Decision Making for the Environment

Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change,Panel on Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities for Environmental Decision Making

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309165393

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 3598

With the growing number, complexity, and importance of environmental problems come demands to include a full range of intellectual disciplines and scholarly traditions to help define and eventually manage such problems more effectively. Decision Making for the Environment: Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities is the result of a 2-year effort by 12 social and behavioral scientists, scholars, and practitioners. The report sets research priorities for the social and behavioral sciences as they relate to several different kinds of environmental problems.

Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making

Author: Panel on Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309123984

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 8391

Federal agencies have taken steps to include the public in a wide range of environmental decisions. Although some form of public participation is often required by law, agencies usually have broad discretion about the extent of that involvement. Approaches vary widely, from holding public information-gathering meetings to forming advisory groups to actively including citizens in making and implementing decisions. Proponents of public participation argue that those who must live with the outcome of an environmental decision should have some influence on it. Critics maintain that public participation slows decision making and can lower its quality by including people unfamiliar with the science involved. This book concludes that, when done correctly, public participation improves the quality of federal agencies' decisions about the environment. Well-managed public involvement also increases the legitimacy of decisions in the eyes of those affected by them, which makes it more likely that the decisions will be implemented effectively. This book recommends that agencies recognize public participation as valuable to their objectives, not just as a formality required by the law. It details principles and approaches agencies can use to successfully involve the public.

A Strategy for Assessing Science:

Behavioral and Social Research on Aging

Author: Committee on Assessing Behavioral and Social Science Research on Aging,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103975

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 4460

A Strategy for Assessing Science offers strategic advice on the perennial issue of assessing rates of progress in different scientific fields. It considers available knowledge about how science makes progress and examines a range of decision-making strategies for addressing key science policy concerns. These include avoiding undue conservatism that may arise from the influence of established disciplines; achieving rational, high-quality, accountable, and transparent decision processes; and establishing an appropriate balance of influence between scientific communities and agency science managers. A Strategy for Assessing Science identifies principles for setting priorities and specific recommendations for the context of behavioral and social research on aging.

Encyclopedia of Health Communication

Author: Teresa L. Thompson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483389782

Category: Reference

Page: 1688

View: 2048

From the dynamics of interpersonal communication between health professionals and clients to global command-and-control during public health emergencies that cross international borders, the field of health communication bridges many disciplines and involves efforts from the micro to the macro. It involves navigating personal, cultural, and political complexities and an ability to distill complex technical science into quickly and easily understood terms for ready distribution by the mass media--or to an individual patient or to the parent of an ailing child. Despite an abundance of textbooks, specialized monographs, and academic handbooks, this is the first encyclopedic reference work in this area, covering the breadth of theory and research on health communication, as well as their practical application. Features: Nearly 600 original articles are organized A-to-Z within a three-volume set to provide comprehensive coverage of this exciting field, including such topics as theories and research traditions; evaluation and assessment; cultural complexities; high risk and special populations; message design and campaigns; provider/patient interaction issues; media issues; and more. All articles were specifically commissioned for this work, signed and authored by key figures in the field, and conclude with cross reference links and suggestions for further reading. Appendices include a Resource Guide with annotated lists of classic books and articles, journals, associations, and web sites; a Glossary of specialized terms; and a Chronology offering an overview and history of the field. A thematic Reader’s Guide groups related articles by broad topic areas as one handy search feature on the e-Reference platform, which also includes a comprehensive index of search terms. This A-to-Z three-volume reference is available in both print and online formats and is a must-have for libraries and researchers who seek comprehensive coverage of the theory, research, and applications of health communication.

Environmental Policy Integration in Practice

Shaping Institutions for Learning

Author: Katarina Eckerberg,Mans Nilsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136548173

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 8851

Environmental values and concerns are meant to be reflected through environmental policy, which is then integrated into mainstream economic and social policy that serves to govern society and the economy in different sectors. Yet effective environmental policy integration has proved to be very difficult in practice and it remains largely an elusive aspiration. This groundbreaking volume presents the first ever detailed examination of EPI at the national policy level, focusing on the key sectors of energy and agriculture within Sweden, a country that is widely recognized as a front runner in environmental management. The authors deconstruct EPI, look at what it means in policy formation and examine how environmental priorities are treated in relation to other political priorities. The final section of the book lays out the major findings and presents key lessons for international application, including institutional recommendations on how to enhance the potential for EPI. Most fundamentally, the book answers the questions of what works for EPI, why it works, and how it can be achieved in practice across sectors. The result is a rich and indispensable guide for all those involved in environmental and sustainable development policy issues.

Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises

Author: Committee on the Effective Use of Data, Methodologies, and Technologies to Estimate Subnational Populations at Risk,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Population,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309103541

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3858

Worldwide, millions of people are displaced annually because of natural or industrial disasters or social upheaval. Reliable data on the numbers, characteristics, and locations of these populations can bolster humanitarian relief efforts and recovery programs. Using sound methods for estimating population numbers and characteristics is important for both industrialized and developing nations. Ensuring that the data are geographically referenced for projection onto maps is essential. However, good data alone are insufficient. Adequate staff training and strong organizational and political desire to maintain and use the information are also required. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises, reviews the main methods and tools for making estimates of subnational populations and makes several recommendations to improve the collection and the use of population data for emergency response and development.

