Written in easy-to-understand language, this important textprovides a systematic and commonsense approach to developinginstruments for data collection and analysis. This book can be usedby both those who are developing instruments for the first time andthose who want to hone their skills, including students, agencypersonnel, program managers, and researchers. This book provides a thorough presentation of instrumentconstruction, from conception to development and pre-testing ofitems, formatting the instrument, administration, and, finally,data management and presentation of the findings. Throughoutthe book, the authors emphasize how to create an instrumentthat will produce trustworthy and accurate data. To that end theyhave included guidelines for reviewing and revising thequestionnaire to enhance validity and reliability. They also showhow to work effectively with stakeholders such as instrumentsdesigners, decision-makers, agency personnel, clients, and ratersor respondents.
This book offers beginning researchers in psychology and education with limited statistics backgrounds a practical, hands-on guide to the preparation, assessment, and development of quantitative research instruments. With the explicit goal in mind of making the text accessible to readers with only a beginning level of statistical expertise, the authors include numerous examples and figures to illustrate necessary concepts and procedures, while minimizing jargon. The book includes an appendix with directions for the required statistical analyses for readers with access to SPSS. The organization of the book into two sections, theoretical and practical, with complementary chapters in each section, results in a practical and versatile resource to have in a variety of contexts. Because of its versatility, the book may be used either as a textbook for courses on test construction and instrument design or quantitative research methods in psychology and education, as a reference for researchers using and constructing quantitative instruments, or as background reading for professionals in related fields.
Bridge the gap between research and practice with DePoy and Gitlin's Introduction to Research: Understanding and Applying Multiple Strategies, 4th Edition. This completely updated, user-friendly text helps you better understand not only the research process, but also research designs and their applications to the real world of clinical practice. Covering multiple research strategies (including both qualitative and quantitative research), it gives you a balanced approach to various research traditions, addressing emerging key issues in today's health care environment. Offers a balanced approach to various research methods and multiple research strategies, including qualitative, quantitative, naturalistic and experimental-type, and more. Presents complex information in a clear, highly readable, and easy-to-understand manner. Keeps information relevant to today's health care environment with real-world "snapshots" and a final Stories from the Field chapter. Includes detailed discussions of qualitative and quantitative methodologies, a unique and balanced focus that makes this text more comprehensive than others in its field. Covers experimental-type, naturalistic, and mixed method design strategies, improving your ability to compare, contrast, and integrate different methods. Evolve online resources include statistics math tips to accompany Chapter 19, crossword puzzles, useful weblinks, and sample forms. Reflects recent changes in the field, including new material on preparing poster presentations, community and participatory research, translation issues, and advanced scale development, giving you the tools you need to devise successful research studies. Includes expanded evidence-based material and occupational therapy-specific information, discussing the methods used in each study.
Part 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO INQUIRY. 1. Scientific Inquiry and Social Work. 2. Philosophy and Theory in Science and Research. 3. The Ethics and Politics of Social Work Research. Part 2: PROBLEM FORMULATION AND MEASUREMENT. 4. Problem Formulation. 5. Conceptualization and Operationalization. 6 . Measurement. 7. Constructing Measurement Instruments. Part 3: SAMPLING AND SURVEYS. 8. Sampling. 9. Survey Research. Part 4: DESIGNS FOR EVALUATING PROGRAMS AND PRACTICE. 10. Group Experiments for Evaluating Programs and Practice. 11. Quasi-Experimental Designs For Evaluating Programs and Practice. 12. Single-Case Evaluation Designs. 13. Issues in Program Evaluation. Part 5: QUALITATIVE, UNOBTRUSIVE AND CULTURALLY COMPETENT RESEARCH METHODS. 14. Qualitative Research Methods. 15. Analyzing Available Records: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods. 16. Culturally Competent Research. Part 6: ANALYSIS OF DATA. 17. Qualitative Data Analysis. 18. Quantitative Data Analysis. 19. Constructing and Interpreting Bivariate and Multivariate Tables. 20. Inferential Data Analysis: Part 1. 21. Inferential Data Analysis: Part 2. Part 7: WRITING RESEARCH PROPOSALS AND REPORTS. 22. Writing Research Proposals And Reports. Appendixes: A. Using the Library. B. Random Numbers. C. Inferential Statistics and Single-Case Designs. D. Proportion Under Normal Curve Exceeded by Effect Size (ES) Values. E. A Guide to SPSS 11.0. Glossary. Bibliography. Index.
