Disability and Community

Author: Richard K. Scotch,Allison C. Carey

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857247999

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 4273

Examines an array of issues related to disability and community. This title also examines a range of social institutions and practices such as education, employment, and cultural venues and the extent to which and how they include people with disabilities in the workings of these institutions.

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences

Author: Linda George,Kenneth Ferraro

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124172857

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

View: 2719

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, Eighth Edition, presents the extraordinary growth of research on aging individuals, populations, and the dynamic culmination of the life course, providing a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest research findings in the social sciences of aging. As the complexities of population dynamics, cohort succession, and policy changes modify the world and its inhabitants in ways that must be vigilantly monitored so that aging research remains relevant and accurate, this completely revised edition not only includes the foundational, classic themes of aging research, but also a rich array of emerging topics and perspectives that advance the field in exciting ways. New topics include families, immigration, social factors, and cognition, caregiving, neighborhoods, and built environments, natural disasters, religion and health, and sexual behavior, amongst others. Covers the key areas in sociological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update of the material Headed up by returning editor Linda K. George, and new editor Kenneth Ferraro, highly respected voices and researchers within the sociology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings Includes theory and methods, aging and social structure, social factors and social institutions, and aging and society Serves as a useful resource—an inspiration to those searching for ways to contribute to the aging enterprise, and a tribute to the rich bodies of scholarship that comprise aging research in the social sciences

Practising Social Inclusion

Author: Ann Taket,Beth R. Crisp,Melissa Graham,Lisa Hanna,Sophie Goldingay,Linda Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135021538

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3371

Practising Social Inclusion presents what we know about what works, and why, in promoting social inclusion and practising in a socially inclusive way. Contributing to the growing debates on social inclusion, this book moves beyond discussion of who it is that is socially excluded and the processes of exclusion. It draws on research and reflective practice to answer the vital question of how to actually work towards inclusion and includes five sections looking at different arenas for practice: policy; programme design; service delivery; community life; and research. Relevant to all those working to promote, or researching, human health and wellbeing, this book is especially suitable for practitioners, students and scholars in health promotion, social work, social policy, public health, disability studies, occupational therapy and nursing.

Disability and the Black Community

Author: Sheila D Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135793433

Category: Medical

Page: 254

View: 1355

Increase your awareness of the concerns facing the black disabled community! Disability and the Black Community addresses physical, mental, and learning disabilities experienced across age, gender, and ethics groups by the black race in the United States. This unique book works to increase understanding and awareness of those working with the disabled by mobilizing advocates, providing alternatives for successful intervention and planning, and encouraging research in disability and rehabilitation. A distinguished panel of researchers and practitioners provide commentary on topics that include selected physical disabilities, disabled children learning and program concerns, welfare reform, public housing issues, domestic violence, and disability curriculum content—all in accordance with the broadening of the definition of disability as supported by the American Disabilities Act. Disability and the Black Community raises the level of understanding and awareness of the complex and diverse concerns facing the disabled and their families in the community and the workplace. The book is at once motivational, influential, and empowering, examining social and political issues that compound the ordeals confronting the black disabled. Topics addressed include: learning disabilities, academic achievements, and mental health issues of children health disparities and access to care welfare reform, disability, and race practice, program, and curriculum models and much more! Disability and the Black Community is an essential resource for health professionals and advocates who work with the black disabled. The book keeps practitioners up to date on what is needed in terms of funding, facilities, and resources in order to keep the larger society and significant resource systems appraised of the needs of the disabled.

Enabling America:

Assessing the Role of Rehabilitation Science and Engineering

Author: Committee on Assessing Rehabilitation Science and Engineering,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063744

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 8578

The most recent high-profile advocate for Americans with disabilities, actor Christopher Reeve, has highlighted for the public the economic and social costs of disability and the importance of rehabilitation. Enabling America is a major analysis of the field of rehabilitation science and engineering. The book explains how to achieve recognition for this evolving field of study, how to set priorities, and how to improve the organization and administration of the numerous federal research programs in this area. The committee introduces the "enabling-disability process" model, which enhances the concepts of disability and rehabilitation, and reviews what is known and what research priorities are emerging in the areas of: Pathology and impairment, including differences between children and adults. Functional limitations--in a person's ability to eat or walk, for example. Disability as the interaction between a person's pathologies, impairments, and functional limitations and the surrounding physical and social environments. This landmark volume will be of special interest to anyone involved in rehabilitation science and engineering: federal policymakers, rehabilitation practitioners and administrators, researchers, and advocates for persons with disabilities.

