Author: Tsau Young Lin,Ying Xie,Anita Wasilewska,Churn-Jung Liau
The IEEE ICDM 2004 workshop on the Foundation of Data Mining and the IEEE ICDM 2005 workshop on the Foundation of Semantic Oriented Data and Web Mining focused on topics ranging from the foundations of data mining to new data mining paradigms. The workshops brought together both data mining researchers and practitioners to discuss these two topics while seeking solutions to long standing data mining problems and stimul- ing new data mining research directions. We feel that the papers presented at these workshops may encourage the study of data mining as a scienti?c ?eld and spark new communications and collaborations between researchers and practitioners. Toexpressthevisionsforgedintheworkshopstoawiderangeofdatam- ing researchers and practitioners and foster active participation in the study of foundations of data mining, we edited this volume by involving extended and updated versions of selected papers presented at those workshops as well as some other relevant contributions. The content of this book includes st- ies of foundations of data mining from theoretical, practical, algorithmical, and managerial perspectives. The following is a brief summary of the papers contained in this book.
VOLUME 2: Statistical, Bayesian, Time Series and other Theoretical Aspects
Author: Dawn E. Holmes,Lakhmi C Jain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
There are many invaluable books available on data mining theory and applications. However, in compiling a volume titled “DATA MINING: Foundations and Intelligent Paradigms: Volume 2: Core Topics including Statistical, Time-Series and Bayesian Analysis” we wish to introduce some of the latest developments to a broad audience of both specialists and non-specialists in this field.
Jacek Koronacki,Zbigniew W. Ras,Slawomir T. Wierzchon
Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Ryszard S. Michalski
Author: Jacek Koronacki,Zbigniew W. Ras,Slawomir T. Wierzchon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is the second volume of a large two-volume editorial project we wish to dedicate to the memory of the late Professor Ryszard S. Michalski who passed away in 2007. He was one of the fathers of machine learning, an exciting and relevant, both from the practical and theoretical points of view, area in modern computer science and information technology. His research career started in the mid-1960s in Poland, in the Institute of Automation, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, Poland. He left for the USA in 1970, and since then had worked there at various universities, notably, at the University of Illinois at Urbana – Champaign and finally, until his untimely death, at George Mason University. We, the editors, had been lucky to be able to meet and collaborate with Ryszard for years, indeed some of us knew him when he was still in Poland. After he started working in the USA, he was a frequent visitor to Poland, taking part at many conferences until his death. We had also witnessed with a great personal pleasure honors and awards he had received over the years, notably when some years ago he was elected Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences among some top scientists and scholars from all over the world, including Nobel prize winners. Professor Michalski’s research results influenced very strongly the development of machine learning, data mining, and related areas. Also, he inspired many established and younger scholars and scientists all over the world. We feel very happy that so many top scientists from all over the world agreed to pay the last tribute to Professor Michalski by writing papers in their areas of research. These papers will constitute the most appropriate tribute to Professor Michalski, a devoted scholar and researcher. Moreover, we believe that they will inspire many newcomers and younger researchers in the area of broadly perceived machine learning, data analysis and data mining. The papers included in the two volumes, Machine Learning I and Machine Learning II, cover diverse topics, and various aspects of the fields involved. For convenience of the potential readers, we will now briefly summarize the contents of the particular chapters.
Liu has written a comprehensive text on Web mining, which consists of two parts. The first part covers the data mining and machine learning foundations, where all the essential concepts and algorithms of data mining and machine learning are presented. The second part covers the key topics of Web mining, where Web crawling, search, social network analysis, structured data extraction, information integration, opinion mining and sentiment analysis, Web usage mining, query log mining, computational advertising, and recommender systems are all treated both in breadth and in depth. His book thus brings all the related concepts and algorithms together to form an authoritative and coherent text. The book offers a rich blend of theory and practice. It is suitable for students, researchers and practitioners interested in Web mining and data mining both as a learning text and as a reference book. Professors can readily use it for classes on data mining, Web mining, and text mining. Additional teaching materials such as lecture slides, datasets, and implemented algorithms are available online.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Foundations and Practice of Security, FPS 2016, held in Québec City, QC, Canada, in October 2016. The 18 revised regular papers presented together with 5 short papers and 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 34 submissions. The accepted papers cover diverse research themes, ranging from classic topics, such as malware, anomaly detection, and privacy, to emerging issues, such as security and privacy in mobile computing and cloud.
