Difference Equations

An Introduction with Applications

Author: Walter G. Kelley,Allan C. Peterson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124033306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 403

View: 7095

Difference Equations, Second Edition, presents a practical introduction to this important field of solutions for engineering and the physical sciences. Topic coverage includes numerical analysis, numerical methods, differential equations, combinatorics and discrete modeling. A hallmark of this revision is the diverse application to many subfields of mathematics. * Phase plane analysis for systems of two linear equations * Use of equations of variation to approximate solutions * Fundamental matrices and Floquet theory for periodic systems * LaSalle invariance theorem * Additional applications: secant line method, Bison problem, juvenile-adult population model, probability theory * Appendix on the use of Mathematica for analyzing difference equaitons * Exponential generating functions * Many new examples and exercises

An Introduction to Difference Equations

Author: Saber N. Elaydi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475731108

Category: Mathematics

Page: 429

View: 8596

Integrating both classical and modern treatments of difference equations, this book contains the most updated and comprehensive material on stability, Z-transform, discrete control theory, asymptotic theory, continued fractions and orthogonal polynomials. While the presentation is simple enough for use by advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates in mathematics, engineering science, and economics, it will also be a useful reference for scientists and engineers interested in discrete mathematical models. The text covers a large set of applications in a variety of disciplines, including neural networks, feedback control, Markov chains, trade models, heat transfer, propagation of plants, epidemic models and host-parasitoid systems, with each section rounded off by an extensive and highly selected set of exercises.

Stochastic Differential Equations

An Introduction with Applications

Author: Bernt Oksendal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662130505

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 7300

These notes are based on a postgraduate course I gave on stochastic differential equations at Edinburgh University in the spring 1982. No previous knowledge about the subject was assumed, but the presen tation is based on some background in measure theory. There are several reasons why one should learn more about stochastic differential equations: They have a wide range of applica tions outside mathematics, there are many fruitful connections to other mathematical disciplines and the subject has a rapidly develop ing life of its own as a fascinating research field with many interesting unanswered questions. Unfortunately most of the literature about stochastic differential equations seems to place so much emphasis on rigor and complete ness that is scares many nonexperts away. These notes are an attempt to approach the subject from the nonexpert point of view: Not knowing anything (except rumours, maybe) about a subject to start with, what would I like to know first of all? My answer would be: 1) In what situations does the subject arise? 2) What are its essential features? 3) What are the applications and the connections to other fields? I would not be so interested in the proof of the most general case, but rather in an easier proof of a special case, which may give just as much of the basic idea in the argument. And I would be willing to believe some basic results without proof (at first stage, anyway) in order to have time for some more basic applications.

An Introduction to Differential Equations and Their Applications

Author: Stanley J. Farlow

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486135136

Category: Mathematics

Page: 640

View: 8461

This introductory text explores 1st- and 2nd-order differential equations, series solutions, the Laplace transform, difference equations, much more. Numerous figures, problems with solutions, notes. 1994 edition. Includes 268 figures and 23 tables.

Differential Equations and Their Applications

An Introduction to Applied Mathematics

Author: Martin Braun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387978949

Category: Mathematics

Page: 578

View: 7334

Used in undergraduate classrooms across the USA, this is a clearly written, rigorous introduction to differential equations and their applications. Fully understandable to students who have had one year of calculus, this book distinguishes itself from other differential equations texts through its engaging application of the subject matter to interesting scenarios. This fourth edition incorporates earlier introductory material on bifurcation theory and adds a new chapter on Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems. Computer programs in C, Pascal, and Fortran are presented throughout the text to show readers how to apply differential equations towards quantitative problems.

Discrete Chaos, Second Edition

With Applications in Science and Engineering

Author: Saber N. Elaydi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584885920

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 7199

While maintaining the lucidity of the first edition, Discrete Chaos, Second Edition: With Applications in Science and Engineering now includes many recent results on global stability, bifurcation, chaos, and fractals. The first five chapters provide the most comprehensive material on discrete dynamical systems, including trace-determinant stability, bifurcation analysis, and the detailed analysis of the center manifold theory. This edition also covers L-systems and the periodic structure of the bulbs in the Mandelbrot set as well as new applications in biology, chemistry, and physics. The principal improvements to this book are the additions of PHASER software on an accompanying CD-ROM and the MapleTM and Mathematica® code available for download online. Incorporating numerous new topics and technology not found in similar texts, Discrete Chaos, Second Edition presents a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the theory and applications of discrete dynamical systems.

