Global Formation

Structures of the World-economy

Author: Christopher K. Chase-Dunn

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847691029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 423

View: 8637

The fall of communism, the emergence of the information age, and the expansion of economic globalism are the point of departure for this text. The author shows how these seemingly new developments fit with earlier patterns of global formation and change. This edition also evaluates studies of the modern world-system and assesses the implications for the future of the contemporary system.

Global Energy Shifts

Fostering Sustainability in a Turbulent Age

Author: Bruce Podobnik

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781592138043

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 4483

A timely look at key transitions in energy use over the past 100 years.

Handbook on Evolution and Society

Toward an Evolutionary Social Science

Author: Alexandra Maryanski,Richard Machalek,Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317258339

Category: Political Science

Page: 580

View: 9365

"Handbook on Evolution and Society" brings together original chapters by prominent scholars who have been instrumental in the revival of evolutionary theorizing and research in the social sciences over the last twenty-five years. Previously unpublished essays provide up-to-date, critical surveys of recent research and key debates. The contributors discuss early challenges posed by sociobiology, the rise of evolutionary psychology, the more conflicted response of evolutionary sociology to sociobiology, and evolutionary psychology. Chapters address the application and limitations of Darwinian ideas in the social sciences. Prominent authors come from a variety of disciplines in ecology, biology, primatology, psychology, sociology, and the humanities. The most comprehensive resource available, this vital collection demonstrates to scholars and students the new ways in which evolutionary approaches, ultimately derived from biology, are influencing the diverse social sciences and humanities.

Perspectives and Issues in International Political Economy

Author: Chronis Polychroniou

Publisher: Praeger Publishers


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 2209

This work brings together a collection of original essays on the contemporary study of international political economy (IPE). It provides contrasting and challenging interpretations of the study of IPE and the global political economy in general. It also exposes the reader to major issues and problems in international political economy such as European unification, U.S.-Japanese trade tensions, Africa's role in the world economy, international debt, and international financial reform. A cross-section of viewpoints provide challenging and insightful analyses of the major contemporary issues in international political economy. The volume will be of interest to scholars and students of international relations, political economy, and political science.

Globalization, Hegemony & Power

Antisystemic Movements & the Global System

Author: Thomas Ehrlich Reifer

Publisher: Paradigm Pub


Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 8235

Introduction: Hegemony, state-corporate globaliztion, and antisystemic movements: contending theoretical and historical approaches / Thomas Ehrlich Reifer. 1. The United State in decline? / Immanuel wallerstein. 2. The phoenix cycle: global leadership transition in a long-wave perspective / Joachim Karl Rennstich. 3. From state hegemonies to transnational hegemony: a global capitalism approach / William I. Robinson. 4. Quantifying hegemony in the world economy / Jeffrey Kentor. 5. Servants of the world system: an anlysis of servitude in the United States and the new international division of reproductive labor / Amy Holmes. 6. globalization: the new mechanism of dependency / Kathleen C. Schwartzman. 7. The sweatshop dynamic: U.S. shipper hegemony in the global logisitics sector of Los Angeles / Edna Bonacich. 8. Hegemonic decline and revolution: when the world is up for grabs / Terry Boswell. 9. The politics of global Islam: U.S. hegemony, globalization, and Islamist social movements / Paul M. Lubeck and Thomas Ehrlich Reifer. 10. Hegemony lost: understanding Islamic fundamentalism / Lauren Langman.

A world-systems reader

new perspectives on gender, urbanism, cultures, indigenous peoples, and ecology

Author: Thomas D. Hall

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc


Category: Nature

Page: 339

View: 4922

This book brings together some of the most influential research from the world-systems perspective. The authors survey and analyze new and emerging topics from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, from political science to archaeology. Each analytical essay is written in accessible language so that the volume serves as a lucid introduction both to the tradition of world-systems thought and the new debates that are sparking further research today. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Systemic transitions

past, present, and future

Author: William R. Thompson

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230608467

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 6548

We are all familiar with the popular and academic analyses of the ongoing and future ascent of China. Two of the associated questions are whether and when China might succeed the United States as the lead state in the world system. These are interesting questions, albeit ones that are not likely to be answered in the immediate future. An alternative focus examines instead periods of systemic transition – eras in which it is conceivable that a new leader might emerge at the expense of an older system leader. Framing the question this way presumes that a) future systemic transitions remain a possibility and b) transitions do not occur abruptly but may require several decades to set up structural situations in which a transition might take place. Neither of these assumptions are carved in stone and are open to question. It may be that future systemic transitions are unlikely. Or, it may be that they will not occur as they have in the past. All of these possibilities are assessed from a variety of different perspectives.

