Pakistan, the United States, and the Secret Trade in Nuclear Weapons

Author: Adrian Levy,Catherine Scott-Clark

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802718600

Category: Political Science

Page: 608

View: 7751

The shocking, three-decade story of A. Q. Khan and Pakistan's nuclear program, and the complicity of the United States in the spread of nuclear weaponry. On December 15, 1975, A. Q. Khan-a young Pakistani scientist working in Holland-stole top-secret blueprints for a revolutionary new process to arm a nuclear bomb. His original intention, and that of his government, was purely patriotic-to provide Pakistan a counter to India's recently unveiled nuclear device. However, as Adrian Levy and Catherine Scott-Clark chillingly relate in their masterful investigation of Khan's career over the past thirty years, over time that limited ambition mushroomed into the world's largest clandestine network engaged in selling nuclear secrets-a mercenary and illicit program managed by the Pakistani military and made possible, in large part, by aid money from the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Libya, and by indiscriminate assistance from China. Based on hundreds of interviews in the United States, Pakistan, India, Israel, Europe, and Southeast Asia, Deception is a masterwork of reportage and dramatic storytelling by two of the world's most resourceful investigative journalists. Urgently important, it should stimulate debate and command a reexamination of our national priorities.

Go With Me

Author: Castle Freeman

Publisher: Gerald Duckworth & Co

ISBN: 0715640194

Category: Fiction

Page: 176

View: 8658

Somewhere in backwoods Vermont, a young woman refuses to back down in the face of threats from a violent local villain. Her boyfriend has fled the state in fear, and local law enforcement can do nothing to protect her. And so she resolves not only to stand her ground, but also to fight back. A pair of unlikely allies - Lester, a crafty old-timer, and Nate, built like a tractor and not much smarter - join her cause, willing to do whatever it takes. An eccentric Greek chorus of locals - wry, witty, sceptical, and not always entirely sober - keep a running commentary in the background as the threesome's quest reaches its terrifying conclusion.

Israel and the Bomb

Author: Avner Cohen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231104839

Category: Political Science

Page: 470

View: 1062

Cohen focuses on a two-decade period from about 1950 until 1970, during which David Ben-Gurion's vision of making Israel a nuclear-weapon state was realized. He weaves together the story of the formative years of Israel's nuclear program, from the founding of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission in 1952, to the alliance with France that gave Israel the sophisticated technology it needed, to the failure of American intelligence to identify the Dimona Project for what it was, to the negotiations between President Nixon and Prime Minister Meir that led to the current policy of secrecy. Cohen also analyzes the complex reasons Israel concealed its nuclear program - from concerns over the Arab reaction and the negative effect of the debate at home to consideration of America's commitment to nonproliferation.

The Age of Deception

Nuclear Diplomacy in Treacherous Times

Author: Mohamed ElBaradei

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408815974

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 3889

Mohamed ElBaradei is at the forefront of current political change in Egypt. The Nobel Peace Prize Laureate is a key figure in the dramatic events unfolding in Cairo and is the leader of the reform movement. ElBaradei was deeply involved in the UN in the run-up to the Iraq War. Now, for the first time, he tells the story of what happened behind the scenes of the war, and assesses the threat that nu

Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea

Author: Jeffrey Richelson

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393329828

Category: History

Page: 734

View: 7791

A global history of U.S. nuclear espionage traces the growth of nuclear activities in an increasing number of nations while indicating what the United States historically believed about each country's laboratories, test sites, and decision-making councils, in an account that includes coverage of the mysterious Vela incident and current efforts to uncover nuclear secrets in Iran and North Korea. Reprint.

The Amber Room

The Fate of the World's Greatest Lost Treasure

Author: Adrian Levy

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802718099

Category: Art

Page: 416

View: 7603

The history of art has produced few works as ambitious and as valuable as the Amber Room. Famous throughout Europe as "the eighth wonder of the world," its vast and intricately worked amber panels were sent in 1717 by Frederick I of Prussia as a gift to Peter the Great of Russia. Erected some years later, they quickly became a symbol of Russia's imperial might. For more than two hundred years the Amber Room remained in its Russian palace outside St. Petersburg (Leningrad), but when the Nazi army invaded Russia and swept towards Leningrad in 1941, the panels were wrenched from the walls, packed into crates, and disappeared from view, never to be seen again. Dozens of people have tried to trace the whereabouts of the Amber Room, and several of them have died in mysterious circumstances. Adrian Levy and Catherine Scott-Clark have gone further along the trail of this great lost treasure than anyone before them, and have unraveled the jumble of evidence surrounding its fate. Their search catapulted them across eastern Europe and into the menacing world of espionage and counterespionage that still surrounds Russia and the former Soviet bloc. In archives in St. Petersburg and Berlin, amid boxes of hitherto unseen diaries, letters, and classified reports, they have uncovered for the first time an astounding conspiracy to hide the truth. In a gripping climax that is a triumph of detection and narrative journalism, The Amber Room shows incontrovertibly what really happened to the most valuable lost artwork in the world, and why the truth has been withheld for so long.