Research and Networks for Decision Support in the NOAA Sectoral Applications Research Program

Author: Panel on Design Issues for the NOAA Sector Applications Research Program,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309112028

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 847

This study recommends a definition of "decision support" that emphasizes communication rather than translation and a strategy by which the small NOAA Sectoral Applications Research program can advance decision support. The book emphasizes that seasonal climate forecasts provide fundamentally new kinds of information and that integrating this information into real-world decisions will require social innovations that are not easily accomplished. It recommends that the program invest in (a) research to identify and foster the innovations needed to make information about climate variability and change more usable in specific sectors, including research on the processes that influence success or failure in the creation of knowledge-action networks for making climate information; (b) workshops to identify, catalyze, and assess the potential of knowledge-action networks in particular resource areas or decision domains; and (c) pilot projects to create or enhance these networks for supporting decisions in climate-affected sectors. It recommends that evaluation of the program be addressed with a monitoring approach.

Population Health: Behavioral and Social Science Insights

Author: Robert M. Kaplan,Michael L. Spittel,Daryn H. David

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 1587634457

Category: Medical

Page: 1806

View: 4735

The purpose of this book is to gain a better understanding of the multitude of factors that determine longer life and improved quality of life in the years a person is alive. While the emphasis is primarily on the social and behavioral determinants that have an effect on the health and well-being of individuals, this publication also addresses quality of life factors and determinants more broadly. Each chapter in this book considers an area of investigation and ends with suggestions for future research and implications of current research for policy and practice. The introductory chapter summarizes the state of Americans’ health and well-being in comparison to our international peers and presents background information concerning the limitations of current approaches to improving health and well-being. Following the introduction, there are 21 chapters that examine the effects of various behavioral risk factors on population health, identify trends in life expectancy and quality of life, and suggest avenues for research in the behavioral and social science arenas to address problems affecting the U.S. population and populations in other developed and developing countries around the world. Undergraduate and graduate students pursuing coursework in health statistics, health population demographics, behavioral and social science, and heatlh policy may be interested in this content. Additionally, policymakers, legislators, heatlh educators, and scientific organizations around the world may also have an interest in this resource.

More Than Information

What California's Coastal Managers Need to Plan for Climate Change : PIER Project Report

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 37

View: 632

Pushing the Efficiency Envelope

R&D for High-performance Buildings, Industries, and Consumers : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, First Session, April 28, 2009

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture and energy conservation

Page: 102

View: 7152

Sustainable agriculture and food

Author: Jules N. Pretty

Publisher: Earthscan / James & James

ISBN: 9781844074082

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1800

View: 1835

* Essential collection of the most important literature covering the full scope and depth of agriculture and food production world-wide * Edited by Jules Pretty, the world's leading authority on sustainable food and agriculture * Substantial set overview and volume introductions by the editor provide comprehensive treatment of the major themes, historical and current trends and schools of thought ' ideal for researchers *World-wide coverage including perspectives and key literature from and on Asia, Europe,the Middle East, Africa and North and South America This four volume set, edited by the world's leading expert on agricultural sustainability, brings together and interprets the most influential, important and time-tested international scholarship across the fields of agriculture and food production with a set overview and individual volume introductions that make sense of this diverse and complex field. Volume I covers the history of agriculture from its ancient origins through successive technological and institutional revolutions to the present. Volume II examines the relationship between agriculture and the environment including agricultural contamination, greenhouse gases and climate change, environmental improvements and sustainability, integrated farming, eco-agriculture and agro-ecology, landscape restoration and environmental goods and services. Volume III provides full coverage of the modern industrialized global food system, corporate control, poverty, hunger and international successes, failures and challenges, diet and health, consumer behavior and local alternatives to industrialization. Volume IV addresses how we think about land and our relationship to it, governance and stewardship of the rural commons, systems thinking, ecological literacy, social connections and a sustainable rural life, supportive and perverse agricultural subsidies and policies that shape food poverty and sustain agriculture into the future.

Environment & Planning A.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City Planning

Page: N.A

View: 9472

Global Environmental Change

Understanding the Human Dimensions

Author: Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030958342X

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 808

Global environmental change often seems to be the most carefully examined issue of our time. Yet understanding the human side--human causes of and responses to environmental change--has not yet received sustained attention. Global Environmental Change offers a strategy for combining the efforts of natural and social scientists to better understand how our actions influence global change and how global change influences us. The volume is accessible to the nonscientist and provides a wide range of examples and case studies. It explores how the attitudes and actions of individuals, governments, and organizations intertwine to leave their mark on the health of the planet. The book focuses on establishing a framework for this new field of study, identifying problems that must be overcome if we are to deepen our understanding of the human dimensions of global change, presenting conclusions and recommendations.

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook

Author: Clifton D. Bryant,Dennis L. Peck

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412916080

Category: Social Science

Page: 1344

View: 4376

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.

The contribution of the social sciences to the energy challenge

hearing before the Subcommittee on Research and Science Education, Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, September 25, 2007

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Research and Science Education

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 77

View: 4349

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 5750

Ecological Consumer Decision Making

Nature, Process, and Barriers in Apparel Acquisition

Author: Kim Yvonne Hiller Connell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Clothing and dress

Page: 704

View: 6322

Science Magazine's State of the Planet 2006-2007

Author: Donald Kennedy,the Editors of Science

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 2810

Science Magazine's State of the Planet 2006-2007 is a unique contribution that brings together leading environmental scientists and researchers to give readers a comprehensive yet accessible overview of current issues. Explanatory essays from Science magazine Editor-in-Chief Donald Kennedy tie together the issues and explore the relationships among them. This book is an invaluable guide for readers interested in environmental issues and for undergraduate or graduate students in fields relating to environmental policy, environmental science, and similar fields. Book jacket.