Hsinchun Chen,Sherrilynne S. Fuller,Carol Friedman,William Hersh
Knowledge Management and Data Mining in Biomedicine
Author: Hsinchun Chen,Sherrilynne S. Fuller,Carol Friedman,William Hersh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Comprehensively presents the foundations and leading application research in medical informatics/biomedicine. The concepts and techniques are illustrated with detailed case studies. Authors are widely recognized professors and researchers in Schools of Medicine and Information Systems from the University of Arizona, University of Washington, Columbia University, and Oregon Health & Science University. Related Springer title, Shortliffe: Medical Informatics, has sold over 8000 copies The title will be positioned at the upper division and graduate level Medical Informatics course and a reference work for practitioners in the field.
Foundations for Data Mining, Informatics, and Knowledge Discovery
Author: Walter W. Piegorsch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A comprehensive introduction to statistical methods for data mining and knowledge discovery. Applications of data mining and ‘big data’ increasingly take center stage in our modern, knowledge-driven society, supported by advances in computing power, automated data acquisition, social media development and interactive, linkable internet software. This book presents a coherent, technical introduction to modern statistical learning and analytics, starting from the core foundations of statistics and probability. It includes an overview of probability and statistical distributions, basics of data manipulation and visualization, and the central components of standard statistical inferences. The majority of the text extends beyond these introductory topics, however, to supervised learning in linear regression, generalized linear models, and classification analytics. Finally, unsupervised learning via dimension reduction, cluster analysis, and market basket analysis are introduced. Extensive examples using actual data (with sample R programming code) are provided, illustrating diverse informatic sources in genomics, biomedicine, ecological remote sensing, astronomy, socioeconomics, marketing, advertising and finance, among many others. Statistical Data Analytics: Focuses on methods critically used in data mining and statistical informatics. Coherently describes the methods at an introductory level, with extensions to selected intermediate and advanced techniques. Provides informative, technical details for the highlighted methods. Employs the open-source R language as the computational vehicle – along with its burgeoning collection of online packages – to illustrate many of the analyses contained in the book. Concludes each chapter with a range of interesting and challenging homework exercises using actual data from a variety of informatic application areas. This book will appeal as a classroom or training text to intermediate and advanced undergraduates, and to beginning graduate students, with sufficient background in calculus and matrix algebra. It will also serve as a source-book on the foundations of statistical informatics and data analytics to practitioners who regularly apply statistical learning to their modern data.
Tsau Young Lin,Setsuo Ohsuga,Churn-Jung Liau,Xiaohua Hu
Author: Tsau Young Lin,Setsuo Ohsuga,Churn-Jung Liau,Xiaohua Hu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Data-mining has become a popular research topic in recent years for the treatment of the "data rich and information poor" syndrome. Currently, application oriented engineers are only concerned with their immediate problems, which results in an ad hoc method of problem solving. Researchers, on the other hand, lack an understanding of the practical issues of data-mining for real-world problems and often concentrate on issues that are of no significance to the practitioners. In this volume, we hope to remedy problems by (1) presenting a theoretical foundation of data-mining, and (2) providing important new directions for data-mining research. A set of well respected data mining theoreticians were invited to present their views on the fundamental science of data mining. We have also called on researchers with practical data mining experiences to present new important data-mining topics.
In recent years, the science of managing and analyzing large datasets has emerged as a critical area of research. In the race to answer vital questions and make knowledgeable decisions, impressive amounts of data are now being generated at a rapid pace, increasing the opportunities and challenges associated with the ability to effectively analyze this data.