Public Administration and Disability

Community Services Administration in the US

Author: Julie Ann Racino

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146657982X

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 2942

Based on decades of evidence-based research and technical assistance, Public Administration and Disability: Community Services Administration in the US brings together the diverse, expert perspectives and discusses the leading efforts of the past three decades in the field of disability and community services. The book highlights the development of community service systems in the US, underlining the importance of deinstitutionalization, family and community support, user-directed and consumer-controlled community integration and inclusion, and universal and barrier-free design movements. An introduction to the field of community services administration, the book covers: Theory and history Leadership Long-term support services in the US Family support services Housing and community Employment and "adult day programs" Comparative systems at the state level Services at the city level Issues in rural and independent living Public and individual budgeting/finance Contemporary workforce issues Intergovernmental relations Disability public policy and policy research International agendas Future The book explores a framework that would finally bring together the community and community development worlds. It describes models and theories of disability, long-term services and supports in communities, comparative community service systems and exemplary services, contemporary administrative areas, the national policy research and international human rights agendas, and the future of public administration, disability, and community in the global context. It provides a beginning point to consider what the "disability" field "publicly knows" and what can be done to develop a full conceptualization and actualization of the future of services and communities in the twenty-first century.

The Psychological and Social Impact of Illness and Disability, 6th Edition

Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LCP, DCMHS, CRC, CCM,Irmo Marini, PhD, DSc, CRC, CLCP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106560

Category: Psychology

Page: 568

View: 1942

"This edition...adds an important international perspective on illness and disability. The personal narratives help bring the real world of people who are suffering to the forefront of the scientific discourse."--Doody's Medical Reviews Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling textbook continues to be the most comprehensive and diverse text available on the psychosocial aspects of disability. It examines current thought and treatment approaches to working with individuals with disabilities through the contributions of expert thinkers and practitioners in the disability field. Abundant and insightful narratives by disabled individuals offer a bridge between theory and practice for students in rehabilitation psychology and counseling courses. In addition to completely updated and reorganized material, this edition contains insightful new section introductions, empirically based research articles, and the contributions of international researchers presenting a more global and richer perspective on the psychosocial aspects of disability and illness. It also contains an increased focus on the negative impact of societal attitudes and treatment of disabled individuals on their psychological adjustment to disability. The addition of objectives at the beginning of each chapter and review questions and personal perspectives at the end of each chapter further facilitate in-depth learning. Key Features: Presents the most comprehensive and diverse coverage of psychosocial aspects of disability topics of any textbook available Examines contemporary thinking and treatment approaches in working with individuals with disabilities Provides a bridge between theory and practice through the narratives of individuals with disabilities Establishes a historical understanding of societal attitudes toward disability and treatment past and present of persons with disabilities Analyzes barriers to enabling persons with disabilities and improving social consciousness and quality of life for this population Facilitates course planning through inclusion of objectives and review questions/personal perspectives in each chapter

Environmental Contexts and Disability

Author: Barbara Altman,Sharon N. Barnartt

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784412627

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 3697

This volume presents papers which address both individual and societal levels of environment in relation to disability and shed new light on the processes involved with creating or modifying these environmental supports or barriers.

Disability and Social Theory

New Developments and Directions

Author: D. Goodley,B. Hughes,L. Davis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137023007

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 2401

This comprehensive, interdisciplinary collection, examines disability from a theoretical perspective, challenging views of disability that dominate mainstream thinking. Throughout, social theories of disability intersect with ideas associated with sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class and nation.

Disability in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

History, policy and everyday life

Author: Michael Rasell,Elena Iarskaia-Smirnova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317962192

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2425

There are over thirty million disabled people in Russia and Eastern Europe, yet their voices are rarely heard in scholarly studies of life and well-being in the region. This book brings together new research by internationally recognised local and non-native scholars in a range of countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. It covers, historically, the origins of legacies that continue to affect well-being and policy in the region today. Discussions of disability in culture and society highlight the broader conditions in which disabled people must build their identities and well-being whilst in-depth biographical profiles outline what living with disabilities in the region is like. Chapters on policy interventions, including international influences, examine recent reforms and the difficulties of implementing inclusive, community-based care. The book will be of interest both to regional specialists, for whom well-being, equality and human rights are crucial concerns, and to scholars of disability and social policy internationally.

