In fields such as politics, international relations, public administration and international law, there is a rapidly growing interest in the topic of 'accountability'. In this innovative new work, Steele shows how we might recognize how an alternative form of accountability in global politics has been present for some time, and that, furthermore, this form's continued presence remains one of the most politically powerful, if not endurable, possibilities for resistance in the near future. This book argues that the physical and visually shocking outcomes of violence found on the bodies of humans, as well as the buildings and landscapes which surround us, specifically the scars they leave behind, remain one of our most compelling forms of accountability. Steele develops the theoretical argument on scars and exteriority utilizing insights from several philosophical and theoretical resources including Hannah Arendt, Erving Goffmann, and Richard Rorty. The work examines scars and their effects through several illustrations, including the accounts of Emmett Till, Iranian protestor Neda Agha-Soltan, the Syrian boy Hamza al-Khateeb, the massacre in WWII and then memorializing throughout the 20th century of the Lidice children in the modern-day Czech Republic, the particular architecturally destructive outcomes of the 2008-9 Gaza War, the loss of the Twin Towers in New York, as well as a variety of violent scars found on the landscapes of Europe and Southeast Asia. Emphasizing the importance of the space and 'time' of scars, the book illustrates how an alternative form of accountability in the scar can be a useful, disruptive, spontaneous, but also creative practice to challenge the discourses of violence which remain with us today.
We live in a visual age. Images and visual artefacts shape international events and our understanding of them. Photographs, film and television influence how we view and approach phenomena as diverse as war, diplomacy, financial crises and election campaigns. Other visual fields, from art and cartoons to maps, monuments and videogames, frame how politics is perceived and enacted. Drones, satellites and surveillance cameras watch us around the clock and deliver images that are then put to political use. Add to this that new technologies now allow for a rapid distribution of still and moving images around the world. Digital media platforms, such as Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Instagram, play an important role across the political spectrum, from terrorist recruitment drives to social justice campaigns. This book offers the first comprehensive engagement with visual global politics. Written by leading experts in numerous scholarly disciplines and presented in accessible and engaging language, Visual Global Politics is a one-stop source for students, scholars and practitioners interested in understanding the crucial and persistent role of images in today’s world.
What kind of ethics in world politics is possible if there is no foundation for moral knowledge or global reality is at least complex and contingent? Furthermore, how can an ethics grapple with difference, a persistent and confounding feature for global politics? This book responds to the call for a bold and creative approach to ethics that avoids assuming or aspiring to universality, and instead prioritizes difference, complexity and uncertainty by turning to reflexivity, not as method or methodology, but as a practice of ethics for politics. This practice, ‘ethical reflexivity’, offers individuals, organizations and communities tools to recognize, interrogate and potentially change the stories they tell about politics—about constraints, notions of responsibility and visions of desirability. The benefits and limits of ethical reflexivity are investigated by the author, who engages writing on critique, rhetoric, affect and relationality, and carefully considers dominant and alternative framings of difficult issues in International Relations (IR)—the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, and the US policies of ‘enhanced interrogation’ and drone strikes. This path-breaking study provokes new possibilities for agency and action and contributes to a growing literature in IR on reflexivity by uniquely elaborating its promise as an ethics for politics, and by drawing on thinkers less utilized in discussions of reflexivity such as Hannah Arendt, Michel Foucault and Aristotle. This book will appeal to scholars and upper-level graduates in several sub-fields of IR, including international/global ethics, IR theory, global governance, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, foreign policy analysis and US foreign policy.
This book critically analyses the 2011 intervention in Libya arguing that the manner in which the intervention was sanctioned, prosecuted and justified has a number of troubling implications for the both the future of humanitarian intervention and international peace and security.
Caliphates and Islamic Global Politics (E-IR Edited Collections)
Author: Timothy Poirson
Publisher: العبيكان للنشر
شهد العالم أحداث الربيع العربي عام 2011، حيث كان قد تجدّد أمل المجتمع المدني العربي بتلك الوقائع، ومع انحدار ليبيا وسوريا إلى حرب أهلية وفوضى يبقى نجاح المجتمع المدني في إيجاد مساحة لنفسه موضع تساؤل؛ إذ إن سقوط أنظمة استبدادية راسخة ظاهريًّا لم يُفد المجتمع المدني كثيرًا، إلا أن حركات إسلامية سياسية استفادت من الفراغ لإنشاء قواعد لها وإطلاق عملياتها من أجل تطبيق إيديولوجيتها. وبعد سنوات عدة على أول الاحتجاجات تعود جماعات إسلامية بقوة في بعض دول الشرق الأوسط، وشمالي إفريقيا، (في سوريا، والعراق، وبلدات في ليبيا، وبعض مناطق لبنان)، حيث تعلن جماعات مثل الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام، أو أنصار الشريعة أو غيرها من الجماعات تنصيب خلفاء في المناطق التي تستولي عليها، في محاولة لتحقيق الهدف الإسلامي السياسي المتمثّل بإنشاء (خلافة إسلامية عالمية) تضم العالم الإسلامي برمَّته. يطرح هذا الكتاب وجهة نظر مؤلِّفه بشكل خاص، والعالم الغربي بشكل عام، عن الإسلام السياسي، إضافة إلى تقويم للدولة الإسلامية وتحدّيها المفاهيم والواقعية والمنطقية، وركز بين صفحاته على العلاقة بين الإسلام والديموقراطية. العبيكان 2016