An Introduction to Delay Differential Equations with Applications to the Life Sciences

Author: hal smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441976468

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 3660

This book is intended to be an introduction to Delay Differential Equations for upper level undergraduates or beginning graduate mathematics students who have a reasonable background in ordinary differential equations and who would like to get to the applications quickly. The author has used preliminary notes in teaching such a course at Arizona State University over the past two years. This book focuses on the key tools necessary to understand the applications literature involving delay equations and to construct and analyze mathematical models involving delay differential equations. The book begins with a survey of mathematical models involving delay equations.

Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

An Introduction with Applications

Author: Martin Bohner,Allan Peterson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461202019

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

View: 9010

On becoming familiar with difference equations and their close re lation to differential equations, I was in hopes that the theory of difference equations could be brought completely abreast with that for ordinary differential equations. [HUGH L. TURRITTIN, My Mathematical Expectations, Springer Lecture Notes 312 (page 10), 1973] A major task of mathematics today is to harmonize the continuous and the discrete, to include them in one comprehensive mathematics, and to eliminate obscurity from both. [E. T. BELL, Men of Mathematics, Simon and Schuster, New York (page 13/14), 1937] The theory of time scales, which has recently received a lot of attention, was introduced by Stefan Hilger in his PhD thesis [159] in 1988 (supervised by Bernd Aulbach) in order to unify continuous and discrete analysis. This book is an intro duction to the study of dynamic equations on time scales. Many results concerning differential equations carryover quite easily to corresponding results for difference equations, while other results seem to be completely different in nature from their continuous counterparts. The study of dynamic equations on time scales reveals such discrepancies, and helps avoid proving results twice, once for differential equa tions and once for difference equations. The general idea is to prove a result for a dynamic equation where the domain of the unknown function is a so-called time scale, which is an arbitrary nonempty closed subset of the reals.

Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction to Theory and Applications

Author: Michael Shearer,Rachel Levy

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140086660X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 8296

This textbook provides beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates with an accessible introduction to the rich subject of partial differential equations (PDEs). It presents a rigorous and clear explanation of the more elementary theoretical aspects of PDEs, while also drawing connections to deeper analysis and applications. The book serves as a needed bridge between basic undergraduate texts and more advanced books that require a significant background in functional analysis. Topics include first order equations and the method of characteristics, second order linear equations, wave and heat equations, Laplace and Poisson equations, and separation of variables. The book also covers fundamental solutions, Green's functions and distributions, beginning functional analysis applied to elliptic PDEs, traveling wave solutions of selected parabolic PDEs, and scalar conservation laws and systems of hyperbolic PDEs. Provides an accessible yet rigorous introduction to partial differential equations Draws connections to advanced topics in analysis Covers applications to continuum mechanics An electronic solutions manual is available only to professors An online illustration package is available to professors

Difference Equations

Theory, Applications and Advanced Topics, Third Edition

Author: Ronald E. Mickens

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482230798

Category: Mathematics

Page: 555

View: 5671

Difference Equations: Theory, Applications and Advanced Topics, Third Edition provides a broad introduction to the mathematics of difference equations and some of their applications. Many worked examples illustrate how to calculate both exact and approximate solutions to special classes of difference equations. Along with adding several advanced topics, this edition continues to cover general, linear, first-, second-, and n-th order difference equations; nonlinear equations that may be reduced to linear equations; and partial difference equations. New to the Third Edition New chapter on special topics, including discrete Cauchy–Euler equations; gamma, beta, and digamma functions; Lambert W-function; Euler polynomials; functional equations; and exact discretizations of differential equations New chapter on the application of difference equations to complex problems arising in the mathematical modeling of phenomena in engineering and the natural and social sciences Additional problems in all chapters Expanded bibliography to include recently published texts related to the subject of difference equations Suitable for self-study or as the main text for courses on difference equations, this book helps readers understand the fundamental concepts and procedures of difference equations. It uses an informal presentation style, avoiding the minutia of detailed proofs and formal explanations.