This book presents a unique systems theory approach to management information system (MIS) development. It covers an outline of the approach, providing a theoretical foundation for MIS from the systems theoretic viewpoint before presenting practical applications ranging from a transaction processing system to a solver system. The author also describes his newly developed extended Prolog programming language, which helps take full advantage of the mathematical framework employed.
Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook organizes all major concepts, theories, methodologies, trends, challenges and applications of data mining (DM) and knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) into a coherent and unified repository. This book first surveys, then provides comprehensive yet concise algorithmic descriptions of methods, including classic methods plus the extensions and novel methods developed recently. This volume concludes with in-depth descriptions of data mining applications in various interdisciplinary industries including finance, marketing, medicine, biology, engineering, telecommunications, software, and security. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook is designed for research scientists and graduate-level students in computer science and engineering. This book is also suitable for professionals in fields such as computing applications, information systems management, and strategic research management.
This text takes a focused and comprehensive look at mining data represented as a graph, with the latest findings and applications in both theory and practice provided. Even if you have minimal background in analyzing graph data, with this book you’ll be able to represent data as graphs, extract patterns and concepts from the data, and apply the methodologies presented in the text to real datasets. There is a misprint with the link to the accompanying Web page for this book. For those readers who would like to experiment with the techniques found in this book or test their own ideas on graph data, the Web page for the book should be http://www.eecs.wsu.edu/MGD.
This book provides a fundamentally new approach to pattern recognition in which objects are characterized by relations to other objects instead of by using features or models. This 'dissimilarity representation' bridges the gap between the traditionally opposing approaches of statistical and structural pattern recognition.Physical phenomena, objects and events in the world are related in various and often complex ways. Such relations are usually modeled in the form of graphs or diagrams. While this is useful for communication between experts, such representation is difficult to combine and integrate by machine learning procedures. However, if the relations are captured by sets of dissimilarities, general data analysis procedures may be applied for analysis.With their detailed description of an unprecedented approach absent from traditional textbooks, the authors have crafted an essential book for every researcher and systems designer studying or developing pattern recognition systems.
This volume focuses on the theory and practice of data stream management, and the novel challenges this emerging domain poses for data-management algorithms, systems, and applications. The collection of chapters, contributed by authorities in the field, offers a comprehensive introduction to both the algorithmic/theoretical foundations of data streams, as well as the streaming systems and applications built in different domains. A short introductory chapter provides a brief summary of some basic data streaming concepts and models, and discusses the key elements of a generic stream query processing architecture. Subsequently, Part I focuses on basic streaming algorithms for some key analytics functions (e.g., quantiles, norms, join aggregates, heavy hitters) over streaming data. Part II then examines important techniques for basic stream mining tasks (e.g., clustering, classification, frequent itemsets). Part III discusses a number of advanced topics on stream processing algorithms, and Part IV focuses on system and language aspects of data stream processing with surveys of influential system prototypes and language designs. Part V then presents some representative applications of streaming techniques in different domains (e.g., network management, financial analytics). Finally, the volume concludes with an overview of current data streaming products and new application domains (e.g. cloud computing, big data analytics, and complex event processing), and a discussion of future directions in this exciting field. The book provides a comprehensive overview of core concepts and technological foundations, as well as various systems and applications, and is of particular interest to students, lecturers and researchers in the area of data stream management.
The field of data mining provides techniques for automated discovery of valuable information from the accumulated data of computerized operations of enterprises. This book offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to both data mining theory and practice. It is written primarily as a textbook for the students of computer science, management, computer applications, and information technology. The book ensures that the students learn the major data mining techniques even if they do not have a strong mathematical background. The techniques include data pre-processing, association rule mining, supervised classification, cluster analysis, web data mining, search engine query mining, data warehousing and OLAP. To enhance the understanding of the concepts introduced, and to show how the techniques described in the book are used in practice, each chapter is followed by one or two case studies that have been published in scholarly journals. Most case studies deal with real business problems (for example, marketing, e-commerce, CRM). Studying the case studies provides the reader with a greater insight into the data mining techniques. The book also provides many examples, review questions, multiple choice questions, chapter-end exercises and a good list of references and Web resources especially those which are easy to understand and useful for students. A number of class projects have also been included.
