Delaunay Mesh Generation

Author: Siu-Wing Cheng,Tamal K. Dey,Jonathan Shewchuk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584887311

Category: Computers

Page: 410

View: 803

Written by authors at the forefront of modern algorithms research, Delaunay Mesh Generation demonstrates the power and versatility of Delaunay meshers in tackling complex geometric domains ranging from polyhedra with internal boundaries to piecewise smooth surfaces. Covering both volume and surface meshes, the authors fully explain how and why these meshing algorithms work. The book is one of the first to integrate a vast amount of cutting-edge material on Delaunay triangulations. It begins with introducing the problem of mesh generation and describing algorithms for constructing Delaunay triangulations. The authors then present algorithms for generating high-quality meshes in polygonal and polyhedral domains. They also illustrate how to use restricted Delaunay triangulations to extend the algorithms to surfaces with ridges and patches and volumes with smooth surfaces. For researchers and graduate students, the book offers a rigorous theoretical analysis of mesh generation methods. It provides the necessary mathematical foundations and core theoretical results upon which researchers can build even better algorithms in the future. For engineers, the book shows how the algorithms work well in practice. It explains how to effectively implement them in the design and programming of mesh generation software.

Delaunay Mesh Generation

Author: Siu-Wing Cheng,Tamal K. Dey,Jonathan Shewchuk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584887303

Category: Computers

Page: 410

View: 1565

Written by authors at the forefront of modern algorithms research, Delaunay Mesh Generation demonstrates the power and versatility of Delaunay meshers in tackling complex geometric domains ranging from polyhedra with internal boundaries to piecewise smooth surfaces. Covering both volume and surface meshes, the authors fully explain how and why these meshing algorithms work. The book is one of the first to integrate a vast amount of cutting-edge material on Delaunay triangulations. It begins with introducing the problem of mesh generation and describing algorithms for constructing Delaunay triangulations. The authors then present algorithms for generating high-quality meshes in polygonal and polyhedral domains. They also illustrate how to use restricted Delaunay triangulations to extend the algorithms to surfaces with ridges and patches and volumes with smooth surfaces. For researchers and graduate students, the book offers a rigorous theoretical analysis of mesh generation methods. It provides the necessary mathematical foundations and core theoretical results upon which researchers can build even better algorithms in the future. For engineers, the book shows how the algorithms work well in practice. It explains how to effectively implement them in the design and programming of mesh generation software.

Finite Element Mesh Generation

Author: Daniel S.H. Lo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 041569048X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 9033

Highlights the Progression of Meshing Technologies and Their Applications Finite Element Mesh Generation provides a concise and comprehensive guide to the application of finite element mesh generation over 2D domains, curved surfaces, and 3D space. Organised according to the geometry and dimension of the problem domains, it develops from the basic meshing algorithms to the most advanced schemes to deal with problems with specific requirements such as boundary conformity, adaptive and anisotropic elements, shape qualities, and mesh optimization. It sets out the fundamentals of popular techniques, including: Delaunay triangulation Advancing-front (ADF) approach Quadtree/Octree techniques Refinement and optimization-based strategies From the geometrical and the topological aspects and their associated operations and inter-relationships, each approach is vividly described and illustrated with examples. Beyond the algorithms, the book also explores the practice of using metric tensor and surface curvatures for generating anisotropic meshes on parametric space. It presents results from research including 3D anisotropic meshing, mesh generation over unbounded domains, meshing by means of intersection, re-meshing by Delaunay-ADF approach, mesh refinement and optimization, generation of hexahedral meshes, and large scale and parallel meshing, along with innovative unpublished meshing methods. The author provides illustrations of major meshing algorithms, pseudo codes, and programming codes in C++ or FORTRAN. Geared toward research centers, universities, and engineering companies, Finite Element Mesh Generation describes mesh generation methods and fundamental techniques, and also serves as a valuable reference for laymen and experts alike.