Die großen Revolutionen und die Kulturen der Moderne

Author: Shmuel N. Eisenstadt

Publisher: International Reading Assoc.

ISBN: 9783531149936

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 5600

Der Autor untersucht in seiner neuesten Schrift, in welchem kulturellen und historischen Kontext sich die modernen Revolutionen -- zu denen für gewöhnlich in erster Linie der Bürgerkrieg in England, die Amerikanische, Französische, Russische und Chinesische Revolution gerechnet werden -- entwickelten und in welcher Beziehung sie zur Moderne bzw. zur Kultur der Moderne stehen. Grosse Revolutionen werden vom Autor als Kombination aus dem Wechsel eines politischen Regimes und der Propagierung einer spezifischen kosmologischen Vision (d.h. als Samen spezifischer Kulturen) betrachtet. Des weiteren untersucht er die Geschichte des revolutionären Symbolismus und der revolutionären Dynamiken postrevolutionärer moderner politischer Regime sowie die sich ständig wandelnde Kultur der Moderne. Inhalt: Teil eins: Die grossen Revolutionen sowie die Ursprünge und die Kristallisierung der Moderne: Vergleichende Beobachtungen: - Der historische und kulturelle Rahmen der grossen Revolutionen - Die spezifischen Merkmale revolutionärer Prozesse und Ideologien. Teil zwei: Die "Ursachen" und der historisch-kulturelle Rahmen der Revolutionen: - Strukturelle und gesellschaftspsychologische Ursachen - Historischer Hintergrund - Die Widersprüche der "Frühen Moderne"--Der kulturelle Rahmen der grossen Revolutionen -- Die Achsenzeit-Kulturen. Teil drei: Die Varianten der Achsenzeit-Kulturen und der politischen Dynamiken -- Die Besonderheiten des revolutionären Prozesses: "Ausserweltliche" Kulturen -- die Hindu-Kultur - Die politischen Dynamiken in "innerweltlichen" Kulturen -- die konfuzianische Politikordnung in China - Monotheistische Kulturen -- Der Islam - Die christlichen Kulturen -- der europäische Kulturraum - Ein vergleichender Exkurs: Japan -- die nicht-achsenzeitliche revolutionäre Restauration. Teil vier: Kosmologische Visionen, Regulierungsformen und revolutionäres Potential: Politische Dynamiken in Achsenzeit-Kulturen.

Nostalgic Cooks

Another French Paradox

Author: Sylvie-Anne Mériot

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9789004143463

Category: Restaurant management

Page: 308

View: 8635

In France, a country renowned for its gastronomy, cooks tend to develop a nostalgic syndrome. Being taught how to work in the most prestigious restaurants, they soon discover another reality in more common restaurants and cafeterias: chefs are faced with financial constraints and often forced to accept standardized organizations that leave no room for their daily inspiration.Feeling the burden of their professional commitment, these cooks are considered by both society and the French educational system as having made an egotistical professional choice. With this in mind, regardless of improvements in working conditions, their identity construction is inevitably distorted.This book describes foodservices as a whole, including international and inter-industry comparisons in the sociological field of professional groups, to analyze identities in their successive stages and diversity.

Through a Glass, Darkly

Blurred Images of Cultural Tradition and Modernity Over Distance and Time

Author: Wilhelmus Antonius Arts

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: 9789004115972

Category: Architecture

Page: 93

View: 9532

In today's European arts and sciences most of the time we see not only other, but also our own cultural traditions and the different forms of modernity like a dim image in a mirror. The question this book addresses is whether it is possible to get an almost face-to-face intimacy with various forms of cultural tradition and modernity by using our experiences and our powers of imagination, i.e. our expectations, in a more fruitful way.

