Collected Wisdom from Researchers in Social Settings
Author: Linda Miller Cleary
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Though all research is steeped in methodological and ethical quandaries, it is further complicated when a researcher crosses cultural borders. Given the increasingly multi-cultural nature of research populations and of recent global collaborations, researchers often find themselves working with those unlike themselves. Seventy cross-cultural researchers from multiple disciplines, from mainstream academia and from marginalized groups in six nations and four continents address the overarching question: "How can one do cross-cultural research with integrity?" Author and researcher narratives comprise a substantial portion of the book; stories, many humorous, some heart-wrenching, some heart-warming, contextualize complex concepts and explore the richness that cross-cultural research and collaborations can bring to the researcher, to the knowledge base surrounding real world problems, and to those researched. These contextualized insights, covering all phases of the research process, allow the reader to inductively construct their own research beliefs and plans.
Conducting cross-cultural research is rife with methodological, ethical and moral challenges. Researchers are challenged with many issues in carrying out their research with people in cross-cultural arenas. In this book, I attempt to bring together salient issues for the conduct of culturally appropriate research. The task of undertaking cross-cultural research can present researchers with unique opportunities, and yet dilemmas. The book will provide some thought-provoking points so that our research may proceed relatively well and yet ethical in our approach. The subject of the book is on the ethical, methodological, political understanding and practical procedures in undertaking cross-cultural research. The book will bring readers through a series of questions: who am I working with? What ethical and moral considerations do I need to observe? How should I conduct the research which is culturally appropriate to the needs of people I am researching? How do I deal with language issues? How will I negotiate access? And what research methods should I apply to ensure a successful research process? The book is intended for postgraduate students who are undertaking research as part of their degrees. It is also intended for researchers who are working in cross-cultural studies and in poor nations.
Cross-cultural specialist Mary Lederleitner brings missiological and financial expertise to explain how global mission efforts can be funded with integrity, mutuality and transparency. Bringing together social science research, biblical principles and on-the-ground examples, she presents best practices for handling funding and finance.
Jessica L. Tracy,Richard W. Robins,June Price Tangney
Author: Jessica L. Tracy,Richard W. Robins,June Price Tangney
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Timely and authoritative, this volume reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the self-conscious emotions and their role in psychological and social functioning. Leading investigators approach the subject from multiple levels of analysis, ranging from basic brain mechanisms to complex social processes. Chapters present compelling advances in research on the most fundamental self-conscious emotions: embarrassment, guilt, humiliation, pride, and shame. Addressed are neural and evolutionary mechanisms, developmental processes, cultural differences and similarities, and influences on a wide array of social behaviors and personality processes. A unique chapter on assessment describes and evaluates the full range of available measures.
The World Conferences on Research Integrity provide a forum for an international group of researchers, research administrators from funding agencies and similar bodies. The second such conference, held in Singapore in July 2010. This volume brings together a selection of presentations and key guidelines and statements emerging from the Conference.
This volume presents recent empirical advances using neuroscience techniques to investigate how culture influences neural processes underlying a wide range of human abilities, from perception and scene processing to memory and social cognition. It also highlights the theoretical and methodological issues with conducting cultural neuroscience research. Section I provides diverse theoretical perspectives on how culture and biology interact are represented. Sections II –VI is to demonstrate how cultural values, beliefs, practices and experience affect neural systems underlying a wide range of human behavior from perception and cognition to emotion, social cognition and decision-making. The final section presents arguments for integrating the study of culture and the human brain by providing an explicit articulation of how the study of culture can inform the study of the brain and vice versa.
In this thought provoking book, Leonare Loeb Adler threads together 26 empirical studies that originated in diverse geographical areas. These studies present a comparison and greater understanding of the behavior of people living in a variety of different cultures. The focus on the book is well expressed in Dr. Adler's introduction in which she states that cross-cultural research recognizes that while the discovery of differences may be significant, the findings of similarities provide even more meaningful information. This book focuses on a variety of current cross-cultural and cross-ethic issues, which are pertinent to specific ages and stages in a life-span perspective. The broad interests and common concerns discussed are shared by people everywhere. Students and scholars in all the political and social science disciplines will find "Cross-Cultural Studies in Human Development" a source of stimulating ideas. The book begins with a focus on childhood issues, including a Piagetian cognitive study in a Third World country. A report on a new test which assesses early and late stages of development in young school children of different cultures is followed by a chapter discussing applied behavior analysis in dealing with children in the classroom. In addition, there is a chapter on social concerns in childhood development. The second part of this book studies normal as well as handicapped adolescents in different cultures and presents detailed discussions on current issues such as therapeutic management of drug addiction as well as moral development. Part Three focuses on adulthood. The contributors address a wide range of topics including gender issues, attitudes toward extended family members, filial obligations to the elderly, and coming to terms with the death of a parent. Studies of topics important to the elderly complete this book's life-span perspective. The final section examines friendship and social support among old people in cross-cultural and cross-ethnic comparisons. Other chapters deal with disabilities and depression among the elderly, as well as a study of caregivers and counselors.