Nuclear Deception

The Dangerous Relationship Between the United States and Pakistan

Author: Adrian Levy,Catherine Scott-Clark

Publisher: Walker

ISBN: 9780802716842

Category: Political Science

Page: 608

View: 2402

The startling story of America’s role, over three decades and five administrations, in aiding and abetting a new age of nuclear terror. In a masterful investigation, Adrian Levy and Catherine Scott-Clark reveal the disastrous ideological shortsightedness that has informed American policy toward Pakistan over the last thirty years, and how decades of parochial and sometimes criminal policy enabled a nuclear scandal to evolve. Although seen as a crucial ally, Pakistan instead betrayed the West, building a vast nuclear arsenal in large part with U.S. aid money and selling the technology to countries hostile to the West, while more recently giving shelter to the resurgent Taliban and al-Qaeda. Deception puts our current standoffs with Iran and North Korea, and the quagmire in Iraq, in a startling new perspective, revealing how by giving the Pakistan military succor, the United States has helped usher in a new age of nuclear terror. Based on hundreds of interviews over the past decade in the United States, Pakistan, India, Israel and the Middle East, Europe, and Southeast Asia, it is a masterwork of reportage and dramatic storytelling by two of the world’s most resourceful investigative journalists.

The Logic of American Nuclear Strategy

Why Strategic Superiority Matters

Author: Matthew Kroenig

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190849185

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 1123

"What kind of nuclear strategy and posture does the United States need to defend itself and its allies? According to a longstanding, academic conventional wisdom, the answer to this question is straightforward: the United States needs the ability to absorb an enemy nuclear attack and respond with a devastating nuclear counterattack. This book takes a different approach. Rather than dismiss it as illogical, it explains The Logic of American Nuclear Strategy. It argues that military nuclear advantages above and beyond a secure, second-strike capability can contribute to a state's national security goals. This is primarily because nuclear advantages reduce a state's expected cost of nuclear war, increasing its resolve, providing it with coercive bargaining leverage and enhancing nuclear deterrence. This book provides the first coherent theoretical explanation for why military nuclear advantages translate into geopolitical advantages. In so doing, it resolves one of the longest-standing and most-intractable puzzles in international security studies. The book also explains why, in a world of growing nuclear dangers, the United States must possess, as President Donald J. Trump recently declared, a nuclear arsenal "at the top of the pack.""--Provided by publisher.

Exporting the Bomb

Technology Transfer and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Author: Matthew Kroenig

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080145767X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4137

In a vitally important book for anyone interested in nuclear proliferation, defense strategy, or international security, Matthew Kroenig points out that nearly every country with a nuclear weapons arsenal received substantial help at some point from a more advanced nuclear state. Why do some countries help others to develop nuclear weapons? Many analysts assume that nuclear transfers are driven by economic considerations. States in dire economic need, they suggest, export sensitive nuclear materials and technology-and ignore the security risk-in a desperate search for hard currency. Kroenig challenges this conventional wisdom. He finds that state decisions to provide sensitive nuclear assistance are the result of a coherent, strategic logic. The spread of nuclear weapons threatens powerful states more than it threatens weak states, and these differential effects of nuclear proliferation encourage countries to provide sensitive nuclear assistance under certain strategic conditions. Countries are more likely to export sensitive nuclear materials and technology when it would have the effect of constraining an enemy and less likely to do so when it would threaten themselves. In Exporting the Bomb, Kroenig examines the most important historical cases, including France's nuclear assistance to Israel in the 1950s and 1960s; the Soviet Union's sensitive transfers to China from 1958 to 1960; China's nuclear aid to Pakistan in the 1980s; and Pakistan's recent technology transfers, with the help of "rogue" scientist A. Q. Khan, from 1987 to 2002. Understanding why states provide sensitive nuclear assistance not only adds to our knowledge of international politics but also aids in international efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons.

