Difference Equations, Second Edition, presents a practical introduction to this important field of solutions for engineering and the physical sciences. Topic coverage includes numerical analysis, numerical methods, differential equations, combinatorics and discrete modeling. A hallmark of this revision is the diverse application to many subfields of mathematics. * Phase plane analysis for systems of two linear equations * Use of equations of variation to approximate solutions * Fundamental matrices and Floquet theory for periodic systems * LaSalle invariance theorem * Additional applications: secant line method, Bison problem, juvenile-adult population model, probability theory * Appendix on the use of Mathematica for analyzing difference equaitons * Exponential generating functions * Many new examples and exercises
Integrating both classical and modern treatments of difference equations, this book contains the most updated and comprehensive material on stability, Z-transform, discrete control theory, asymptotic theory, continued fractions and orthogonal polynomials. While the presentation is simple enough for use by advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates in mathematics, engineering science, and economics, it will also be a useful reference for scientists and engineers interested in discrete mathematical models. The text covers a large set of applications in a variety of disciplines, including neural networks, feedback control, Markov chains, trade models, heat transfer, propagation of plants, epidemic models and host-parasitoid systems, with each section rounded off by an extensive and highly selected set of exercises.
This introductory text explores 1st- and 2nd-order differential equations, series solutions, the Laplace transform, difference equations, much more. Numerous figures, problems with solutions, notes. 1994 edition. Includes 268 figures and 23 tables.
This book is intended to be an introduction to Delay Differential Equations for upper level undergraduates or beginning graduate mathematics students who have a reasonable background in ordinary differential equations and who would like to get to the applications quickly. The author has used preliminary notes in teaching such a course at Arizona State University over the past two years. This book focuses on the key tools necessary to understand the applications literature involving delay equations and to construct and analyze mathematical models involving delay differential equations. The book begins with a survey of mathematical models involving delay equations.
Used in undergraduate classrooms across the USA, this is a clearly written, rigorous introduction to differential equations and their applications. Fully understandable to students who have had one year of calculus, this book distinguishes itself from other differential equations texts through its engaging application of the subject matter to interesting scenarios. This fourth edition incorporates earlier introductory material on bifurcation theory and adds a new chapter on Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems. Computer programs in C, Pascal, and Fortran are presented throughout the text to show readers how to apply differential equations towards quantitative problems.
Dieses richtungsweisende Lehrbuch für die Anwendung der Mathematik in anderen Wissenschaftszweigen gibt eine Einführung in die Theorie der gewöhnlichen Differentialgleichungen. Fortran und APL-Programme geben den Studenten die Möglichkeit, verschiedene numerische Näherungsverfahren an ihrem PC selbst durchzurechnen. Aus den Besprechungen: "Die Darstellung ist überall mathematisch streng und zudem ungemein anregend. Abgesehen von manchen historischen Bemerkungen ... tragen dazu die vielen mit ausführlichem Hintergrund sehr eingehend entwickelten praktischen Anwendungen bei. ... Besondere Aufmerksamkeit wird der physikalisch und technisch so wichtigen Frage nach Stabilität von Lösungen eines Systems von Differentialgleichungen gewidmet. Das Buch ist wegen seiner geringen Voraussetzungen und vorzüglichen Didaktik schon für alle Studenten des 3. Semesters geeignet; seine eminent praktische Haltung empfiehlt es aber auch für alle Physiker, die mit Differentialgleichungen und ihren Anwendungen umzugehen haben." #Physikalische Blätter#
On becoming familiar with difference equations and their close re lation to differential equations, I was in hopes that the theory of difference equations could be brought completely abreast with that for ordinary differential equations. [HUGH L. TURRITTIN, My Mathematical Expectations, Springer Lecture Notes 312 (page 10), 1973] A major task of mathematics today is to harmonize the continuous and the discrete, to include them in one comprehensive mathematics, and to eliminate obscurity from both. [E. T. BELL, Men of Mathematics, Simon and Schuster, New York (page 13/14), 1937] The theory of time scales, which has recently received a lot of attention, was introduced by Stefan Hilger in his PhD thesis  in 1988 (supervised by Bernd Aulbach) in order to unify continuous and discrete analysis. This book is an intro duction to the study of dynamic equations on time scales. Many results concerning differential equations carryover quite easily to corresponding results for difference equations, while other results seem to be completely different in nature from their continuous counterparts. The study of dynamic equations on time scales reveals such discrepancies, and helps avoid proving results twice, once for differential equa tions and once for difference equations. The general idea is to prove a result for a dynamic equation where the domain of the unknown function is a so-called time scale, which is an arbitrary nonempty closed subset of the reals.