Geometry and Topology for Mesh Generation

Author: Herbert Edelsbrunner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521793094

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 7110

The book combines topics in mathematics (geometry and topology), computer science (algorithms), and engineering (mesh generation). The original motivation for these topics was the difficulty faced (both conceptually and in the technical execution) in any attempt to combine elements of combinatorial and of numerical algorithms. Mesh generation is a topic where a meaningful combination of these different approaches to problem solving is inevitable. The book develops methods from both areas that are amenable to combination, and explains recent breakthrough solutions to meshing that fit into this category.The book should be an ideal graduate text for courses on mesh generation. The specific material is selected giving preference to topics that are elementary, attractive, lend themselves to teaching, useful, and interesting.

Mesh Generation

Author: Pascal Frey,Paul-Louis George

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118623827

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 7233

The aim of the second edition of this book is to provide a comprehensive survey of the different algorithms and data structures useful for triangulation and meshing construction. In addition, several aspects are given full coverage, such as mesh modification tools, mesh evaluation criteria, mesh optimization, adaptive mesh construction and parallel meshing techniques. This new edition has been comprehensively updated and also includes a new chapter on mobile or deformable meshes.

Voronoi Diagrams and Delaunay Triangulations

Author: Franz Aurenhammer,Rolf Klein,Der-Tsai Lee

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 981444765X

Category: Computers

Page: 348

View: 9022

Voronoi diagrams partition space according to the influence certain sites exert on their environment. Since the 17th century, such structures play an important role in many areas like Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Ecology, Economics, Mathematics and Computer Science. They help to describe zones of political influence, to determine the hospital nearest to an accident site, to compute collision-free paths for mobile robots, to reconstruct curves and surfaces from sample points, to refine triangular meshes, and to design location strategies for competing markets. This unique book offers a state-of-the-art view of Voronoi diagrams and their structure, and it provides efficient algorithms towards their computation. Readers with an entry-level background in algorithms can enjoy a guided tour of gently increasing difficulty through a fascinating area. Lecturers might find this volume a welcome source for their courses on computational geometry. Experts are offered a broader view, including many alternative solutions, and up-to-date references to the existing literature; they might benefit in their own research or application development.

Handbook of Grid Generation

Author: Joe F. Thompson,Bharat K. Soni,Nigel P. Weatherill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420050349

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1136

View: 8776

Handbook of Grid Generation addresses the use of grids (meshes) in the numerical solutions of partial differential equations by finite elements, finite volume, finite differences, and boundary elements. Four parts divide the chapters: structured grids, unstructured girds, surface definition, and adaption/quality. An introduction to each section provides a roadmap through the material. This handbook covers: Fundamental concepts and approaches Grid generation process Essential mathematical elements from tensor analysis and differential geometry, particularly relevant to curves and surfaces Cells of any shape - Cartesian, structured curvilinear coordinates, unstructured tetrahedra, unstructured hexahedra, or various combinations Separate grids overlaid on one another, communicating data through interpolation Moving boundaries and internal interfaces in the field Resolving gradients and controlling solution error Grid generation codes, both commercial and freeware, as well as representative and illustrative grid configurations Handbook of Grid Generation contains 37 chapters as well as contributions from more than 100 experts from around the world, comprehensively evaluating this expanding field and providing a fundamental orientation for practitioners.

Polygon Mesh Processing

Author: Mario Botsch,Leif Kobbelt,Mark Pauly,Pierre Alliez,Bruno Levy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1568814267

Category: Computers

Page: 250

View: 9777

Geometry processing, or mesh processing, is a fast-growing area of research that uses concepts from applied mathematics, computer science, and engineering to design efficient algorithms for the acquisition, reconstruction, analysis, manipulation, simulation, and transmission of complex 3D models. Applications of geometry processing algorithms already cover a wide range of areas from multimedia, entertainment, and classical computer-aided design, to biomedical computing, reverse engineering, and scientific computing. Over the last several years, triangle meshes have become increasingly popular, as irregular triangle meshes have developed into a valuable alternative to traditional spline surfaces. This book discusses the whole geometry processing pipeline based on triangle meshes. The pipeline starts with data input, for example, a model acquired by 3D scanning techniques. This data can then go through processes of error removal, mesh creation, smoothing, conversion, morphing, and more. The authors detail techniques for those processes using triangle meshes. A supplemental website contains downloads and additional information.