Crossed Swords

Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within

Author: Shuja Nawaz

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: History

Page: 655

View: 9859

Based on 30 years of research and analysis, this definitive book is a profound, multi-layered, and historical analysis of the nature and role of the Pakistan army in the country's polity as well as its turbulent relationship with the United States. Shuja Nawaz examines the army and Pakistan in both peace and war. Using many hitherto unpublished materials from the archives of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the General Headquarters of the Pakistan Army, as well as interviews withkey military and political figures in Pakistan and the United States, he sheds light not only on the Pakistan Army and its US connections but also on Pakistan as a key Muslim country in one of the world's toughest neighborhoods. In doing so, he lays bare key facts about Pakistan's numerous wars with India and its many rounds of political musical chairs, as well as the Kargil conflict of 1999. He then draws lessons from this history that may help Pakistan end its wars within and create a stablerpolitical entity. Visit for more information about Shuja Nawaz.


The True Story of the CIA's Secret War on Nuclear Trafficking

Author: Catherine Collins,Douglas Frantz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439183083

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4203

More than a high-stakes espionage thriller, Fallout painstakingly examines the huge costs of the CIA’s errors and the lost opportunities to halt the spread of nuclear weapons technology long before it was made available to some of the most dangerous and reckless adversaries of the United States and its allies. For more than a quarter of a century, while the Central Intelligence Agency turned a dismissive eye, a globe-straddling network run by Pakistani scientist A. Q. Khan sold the equipment and expertise to make nuclear weapons to a rogues’ gallery of nations. Among its known customers were Iran, Libya, and North Korea. When the United States finally took action to stop the network in late 2003, President George W. Bush declared the end of the global enterprise to be a major intelligence victory that had made the world safer. But, as investigative journalists Catherine Collins and Douglas Frantz document masterfully, the claim that Khan’s operation had been dismantled was a classic case of too little, too late. Khan’s ring had, by then, sold Iran the technology to bring Tehran to the brink of building a nuclear weapon. It had also set loose on the world the most dangerous nuclear secrets imaginable—sophisticated weapons designs, blueprints for uranium enrichment plants, plans for warheads—all for sale to the highest bidder. Relying on explosive new information gathered in exclusive interviews with key participants and previously undisclosed, highly confidential documents, the authors expose the truth behind the elaborate efforts by the CIA to conceal the full extent of the damage done by Khan’s network and to cover up how the profound failure to stop the atomic bazaar much earlier jeopardizes our national security today.

Containing Iran

Strategies for Addressing the Iranian Nuclear Challenge

Author: Robert J. Reardon

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833076353

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 1386

Iran's nuclear program is one of this century's principal foreign policy challenges. Despite U.S., Israeli, and allied efforts, Iran has an extensive enrichment program and likely has the technical capacity to produce at least one nuclear bomb if it so chose. This study assesses U.S. policy options, identifies a way forward, and considers how the United States might best mitigate the negative international effects of a nuclear-armed Iran.

No Exit from Pakistan

America's Tortured Relationship with Islamabad

Author: Daniel S. Markey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107045460

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 6042

This book tells the story of the tragic and often tormented relationship between the United States and Pakistan. Pakistan's internal troubles have already threatened U.S. security and international peace, and Pakistan's rapidly growing population, nuclear arsenal, and relationships with China and India will continue to force it upon America's geostrategic map in new and important ways over the coming decades. This book explores the main trends in Pakistani society that will help determine its future; traces the wellsprings of Pakistani anti-American sentiment through the history of U.S.-Pakistan relations from 1947 to 2001; assesses how Washington made and implemented policies regarding Pakistan since the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001; and analyzes how regional dynamics, especially the rise of China, will likely shape U.S.-Pakistan relations. It concludes with three options for future U.S. strategy, described as defensive insulation, military-first cooperation, and comprehensive cooperation. The book explains how Washington can prepare for the worst, aim for the best, and avoid past mistakes.

The Iran Threat

President Ahmadinejad and the Coming Nuclear Crisis

Author: Alireza Jafarzadeh

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780230610880

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 6270

From the controversial expert who brought Iran's nuclear program to the attention of the world in 2002 comes a searing exposé of the inner workings and plans of Iran's mullahs. With access to dissident groups inside Iran, Alireza Jafarzadeh traces President Ahmadinejad's radical roots and involvement in terror attacks to his impact on Iran's weapons program. He reveals new details on Iran's meddling in Iraq and its broader goals for the future of the Middle East. This is the most authoritative account to date of the looming threat Iran poses to the United States and the Gulf region. Readers will learn for the first time: *President Ahmadinejad's radical past as a feared torturer of political prisoners and his zealous mission to deliver the regime its first nuclear bomb *The chilling trend of the military's increasing control of the nuclear program *How Ahmadinejad was handpicked by Iran's mullahs to help create an Islamic Republic in Iraq *The latest covert actions to bury nuclear facilities in tunnels *The story of the front companies Iran used to buy its nuclear technology undetected *The author's original and insightful policy options to end the Iranian threat

The Stone of Heaven

Unearthing the Secret History of Imperial Green Jade

Author: Adrian Levy,Cathy Scott-Clark

Publisher: Hachette Digital, Inc.