Nature and Identity in Cross-Cultural Perspective presents 20 essays which explore diverse cultural interpretations of the earth's surface. Contrasted with each other and with the potentially cosmopolitan culture of science, these detailed studies of ways in which different cultures conceptualise nature appear in the context of global environmental change. Understanding across cultural lines has never been more important. This book shows how individual cultures see their own histories as offering protection for nature, while often viewing others as lacking such ethical restraints. Through such writing a discourse of understanding and common action becomes possible. The authors come from the places they discuss, and offer passionate as well as scholarly visions of nature within their cultural homes. Audience: This volume is of interest to academics and professionals working in the fields of cultural geography, environmental history, environmental studies, history of environmental ideas, environmental education, landscape and literature, nature and culture. It can be used for courses in the above-mentioned areas and seminars in comparative literature. It can also be used as a complimentary text to provide cultural context to literary readings, and for seminars on cultural aspects of the environment.
Research Methods and Statistics provides a seamless introduction to the subject, identifying various research areas and analyzing how one can approach them statistically. The text provides a solid empirical foundation for undergraduate psychology majors, and prepares the reader to think critically, and evaluate psychological research and claims they might hear in the news or popular press. The text can be used in all statistics, methods and experimental psychology courses.
When healthcare providers and patients do not speak the same language, medical interpreters are called in to help. In this book - the first ever ethnographic study of a bilingual hospital - Claudia Angelelli explores the role of medical interpreters, drawing on data from over 300 medical encounters and interviewing the interpreters themselves about the people for whom they interpret, their challenges, and how they characterize their role. Traditionally the interpreter has been viewed as a language conduit, with little power over the medical encounter or the relationship between patient and provider. This book presents an alternative view, considering the interpreter's agency and contextualizing the practice within an institution that is part of a larger society. Bringing together literature from social theory, social psychology and linguistic anthropology, this book will be welcomed by anyone who wants to discover the intricacies of medical interpreting firsthand; particularly researchers, communication specialists, policy makers and practitioners.
Guidelines, Third edition, is an advanced reading and writing text designed specifically to strengthen students' academic writing. Guidelines is a classic reading/writing text that teaches academic essay and research writing. The book contains stimulating cross-cultural readings that provide source materials for critical thinking and writing. The book concludes with a hundred-page handbook that contains information on how to document sources and how to draft, review, revise, and edit.
The foundation of organizational psychology, updated to reflect the changing workplace Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach, Third Edition provides students with a thorough overview of both the science and practice of organizational psychology. Reflecting changes in the global workplace, the third edition expands coverage of the effects of technology on processes and personnel, the generalizability of theories across cultures, including organizational climate, and employee health and well-being. The new edition retains the hallmark features of the text and Expanded coverage of the pervasive effects of technology on the social environment of work, including virtual work and the impact of social media. More graphics, including tables and charts, to help students understand and remember various related concepts and theories. Includes a unique full chapter on research methods and the use of statistics in understanding organizations. New chapter on the work/non-work interface, including consideration of both employees' life stages and changes over their careers. Provides Instructors with comprehensive presentation and testing materials. More on ethics, in light of relatively recent scandals in corporations and in politics. Expanded coverage throughout on cross-cultural issues and diversity in organizations. Additional readings facilitate in-depth learning. Industrial and organizational psychologists contribute to the success of an organization by improving the performance, satisfaction, and well-being of employees. By identifying how behaviors and attitudes can be improved through hiring practices, training programs, and feedback and management systems, I/O psychologists also help organizations transition during periods of change and development. Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach, Third Edition is a comprehensive guide to the theory and application of behavioral science in the workplace.
Advanced technology-driven globalization has not only revolutionized world economic growth but has also improved cross-border research methods, inevitably influencing ethical behaviors. Increases in interdisciplinary and cross-cultural research collaboration have further enhanced issues surrounding ethical research and practice. Contemporary Issues Surrounding Ethical Research Methods and Practice identifies the impact of globalization, advanced technology, and international collaboration on ethical research methods and practice. This comprehensive reference work serves as a critical resource for institutions, organizations, and individuals seeking further understanding of ethical research practices. This publication reveals the numerous issues in research ethics and practice including, but not limited to, law and economics of integrity as social capital, ethical research issues in Africa, research issues in Saudi Arabia, ethical issues in qualitative research methods, research with teen mothers and IRBs, ethical research and decision making models, a framework for ethical decision making in cross-cultural settings, and research ethics education.