Differential equations are the basis for models of any physical systems that exhibit smooth change. This book combines much of the material found in a traditional course on ordinary differential equations with an introduction to the more modern theory of dynamical systems. Applications of this theory to physics, biology, chemistry, and engineering are shown through examples in such areas as population modeling, fluid dynamics, electronics, and mechanics.÷ Differential Dynamical Systems begins with coverage of linear systems, including matrix algebra; the focus then shifts to foundational material on nonlinear differential equations, making heavy use of the contraction-mapping theorem. Subsequent chapters deal specifically with dynamical systems concepts?flow, stability, invariant manifolds, the phase plane, bifurcation, chaos, and Hamiltonian dynamics. This new edition contains several important updates and revisions throughout the book. Throughout the book, the author includes exercises to help students develop an analytical and geometrical understanding of dynamics. Many of the exercises and examples are based on applications and some involve computation; an appendix offers simple codes written in Maple?, Mathematica?, and MATLAB? software to give students practice with computation applied to dynamical systems problems.
Author: Morris W. Hirsch,Stephen Smale,Robert L. Devaney
Publisher: Academic Press
This text is about the dynamical aspects of ordinary differential equations and the relations between dynamical systems and certain fields outside pure mathematics. It is an update of one of Academic Press's most successful mathematics texts ever published, which has become the standard textbook for graduate courses in this area. The authors are tops in the field of advanced mathematics. Steve Smale is a Field's Medalist, which equates to being a Nobel prize winner in mathematics. Bob Devaney has authored several leading books in this subject area. Linear algebra prerequisites toned down from first edition Inclusion of analysis of examples of chaotic systems, including Lorenz, Rosssler, and Shilnikov systems Bifurcation theory included throughout.
The text of this edition has been revised to bring it into line with current teaching, including an expansion of the material on bifurcations and chaos. It is directed towards practical applications of the theory with examples and problems.
Several distinctive aspects make Dynamical Systems unique, including: treating the subject from a mathematical perspective with the proofs of most of the results included; providing a careful review of background materials; introducing ideas through examples and at a level accessible to a beginning graduate student; focusing on multidimensional systems of real variables. The book treats the dynamics of both iteration of functions and solutions of ordinary differential equations. Many concepts are first introduced for iteration of functions where the geometry is simpler, but results are interpreted for differential equations. The dynamical systems approach of the book concentrates on properties of the whole system or subsets of the system rather than individual solutions. The more local theory discussed deals with characterizing types of solutions under various hypothesis, and later chapters address more global aspects. What's New in the Second Edition?: A revised discussion of the saddle node bifurcation; a new section on the horseshoe for a flow with a transverse homoclinic point; material on horseshoes for nontransverse homoclinic points, indicating recent extensions to the understanding of how horseshoes arise; information proving the ergodicity of a hyperbolic toral automorphism; a new chapter on Hamiltonian systems.
This new edition of Mathematics for Dynamic Modeling updates a widely used and highly-respected textbook. The text is appropriate for upper-level undergraduate and graduate level courses in modeling, dynamical systems, differential equations, and linear multivariable systems offered in a variety of departments including mathematics, engineering, computer science, and economics. The text features many different realistic applications from a wide variety of disciplines. The book covers important tools such as linearization, feedback concepts, the use of Liapunov functions, and optimal control. This new edition is a valuable tool for understanding and teaching a rapidly growing field. Practitioners and researchers may also find this book of interest. Contains a new chapter on stability of dynamic models Covers many realistic applications from a wide variety of fields in an accessible manner Provides a broad introduction to the full scope of dynamical systems Incorporates new developments such as new models for chemical reactions and autocatalysis Integrates MATLAB throughout the text in both examples and illustrations Includes a new introduction to nonlinear differential equations
Mathematics of Complexity and Dynamical Systems is an authoritative reference to the basic tools and concepts of complexity, systems theory, and dynamical systems from the perspective of pure and applied mathematics. Complex systems are systems that comprise many interacting parts with the ability to generate a new quality of collective behavior through self-organization, e.g. the spontaneous formation of temporal, spatial or functional structures. These systems are often characterized by extreme sensitivity to initial conditions as well as emergent behavior that are not readily predictable or even completely deterministic. The more than 100 entries in this wide-ranging, single source work provide a comprehensive explication of the theory and applications of mathematical complexity, covering ergodic theory, fractals and multifractals, dynamical systems, perturbation theory, solitons, systems and control theory, and related topics. Mathematics of Complexity and Dynamical Systems is an essential reference for all those interested in mathematical complexity, from undergraduate and graduate students up through professional researchers.