ISBN: 9780316095587

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 9007

A compelling and richly textured journey to Burma into the heart of Imperial Green Jade, the rare and stunning stone more precious than diamonds, interconnects the modern story of the miners of jadeite who are dying of AIDS because they are being paid in the form of heroin with the mythology and secret history of this unusual jewel that goes back to the Burmese court. Reprint. 25,000 first printing.

The Siege

68 Hours Inside the Taj Hotel

Author: Cathy Scott-clark,Adrian Levy

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101613246

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 1873

Winner of the CWA Nonfiction Dagger Award, the definitive account of the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai Mumbai, 2008. On the night of November 26, Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists attacked targets throughout the city, including the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, one of the world’s most exclusive luxury hotels. For sixty-eight hours, hundreds were held hostage as shots rang out and an enormous fire raged. When the smoke cleared, thirty-one people were dead and many more had been injured. Only the courageous actions of staff and guests—including Mallika Jagad, Bob Nichols, and Taj general manager Binny Kang—prevented a much higher death toll. With a deep understanding of the region and its politics and a narrative flair reminiscent of Midnight in Peking, journalists Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian Levy vividly unfold the tragic events in a real-life thriller filled with suspense, tragedy, history, and heroism.


A Hard Country

Author: Anatol Lieven

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1610391624

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 2716

In the past decade Pakistan has become a country of immense importance to its region, the United States, and the world. With almost 200 million people, a 500,000-man army, nuclear weapons, and a large diaspora in Britain and North America, Pakistan is central to the hopes of jihadis and the fears of their enemies. Yet the greatest short-term threat to Pakistan is not Islamist insurgency as such, but the actions of the United States, and the greatest longterm threat is ecological change. Anatol Lieven's book is a magisterial investigation of this highly complex and often poorly understood country. Engagingly written, combining history and profound analysis with reportage from Lieven's extensive travels as a journalist and academic, Pakistan: A Hard Country is both utterly compelling and deeply revealing.

Transparency in Nuclear Warheads and Materials

The Political and Technical Dimensions

Author: Nicholas Zarimpas,Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Publisher: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

ISBN: 9780199252428

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 7016

General requirements for establishing a verification regime in the context of moving towards a nuclear weapon-free world have been the subject of numerous studies during the past decade. The studies presented in this book add significantly to the general discussion by addressing the technical means and procedures for establishing transparency in nuclear warheads and materials in the nuclear weapons states. They examine recent initiatives - not only the US-Russian arms control and security dialogue, but also developments in the other nuclear weapon states. The capacities of the US and Russian nuclear weapon complexes to undertake irreversible warhead elimination are considered, as are the effects of increased transparency on international security. The book analyses proposed arrangements for establishing stockpile declarations, for verifying warhead dismantlement and the storage and disposition of fissile materials, and for monitoring the closure or conversion of nuclear facilities. In this light it provides a comprehensive, in-depth appraisal of a possible role for the IAEA. The contributors represent an exceptionally wide range of experience and knowledge on the increasingly important issue of transparency.

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Proliferation and Security Issues

Author: Paul K. Kerr

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437921949

Category: Nuclear nonproliferation

Page: 18

View: 3147

Pakistan¿s nuclear arsenal consists of approx. 60 nuclear warheads, although it could be larger. Islamabad is producing fissile material, adding to related production facilities, and deploying additional delivery vehicles. These steps will enable Pakistan to undertake both quantitative and qualitative improvements to its nuclear arsenal. Islamabad does not have a public, detailed nuclear doctrine, but its ¿minimum credible deterrent¿ is widely regarded as primarily a deterrent to Indian military action. Contents of this report: Background; Nuclear Weapons; Responding to India?; Delivery Vehicles; Nuclear Doctrine; Command and Control; Security Concerns; Proliferation Threat; and Pakistan¿s Response to the Proliferation Threat.

The Meadow: Kashmir 1995 – Where the Terror Began

Author: Adrian Levy,Cathy Scott-Clark

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 0007457057

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 528

View: 1942

The shocking true story of a brutal kidnapping high in the mountains of Kashmir that marked the beginning of modern terrorism.