Disability Policy in China

Child and family experiences

Author: Xiaoyuan Shang,Karen R. Fisher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317392396

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 8919

Without access to a public social welfare system in parts of China, some families face invidious decisions about the lives of their children with disabilities. In other places, children with disabilities can now expect to participate in their families and communities with the same aspirations as other children. Understanding how Chinese policy has changed in the places that have addressed these stark situations is vital for the rights of the children and their families who still struggle to find the support they need. This book examines family experiences of child disability policy in China, and is the first to compile research on this area. It applies a child disability rights framework in four domains – care and protection, economic security, development and participation – to investigate families’ experiences of the effectiveness of support to fulfil their children’s rights. Questioning how families experience the interrelationships between these rights, it also considers what the further implications of the policy are. It includes vivid case studies of families’ experiences, and combines these with national data to draw out the likely future policy directions to which the Chinese government has said it is committed. Bringing together a wealth of statistical and qualitative data on children with disabilities, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese social welfare, social policy, society and children's studies, as well as policy-makers and NGOs alike.

Deinstitutionalization and People with Intellectual Disabilities

In and Out of Institutions

Author: Kelley Johnson,Rannveig Traustadottir

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781846421341

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 2420

This international collection of personal and professional perspectives takes a fresh look at deinstitutionalization. It addresses the key steps towards deinstitutionalization as they have been experienced by people with intellectual disabilities: living inside total institutions, moving out, living in the community and moving on to new forms of both institutionalization and community life. Many of the chapters are contributions from people with intellectual disabilities. They are based on a life history approach and give a unique personal account of the lived experiences of institutional life and deinstitutionalization by the people who were subject to it. The life story of Tom Allen (19­12-1991) is interspersed throughout the book, providing a powerful testimony of the way institutions and deinstitutionalization have affected one individual over the course of almost a century. Researchers and practitioners will find this book an insightful and accessible reflection on deinstitutionalization, and a source of encouragement for improving the lives of people with intellectual disabilities.

Understanding the Lived Experiences of Persons with Disabilities in Nine Countries

Active Citizenship and Disability in Europe

Author: Rune Halvorsen,Bjørn Hvinden,Julie Beadle Brown,Mario Biggeri,Jan Tøssebro,Anne Waldschmidt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317227468

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 248

View: 1388

Over the last three decades, a number of reforms have taken place in European social policy with an impact on the opportunities for persons with disabilities to be full and active members of society. The policy reforms have aimed to change the balance between citizens’ rights and duties and the opportunities to enjoy choice and autonomy, live in the community and participate in political decision-making processes of importance for one’s life. How do the reforms influence the opportunities to exercise Active Citizenship? This volume presents the findings from the first cross-national comparison of how persons with disabilities reflexively make their way through the world, pursuing their own interests and values. The volume considers how their experiences, views and aspirations regarding participation vary across Europe. Based on retrospective life-course interviews, the volume examines the scope for agency on the part of persons with disabilities, i.e. the extent to which men and women with disabilities are able to make choices and pursue lives they have reasons to value. Drawing on structuration theory and the capability approach, the volume investigates the opportunities for exercising Active Citizenship among men and women in nine European countries. The volume identifies the policy implications of a process-oriented and multi-dimensional approach to Active Citizenship in European disability policy. It will appeal to policymakers and policy officials, as well as to researchers and students of disability studies, comparative social policy, international disability law and qualitative research methods.

Prenatal Testing and Disability Rights

Author: Erik Parens,Adrienne Asch

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589013940

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 3933

As prenatal tests proliferate, the medical and broader communities perceive that such testing is a logical extension of good prenatal care—it helps parents have healthy babies. But prenatal tests have been criticized by the disability rights community, which contends that advances in science should be directed at improving their lives, not preventing them. Used primarily to decide to abort a fetus that would have been born with mental or physical impairments, prenatal tests arguably reinforce discrimination against and misconceptions about people with disabilities. In these essays, people on both sides of the issue engage in an honest and occasionally painful debate about prenatal testing and selective abortion. The contributors include both people who live with and people who theorize about disabilities, scholars from the social sciences and humanities, medical geneticists, genetic counselors, physicians, and lawyers. Although the essayists don't arrive at a consensus over the disability community's objections to prenatal testing and its consequences, they do offer recommendations for ameliorating some of the problems associated with the practice.

