course Leader: MA in Childhood Studies, Institute of Education 'This book provides a thorough and up-to-date overview of the topical issue of teaching and learning through play. Chapters cover issues including assessment through play, the role of adults in children's play, the impact of play on social and emotional learning and how to develop a whole-school approach to learning through play. ...This book is theoretical and detailed but extremely interesting and there is certainly practical information to be found in it' - Early Talk This timely Second Edition explores recent developments which strongly endorse play as an integral part of the curriculum. The content has been fully revised to reflect contemporary thinking about the role and value of play in early childhood and beyond. A key focus is the provision of a secure theoretical and practical grounding for developing a pedagogy of play. In the first section, the authors provide an overview of recent developments in education policies, and reviews of research into different aspects of play. In the second section, the emphasis is on classroom practice, specifically: organizing and developing play with particular reference to the Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1; establishing progression and continuity with Key Stage 1; assessing children's learning through play; the role of adults in children's play; using the plan-do-review approach to integrate child-initiated and adult-directed play; the importance of socio-dramatic play for children's social and emotional learning; and developing a whole-school play ethos. This book enables practitioners to create unity between play, learning and teaching, and to improve the quality of children's learning. New material provided by practitioners has been added, to show how this unity can be successfully achieved. This is an essential text for students of education. It is highly recommended to those undertaking degrees in Childhood Studies and those on Initial Teacher Training programmes in early years and primary education.

Educational Neuroscience

Initiatives and Emerging Issues

Author: Kathryn E. Patten,Stephen R. Campbell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144434580X

Category: Education

Page: 120

View: 9399

Educational Neuroscience provides an overview of the wide range of recent initiatives in educational neuroscience, examining a variety of methodological concerns, issues, and directions. Encourages interdisciplinary perspectives in educational neuroscience Contributions from leading researchers examine key issues relating to educational neuroscience and mind, brain, and education more generally Promotes a theoretical and empirical base for the subject area Explores a range of methods available to researchers Identifies agencies, organizations, and associations facilitating development in the field Reveals a variety of on-going efforts to establish theories, models, methods, ethics, and a common language

Differentiated Instructional Strategies

One Size Doesn't Fit All

Author: Gayle H. Gregory,Carolyn Chapman

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1452284474

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 3240

Your favorite differentiated instruction text just got better! If you're in need of a single resource to put differentiated instruction immediately into practice, then follow the lead of 100,000+ teachers and look to Gregory and Chapman's ground-breaking text. With new strategies, updates throughout, a Common Core lesson-planning template, and a larger format, the third edition is an even richer resource with: A deep research base coupled with immediately useable examples A start-to-finish six-step process, beginning with establishing a classroom climate, then getting to know students An emphasis on formative assessment before, during, and after learning 70+ templates, tools, and questionnaires