divine creatures

animal mummies in ancient egypt

Author: salima ikram

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774248580

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 2807

The invention of mummification enabled the ancient Egyptians to preserve the bodies not only of humans but also of animals, so that they could live forever. Mummified animals are of four different types: food offerings, pets, sacred animals, and votive offerings. For the first time, a series of studies on the different types of animal mummies, the methods of mummification, and the animal cemeteries located at sites throughout Egypt are drawn together in a definitive volume on ancient Egyptian animal mummies. Studies of these animals provide information not only about the fauna of the country, and indirectly, its climate, but also about animal domestication, veterinary practices, human nutrition, mummification technology, and the religious practices of the ancient Egyptians. Contributors: Edda Bresciani, Aidan Dodson, Salima Ikram, Dieter Kessler, Abd el-Halim Nur el-Din, Paul Nicholson, Donald Redford, Susan Redford, Roger Lichtenberg, and Alain Zivie.

Soulful Creatures

Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt

Author: Edward Bleiberg,Brooklyn Museum,Yekaterina Barbash,Lisa Bruno

Publisher: D Giles Limited

ISBN: 9781907804274

Category: Art

Page: 151

View: 5316

A fascinating mix of archaeology, history, and medical imaging shedding new light on ancient Egyptian animal mummies, this fully illustrated volume explores the important role granted to animals in Egyptian life--they were seen as equals to humans within creation, endowed with souls. By providing vital background information, backed up with scientific examination of the techniques of mummification, this new book is the first proper, accessible survey of this fascinating side of ancient Egyptian life. It is full of amazing images of mummies, sculptures, and small decorative objects. Accompanies a major travelling exhibition - Bowers Museum, Santa Ana, CA, March 22-June 15, 2014; Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, TN, October 18, 2014-January 18, 2015; Brooklyn Museum , NY, Summer/Fall 2015.

Death and Burial in Ancient Egypt

Author: Salima Ikram

Publisher: Amer Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774166877

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 4768

Death, burial, and the afterlife were as important to the ancient Egyptians as how they lived. This well-illustrated book explores all aspects of death in ancient Egypt, including beliefs of the afterlife, mummification, the protection of the body, tombs and their construction and decoration, funerary goods, and the funeral itself. It also addresses the relationship between the living and the dead, and the magico-religious interaction of these two in ancient Egyptian culture. Salima Ikram's own experience with experimental mummification and funerary archaeology lends the book many completely original and provocative insights. In addition, a full survey of current development in the field makes this a unique book that combines all aspects of death and burial in ancient Egypt into one volume.

beloved beasts

animal mummies from ancient egypt

Author: salima ikram

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789773058616

Category: History

Page: 60

View: 7436

This catalog of the animal mummies in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is fully illustrated with color photographs and x-rays, and each mummy is described in detail.

Gifts for the Gods

Ancient Egyptian Animal Mummies and the British

Author: LIDIJA M. MCKNIGHT

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781781382554

Category:

Page: 140

View: 4945

Gifts for the Gods describes the post-excavation histories of animal mummies from ancient Egypt. Borne out of research currently taking place at the University of Manchester, it accompanies a UK travelling exhibition, the first of its kind. Both the exhibition and book seek to enlighten visitors and readers to the wealth of animal mummies in British museums and private collections. Importantly, they focus on the prevalent type of animal mummy to be found in Britain: the votive offering, which sets this book apart from others on this subject. In a series of chapters written by experts in their field, Gifts for the Gods details the place of animals, both in ancient Egypt and in museum collections, whilst incorporating the stories of those who discovered animal mummies, either in Egypt, at auctions or in museum storage. The range of scientific analyses applied to animal mummies at the University of Manchester and partner research institutions brings the book to a close with the understanding that this research represents only the beginning of a much larger task.

Ancient Egypt

An Introduction

Author: Salima Ikram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316102076

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2877

This book provides an introduction to one of the greatest civilizations of all time – ancient Egypt. Beginning with a geographical overview that explains the development of Egyptian belief systems as well as its subsequent political development, it examines methodology, the history of the discipline of Egyptology, religion, social organization, urban and rural life, and death. It also includes a section on how people of all ranks lived. Lavishly illustrated, with many unusual photographs of rarely seen sites that are seldom illustrated, this volume is suitable for use in introductory-level courses on ancient Egypt. It offers a variety of student-friendly features, including a glossary, a bibliography, and a list of sources for those who wish to further their interest in ancient Egypt.

