Cyber Physical Systems--A Computational Perspective

Author: Gaddadevara Matt Siddesh,Ganesh Chandra Deka,Krishnarajanagar GopalaIyengar Srinivasa,Lalit Mohan Patnaik

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9781482259759

Category: Computers

Page: 680

View: 343

Cyber physical systems (CPS) integrate traditional information and computation with physical entities and processes. A new world is emerging in which CPS are moving beyond niche areas and laboratories. This book investigates issues related to green ICT, smart cellular networks, green buildings, smart grids, and smart structures. It also covers humanoid, snake, and worm robotics in addition to CPS for health care. The book looks at how to create CPS that will help communities realize the vision of a smarter planet.

Cyber-Physical Systems

A Computational Perspective

Author: Gaddadevara Matt Siddesh,Ganesh Chandra Deka,Krishnarajanagar GopalaIyengar Srinivasa,Lalit Mohan Patnaik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148225977X

Category: Computers

Page: 626

View: 8993

In cyber-physical systems (CPS), sensors and embedded systems are networked together to monitor and manage a range of physical processes through a continuous feedback system. This allows distributed computing using wireless devices. Cyber-Physical Systems—A Computational Perspective examines various developments of CPS that are impacting our daily lives and sets the stage for future directions in this domain. The book is divided into six sections. The first section covers the physical infrastructure required for CPS, including sensor networks and embedded systems. The second section addresses energy issues in CPS with the use of supercapacitors and reliability assessment. In the third section, the contributors describe the modeling of CPS as a network of robots and explore issues regarding the design of CPS. The fourth section focuses on the impact of ubiquitous computing and cloud computing in CPS and the fifth section discusses security and privacy issues in CPS. The final section covers the role of CPS in big data analytics, social network analysis, and healthcare. As CPS are becoming more complex, pervasive, personalized, and dependable, they are moving beyond niche laboratories to real-life application areas, such as robotics, smart grids, green computing, and healthcare. This book provides you with a guide to current CPS research and development that will contribute to a "smarter" planet.

Security and Privacy in Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles, and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Glenn A. Fink,Sabina Jeschke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119226058

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 9436

Written by a team of experts at the forefront of the cyber-physical systems (CPS) revolution, this book provides an in-depth look at security and privacy, two of the most critical challenges facing both the CPS research and development community and ICT professionals. It explores, in depth, the key technical, social, and legal issues at stake, and it provides readers with the information they need to advance research and development in this exciting area. Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components. Advances in CPS will enable capability, adaptability, scalability, resiliency, safety, security, and usability far in excess of what today’s simple embedded systems can provide. Just as the Internet revolutionized the way we interact with information, CPS technology has already begun to transform the way people interact with engineered systems. In the years ahead, smart CPS will drive innovation and competition across industry sectors, from agriculture, energy, and transportation, to architecture, healthcare, and manufacturing. A priceless source of practical information and inspiration, Security and Privacy in Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications is certain to have a profound impact on ongoing R&D and education at the confluence of security, privacy, and CPS.

Introduction to Embedded Systems

A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach

Author: Edward Ashford Lee,Sanjit Arunkumar Seshia

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262340526

Category: Computers

Page: 568

View: 955

The most visible use of computers and software is processing information for human consumption. The vast majority of computers in use, however, are much less visible. They run the engine, brakes, seatbelts, airbag, and audio system in your car. They digitally encode your voice and construct a radio signal to send it from your cell phone to a base station. They command robots on a factory floor, power generation in a power plant, processes in a chemical plant, and traffic lights in a city. These less visible computers are called embedded systems, and the software they run is called embedded software. The principal challenges in designing and analyzing embedded systems stem from their interaction with physical processes. This book takes a cyber-physical approach to embedded systems, introducing the engineering concepts underlying embedded systems as a technology and as a subject of study. The focus is on modeling, design, and analysis of cyber-physical systems, which integrate computation, networking, and physical processes. The second edition offers two new chapters, several new exercises, and other improvements. The book can be used as a textbook at the advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate level and as a professional reference for practicing engineers and computer scientists. Readers should have some familiarity with machine structures, computer programming, basic discrete mathematics and algorithms, and signals and systems.