Mobile communications and ubiquitous computing generate large volumes of data. Mining this data can produce useful knowledge, yet individual privacy is at risk. This book investigates the various scientific and technological issues of mobility data, open problems, and roadmap. The editors manage a research project called GeoPKDD, Geographic Privacy-Aware Knowledge Discovery and Delivery, and this book relates their findings in 13 chapters covering all related subjects.
The World Wide Web has become an extremely popular way of publishing and distributing electronic resources. Though the Web is rich with information, collecting and making sense of this data is difficult because it is rather unorganized. Building an Intelligent Web introduces students and professionals to the state-of-the art development of Web Intelligence techniques and teaches how to apply these techniques to develop the next generation of intelligent Web sites. Each chapter contains theoretical bases, which are also illustrated with the help of simple numeric examples, followed by practical implementation. Students will find Building an Intelligent Web to be an active and exciting introduction to advanced Web mining topics. Topics covered include Web Intelligence, Information Retrieval, Semantic Web, Classification and Association Rules, SQL, Database Theory, Applications to e-commerce and Bioinformatics, Clustering, Modeling Web Topology, and much more!
12th International Symposium, ISMIS 2000, Charlotte, NC, USA October 11-14, 2000 Proceedings
Author: Zbigniew W Ras,Setsuo Ohsuga
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems, ISMIS 2000, held in Charlotte, NC, USA in October 2000. The 64 revised full papers presented together with one invited contribution were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 112 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on evolutionary computation, intelligent information retrieval, intelligent information systems, knowledge representation and integration, knowledge discovery and learning, logic for AI, and methodologies.
Data mining can help pinpoint hidden information in medical data and accurately differentiate pathological from normal data. It can help to extract hidden features from patient groups and disease states and can aid in automated decision making. Data Mining in Biomedical Imaging, Signaling, and Systems provides an in-depth examination of the biomedical and clinical applications of data mining. It supplies examples of frequently encountered heterogeneous data modalities and details the applicability of data mining approaches used to address the computational challenges in analyzing complex data. The book details feature extraction techniques and covers several critical feature descriptors. As machine learning is employed in many diagnostic applications, it covers the fundamentals, evaluation measures, and challenges of supervised and unsupervised learning methods. Both feature extraction and supervised learning are discussed as they apply to seizure-related patterns in epilepsy patients. Other specific disorders are also examined with regard to the value of data mining for refining clinical diagnoses, including depression and recurring migraines. The diagnosis and grading of the world’s fourth most serious health threat, depression, and analysis of acoustic properties that can distinguish depressed speech from normal are also described. Although a migraine is a complex neurological disorder, the text demonstrates how metabonomics can be effectively applied to clinical practice. The authors review alignment-based clustering approaches, techniques for automatic analysis of biofilm images, and applications of medical text mining, including text classification applied to medical reports. The identification and classification of two life-threatening heart abnormalities, arrhythmia and ischemia, are addressed, and a unique segmentation method for mining a 3-D imaging biomarker, exemplified by evaluation of osteoarthritis, is also presented. Given the widespread deployment of complex biomedical systems, the authors discuss system-engineering principles in a proposal for a design of reliable systems. This comprehensive volume demonstrates the broad scope of uses for data mining and includes detailed strategies and methodologies for analyzing data from biomedical images, signals, and systems.
This text provides an introductory perspective of evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare. The need for explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients leads the list of the goals of today s healthcare leader. The Second Edition of this best-selling text has been completely revised and updated and contains new chapters on Evidence-based Regulation and Evidence and Innovation."