John Adams,Hafiz T A Khan,Robert Raeside,David I. White
Author: John Adams,Hafiz T A Khan,Robert Raeside,David I. White
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
Category: Business & Economics
Research Methods for Graduate Business and Social Science Students is a fundamental and easy guide to studying research methods. In addition to the general concepts relating to research methods, broad research issues and theoretical concepts critical to research are discussed. The book is written in a highly reader-friendly manner and contains plenty of examples and helpful practical exercises at the end of each chapter to reinforce and enjoy learning. Divided into 16 chapters, the authors aim to clearly and concisely explain the basics of quantitative and qualitative analysis and research to students, including: - Research ethics - Formulation and process of research - Literature analysis and critical reading - How to plan and implement a research project - Data collection, survey research and data management - Practical research techniques - Elementary and advanced statistical analyses - Assessment, reliability and validity of research work - Guidelines on research writing and structures of dissertation
Author: John Adams,Hafiz T. A. Khan,Robert Raeside
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
Category: Business & Economics
Research Methods for Business and Social Science Students aims to present a clear discussion of the research methods employed in various disciplines related to our daily life problems. The theoretical basis of research methods is explained clearly and succinctly. Collecting data is a key part of the book and this includes both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection, along with the advantages and disadvantages of each method. The book also describes in clear terms how students can analyse data, interpret results and link these to the literature review and hence their own contribution. It sets out a range of fundamental ideas in research methods, such as deductivism and inductivism, and explains why methodology is not the same as method. In this second edition every chapter has been re-written to be more readable and also to include more examples. The authors have also added a real student research proposal and a multiple-choice test with answers for the readers to test their own understanding of the ideas in the book. The book has been designed to illustrate research tools in a clear and accessible manner through chapters on such topics as formulating research, research design, data analysis and writing up the research results.
Catherine Simmons, PhD, LCSW ìDrs. Simmons and Lehmann have given all of us in the helping professionsópractitioners and researchers alikeóa comprehensive resource for finding and selecting psychometrically sound, practical, strengths-based measures that we can use not only to ëlook at the resultsí but to do so in a way that we ëmeasure others by their strengths.í We look forward to seeing this invaluable resourceÖon every social workerís desk in the coming years.î -John G. Orme, PhD, MSW Professor, University of Tennessee -Terri Combs-Orme, PhD The Urban Child Institute Endowed Professor Traditionally, assessment and evaluation have focused on the negative aspects or deficits of a clientís presentation. Yet strengths, health, and those things that are going ìrightî in a personís life are key protective factors in the prevention and treatment of many mental health problems. Thus, measuring strengths is an important component of a balanced assessment and evaluation process. This is the first compendium of more than 150 valid and reliable strengths-based assessment tools that clinicians, researchers, educators, and program evaluators can use to assess a wide array of positive attributes, including well-being, mindfulness, optimism, resilience, humor, aspirations, values, sources of support, emotional intelligence, and much more. These tools provide a clear picture of an individualís strengths while being easy to complete, score, and interpret. The scales and instruments included are consistently formatted, organized according to construct measures, and include tools for working with adults, couples, families, children, and special populations. They represent a wide range of theoretical approaches and were written by a diverse array of professionals, including social workers, psychologists, nurses, physicians, and sociologists. Partial List of Instruments: Assessing Emotions Scale Affective Balance Scale Flourishing Scale Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Positive States of Mind Scale Measure of Expectations for Partner Multidimensional Sense of Humor Scale Parenting Sense of Competence Scale Personal Well-being Index Proactive Coping Inventory Psychological Empowerment Scale Stress-Related Growth Scale Social Well-being Scales Wellness Beliefs Scale
This book offers an innovative introduction to social research. The book explores all stages of the research process and it features both quantitative and qualitative methods. Research design topics include sampling techniques, choosing a research design, and determining research question that inform public opinion and direct future studies. Throughout the book, the authors provide vivid and engaging examples that reinforce the reading and understanding of social science research. "Your Turn" boxes contain activities that allow students to practice research skills, such as sampling, naturalistic observation, survey collection, coding, analysis, and report writing.