Finite Element Mesh Generation

Author: Daniel S.H. Lo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 041569048X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 2629

Highlights the Progression of Meshing Technologies and Their Applications Finite Element Mesh Generation provides a concise and comprehensive guide to the application of finite element mesh generation over 2D domains, curved surfaces, and 3D space. Organised according to the geometry and dimension of the problem domains, it develops from the basic meshing algorithms to the most advanced schemes to deal with problems with specific requirements such as boundary conformity, adaptive and anisotropic elements, shape qualities, and mesh optimization. It sets out the fundamentals of popular techniques, including: Delaunay triangulation Advancing-front (ADF) approach Quadtree/Octree techniques Refinement and optimization-based strategies From the geometrical and the topological aspects and their associated operations and inter-relationships, each approach is vividly described and illustrated with examples. Beyond the algorithms, the book also explores the practice of using metric tensor and surface curvatures for generating anisotropic meshes on parametric space. It presents results from research including 3D anisotropic meshing, mesh generation over unbounded domains, meshing by means of intersection, re-meshing by Delaunay-ADF approach, mesh refinement and optimization, generation of hexahedral meshes, and large scale and parallel meshing, along with innovative unpublished meshing methods. The author provides illustrations of major meshing algorithms, pseudo codes, and programming codes in C++ or FORTRAN. Geared toward research centers, universities, and engineering companies, Finite Element Mesh Generation describes mesh generation methods and fundamental techniques, and also serves as a valuable reference for laymen and experts alike.

Isosurfaces

Geometry, Topology, and Algorithms

Author: Rephael Wenger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466571020

Category: Computers

Page: 488

View: 3826

Ever since Lorensen and Cline published their paper on the Marching Cubes algorithm, isosurfaces have been a standard technique for the visualization of 3D volumetric data. Yet there is no book exclusively devoted to isosurfaces. Isosurfaces: Geometry, Topology, and Algorithms represents the first book to focus on basic algorithms for isosurface construction. It also gives a rigorous mathematical perspective on some of the algorithms and results. In color throughout, the book covers the Marching Cubes algorithm and variants, dual contouring algorithms, multilinear interpolation, multiresolution isosurface extraction, isosurfaces in four dimensions, interval volumes, and contour trees. It also describes data structures for faster isosurface extraction as well as methods for selecting significant isovalues. For designers of visualization software, the book presents an organized overview of the various algorithms associated with isosurfaces. For graduate students, it provides a solid introduction to research in this area. For visualization researchers, the book serves as a reference to the vast literature on isosurfaces.

Proceedings of the 16th International Meshing Roundtable

Author: Michael L. Brewer,David Marcum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540751033

Category: Computers

Page: 604

View: 4447

This volume contains the articles presented at the 16th International Meshing Roundtable (IMR) organized, in part, by Sandia National Laboratories and held in Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. in October, 2007. The volume presents recent results of mesh generation and adaptation which has applications to finite element simulation. It introduces theoretical and novel ideas with practical potential.

Geometric Modeling and Mesh Generation from Scanned Images

Author: Yongjie Jessica Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482227770

Category: Computers

Page: 354

View: 6195

Cutting-Edge Techniques to Better Analyze and Predict Complex Physical Phenomena Geometric Modeling and Mesh Generation from Scanned Images shows how to integrate image processing, geometric modeling, and mesh generation with the finite element method (FEM) to solve problems in computational biology, medicine, materials science, and engineering. Based on the author’s recent research and course at Carnegie Mellon University, the text explains the fundamentals of medical imaging, image processing, computational geometry, mesh generation, visualization, and finite element analysis. It also explores novel and advanced applications in computational biology, medicine, materials science, and other engineering areas. One of the first to cover this emerging interdisciplinary field, the book addresses biomedical/material imaging, image processing, geometric modeling and visualization, FEM, and biomedical and engineering applications. It introduces image-mesh-simulation pipelines, reviews numerical methods used in various modules of the pipelines, and discusses several scanning techniques, including ones to probe polycrystalline materials. The book next presents the fundamentals of geometric modeling and computer graphics, geometric objects and transformations, and curves and surfaces as well as two isocontouring methods: marching cubes and dual contouring. It then describes various triangular/tetrahedral and quadrilateral/hexahedral mesh generation techniques. The book also discusses volumetric T-spline modeling for isogeometric analysis (IGA) and introduces some new developments of FEM in recent years with applications.

