Criminology is under attack for its seeming shift away from the theoretical debates towards empirical, administrative-led research. In Critical Criminology, RenT van Swaaningen warns that if criminology is to keep advancing as a discipline there is an urgent need for the resurgence of a theoretical perspective. He believes that by examining critical criminology within a European framework, a new critical perspective in the search for alternative visions of justice will emerge. Through a comprehensive historical and contemporary analysis of critical criminology throughout Europe, the author argues that critical criminology theories must be reassessed and reapplied in light of current trends within criminology and criminal justice. By placing central themes from current politics of law and orderùsuch as crime prevention, safety, and the victimÆs positionùin a framework of social justice, Critical Criminology concludes that critical criminology theories illuminate our understanding of both crime and the institutions constructed to attempt its control.
Criminology is under attack for its seeming shift away from theoretical debates towards empirical, administrative-led research. In this timely book, Ren[ac]e van Swaaningen warns that if criminology is to keep advancing as a discipline there is an urgent need for the resurgence of a theoretical perspective. He believes that by examining critical criminology within a European framework, a new critical perspective in the search for alternative visions of justice will emerge. Through a comprehensive historical and contemporary analysis of critical criminology throughout Europe, the author argues that critical criminological theories must be reassessed and reapplied in the light of current trends within criminology and criminal justice. By placing central themes from the current politics of law and order - such as crime prevention, safety and the position of the victim - in a framework of social justice, the book concludes that critical criminological theories illuminate our understanding both of crime and the institutions constructed to attempt its control.
Critical criminological theories and perspectives are typically major components of Criminology degree courses. An Introduction to Critical Criminology is the first accessible text on these topics for students of criminology, sociology and social policy. Written by an experienced lecturer who specialises in the topic, it offers an in-depth but accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology. In doing so, it introduces students to theories and perspectives that challenge mainstream criminological theories about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system. With the inclusion of boxed examples, key points and sample essay questions An Introduction to Critical Criminology is ideal for students of Criminology because it explores in detail a vast array of critical criminological theories and perspectives.
This book sets to explore the key issues and future prospects facing critical criminology, bringing together a set of leading authorities in the field from the UK, Australasia and the USA. A key concern of the book is to review the possibilities and strategies of pursuing critical criminological scholarship in the context of an increasingly dominant administrative criminology paradigm, reflected in the rise of neo-liberalism, a 'governmentalised' criminology of risk, crime control and situational crime prevention.
Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community isa significant examination of the historical development of workwith offenders and their treatment by the state and society. Itoffers unique perspectives and a wealth of information drawn fromnumerous interviews with probation staff. Highlights how the work of probation staff has changed overtime and the reasons behind these changes Includes discourse with probation staff carried out over manyyears for a comprehensive, ‘insiders’ view of thesituation Focuses on contemporary issues, including the changes broughtin by the Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition Written by a leading academic with extensive experience in theprobation service
Reassessing the genres of critique evident in previous forms of radical criminology, this book formulates a different genre of critique appropriate to the uncertainties of postmodern conditions, showing how these genres can be articulated to differently conceived radical discourses on crime.
This book brings together a series of writings on the problems facing contemporary criminology, highlighting the main theoretical priorities of critical analysis and their application to substantive case studies of research in action. Its main aim is to establish the conceptual and practical foundations for a new generation of studies in criminology, and to set a new agenda for critical criminology. Each chapter will critically assess the main conceptual and empirical problems they have encountered in their research, and to bring to life the key theoretical debates within the discipline. This book will be essential reading for students seeking an understanding of the nature of the discipline of criminology and criminological research.
Author: Gail Lewis,Sharon Gewirtz,John Clarke,Open University
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Category: Political Science
Rethinking Social Policy is a comprehensive introduction to, and analysis of, the complex mixture of problems and possibilities within the study of social policy. Contributors at the cutting edge of social policy analysis reflect upon the implications of new social and theoretical movements for welfare and the study of social policy. Topics covered include: criminology and crime control; race, class and gender; poverty and sexuality; the body and the emotions; violence; work and welfare in Europe. Examples are drawn from a variety of welfare sectors such as: social services and community care, health, education, employment, and criminal justice. This is a course reader for The Open University course (D860) R
This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.
It is often asserted that neoliberal globalisation has had the liberating effect of breaking clown traditional borders as barriers to free trade are swept away. Yet, in practice, recent decades have seen the erection of a host of new boundarics and the reinforcement of old ones. Boundaries continue to be a salient feature of the contemporary political, geographical and social landscape. National and extra-national boundaries have been reinforced, particularly in the European security state and beyond as ever-stricter immigration controls are adopted. Through an analysis of immigration policies in Europe, the United States and Australia, this book aims to challenge both the physical and metaphorical borders that divide citizens from migrants, `bogus' asylum-seekers from the `genuine', `legal' from `illegal' migrants... Rather than seeing immigration as problematic in itself, this collection instead regards barriers to immigration as problematic to the extent that they contribute to the marginalisation, criminalisation and even death of those who seek to make a better life for themselves in another country and tend to obfuscate the cultural, social and economic benefits which migration might bring to host countries.
Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University
Author: Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Category: Political Science
`This text represents a major contribution to the literature on crime prevention and community safety. It goes beyond existing literature in bringing together sophisticated theoretical analysis on these topics which are core issues for government at local as well as national levels. And it also brings a much needed international perspective to our understanding of the local governance of crime' - Kevin Stenson, Professor of Criminology, Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides an essential introduction to the complex issues and debates in the field of crime control and the new politics of safety and security across the globe. Collectively the contributions to this volume present a critique of current policy and open up the field of study to new directions. While engaging with the dominant focus on `what works' in crime reduction and community safety, the book also moves beyond the traditionally narrow, technical boundaries of much previous debate. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions looks at: -The relationship between crime control, communities and the nation state; -The diverse and changing sites of conflict, compromise and collusion around crime control policies; -Wider issues relating to `risk', 'safety' and `security'. The central feature of the volume as a whole is a commitment to exploring new directions for research and analysis, theoretically, empirically and comparatively. In opening up the varying and volatile spaces for crime prevention and community safety within the more general politics of social order, the book provides a critical rethinking of traditional connections between criminology, social policy and politics. Crime Prevention and Community Safety will be essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, socio-legal studies, sociology of crime and deviance and social policy. This is a course Reader for The Open University course D863 Community Safety, Crime Prevention and Social Control
Youth Justice is a key area of the current governments criminal justice policy in England and Wales. It has been the subject of an inordinate amount of recent legislation seeking to enhance the criminal courts powers to punish and prevent offending and re-offending by young people. This legislation attempts to prevent offending through criminal justice measures and there is little attempt to use non-criminal or civil law procedures to achieve the same result. This book seeks to challenge that focus and to question why delinquency in young people has been so firmly criminalized in this jurisdiction. The book addresses the consequences of criminalization in terms of the effectiveness of the measures used as well as the implications for the social construction of youth and childhood and our attitudes towards the young. Criminalization of young peoples behaviour results in them being labeled as criminal,losing identity as an individual, losing their childhood through the process of taking adult responsibility for their actions and, in policy terms, becoming viewed as a crime problem rather than as a product of failing social policy regarding employment, education and youth culture. At a society level it is contended that the identification of young people with criminal activity and the negative public image that results creates a culture of fear and distrust which may in turn create further possibilities for criminalization of their behaviour. A comparative perspective in this work examines welfare-based responses to youth crime in other European jurisdictions and questions whether the criminal justice process is an appropriate context in which to deal with young peoples problematic behaviour.This book has been shortlisted for the 2007 SLSA Book Prize.
Author: Michael H. Tonry,Catrien C. J. H. Bijleveld
The 11 essays in this volume provide the first English-language survey of the Dutch criminal justice system, which has been the basis for many important international research initiatives, including many in the United States.
Authors from Australia (John Braithwaite, Christine Parker), Europe (Lode Walgrave, Klaus Sessar, ElmarWeitekamp) and North America (Gordon Bazemore, Ray Corrado, Barry Feld, Curt Taylor Griffiths, Susan Guarino-Ghezzi, Russ Immarigeon, Andrew Klein, Maria Schiff, Mark Umbreit, Daniel van Ness) discuss juvenile justice and the response the youth crime.
Analysis and Critique of Gottfredson & Hirschi's General Theory of Crime (1990) : Some Considerations on Theory Construction and Theoretical Integration in Positivist/etiological Criminology
Author: Stefan Schulz
Throughout the 20th century numerous explanations for crime and deviance have emerged that have been offered as better explanations than other theories and perspectives. Yet, the impact of criminological theorizing on public policy remained insignificant. In this situation Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi presented their book A General Theory of Crime and suggested self-control theory. Their theory arrived on the scene with a 'make-up' of seriousness, objectivity and truth, which seemingly flattered politics since it was taken as to justify the status quo of the criminal justice system. Whereas the popularity of self-control theory has certainly sparked an enormous interest in the empirical examination of the theory, the amount of critique remained limited.The study "Beyond self-control" is a first attempt to remedy this situation. The author through theoretical analysis, works back to the logical presuppositions of self-control theory and assesses their validity in light of current data and understandings. This methodological endeavour, eventually, brings to light that Gottfredson and Hirschi's book on self-control theory contains more criminological wisdom than acknowledged by most scholars in criminology.