Global Ethnography

Forces, Connections, and Imaginations in a Postmodern World

Author: Michael Burawoy

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520222164

Category: Philosophy

Page: 392

View: 9684

"At last meets ethnography.eudora. This book shows how ethnography can have a global reach and a global relevance, its humanistic and direct methods actually made more not less relevant by recent developments in global culture and economy. Globalisation is not a singular, unilinear process, fatalistically unfolding towards inevitable ends: it entails gaps, contradictions, counter-tendencies, and marked unevenness. And just as capital flows more freely around the globe, so do human ideas and imaginings, glimpses of other possible futures. These elements all interact in really existing sites, situations and localities, not in outer space or near-earth orbit. Unprefigurably, they are taken up into all kinds of local meanings-makings by active humans struggling and creating with conditions on the ground, so producing new kinds of meanings and identities, themselves up for export on the world market. This book, conceptually rich, empirically concrete, shows how global neo-liberalism spawns a grounded globalisation, ethnographically observable, out of which is emerging the mosaic of a new kind of global civil society. As this book so richly shows, tracing the lineaments of these possibilities and changes is the special province of ethnography."—Paul Willis, author of Learning to Labor and editor of the journal Ethnography "The authors of Global Ethnography bring globalization 'down to earth' and show us how it impacts the everyday lives of Kerala nurses, U.S. homeless recyclers, Irish software programmers, Hungarian welfare recipients, Brazilian feminists, and a host of other protagonists in a global postmodern world. This is superb ethnography -- refreshing and vivid descriptions grounded in historical and social contexts with important theoretical implications."—Louise Lamphere, President of the American Anthropological Association "The global inhabits and constitutes specific structuration of the political, economic, cultural, and subjective. How to study this is a challenge. Global Ethnography makes an enormous contribution to this effort."—Saskia Sassen, author of Globalization and Its Discontents "This fascinating volume will quickly find its place in fieldwork courses, but it should also be read by transnationalists and students of the political economy, economic sociologists, methodologists of all stripes--and doubting macrosociologists."—Herbert J. Gans, Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology, Columbia University "Not only matches the originality and quality of Ethnography Unbound, but raises the ante by literally expanding the methodological and analytical repertory of ethnographic sociology to address the theoretical and logistical challenges of a globalized discipline and social world."—Judith Stacey, author of In the Name of the Family: Rethinking Family Values in the Postmodern Age "In the best traditions of radical Berkeley scholarship, Burawoy's collective recaptures the ground(s) of an engaged sociology embedded in the culturalpolitics of the global without losing the ethnographer's magic—the local touch."—Nancy Scheper-Hughes, author of Death without Weeping

Anatomie des Sozialen - Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie

Author: Peter Hedström

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531153971

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 1662

Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.

Luhmann Explained

From Souls to Systems

Author: Hans-Georg Moeller

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812697510

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

View: 7532

What are systems? What is society? What happens to human beings in a hypermodern world? This book is an introduction to Niklas Luhmann's social system theory which explains specific functions like economy and mass media from a cybernetic perspective. Integrating various schools of thought including sociology, philosophy and biology Luhmann Explained results in an overall analysis of "world society". Special attention is given to the present-day relevance of Luhmann's theory with respect to globalization, electronic mass media, ethics, and new forms of protest.

Erfahrung und Prognose

Eine Analyse der Grundlagen und der Struktur der Erkenntnis

Author: Hans Reichenbach

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663121372

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 552

Dieses Buch ist Reichenbachs Erkenntnistheorie, entstanden im Exil und 1938 in Englisch veröffentlicht.Es liegt hier erstmals in deutscher Sprache vor. Es enthält den Schlüssel zum Verständnis der Reichenbachschen Philosophie und besticht durch die sehr geschlossene Darstellung der Gedanken über den logischen Empirismus.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 7609

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Sociocultural Systems

Principles of Structure and Change

Author: Frank L. Elwell

Publisher: Athabasca University Press

ISBN: 1927356202

Category: Social Science

Page: 385

View: 6069

Macrosociology--the study of large-scale social structures andthe fundamental principles of social organization--was the styleof sociology practiced by the founders of the discipline. Today, thesocial theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, and HerbertSpencer (among others) are commonly studied as part of the history ofthe field, but, although the macrosociological approach that thesethinkers advocated is still employed, it no longer dominates thediscipline. Instead, sociologists typically adopt a narrower focus,specializing in areas such as social psychology, medicine, religion, orthe study of social stratification. Examining the bigger picture is atask often left to public intellectuals. Sociocultural Systems aims to reinstate macrosciology asthe heart of the discipline by demonstrating that both classical andcontemporary macrosociologists stand upon common ground. Focusing onthe broad issues that concerned the founders, Elwell addressesquestions such as: Historically, what factors accounted for the origin,survival, and evolution of sociocultural systems? Why were somesocieties more technologically advanced than others? What is the originof capitalism? What factors determine the allocation of goods andservices within and among societies? What effects do changes ingovernment and economic institutions have on communities? Elwell argues that, as evolution does for biology, themacrosociological paradigm offers an analytical strategy that can beused both to guide and prioritize research in all of the myriadspecialties within sociology and to lay forth an orderly body ofknowledge for students. Clearly articulating important sociologicalprinciples, Sociocultural Systems provides a criticalunderstanding of social institutions and issues, while also furnishinga framework for possible solutions to the perennial social crises thatare part and parcel of the development of human societies.