Attitudes have a major impact on behavior and one's ability to manage and adapt to change while also influencing the behavior of others. This text provides a compact but comprehensive research-oriented treatment of attitudes and related psychosocial constructs (values, opinions, beliefs, and personal orientations). It focuses on the meaning, measurement, and utility of attitudes in various applied settings, such as education or the workplace. The topics explored include social and personal matters such as prejudice and discrimination, illness and disability, death and dying, poverty and unemployment, conflict and violence, schools and teachers, work and retirement, and politics, religion, and morality. The book will prove valuable to both students and professionals who find themselves involved with measuring, evaluating, and modifying attitudes.
Written specifically for students with no previous experience of research and research methodology, the Third Edition of Research Methodology breaks the process of designing and doing a research project into eight manageable steps and provides plenty of examples throughout to link theory to the practice of doing research. The book contains straightforward, practical guidance on: - Formulating a research question - Ethical considerations - Carrying out a literature review - Choosing a research design - Selecting a sample - Collecting and analysing qualitative and quantitative data - Writing a research report The third edition has been revised and updated to include extended coverage of qualitative research methods in addition to the existing comprehensive coverage of quantitative methods. There are also brand new learning features such as reflective questions throughout the text to help students consolidate their knowledge. The book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in the social sciences embarking on qualitative or quantitative research projects.
Geoffrey R. Marczyk,David DeMatteo,David Festinger
Author: Geoffrey R. Marczyk,David DeMatteo,David Festinger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Master the essential skills for designing and conducting a successful research project Essentials of Research Design and Methodology contains practical information on how to design and conduct scientific research in the behavioral and social sciences. This accessible guide covers basic to advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readable style. The text offers students and practitioners in the behavioral sciences and related disciplines important insights into identifying research topics, variables, and methodological approaches. Data collection and assessment strategies, interpretation methods, and important ethical considerations also receive significant coverage in this user-friendly guide. Essentials of Research Design and Methodology is the only available resource to condense the wide-ranging topics of the field into a concise, accessible format for handy and quick reference. As part of the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, this book offers a thorough review of the most relevant topics in research design and methodology. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as "Test Yourself" questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.
Research Design for Social Work and the Human Services integrates a range of research techniques into a single epistemological framework and presents a balanced approach to the teaching of research methods in the "helping professions." Jeane W. Anastas begins with a discussion of the different philosophical perspectives within which social research occurs and continues with problem formulation, research design, and methodological issues influencing data collection, analysis, and dissemination. She presents both fixed (quantitative) and flexible (qualitative) methods of research, granting legitimacy, value, utility, and relevance to both styles of inquiry. Utilizing complete case studies to illustrate different methodological approaches, Research Design for Social Work and the Human Services integrates material on women and people of color, and draws attention to the ways racism, heterosexism, sexism, and classism affect the conceptualization and conduct of research. Anastas not only exposes these biases but actively addresses the experiences, needs, and concerns of clients of both genders and different races, ethnicities, sexual orientations, cultures, and classes.
Questions as Measures An Overview Designing Questions to Gather Factual Data Questions to Measure Subjective States Some General Rules for Designing Good Survey Instruments Presurvey Evaluation of Questions Assessing the Validity of Survey Questions Question Design and Evaluation Issues in Perspective.
Research Designs is a clear, compact introduction to the principles of experimental and non-experimental design especially written for social scientists and their students. Spector covers major designs including: single group designs; pre-test/post-test designs; factorial designs, hierarchical designs; multivariate designs; the Solomon four group design; panel designs; and designs with concomitant variables.