Scientific Computing and Differential Equations

An Introduction to Numerical Methods

Author: Gene H. Golub,James M. Ortega

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080516696

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 3151

Scientific Computing and Differential Equations: An Introduction to Numerical Methods, is an excellent complement to Introduction to Numerical Methods by Ortega and Poole. The book emphasizes the importance of solving differential equations on a computer, which comprises a large part of what has come to be called scientific computing. It reviews modern scientific computing, outlines its applications, and places the subject in a larger context. This book is appropriate for upper undergraduate courses in mathematics, electrical engineering, and computer science; it is also well-suited to serve as a textbook for numerical differential equations courses at the graduate level. An introductory chapter gives an overview of scientific computing, indicating its important role in solving differential equations, and placing the subject in the larger environment Contains an introduction to numerical methods for both ordinary and partial differential equations Concentrates on ordinary differential equations, especially boundary-value problems Contains most of the main topics for a first course in numerical methods, and can serve as a text for this course Uses material for junior/senior level undergraduate courses in math and computer science plus material for numerical differential equations courses for engineering/science students at the graduate level

An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: James C. Robinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139450026

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7216

This refreshing, introductory textbook covers both standard techniques for solving ordinary differential equations, as well as introducing students to qualitative methods such as phase-plane analysis. The presentation is concise, informal yet rigorous; it can be used either for 1-term or 1-semester courses. Topics such as Euler's method, difference equations, the dynamics of the logistic map, and the Lorenz equations, demonstrate the vitality of the subject, and provide pointers to further study. The author also encourages a graphical approach to the equations and their solutions, and to that end the book is profusely illustrated. The files to produce the figures using MATLAB are all provided in an accompanying website. Numerous worked examples provide motivation for and illustration of key ideas and show how to make the transition from theory to practice. Exercises are also provided to test and extend understanding: solutions for these are available for teachers.

Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations

Author: Lennart Edsberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119018463

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 3028

Uses mathematical, numerical, and programming tools to solve differential equations for physical phenomena and engineering problems Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations, Second Edition features the essential principles and applications of problem solving across disciplines such as engineering, physics, and chemistry. The Second Edition integrates the science of solving differential equations with mathematical, numerical, and programming tools, specifically with methods involving ordinary differential equations; numerical methods for initial value problems (IVPs); numerical methods for boundary value problems (BVPs); partial differential equations (PDEs); numerical methods for parabolic, elliptic, and hyperbolic PDEs; mathematical modeling with differential equations; numerical solutions; and finite difference and finite element methods. The author features a unique “Five-M” approach: Modeling, Mathematics, Methods, MATLAB®, and Multiphysics, which facilitates a thorough understanding of how models are created and preprocessed mathematically with scaling, classification, and approximation and also demonstrates how a problem is solved numerically using the appropriate mathematical methods. With numerous real-world examples to aid in the visualization of the solutions, Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations, Second Edition includes: New sections on topics including variational formulation, the finite element method, examples of discretization, ansatz methods such as Galerkin’s method for BVPs, parabolic and elliptic PDEs, and finite volume methods Numerous practical examples with applications in mechanics, fluid dynamics, solid mechanics, chemical engineering, heat conduction, electromagnetic field theory, and control theory, some of which are solved with computer programs MATLAB and COMSOL Multiphysics® Additional exercises that introduce new methods, projects, and problems to further illustrate possible applications A related website with select solutions to the exercises, as well as the MATLAB data sets for ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and PDEs Introduction to Computation and Modeling for Differential Equations, Second Edition is a useful textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in scientific computing, differential equations, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, and numerical methods. The book is also an excellent self-study guide for mathematics, science, computer science, physics, and engineering students, as well as an excellent reference for practitioners and consultants who use differential equations and numerical methods in everyday situations.

Difference Equations

From Rabbits to Chaos

Author: Paul Cull,Mary Flahive,Robby Robson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387276459

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 1979

In this new text, designed for sophomores studying mathematics and computer science, the authors cover the basics of difference equations and some of their applications in computing and in population biology. Each chapter leads to techniques that can be applied by hand to small examples or programmed for larger problems. Along the way, the reader will use linear algebra and graph theory, develop formal power series, solve combinatorial problems, visit Perron—Frobenius theory, discuss pseudorandom number generation and integer factorization, and apply the Fast Fourier Transform to multiply polynomials quickly. The book contains many worked examples and over 250 exercises. While these exercises are accessible to students and have been class-tested, they also suggest further problems and possible research topics.