Differential Equations, Maps, and Chaotic Behaviour
Author: D. Arrowsmith,C.M. Place
Publisher: CRC Press
This text discusses the qualitative properties of dynamical systems including both differential equations and maps. The approach taken relies heavily on examples (supported by extensive exercises, hints to solutions and diagrams) to develop the material, including a treatment of chaotic behavior. The unprecedented popular interest shown in recent years in the chaotic behavior of discrete dynamic systems including such topics as chaos and fractals has had its impact on the undergraduate and graduate curriculum. However there has, until now, been no text which sets out this developing area of mathematics within the context of standard teaching of ordinary differential equations. Applications in physics, engineering, and geology are considered and introductions to fractal imaging and cellular automata are given.
This book provides a self-contained comprehensive exposition of the theory of dynamical systems. The book begins with a discussion of several elementary but crucial examples. These are used to formulate a program for the general study of asymptotic properties and to introduce the principal theoretical concepts and methods. The main theme of the second part of the book is the interplay between local analysis near individual orbits and the global complexity of the orbit structure. The third and fourth parts develop the theories of low-dimensional dynamical systems and hyperbolic dynamical systems in depth. The book is aimed at students and researchers in mathematics at all levels from advanced undergraduate and up.
Author: Jan A. Sanders,Ferdinand Verhulst,James Murdock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Perturbation theory and in particular normal form theory has shown strong growth in recent decades. This book is a drastic revision of the first edition of the averaging book. The updated chapters represent new insights in averaging, in particular its relation with dynamical systems and the theory of normal forms. Also new are survey appendices on invariant manifolds. One of the most striking features of the book is the collection of examples, which range from the very simple to some that are elaborate, realistic, and of considerable practical importance. Most of them are presented in careful detail and are illustrated with illuminating diagrams.
An Introduction with Applications in Economics and Biology
Author: Pierre N.V. Tu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The favourable reception of the first edition and the encouragement received from many readers have prompted the author to bring out this new edition. This provides the opportunity for correcting a number of errors, typographical and others, contained in the first edition and making further improvements. This second edition has a new chapter on simplifying Dynamical Systems covering Poincare map, Floquet theory, Centre Manifold Theorems, normal forms of dynamical systems, elimination of passive coordinates and Liapunov-Schmidt reduction theory. It would provide a gradual transition to the study of Bifurcation, Chaos and Catastrophe in Chapter 10. Apart from this, most others - in fact all except the first three and last chapters - have been revised and enlarged to bring in some new materials, elaborate some others, especially those sections which many readers felt were rather too concise in the first edition, by providing more explana tion, examples and applications. Chapter 11 provides some good examples of this. Another example may be found in Chapter 4 where the review of Linear Algebra has been enlarged to incorporate further materials needed in this edition, for example the last section on idempotent matrices and projection would prove very useful to follow Liapunov-Schmidt reduction theory presented in Chapter 9.
p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
His research in dynamics constitutes the middle period of Birkhoff's scientific career, that of maturity and greatest power. --Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society The author's great book ... is well known to all, and the diverse active modern developments in mathematics which have been inspired by this volume bear the most eloquent testimony to its quality and influence. --Zentralblatt MATH In 1927, G. D. Birkhoff wrote a remarkable treatise on the theory of dynamical systems that would inspire many later mathematicians to do great work. To a large extent, Birkhoff was writing about his own work on the subject, which was itself strongly influenced by Poincare's approach to dynamical systems. With this book, Birkhoff also demonstrated that the subject was a beautiful theory, much more than a compendium of individual results. The influence of this work can be found in many fields, including differential equations, mathematical physics, and even what is now known as Morse theory. The present volume is the revised 1966 reprinting of the book, including a new addendum, some footnotes, references added by Jurgen Moser, and a special preface by Marston Morse. Although dynamical systems has thrived in the decades since Birkhoff's book was published, this treatise continues to offer insight and inspiration for still more generations of mathematicians.
Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.
This book unites the study of dynamical systems and numerical solution of differential equations. The first three chapters contain the elements of the theory of dynamical systems and the numerical solution of initial-value problems. In the remaining chapters, numerical methods are formulted as dynamical systems and the convergence and stability properties of the methods are examined. Topics studied include the stability of numerical methods for contractive, dissipative, gradient and Hamiltonian systems together with the convergence properties of equilibria, periodic solutions and strage attractors under numerical approximation. This book will be an invaluable tool for graduate students and researchers in the fields of numerical analysis and dynamical systems.
A unique, hands-on guide to interactive modeling andsimulation of engineering systems This book describes advanced, cutting-edge techniques fordynamic system simulation using the DESIRE modeling/simulationsoftware package. It offers detailed guidance on how to implementthe software, providing scientists and engineers with powerfultools for creating simulation scenarios and experiments for suchdynamic systems as aerospace vehicles, control systems, orbiological systems. Along with two new chapters on neural networks, AdvancedDynamic-System Simulation, Second Edition revamps and updatesall the material, clarifying explanations and adding many newexamples. A bundled CD contains an industrial-strength version ofOPEN DESIRE as well as hundreds of program examples that readerscan use in their own experiments. The only book on the market todemonstrate model replication and Monte Carlo simulation ofreal-world engineering systems, this volume: Presents a newly revised systematic procedure fordifference-equation modeling Covers runtime vector compilation for fast model replication ona personal computer Discusses parameter-influence studies, introducing very fastvectorized statistics computation Highlights Monte Carlo studies of the effects of noise andmanufacturing tolerances for control-system modeling Demonstrates fast, compact vector models of neural networks forcontrol engineering Features vectorized programs for fuzzy-set controllers, partialdifferential equations, and agro-ecological modeling Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation, Second Edition is atruly useful resource for researchers and design engineers incontrol and aerospace engineering, ecology, and agriculturalplanning. It is also an excellent guide for students usingDESIRE.
John H. Argyris,Gunter Faust,Maria Haase,Rudolf Friedrich
Author: John H. Argyris,Gunter Faust,Maria Haase,Rudolf Friedrich
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book is conceived as a comprehensive and detailed text-book on non-linear dynamical systems with particular emphasis on the exploration of chaotic phenomena. The self-contained introductory presentation is addressed both to those who wish to study the physics of chaotic systems and non-linear dynamics intensively as well as those who are curious to learn more about the fascinating world of chaotic phenomena. Basic concepts like Poincaré section, iterated mappings, Hamiltonian chaos and KAM theory, strange attractors, fractal dimensions, Lyapunov exponents, bifurcation theory, self-similarity and renormalisation and transitions to chaos are thoroughly explained. To facilitate comprehension, mathematical concepts and tools are introduced in short sub-sections. The text is supported by numerous computer experiments and a multitude of graphical illustrations and colour plates emphasising the geometrical and topological characteristics of the underlying dynamics. This volume is a completely revised and enlarged second edition which comprises recently obtained research results of topical interest, and has been extended to include a new section on the basic concepts of probability theory. A completely new chapter on fully developed turbulence presents the successes of chaos theory, its limitations as well as future trends in the development of complex spatio-temporal structures. "This book will be of valuable help for my lectures" Hermann Haken, Stuttgart "This text-book should not be missing in any introductory lecture on non-linear systems and deterministic chaos" Wolfgang Kinzel, Würzburg “This well written book represents a comprehensive treatise on dynamical systems. It may serve as reference book for the whole field of nonlinear and chaotic systems and reports in a unique way on scientific developments of recent decades as well as important applications.” Joachim Peinke, Institute of Physics, Carl-von-Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Germany
An introduction to aspects of the theory of dynamial systems based on extensions of Liapunov's direct method. The main ideas and structure for the theory are presented for difference equations and for the analogous theory for ordinary differential equations and retarded functional differential equations. The latest results on invariance properties for non-autonomous time-varying systems processes are presented for difference and differential equations.
For lecture courses that cover the classical theory of nonlinear differential equations associated with Poincare and Lyapunov and introduce the student to the ideas of bifurcation theory and chaos, this text is ideal. Its excellent pedagogical style typically consists of an insightful overview followed by theorems, illustrative examples, and exercises.