The authors establish three discrete varieties of research - supra-national, intra-national, and trans-national, and explores issues and examples within each. The format of this work helps readers learn how to define and distinguish each kind of research, then provides examples of applications of the three.
Researchers are continually challenged to find new ways of investigating political, economic and social issues in Africa. This user-friendly, expanded fourth edition of "Social Research Methods" includes new research designs and a comprehensive discussion of research ethics. In this way the book continues to provide an up-to-date and accessible text on social research methods and applications within African contexts. This book spans a broad spectrum and areas of focus include agriculture, public health, community development and regional planning. The material is compatible with the syllabi of social science methods courses in many African training institutions. The text presents clearly and concisely the fundamentals of research methods in a range of social sciences, including sociology, economics, political science, psychology and education. The content is illustrated throughout with actual examples of social research conducted in various African countries. This text has been written for the non-professional researcher and the student of research methods. It will prove invaluable to university students, government administrators, development planners, business managers, social workers, educationists and all those interested in conducting social research, including novices.
This comprehensive resource covers a broad array of research strategies available to massage therapists to give them the tools they need to be knowledgeable readers of research literature, as well as active researchers. The primary focus of the book is on the quantitative aspect of research that encompasses the principal types of studies most extensively used in the various health care professions, specifically massage therapy. Extensive coverage is also given to the qualitative and integrative research categories that are progressively gaining recognition among researchers in various health science disciplines and professions. Accommodates the March 2003 mandate from the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) that massage therapy schools incorporate into their curricula provisions to ensure a research literate profession. Examples and techniques for interpreting research guide practitioners and students to be knowledgeable readers of massage therapy research, allowing application to practice. Relies heavily on concept maps, flowcharts, tables, and illustrations and excerpts of published studies to augment the book's narrative development of topics by providing pictorial displays and summaries of the material. Literature-based and hypothetical research examples/illustrations from several manual therapy professions employing therapeutic massage make the material pertinent to real-life settings An introductory section at the beginning of each chapter reviews the material covered in the previous chapter and how it relates to the new material. Chapter coverage spans the quantitative, qualitative, and integrative research categories and affiliated research strategies and methods are considered in detail. Review/summary tables give an overview of the narrative development of topics. Boxes provide the essential features of a given topic. Relies on multiple examples of possible research scenarios and illustrative excerpts from the published research literature. Content is cross-referenced for use with the Massage Therapy Foundation's Massage Therapy Research Curriculum Kit to provide both instructors and students in the 6-, 15-, and 24-hour options/levels an extensively-developed resource in one place. Each chapter includes recommended web sites and software application packages for further information.
Fully meets the requirements of the latest CSEC® syllabus - Complete coverage of the core options, plus the options in communications, tourism and consumer affairs, including co-operatives - Practical guidance on how to approach the School-Based Assessment and on the alternative to the School-Based Assessment - Activities develop Social Studies skills and exam practice questions help students prepare for their exam
Richard M. Grinnell Jr.,Peter A. Gabor,Yvonne A. Unrau
Author: Richard M. Grinnell Jr.,Peter A. Gabor,Yvonne A. Unrau
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
Now in its sixth edition, this popular student-friendly introduction to program evaluation provides social workers with a sound conceptual understanding of how to use basic evaluation techniques in the evaluation of their cases (case-level) and programs (program-level). Eminently approachable, straightforward, and practical, this edition includes the fundamental tools that are needed in order for social workers to fully appreciate and understand how case- and program-level evaluations will help them to increase their effectiveness as contemporary data-driven practitioners.
A Guide for Graduate Students and Research Assistants
Author: Frederick T. L. Leong,James T. Austin
A comprehensive, easy-to-understand guide to the entire research process, this book quickly and efficiently equips advanced students and research assistants to conduct a full-scale investigation. The book is organized around the idea of a 'research script' that is, it follows the standard mode of research planning and design, data collection and analysis, and results writing. The volume contains 35 chapters, some co-authored by advanced graduate students who give their fellow students a touch of the 'real world' adding to the clarity and practicality of many chapters.