Handbook of Applied Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Author: Kristofer J. Hagglund, PhD, ABPP,Allen W. Heinemann, PhD, ABPP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826132567

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 7496

Now, more than ever, the field of rehabilitation psychology is growing. This book--one of the few that focuses solely on rehabilitation psychology research--provides the reader with the most up-to-date look at researchand practice within the field of rehabilitation psychology. It offers recommendations for future research programs, policy changes, and clinical interventions from the various perspectives within rehabilitation psychology research and practice, and seeks to demonstrate how much the field can evolve with the implementation of these changes. Topics covered include: Assistive technology Health policy Cultural diversity Employment Future of rehabilitation research Community integration Health disparities

Making Life Work

Freedom and Disability in a Community Group Home

Author: Jack Levinson

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452915113

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 2816

Group homes emerged in the United States in the 1970s as a solution to the failure of the large institutions that, for more than a century, segregated and abused people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Yet community services have not, for the most part, delivered on the promises of rights, self-determination, and integration made more than thirty years ago, and critics predominantly portray group homes simply as settings of social control. Making Life Workis a clear-eyed ethnography of a New York City group home based on more than a year of field research. Jack Levinson shows how the group home needs the knowledgeable and voluntary participation of residents and counselors alike. The group home is an actual workplace for counselors, but for residents group home work involves working on themselves to become more autonomous. Levinson reveals that rather than being seen as the antithesis of freedom, the group home must be understood as representing the fundamental dilemmas between authority and the individual in contemporary liberal societies. No longer inmates but citizens, these people who are presumed—rightly or wrongly—to lack the capacity for freedom actually govern themselves. Levinson, a former group home counselor, demonstrates that the group home depends on the very capacities for independence and individuality it cultivates in the residents. At the same time, he addresses the complex relationship between services and social control in the history of intellectual and developmental disabilities, interrogating broader social service policies and the role of clinical practice in the community.

Disability and Social Media

Global Perspectives

Author: Katie Ellis,Mike Kent

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317150287

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 6038

Social media is popularly seen as an important media for people with disability in terms of communication, exchange and activism. These sites potentially increase both employment and leisure opportunities for one of the most traditionally isolated groups in society. However, the offline inaccessible environment has, to a certain degree, been replicated online and particularly in social networking sites. Social media is becoming an increasingly important part of our lives yet the impact on people with disabilities has gone largely unscrutinised. Similarly, while social media and disability are often both observed through a focus on the Western, developed and English-speaking world, different global perspectives are often overlooked. This collection explores the opportunities and challenges social media represents for the social inclusion of people with disabilities from a variety of different global perspectives that include Africa, Arabia and Asia along with European, American and Australasian perspectives and experiences.

Disabled People and Employment

A Review of Research and Development Work

Author: Barnes, Helen,Thornton, Patricia,Sue Maynard Campbell

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861341210

Category: Political Science

Page: 68

View: 6225

This review of research and development initiatives intended to help disabled people get (or stay in) work, takes views of disabled people as a yardstick by which to assess good practice. It pinpoints gaps in existing research, and highlights the varying requirements of disabled people, employers and service providers as users of research.

Occupying Disability: Critical Approaches to Community, Justice, and Decolonizing Disability

Author: Pamela Block,Devva Kasnitz,Akemi Nishida,Nick Pollard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401799849

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 340

This book explores the concept of "occupation" in disability well beyond traditional clinical formulations of disability: it considers disability not in terms of pathology or impairment, but as a range of unique social identities and experiences that are shaped by visible or invisible diagnoses/impairments, socio-cultural perceptions and environmental barriers and offers innovative ideas on how to apply theoretical training to real world contexts. Inspired by disability justice and “Disability Occupy Wall Street / Decolonize Disability” movements in the US and related movements abroad, this book builds on politically engaged critical approaches to disability that intersect occupational therapy, disability studies and anthropology. "Occupying Disability" will provide a discursive space where the concepts of disability, culture and occupation meet critical theory, activism and the creative arts. The concept of “occupation” is intentionally a moving target in this book. Some chapters discuss occupying spaces as a form of protest or alternatively, protesting against territorial occupations. Others present occupations as framed or problematized within the fields of occupational therapy and occupational science and anthropology as engagement in meaningful activities. The contributing authors come from a variety of professional, academic and activist backgrounds to include perspectives from theory, practice and experiences of disability. Emergent themes include: all the permutations of the concept of "occupy," disability justice/decolonization, marginalization and minoritization, technology, struggle, creativity and change. This book will engage clinicians, social scientists, activists and artists in dialogues about disability as a theoretical construct and lived experience.

Issues in Disability, Rehabilitation, Wound Treatment, and Disease Management: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464964580

Category: Medical

Page: 1409

View: 5792

Issues in Disability, Rehabilitation, Wound Treatment, and Disease Management: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Disability, Rehabilitation, Wound Treatment, and Disease Management. The editors have built Issues in Disability, Rehabilitation, Wound Treatment, and Disease Management: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Disability, Rehabilitation, Wound Treatment, and Disease Management in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Disability, Rehabilitation, Wound Treatment, and Disease Management: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.