The Mummy in Ancient Egypt

Equipping the Dead for Eternity

Author: Salima Ikram,Aidan Dodson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500050880

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3458

A scholarly examination of burial rites and tomb development explains how Egyptian mummies were preserved, wrapped, decorated, and sheltered for eternity

Through a Glass Darkly

Magic, Dreams and Prophecy in Ancient Egypt

Author: Kasia Szpakowska

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 1910589527

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 2420

Magic, dreams and prophecy played important roles in ancient Egypt, as in other Mediterranean societies. Scholars are now approaching the whole topic of divination in antiquity with greatly enhanced attention. In this volume eminent international specialists come together to explore the practice, logic and psychology of divination among ancient Egyptians.

Royal mummies in the Egyptian museum

Author: Salima Ikram

Publisher: Amer Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774244315

Category: History

Page: 58

View: 1843

The royal mummies loom large in the consciousness of all Egyptologists: Alone amongst those who study the ancient world, we have the very physical remains of the kings whom we study. To read, for example, of the exploits of Thutmose III three millennia ago, and then to look upon the face of the man himself is a profoundly moving experience. This book is intended to present a basic summary of what is today known of the royal mummies housed in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, and the lives of their owners. Two mummies, both still in the Valley of the Kings, are also included in this list. We also discuss briefly how the bodies reached their final resting place, and how mummification developed over the centuries.

Religion and Magic in Ancient Egypt

Author: Rosalie David

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141941383

Category: Religion

Page: 512

View: 4244

The ancient Egyptians believed that the Nile - their life source - was a divine gift. Religion and magic permeated their civilization, and this book provides a unique insight into their religious beliefs and practices, from 5000 BC to the 4th century AD, when Egyptian Christianity replaced the earlier customs. Arranged chronologically, this book provides a fascinating introduction to the world of half-human/ half-animal gods and goddesses; death rituals, the afterlife and mummification; the cult of sacred animals, pyramids, magic and medicine. An appendix contains translations of Ancient Eygtian spells.

From Ashurbanipal to Alexander

Ancient Egypt During the Late Period (C. 672 - 332 BC)

Author: David Klotz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789774168017

Category:

Page: 256

View: 3115

From Ashurbanipal to Alexander fills a major gap in ancient Egyptian historiography, presenting an up-to-date overview of the entire Late Period. By employing historical texts composed in many languages (Egyptian, Greek, Aramaic, Old Persian), and incorporating recent archaeological discoveries, it narrates the political events and captures the fascinating multi-ethnic and international culture of this era.

Egyptian Magic

The Quest for Thoth's Book of Secrets

Author: Maarten J. Raven

Publisher: Amer Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9774165322

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 842

The ancient Egyptians were firmly convinced of the importance of magic, which was both a source of supernatural wisdom and a means of affecting one's own fate. The gods themselves used it for creating the world, granting mankind magical powers as an aid to the struggle for existence. Magic formed a link between human beings, gods, and the dead. Magicians were the indispensable guardians of the god-given cosmic order, learned scholars who were always searching for the Magic Book of Thoth,which could explain the wonders of nature. Egyptian Magic, illustrated with wonderful and mysterious objects from European and Egyptian museum collections, describes how Egyptian sorcerers used their craft to protect the weakest members of society, to support the gods in their fight against evil, and to imbue the dead with immortality, and explores the arcane systems and traditions of the occult that governed this well-organized universe of ancient Egypt.

The Egyptian Book of the Dead

Author: Anonymous

Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive

ISBN: 1632957035

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6704

E.A. Wallis Budge was an English philologist and writer who worked for the British museum.Budge wrote and translated a lot of works on the ancient East after taking multiple trips to Egypt and the Sudan.This edition of The Egyptian Book of the Dead was translated by Budge and includes a table of contents and illustrations from the text.

Land and People

Author: Salima Ikram

Publisher: Amideast

ISBN: 9789775325617

Category: Egypt

Page: 32

View: 7865

The Mind of Egypt

History and Meaning in the Time of the Pharaohs

Author: Jan Assmann

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674012110

Category: History

Page: 513

View: 3879

The Mind of Egypt presents an unprecedented account of the mainsprings of Egyptian civilization--the ideals, values, mentalities, belief systems, and aspirations that shaped the first territorial state in human history. Drawing on a range of literary, iconographic, and archaeological sources, the renowned historian Jan Assmann reconstructs a world of unparalleled complexity, a culture that, long before others, possessed an extraordinary degree of awareness and self-reflection.