The series is devoted to the publication of monographs and high-level textbooks in mathematics, mathematical methods and their applications. Apart from covering important areas of current interest, a major aim is to make topics of an interdisciplinary nature accessible to the non-specialist. The works in this series are addressed to advanced students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics. In addition, it can serve as a guide for lectures and seminars on a graduate level. The series de Gruyter Studies in Mathematics was founded ca. 30 years ago by the late Professor Heinz Bauer and Professor Peter Gabriel with the aim to establish a series of monographs and textbooks of high standard, written by scholars with an international reputation presenting current fields of research in pure and applied mathematics. While the editorial board of the Studies has changed with the years, the aspirations of the Studies are unchanged. In times of rapid growth of mathematical knowledge carefully written monographs and textbooks written by experts are needed more than ever, not least to pave the way for the next generation of mathematicians. In this sense the editorial board and the publisher of the Studies are devoted to continue the Studies as a service to the mathematical community. Please submit any book proposals to Niels Jacob.
Scientific Computing and Differential Equations: An Introduction to Numerical Methods, is an excellent complement to Introduction to Numerical Methods by Ortega and Poole. The book emphasizes the importance of solving differential equations on a computer, which comprises a large part of what has come to be called scientific computing. It reviews modern scientific computing, outlines its applications, and places the subject in a larger context. This book is appropriate for upper undergraduate courses in mathematics, electrical engineering, and computer science; it is also well-suited to serve as a textbook for numerical differential equations courses at the graduate level. An introductory chapter gives an overview of scientific computing, indicating its important role in solving differential equations, and placing the subject in the larger environment Contains an introduction to numerical methods for both ordinary and partial differential equations Concentrates on ordinary differential equations, especially boundary-value problems Contains most of the main topics for a first course in numerical methods, and can serve as a text for this course Uses material for junior/senior level undergraduate courses in math and computer science plus material for numerical differential equations courses for engineering/science students at the graduate level
The book has been divided into nine chapters. It deals the introduction to differential equation, differential equation of first order but not of first degree, the differential equation of first order and first degree, application of first order differential, linear equations, methods of variation of parameters and undetermined coefficients, linear equations of second order, ordinary simultaneous differential equation, total differential equations (Pfaffian Differential Forms and Equations). The book include fundamental concepts, illustrative examples and applications to various problems. Contents: An introduction to Differential Equations, Differential Equations of First Order but not of First Degree, Differential Equations of First Order and First Degree, Applications of first Order Differential, Linear Equations, Methods of Variation of Parameters and Undermined Coefficients, Linear Equations of Second Order, Ordinary Simultaneously Differential Equations, Total Differential Equations (Pfaffian Differential Forms and Equations).
Facts101 is your complete guide to Differential Equations and Their Applications, An Introduction to Applied Mathematics. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
An Introduction to Partial Differential Equations with MATLAB exposes the basic ideas critical to the study of PDEs-- characteristics, integral transforms, Green’s functions, and, most importantly, Fourier series and related topics. The author approaches the subject from a motivational perspective, detailing equations only after a need for them has been established. He uses MATLAB® software to solve exercises and to generate tables and figures. This volume includes examples of many important PDEs and their applications. The first chapter introduces PDEs and makes analogies to familiar ODE concepts, then strengthens the connection by exploring the method of separation of variables. Chapter 2 examines the “Big Three” PDEs-- the heat, wave, and Laplace equations, and is followed by chapters explaining how these and other PDEs on finite intervals can be solved using the Fourier series for arbitrary initial and boundary conditions. Chapter 5 investigates characteristics for both first- and second-order linear PDEs, the latter revealing how the Big Three equations are important far beyond their original application to physical problems. The book extends the Fourier method to functions on unbounded domains, gives a brief introduction to distributions, then applies separation of variables to PDEs in higher dimensions, leading to the special funtions, including the orthogonal polynomials. Other topics include Sturm-Liouville problems, adjoint and self-adjoint problems, the application of Green’s functions to solving nonhomogeneous PDEs, and an examination of practical numerical methods used by engineers, including the finite difference, finite element, and spectral methods.
Comprehensive study focuses on use of calculus of finite differences as an approximation method for solving troublesome differential equations. Elementary difference operations; interpolation and extrapolation; modes of expansion of the solutions of nonlinear equations, applications of difference equations, difference equations associated with functions of two variables, more. Exercises with answers. 1961 edition.