Progress in Computing, Analytics and Networking

Proceedings of ICCAN 2017

Author: Prasant Kumar Pattnaik,Siddharth Swarup Rautaray,Himansu Das,Janmenjoy Nayak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811078718

Category: Computers

Page: 845

View: 9446

The book focuses to foster new and original research ideas and results in three broad areas: computing, analytics, and networking with its prospective applications in the various interdisciplinary domains of engineering. This is an exciting and emerging interdisciplinary area in which a wide range of theory and methodologies are being investigated and developed to tackle complex and challenging real world problems. It also provides insights into the International Conference on Computing Analytics and Networking (ICCAN 2017) which is a premier international open forum for scientists, researchers and technocrats in academia as well as in industries from different parts of the world to present, interact, and exchange the state of art of concepts, prototypes, innovative research ideas in several diversified fields. The book includes invited keynote papers and paper presentations from both academia and industry to initiate and ignite our young minds in the meadow of momentous research and thereby enrich their existing knowledge. The book aims at postgraduate students and researchers working in the discipline of Computer Science & Engineering. It will be also useful for the researchers working in the domain of electronics as it contains some hardware technologies and forthcoming communication technologies.

Medical Imaging: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522505725

Category: Medical

Page: 2081

View: 329

Medical imaging has transformed the ways in which various conditions, injuries, and diseases are identified, monitored, and treated. As various types of digital visual representations continue to advance and improve, new opportunities for their use in medical practice will likewise evolve. Medical Imaging: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications presents a compendium of research on digital imaging technologies in a variety of healthcare settings. This multi-volume work contains practical examples of implementation, emerging trends, case studies, and technological innovations essential for using imaging technologies for making medical decisions. This comprehensive publication is an essential resource for medical practitioners, digital imaging technologists, researchers, and medical students.

Enabling Real-Time Mobile Cloud Computing through Emerging Technologies

Author: Soyata, Tolga

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466686634

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 4190

Today's smartphones utilize a rapidly developing range of sophisticated applications, pushing the limits of mobile processing power. The increased demand for cell phone applications has necessitated the rise of mobile cloud computing, a technological research arena which combines cloud computing, mobile computing, and wireless networks to maximize the computational and data storage capabilities of mobile devices. Enabling Real-Time Mobile Cloud Computing through Emerging Technologies is an authoritative and accessible resource that incorporates surveys, tutorials, and the latest scholarly research on cellular technologies to explore the latest developments in mobile and wireless computing technologies. With its exhaustive coverage of emerging techniques, protocols, and computational structures, this reference work is an ideal tool for students, instructors, and researchers in the field of telecommunications. This reference work features astute articles on a wide range of current research topics including, but not limited to, architectural communication components (cloudlets), infrastructural components, secure mobile cloud computing, medical cloud computing, network latency, and emerging open source structures that optimize and accelerate smartphones.

Computational Intelligence for Decision Support in Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Zeashan Khan,A. B. M. Shawkat Ali,Zahid Riaz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 981458536X

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 5405

This book is dedicated to applied computational intelligence and soft computing techniques with special reference to decision support in Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), where the physical as well as the communication segment of the networked entities interact with each other. The joint dynamics of such systems result in a complex combination of computers, software, networks and physical processes all combined to establish a process flow at system level. This volume provides the audience with an in-depth vision about how to ensure dependability, safety, security and efficiency in real time by making use of computational intelligence in various CPS applications ranging from the nano-world to large scale wide area systems of systems. Key application areas include healthcare, transportation, energy, process control and robotics where intelligent decision support has key significance in establishing dynamic, ever-changing and high confidence future technologies. A recommended text for graduate students and researchers working on the applications of computational intelligence methods in CPS.