Handbook of Grid Generation

Author: Joe F. Thompson,Bharat K. Soni,Nigel P. Weatherill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420050349

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1136

View: 9602

Handbook of Grid Generation addresses the use of grids (meshes) in the numerical solutions of partial differential equations by finite elements, finite volume, finite differences, and boundary elements. Four parts divide the chapters: structured grids, unstructured girds, surface definition, and adaption/quality. An introduction to each section provides a roadmap through the material. This handbook covers: Fundamental concepts and approaches Grid generation process Essential mathematical elements from tensor analysis and differential geometry, particularly relevant to curves and surfaces Cells of any shape - Cartesian, structured curvilinear coordinates, unstructured tetrahedra, unstructured hexahedra, or various combinations Separate grids overlaid on one another, communicating data through interpolation Moving boundaries and internal interfaces in the field Resolving gradients and controlling solution error Grid generation codes, both commercial and freeware, as well as representative and illustrative grid configurations Handbook of Grid Generation contains 37 chapters as well as contributions from more than 100 experts from around the world, comprehensively evaluating this expanding field and providing a fundamental orientation for practitioners.

Basic Structured Grid Generation

With an introduction to unstructured grid generation

Author: M Farrashkhalvat,J P Miles

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080472089

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 5693

Finite element, finite volume and finite difference methods use grids to solve the numerous differential equations that arise in the modelling of physical systems in engineering. Structured grid generation forms an integral part of the solution of these procedures. Basic Structured Grid Generation provides the necessary mathematical foundation required for the successful generation of boundary-conforming grids and will be an important resource for postgraduate and practising engineers. The treatment of structured grid generation starts with basic geometry and tensor analysis before moving on to identify the variety of approaches that can be employed in the generation of structured grids. The book then introduces unstructured grid generation by explaining the basics of Delaunay triangulation and advancing front techniques. A practical, straightforward approach to this complex subject for engineers and students. A key technique for modelling physical systems.

Discrete and Computational Geometry

Author: Satyan L. Devadoss,Joseph O'Rourke

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838981

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 6955

Discrete geometry is a relatively new development in pure mathematics, while computational geometry is an emerging area in applications-driven computer science. Their intermingling has yielded exciting advances in recent years, yet what has been lacking until now is an undergraduate textbook that bridges the gap between the two. Discrete and Computational Geometry offers a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to this cutting-edge frontier of mathematics and computer science. This book covers traditional topics such as convex hulls, triangulations, and Voronoi diagrams, as well as more recent subjects like pseudotriangulations, curve reconstruction, and locked chains. It also touches on more advanced material, including Dehn invariants, associahedra, quasigeodesics, Morse theory, and the recent resolution of the Poincaré conjecture. Connections to real-world applications are made throughout, and algorithms are presented independently of any programming language. This richly illustrated textbook also features numerous exercises and unsolved problems. The essential introduction to discrete and computational geometry Covers traditional topics as well as new and advanced material Features numerous full-color illustrations, exercises, and unsolved problems Suitable for sophomores in mathematics, computer science, engineering, or physics Rigorous but accessible An online solutions manual is available (for teachers only). To obtain access, please e-mail: [email protected]

Delaunay Triangulation and Meshing

Application to Finite Elements

Author: Paul-Louis George,Houman Borouchaki

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 9782866016920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 413

View: 988

The authors describe meshing techniques based on Delauney triangulation, which is used in construction projects. They also discuss classical mesh generation techniques and more advanced topics such as isotop, planar, curve surface and volumetric testing. The theoretical discussion is complemented by examples of practical applications.

Proceedings of the 22nd International Meshing Roundtable

Author: Josep Sarrate,Matthew Staten

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319023357

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 2350

This volume contains the articles presented at the 22nd International Meshing Roundtable (IMR) organized, in part, by Sandia National Laboratories and was held on Oct 13-16, 2013 in Orlando, Florida, USA. The first IMR was held in 1992, and the conference series has been held annually since. Each year the IMR brings together researchers, developers, and application experts in a variety of disciplines, from all over the world, to present and discuss ideas on mesh generation and related topics. The technical papers in this volume present theoretical and novel ideas and algorithms with practical potential, as well as technical applications in science and engineering, geometric modeling, computer graphics and visualization.