This completely revised and greatly expanded edition of Doing Qualitative Research spans the spectrum of primary care research, illustrating when methods are appropriate and how to use them. New to this edition are additional collection methods, a new section on analysis and interpretation, more emphasis on participatory strategies, and suggestions for evaluating quality and enhancing reflexivity incorporated throughout the text. Each chapter is written by a gifted researcher who: defines their topic and the context of their research, defines key themes and processes, provides examples, explores theory, and shares their excitement of discovery. The book is richly illustrated throughout with detailed examples.
Using examples from health research projects in a wide range of settings, this book introduces public health, health services research, nursing and health promotion professionals and students to: the key debates in qualitative methodology; issues in designing ethical and feasible projects; the main methods of collecting and analyzing qualitative data; and ways of reading and writing qualitative research.
This fully revised and updated edition of Qualitative Researchin Health Care offers a clear and accessible introduction toconducting and interpreting qualitative research, incorporating newexamples, references and chapters relevant for a comprehensiveintroduction to the subject. New chapters and references include: Synthesising qualitative research Secondary analysis of primary data Ethical issues Mixed research methods and integrating qualitative withquantitative techniques Consensus and other methods for eliciting public andprofessional views and preferences Conversation analysis
Author: George Thomas Lewith,Wayne B. Jonas,Harald Walach
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
The use of complementary therapies is exploding, increasing the pressure to establish a rigorous science to support its practice. Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies: Principles, Problems and Solutions provides students with the tools they need to research complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) and so fill this gap. Essential for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, this second edition is significantly updated and enhanced. Part 1 deals with research strategies and methods, explaining the major types of clinical research in CIM and how these inter-relate. New chapters are included on whole systems research, qualitative research and questionnaire development. Not all therapies can be treated the same way nor channeled through the signal process of randomized controlled trials. Therefore, detailed description of mixed methods approaches including observational, qualitative, cost-benefit and comparative effectiveness research are described. Part 2 deals with specific complementary therapies and how they are invested by experts in each field. The book analyses the key questions asked and the controversies debated in complementary medicine research and offers clear and innovative guidance for answering these questions. FEATURES • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research. • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research.
'The 4th edition of this extensive text is an outstanding resource prepared by nurses (and a librarian) for nurses. In a structured and helpful style it presents thousands of items from the literature - published papers, reports, books and electronic resources - as a clear, accessible, and most of all useful collection. The efforts to signpost and lead the reader to the sought-for information are effective and well-conceived, and the "How to use this book" section is remarkably simple...the book should be found in every nursing and health library, every research institute and centre, and close to many career researchers' desks' - RCN Research This latest edition of Resources for Nursing Research provides a comprehensive bibliography of sources on nursing research, and includes references for books, journal papers and Internet resources. Designed to act as a 'signpost' to available literature in the area, this Fourth Edition covers the disciplines of nursing, health care and the social sciences. Entries are concise, informative and accessible, and are arranged under three main sections: · 'Sources of Literature' covers the process of literature searching, including using libraries and other tools for accessing literature · 'Methods of Inquiry' includes an introduction to research, how to conceptualize and design nursing and health research, measurement and data collection, and the interpretation and presentation of data · 'The Background to Research in Nursing' encompasses the development of nursing research; the profession's responsibilities; the role of government; funding; research roles and careers; and education for research. Fully revised and updated, the Fourth Edition includes just under 3000 entries, of which 90% are new. It has extensive coverage of US, UK literature and other international resources. This new edition will be an essential guide for all those with an interest in nursing research, including students, teachers, librarians, practitioners and researchers.
A practical, highly accessible guide for novice researchers conducting qualitative research in public relations and marketing communications, this book guides the reader through all aspects of the research process.
An essential part of the continuing education of general practitioners is the critical evaluation of published papers, yet many GPs feel unsure about their ability to do this effectively. Using original research papers as the basis for a series of critical essays, this book demonstrates clearly how to get the most from the published literature. The editors describe the ways in which the reader can approach and evaluate a variety of research methodologies and topics. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are covered, involving in-depth interviews, descriptive surveys, analytical studies, randomized controlled trials, and cohort studies, and covering many aspects of patient care. This book will be useful for trainee GPs working towards the MRCGP examination and for established principals wishing to incorporate current research publications into continuing medical education and higher professional training.
This book of edited chapters helps researchers from clinical and nonclinical disciplines plan, carry out, and analyze research, and evaluate the quality of research studies. The focus of the book is a multidisciplinary approach to research methods that are relevant to researchers from different disciplines working side by side in the investigation of population health, the evaluation of health care, and health care delivery.
This book covers the key areas of research methodology, the literature search, ethics, validity, reliability and referencing, and provides detailed guidance on planning, conducting and presenting your project. Set firmly in the context of care. Research Methods for Health, Social and Early Years Care provides: regular care-based case studies and examples; activities designed to help build understanding; photocopiable templates to help students plan and evaluate their work; an emphasis on key points; and clear explanations of all technical issues and terms. This book will be essential reading for all students of CACHE and BTEC Early Years courses, Health and Social Care Vocational A Level, and all other care-related courses.