Principles of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Rajeev Alur

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262029111

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 5148

A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems.

Logical Foundations of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: André Platzer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319635883

Category: Mathematics

Page: 639

View: 9770

Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) combine cyber capabilities, such as computation or communication, with physical capabilities, such as motion or other physical processes. Cars, aircraft, and robots are prime examples, because they move physically in space in a way that is determined by discrete computerized control algorithms. Designing these algorithms is challenging due to their tight coupling with physical behavior, while it is vital that these algorithms be correct because we rely on them for safety-critical tasks. This textbook teaches undergraduate students the core principles behind CPSs. It shows them how to develop models and controls; identify safety specifications and critical properties; reason rigorously about CPS models; leverage multi-dynamical systems compositionality to tame CPS complexity; identify required control constraints; verify CPS models of appropriate scale in logic; and develop an intuition for operational effects. The book is supported with homework exercises, lecture videos, and slides.

Cyber-Physical Systems

From Theory to Practice

Author: Danda B. Rawat,Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues,Ivan Stojmenovic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482263335

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 3169

Although comprehensive knowledge of cyber-physical systems (CPS) is becoming a must for researchers, practitioners, system designers, policy makers, system managers, and administrators, there has been a need for a comprehensive and up-to-date source of research and information on cyber-physical systems. This book fills that need. Cyber-Physical Systems: From Theory to Practice provides state-of-the-art research results and reports on emerging trends related to the science, technology, and engineering of CPS, including system architecture, development, modeling, simulation, security, privacy, trust, and energy efficiency. It presents the research results of esteemed professionals on cutting-edge advances in cyber-physical systems that include communications, computing, and control. The book consists of eight sections, each containing chapters contributed by leading experts in the field. Each section covers a different area that impacts the design, modeling, and evaluation of CPS, including: Control systems Modeling and design Communications and signal processing Mobility issues Architecture Security issues Sensors and applications Computing issues The book’s coverage includes cyber-physical system architecture, mobile cyber-physical systems, cyber-physical systems for intelligent (road/air) transportation, and cyber-physical system applications and standardization. With the CPS field advancing so rapidly, this book is an ideal reference to help researchers, system designers, and practitioners manufacture devices that are compatible with CPS standards. Presenting numerous examples that illustrate practical applications derived from theory, the book is also suitable for use as a textbook in upper undergraduate and graduate-level university courses.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Raj Rajkumar,Dionisio de Niz,Mark Klein

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0133416151

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 5825

Learn the State of the Art in Embedded Systems and Embrace the Internet of Things The next generation of mission-critical and embedded systems will be “cyber physical”: They will demand the precisely synchronized and seamless integration of complex sets of computational algorithms and physical components. Cyber-Physical Systems is the definitive guide to building cyber-physical systems (CPS) for a wide spectrum of engineering and computing applications. Three pioneering experts have brought together the field’s most significant work in one volume that will be indispensable for all practitioners, researchers, and advanced students. This guide addresses CPS from multiple perspectives, drawing on extensive contributions from leading researchers. The authors and contributors review key CPS challenges and innovations in multiple application domains. Next, they describe the technical foundations underlying modern CPS solutions—both what we know and what we still need to learn. Throughout, the authors offer guiding principles for every facet of CPS development, from design and analysis to planning future innovations. Comprehensive coverage includes Understanding CPS drivers, challenges, foundations, and emerging directions Building life-critical, context-aware, networked systems of medical devices Creating energy grid systems that reduce costs and fully integrate renewable energy sources Modeling complex interactions across cyber and physical domains Synthesizing algorithms to enforce CPS control Addressing space, time, energy, and reliability issues in CPS sensor networks Applying advanced approaches to real-time scheduling Securing CPS: preventing “man-in-the-middle” and other attacks Ensuring logical correctness and simplifying verification Enforcing synchronized communication between distributed agents Using model-integration languages to define formal semantics for CPS models Register your product at informit.com/register for convenient access to downloads, updates, and corrections as they become available.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Danda B Rawat,Sabina Jeschke,Christian Brecher