An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Ravi P. Agarwal,Donal O'Regan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387712765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 4262

Ordinary differential equations serve as mathematical models for many exciting real world problems. Rapid growth in the theory and applications of differential equations has resulted in a continued interest in their study by students in many disciplines. This textbook organizes material around theorems and proofs, comprising of 42 class-tested lectures that effectively convey the subject in easily manageable sections. The presentation is driven by detailed examples that illustrate how the subject works. Numerous exercise sets, with an "answers and hints" section, are included. The book further provides a background and history of the subject.

Fractional Differential Equations

An Introduction to Fractional Derivatives, Fractional Differential Equations, to Methods of Their Solution and Some of Their Applications

Author: Igor Podlubny

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080531984

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 8373

This book is a landmark title in the continuous move from integer to non-integer in mathematics: from integer numbers to real numbers, from factorials to the gamma function, from integer-order models to models of an arbitrary order. For historical reasons, the word 'fractional' is used instead of the word 'arbitrary'. This book is written for readers who are new to the fields of fractional derivatives and fractional-order mathematical models, and feel that they need them for developing more adequate mathematical models. In this book, not only applied scientists, but also pure mathematicians will find fresh motivation for developing new methods and approaches in their fields of research. A reader will find in this book everything necessary for the initial study and immediate application of fractional derivatives fractional differential equations, including several necessary special functions, basic theory of fractional differentiation, uniqueness and existence theorems, analytical numerical methods of solution of fractional differential equations, and many inspiring examples of applications. A unique survey of many applications of fractional calculus Presents basic theory Includes a unified presentation of selected classical results, which are important for applications Provides many examples Contains a separate chapter of fractional order control systems, which opens new perspectives in control theory The first systematic consideration of Caputo's fractional derivative in comparison with other selected approaches Includes tables of fractional derivatives, which can be used for evaluation of all considered types of fractional derivatives

Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction

Author: K. W. Morton,D. F. Mayers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139443208

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5401

This is the 2005 second edition of a highly successful and well-respected textbook on the numerical techniques used to solve partial differential equations arising from mathematical models in science, engineering and other fields. The authors maintain an emphasis on finite difference methods for simple but representative examples of parabolic, hyperbolic and elliptic equations from the first edition. However this is augmented by new sections on finite volume methods, modified equation analysis, symplectic integration schemes, convection-diffusion problems, multigrid, and conjugate gradient methods; and several sections, including that on the energy method of analysis, have been extensively rewritten to reflect modern developments. Already an excellent choice for students and teachers in mathematics, engineering and computer science departments, the revised text includes more latest theoretical and industrial developments.

Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems

Modern Methods and Applications

Author: James R. Brannan,William E. Boyce

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780470902141

Category: Boundary value problems

Page: 963

View: 9360

Unlike other books in the market, this second edition presents differential equations consistent with the way scientists and engineers use modern methods in their work. Technology is used freely, with more emphasis on modeling, graphical representation, qualitative concepts, and geometric intuition than on theoretical issues. It also refers to larger–scale computations that computer algebra systems and DE solvers make possible. And more exercises and examples involving working with data and devising the model provide scientists and engineers with the tools needed to model complex real–world situations.

Numerical Partial Differential Equations in Finance Explained

An Introduction to Computational Finance

Author: Karel in 't Hout

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137435690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 6812

This book provides a first, basic introduction into the valuation of financial options via the numerical solution of partial differential equations (PDEs). It provides readers with an easily accessible text explaining main concepts, models, methods and results that arise in this approach. In keeping with the series style, emphasis is placed on intuition as opposed to full rigor, and a relatively basic understanding of mathematics is sufficient. The book provides a wealth of examples, and ample numerical experiments are givento illustrate the theory. The main focus is on one-dimensional financial PDEs, notably the Black-Scholes equation. The book concludes with a detailed discussion of the important step towards two-dimensional PDEs in finance.