A practical introduction to qualitative research across fields and disciplines Qualitative Research in Practice offers a hands-on introduction to qualitative research design, methods, data, and analysis. Designed as a companion text for any course involving qualitative research, this book explores the different types of qualitative studies with relevant examples and analysis by the researchers themselves. The workbook format makes it easy to use in the classroom or the field, and the depth of information makes it a valuable resource for students of social work, psychology, counseling, management, education, health care, or any field in which qualitative research is conducted. While quantitative research is primarily concerned with numerical data, qualitative research methods are more flexible, responsive, and open to contextual information. To a qualitative researcher, a situation is defined by the participants’ perspectives, making it the primary method of inquiry for understanding social phenomena through the lens of experience. This book introduces the essentials of qualitative research, bolstered by expert analysis and discussion that provides deeper insight than a traditional textbook format would allow. Understand the fundamental nature of qualitative research Learn how to accurately assess and evaluate qualitative research Explore qualitative research’s many forms and applications Gain insight on qualitative research in a variety of fields and disciplines How does one codify an experience? Is it possible to measure emotion in units? Qualitative research fills the void where numbers cannot reach. It is the best tool we have for studying the unquantifiable aspects of the human experience, and it is an essential tool in a wide variety of fields. Qualitative Research in Practice provides translatable skills in a practical format to quicken your transition from “learning” to “using.”
This book provides a clear explanation of the Department of Health definitions of child abuse and suggests signs which may arouse suspicion. Community Practitioner 'Professionals who have regular contact with children (e.g., teachers, psychologists, or general practitioners) could benefit from the author's very practical approach to indentifying and responding to suspected child maltreatment. This is an excellent, clear and inspiring book and is a must for anyone embarking on or already involved in child protection work.
Whilst the ‘health sciences’ are a broad and diverse area, and includes public health, primary care, health psychology, psychiatry and epidemiology, the research methods and data analysis skills required to analyse them are very similar. Moreover, the ability to appraise and conduct research is emphasised within the health sciences – and students are expected increasingly to do both. Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Health Sciences presents a balanced blend of quantitative research methods, and the most widely used techniques for collecting and analysing data in the health sciences. Highly practical in nature, the book guides you, step-by-step, through the research process, and covers both the consumption and the production of research and data analysis. Divided into the three strands that run throughout quantitative health science research – critical numbers, critical appraisal of existing research, and conducting new research – this accessible textbook introduces: Descriptive statistics Measures of association for categorical and continuous outcomes Confounding, effect modification, mediation and causal inference Critical appraisal Searching the literature Randomised controlled trials Cohort studies Case-control studies Research ethics and data management Dissemination and publication Linear regression for continuous outcomes Logistic regression for categorical outcomes. A dedicated companion website offers additional teaching and learning resources for students and lecturers, including screenshots, R programming code, and extensive self-assessment material linked to the book’s exercises and activities. Clear and accessible with a comprehensive coverage to equip the reader with an understanding of the research process and the practical skills they need to collect and analyse data, it is essential reading for all undergraduate and postgraduate students in the health and medical sciences.
The Evidence-based Practice Manual successfully breaks down the skills for evidence-based nursing into manageable components. The reader will learn how to find, critically read and interpret a range of research studies, and will discover optimal approaches to helping patients reach decisions that are informed by the best-available evidence. The more-strategic concepts of developing an organisational evidence-based culture and making evidence-based changes at organisational level are the focus of the final section. Step-by-step guide to finding, appraising and applying research evidence in nursing Teaches skills for successfully reviewing published literature: formulating a focused question developing a search strategy for efficient retrieval of relevant studies appraising the retrieved studies All examples are relevant to nurses and nursing Reflects contemporary nursing issues A new chapter on ‘Using research evidence in making clinical decisions with the individual patient’ provides practical guidance and tools for decision-making A new chapter on ‘Using evidence from qualitative studies’ explains the complexities of qualitative methodologies and methods in a simple, easily understood way Online exercises and solutions Help the reader test out and consolidate newly acquired skills and knowledge Provide an opportunity to critically appraise studies with the following range of designs: qualitative research a randomised controlled trial a cohort study a case control study a diagnostic test accuracy study a systematic review a clinical guideline Example solutions are provided, all written by experts in the field.
This comprehensive resource covers a broad array of research strategies available to massage therapists to give them the tools they need to be knowledgeable readers of research literature, as well as active researchers. The primary focus of the book is on the quantitative aspect of research that encompasses the principal types of studies most extensively used in the various health care professions, specifically massage therapy. Extensive coverage is also given to the qualitative and integrative research categories that are progressively gaining recognition among researchers in various health science disciplines and professions. Accommodates the March 2003 mandate from the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) that massage therapy schools incorporate into their curricula provisions to ensure a research literate profession. Examples and techniques for interpreting research guide practitioners and students to be knowledgeable readers of massage therapy research, allowing application to practice. Relies heavily on concept maps, flowcharts, tables, and illustrations and excerpts of published studies to augment the book's narrative development of topics by providing pictorial displays and summaries of the material. Literature-based and hypothetical research examples/illustrations from several manual therapy professions employing therapeutic massage make the material pertinent to real-life settings An introductory section at the beginning of each chapter reviews the material covered in the previous chapter and how it relates to the new material. Chapter coverage spans the quantitative, qualitative, and integrative research categories and affiliated research strategies and methods are considered in detail. Review/summary tables give an overview of the narrative development of topics. Boxes provide the essential features of a given topic. Relies on multiple examples of possible research scenarios and illustrative excerpts from the published research literature. Content is cross-referenced for use with the Massage Therapy Foundation's Massage Therapy Research Curriculum Kit to provide both instructors and students in the 6-, 15-, and 24-hour options/levels an extensively-developed resource in one place. Each chapter includes recommended web sites and software application packages for further information.