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128038748

Category: Computers

Page: 514

View: 9944

Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications explores the core system science perspective needed to design and build complex cyber-physical systems. Using Systems Science’s underlying theories, such as probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology, the book addresses foundational issues central across CPS applications, including System Design -- How to design CPS to be safe, secure, and resilient in rapidly evolving environments, System Verification -- How to develop effective metrics and methods to verify and certify large and complex CPS, Real-time Control and Adaptation -- How to achieve real-time dynamic control and behavior adaptation in a diverse environments, such as clouds and in network-challenged spaces, Manufacturing -- How to harness communication, computation, and control for developing new products, reducing product concepts to realizable designs, and producing integrated software-hardware systems at a pace far exceeding today's timeline. The book is part of the Intelligent Data-Centric Systems: Sensor-Collected Intelligence series edited by Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia. Indexing: The books of this series are submitted to EI-Compendex and SCOPUS Includes in-depth coverage of the latest models and theories that unify perspectives, expressing the interacting dynamics of the computational and physical components of a system in a dynamic environment Focuses on new design, analysis, and verification tools that embody the scientific principles of CPS and incorporate measurement, dynamics, and control Covers applications in numerous sectors, including agriculture, energy, transportation, building design and automation, healthcare, and manufacturing

Cyber Security for Cyber Physical Systems

Author: Saqib Ali,Taiseera Al Balushi,Zia Nadir,Omar Khadeer Hussain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319758802

Category: Computers

Page: 174

View: 4881

This book is a pioneering yet primary general reference resource on cyber physical systems and their security concerns. Providing a fundamental theoretical background, and a clear and comprehensive overview of security issues in the domain of cyber physical systems, it is useful for students in the fields of information technology, computer science, or computer engineering where this topic is a substantial emerging area of study.

A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309451639

Category: Computers

Page: 106

View: 2984

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are “engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components.†CPS can be small and closed, such as an artificial pancreas, or very large, complex, and interconnected, such as a regional energy grid. CPS engineering focuses on managing inter- dependencies and impact of physical aspects on cyber aspects, and vice versa. With the development of low-cost sensing, powerful embedded system hardware, and widely deployed communication networks, the reliance on CPS for system functionality has dramatically increased. These technical developments in combination with the creation of a workforce skilled in engineering CPS will allow the deployment of increasingly capable, adaptable, and trustworthy systems. Engineers responsible for developing CPS but lacking the appropriate education or training may not fully understand at an appropriate depth, on the one hand, the technical issues associated with the CPS software and hardware or, on the other hand, techniques for physical system modeling, energy and power, actuation, signal processing, and control. In addition, these engineers may be designing and implementing life-critical systems without appropriate formal training in CPS methods needed for verification and to assure safety, reliability, and security. A workforce with the appropriate education, training, and skills will be better positioned to create and manage the next generation of CPS solutions. A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education examines the intellectual content of the emerging field of CPS and its implications for engineering and computer science education. This report is intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs.

Industrial Cloud-Based Cyber-Physical Systems

The IMC-AESOP Approach

Author: Armando W. Colombo,Thomas Bangemann,Stamatis Karnouskos,Jerker Delsing,Petr Stluka,Robert Harrison,Francois Jammes,Jose L. Lastra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319056247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 245

View: 8054

This book presents cutting-edge emerging technologies and approaches in the areas of service-oriented architectures, intelligent devices and cloud-based cyber-physical systems. It provides a clear view on their applicability to the management and automation of manufacturing and process industries. It offers a holistic view of future industrial cyber-physical systems and their industrial usage and also depicts technologies and architectures as well as a migration approach and engineering tools based on these. By providing a careful balance between the theory and the practical aspects, this book has been authored by several experts from academia and industry, thereby offering a valuable understanding of the vision, the domain, the processes and the results of the research. It has several illustrations and tables to clearly exemplify the concepts and results examined in the text and these are supported by four real-life case-studies. We are witnessing rapid advances in the industrial automation, mainly driven by business needs towards agility and supported by new disruptive advances both on the software and hardware side, as well as the cross-fertilization of concepts and the amalgamation of information and communication technology-driven approaches in traditional industrial automation and control systems. This book is intended for technology managers, application designers, solution developers, engineers working in industry, as well as researchers, undergraduate and graduate students of industrial automation, industrial informatics and production engineering.