Mummies and Death in Egypt

Author: Françoise Dunand,Roger Lichtenberg

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801444722

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 3859

"Today, a good century after the first X-rays of mummies, Egyptology has the benefit of all the methods and means at the disposal of forensic medicine. The 'mummy stories' we tell have changed their tone, but they have enjoyed much success, with fantastic scientific and technological results resolving the mysteries of the ancient land of the pharaohs."—from the ForewordMummies are the things that fascinate us most about ancient Egypt. But what are mummies? How did the Egyptians create them? And why? What became of the people they once were? We are learning more all the time about the cultural processes surrounding mummification and the medical characteristics of ancient Egyptian mummies. In the first part of Mummies and Death in Egypt Françoise Dunand gives an overview of the history of mummification in Egypt from the prehistoric to the Roman period. She thoroughly describes the preparations of the dead (tombs and their furnishings, funerary offerings, ornamentation of the corpse, coffins, and canopic jars), and she includes a separate chapter on the mummification of animals. She links these various practices and behaviors to the religious beliefs of classical Egypt. In the second part of this book, Roger Lichtenberg, a physician and archaeologist, offers a fascinating narrative of his forensic research on mummies, much of it conducted with a portable X-ray machine on archaeological digs. His findings have revealed new information on the ages of the mummified, their causes of death, and the illnesses and injuries they suffered. Together, Dunand and Lichtenberg provide a state-of-the-art account of the science of mummification and its social and religious context.

Egyptian Bioarchaeology

Humans, Animals, and the Environment

Author: Salima Ikram,Jessica Kaiser,Roxie Walker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789088903854

Category:

Page: 248

View: 4334

Although the bioarchaeology (study of biological remains in an archaeological context) of Egypt has been documented in a desultory way for many decades, it is only recently that it has become an inherent part of excavations in Egypt. This volume consists of a series of essays that explore how ancient plant, animal, and human remains should be studied, and how, when they are integrated with texts, images, and artifacts, they can contribute to our understanding of the history, environment, and culture of ancient Egypt in a holistic manner. Topics covered in this volume relating to human remains include analyses of royal, elite and poor cemeteries of different eras, case studies on specific mummies, identification of different diseases in human remains, an overview of the state of palaeopathology in Egypt, how to analyze burials to establish season of death, the use of bodies to elucidate life stories, the potential of visceral remains in identifying individuals as well as diseases that they might have had, and a protocol for studying mummies. Faunal remains are represented by a study of a canine cemetery and a discussion of cat species that were mummified, and dendroarchaeology is represented by an overview of its potentials and pitfalls for dating Egyptian remains and revising its chronology. Leading international specialists from varied disciplines including physical anthropology, radiology, archaeozoology, Egyptology, and dendrochronology have contributed to this groundbreaking volume of essays that will no doubt provide much fodder for thought, and will be of interest to scholars and laypeople alike.

The Pharaohs

Author: Salima Ikram

Publisher: Amideast

ISBN: 9789775325600

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 32

View: 2744

Writings from Ancient Egypt

Author: Toby Wilkinson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141395966

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8881

'Man perishes; his corpse turns to dust; all his relatives pass away. But writings make him remembered.' The fascination Ancient Egypt holds in our minds has many sources, but at the heart of it lie hieroglyphics. This extraordinary writing system was for many years seen as the ultimate challenge and puzzle before finally being cracked in the 1820s. Preserved carved in stone or inked on papyri, hieroglyphic writings give a unique insight into an awe-inspiring but also deeply mysterious culture. Toby Wilkinson has translated a rich selection of pieces, ranging from accounts of battles to hymns to stories to royal proclamations. This book is both very enjoyable and an essential resource for anyone wanting to study one of humankind's great civilizations.

Classical Cats

The rise and fall of the sacred cat

Author: Donald W. Engels

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134692935

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1457

This is the definitive book on classical cats. The cat has played a significant role in history from the earliest times. Well known is its role in the religion and art of ancient Egypt, no less than its association with witchcraft in the Middle Ages. But when did the cat become a domestic companion and worker as well? There has been much debate about the position of the cat in ancient Greece and Rome. Artistic representations are sometimes ambiguous, and its role as a mouse-catcher seems often to have been carried out by weasels. Yet other evidence clearly suggests that the cat was as important to Greeks and Romans as it is to many modern people. This book is the first comprehensive survey of the evidence for cats in Greece and Rome, and of their functions and representations in art. Donald Engels draws on authors from Aesop to Aristotle; on vase-painting, inscriptions and the plastic arts; and on a thorough knowledge of zoology of the cat. He also sets the ancient evidence in the wider context of the Egyptian period that preceded it, as well as the views of the Church fathers who ushered antiquity into the Middle Ages.