Studierende und Forscher verschiedener Disziplinen, die am Entwickeln einer Theorie interessiert sind, stellen sich nach der Datenerhebung oft die Frage: Wie komme ich zu einer Theorie, die sich auf die empirische Realität gründet? Die Autoren beantworten diese und andere Fragen, die sich bei der qualitativen Interpretation von Daten ergeben. Auf klare und einfache Art geschrieben vermittelt das Buch Schritt für Schritt die grundlegenden Kenntnisse und Verfahrensweisen der "grounded theory" (datenbasierte Theorie), so daß es besonders für Personen interessant ist, die sich zum ersten Mal mit der Theorienbildung anhand qualitativer Datenanalyse beschäftigen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Teil I bietet einen Überblick über die Denkweise, die der "grounded theory" zugrunde liegt. Teil II stellt die speziellen Techniken und Verfahrensweisen genau dar, wie z.B. verschiedene Kodierungsarten. In Teil III werden zusätzliche Verfahrensweisen erklärt und Evaluationskriterien genannt.
H Russell Bernard, author of the bestselling textbook Research Methods in Anthropology and a world figure in the social sciences, brings to the researcher and the student, the excitement of the research act as never before. The author follows two chapters on the fundamentals of social science and social research by three on preparation, two on interviewing, one on scaling, and two on relative advantages and methods of participative, direct and indirect observation. Six further chapters take the student from the basics of analysis by way of methods for analyzing qualitative data to those for quantitative data analysis, culminating in multivariate analysis, which the author identifies as the key to the most interesting social research of all. Each chapter concludes with key concepts, a summary, exercises and further readings.
Robert Herbert,Gro Jamtvedt,Kåre Birger Hagen,Judy Mead,Sir Iain Chalmers
Author: Robert Herbert,Gro Jamtvedt,Kåre Birger Hagen,Judy Mead,Sir Iain Chalmers
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Evidence-based practice has become a central part of physiotherapy today, but it is still an area which is constantly expanding and being updated. Written by an international team of experts, this second edition continues to outline the basic definitions of evidence-based practice and clinical reasoning, while detailing how to find and critically appraise evidence and clinical practice guidelines and the steps to follow in the implementation and evaluation of evidence. For those struggling to understand both the concepts and how to implement them, this book will prove to be an invaluable and practical guide. Considers how both quantitative and qualitative research can be used to answer clinical questions Written for readers with different levels of expertise Highlighted critical points and text box summaries (basic) Detailed explanations in text (intermediate) Footnotes (advanced) Presents detailed strategies for searching physiotherapy-relevant databases Extensive consideration of clinical practice guidelines Chapter asking the question: When and how should new therapies be introduced into clinical practice? Search strategies Evaluating quality of interventions Placebo effects Meta-regression
General practitioners and other primary care professionals have aleading role in contemporary health care, which Trisha Greenhalghexplores in this highly praised new text. She provides perceptiveand engaging insights into primary health care, focussing on: • its intellectual roots • its impact on the individual, the family and thecommunity • the role of the multidisciplinary team • contemporary topics such as homelessness, ethnic health andelectronic records. Concise summaries, highlighted boxes, extensive referencing anda dedicated section on effective learning make this essentialreading for postgraduate students, tutors and researchers inprimary care. ___ From the foreword by Julian Tudor Hart “Trish Greenhalgh, in her frequent columns in the BritishMedical Journal…more than any other medical journalist spoketo her fellow GPs in the language of experience, but never withoutlinking this to our expanding knowledge from the whole of humanscience. When I compare the outlines of primary care so lucidlypresented in this wonderful book, obviously derived from richexperience of real teaching and learning, with the grand guignoltheatre of London medical schools when I was a student 1947-52, theadvance is stunning.” ___ "Trish Greenhalgh is one of the international stars ofgeneral practice and a very clever thinker. This new book is awonderful resource for primary health care and general practice.Every general practice registrar should read this book and soshould every general practice teacher and primary careresearcher." Professor Michael Kidd, Head of the Department of GeneralPractice, University of Sydney and Immediate Past President of TheRoyal Australian College of General Practitioners “This important new book by one of primary care's mostaccomplished authors sets out clearly the academic basis forfurther developments in primary health care. Health systems willonly function effectively if they recognise the importance of highquality primary care so I strongly recommend this book to students,teachers, researchers, practitioners and policymakers.” Professor Martin Marshall, Deputy Chief Medical Officer,Department of Health, UK