Complex Systems and Clouds

A Self-Organization and Self-Management Perspective

Author: Dan C. Marinescu

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128040947

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 4094

Complex Systems and Clouds: A Self-Organization and Self-Management Perspective provides insights into the intricate world of self-organizing systems. Large scale distributed computer systems have evolved into very complex systems and are at the point where they need to borrow self-adapting organizing concepts from nature. The book explores complexity in big distributed systems and in the natural processes in physics and chemistry, building a platform for understanding how self-organization in big distributed systems can be achieved. It goes beyond the theoretical description of self-organization to present principles for designing self-organizing systems, and concludes by showing the need for a paradigm shift in the development of large-scale systems from strictly deterministic to non-deterministic and adaptive. Analyzes the effect of self-organization applied to computer clouds Furthers research on principles of self-organization of computing and communication systems inspired by a wealth of self-organizing processes and phenomena in nature and society Presents a unique analysis of the field, with solutions and case studies

Advanced Methods, Techniques, and Applications in Modeling and Simulation

Asia Simulation Conference 2011, Seoul, Korea, November 2011, Proceedings

Author: Jong-Hyun Kim,Kangsun Lee,Satoshi Tanaka,Soo-Hyun Park

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431542159

Category: Computers

Page: 527

View: 2721

This book is a compilation of research accomplishments in the fields of modeling, simulation, and their applications, as presented at AsiaSim 2011 (Asia Simulation Conference 2011). The conference, held in Seoul, Korea, November 16–18, was organized by ASIASIM (Federation of Asian Simulation Societies), KSS (Korea Society for Simulation), CASS (Chinese Association for System Simulation), and JSST (Japan Society for Simulation Technology). AsiaSim 2011 provided a forum for scientists, academicians, and professionals from the Asia-Pacific region and other parts of the world to share their latest exciting research findings in modeling and simulation methodologies, techniques, and their tools and applications in military, communication network, industry, and general engineering problems.

Cyber-Physical System Design from an Architecture Analysis Viewpoint

Communications of NII Shonan Meetings

Author: Shin Nakajima,Jean-Pierre Talpin,Masumi Toyoshima,Huafeng Yu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811044368

Category: Computers

Page: 159

View: 2385

Providing a wide variety of technologies for ensuring the safety and dependability of cyber-physical systems (CPS), this book offers a comprehensive introduction to the architecture-centric modeling, analysis, and verification of CPS. In particular, it focuses on model driven engineering methods including architecture description languages, virtual prototyping, and formal analysis methods. CPS are based on a new design paradigm intended to enable emerging software-intensive systems. Embedded computers and networks monitor and control the physical processes, usually with the help of feedback loops where physical processes affect computations and vice versa. The principal challenges in system design lie in this constant interaction of software, hardware and physics. Developing reliable CPS has become a critical issue for the industry and society, because many applications such as transportation, power distribution, medical equipment and tele-medicine are dependent on CPS. Safety and security requirements must be ensured by means of powerful validation tools. Satisfying such requirements, including quality of service, implies having formally proven the required properties of the system before it is deployed. The book is concerned with internationally standardized modeling languages such as AADL, SysML, and MARTE. As the effectiveness of the technologies is demonstrated with industrial sample cases from the automotive and aerospace sectors, links between the methods presented and industrial problems are clearly understandable. Each chapter is self-contained, addressing specific scientific or engineering problems, and identifying further issues. In closing, it includes perspectives on future directions in CPS design from an architecture analysis viewpoint.