Courting Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Author: Lara J. Nettelfield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521763800

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 4630

"This book is essential reading for anyone interested in war crimes tribunals and their place in transitional justice. Nettelfield's wide and thorough research in the literature and on the ground in Bosnia and Herzegovina make this work stand out in a field already heavily populated. It represents a well-balanced and realistic assessment of the record of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia."- Richard Goldstone, former chief prosecutor for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda "Elegantly written and drawing on years of meticulous empirical research, Courting Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a major contribution to theoretical and policy debates on the role of international justice institutions. Nettelfield robustly challenges conventional critical assessments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and in so doing, changes forever the terms of the discussion about the impact of the ICTY in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Should be required reading in courses on human rights, international criminal law and political transitions in post-conflict settings."- Richard A. Wilson, Gladstein Chair of Human Rights, Director of the Human Rights Institute, and Professor of Anthropology at the University of Connecticut "This work is elegant in its rigor, lively in its tone, and uplifting in its spirit. Nettelfield gracefully moves us beyond turgidly contemptuous or blindly enthusiastic assessments of the relevance of international criminal law. She charts the field's role in post-conflict transition - a modest role, to be sure, and certainly a nuanced one, but also one that fosters democratic development. The book is a must-read for anyone concerned with Bosnia, transitional justice, and the role of law, in life. A tour de force!"- Mark A. Drumbl, Class of 1975 Alumni Professor and Director, Transnational Law Institute Washington and Lee University School of Law "Friends of international justice will welcome this balanced, methodologically rigorous assessment of popular responses to the ICTY in the Western Balkans. With its nuanced presentation of the Tribunal's impact, this work amply identifies missteps and pitfalls while providing gracious encouragement to proponents of international jurisprudence."- Robert Donia, Visiting Professor of History, University of Michigan "Lara Nettelfield has masterfully documented and analyzed the true impact of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia on Bosnian society since 1993. She challenges conventional wisdom by demonstrating the Tribunal's modest but largely positive contribution to the democratic development of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the introduction of new social movements for accountability. This book slays a few dragons and introduces refreshing clarity to a very challenging subject." - Professor David Scheffer, Northwestern University School of Law, and former U.S. Ambassador for War Crimes Issues (1997-2001)

Perspectives in Waging Conflicts Constructively

Cases, Concepts, and Practice

Author: Bruce W. Dayton,Louis Kriesberg

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442265523

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 2530

This book explores how large-scale conflicts can be waged more constructively. An introduction presents key concepts in positive conflict resolution, and chapters from esteemed contributors illustrate these theories in action, with cases ranging from Israel to North Korea. The book offers diverse perspectives and concrete ideas for positive change.

Transitional Justice and Reconciliation

Lessons from the Balkans

Author: Martina Fischer,Olivera Simic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317529561

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 2722

Scholars and practitioners alike agree that somehow the past needs to be addressed in order to enable individuals and collectives to rebuild trust and relationships. However, they also continue to struggle with critical questions. When is the right moment to address the legacies of the past after violent conflict? How can societies address the past without deepening the pain that arises from memories related to the violence and crimes committed in war? How can cultures of remembrance be established that would include and acknowledges the victims of all sides involved in violent conflict? How can various actors deal constructively with different interpretations of facts and history? Two decades after the wars, societies in Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia – albeit to different degrees – are still facing the legacies of the wars of the 1990s on a daily basis. Reconciliation between and within these societies remains a formidable challenge, given that all three countries are still facing unresolved disputes either at a cross-border level or amongst parallel societies that persist at a local community level. This book engages scholars and practitioners from the regions of former Yugoslavia, as well as international experts, to reflect on the achievements and obstacles that characterise efforts to deal with the past. Drawing variously on empirical studies, theoretical discussions, and practical experience, their contributions offer invaluable insights into the complex relationship between transitional justice and conflict transformation.

The Yugoslav Example

Violence, War and Difficult Ways Towards Peace

Author: Bettina Gruber

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830978448

Category: Social Science

Page: 181

View: 1661

The term 'Yugoslav Wars' (or, often, 'the Balkan conflict') refers to a series of wars in the region of former Yugoslavia, which were associated with the break-up of that state. The Yugoslav Wars resulted in an unimaginable number of dead, injured and displaced people. They also had a devastating impact on the economy and on the environment. Most notably, in some of the states which emerged from the conflict, people still to this day cannot peacefully coexist with one another. Beyond the affected region itself, the military conflict also had significant implications for Europe and its member states. It destroyed the illusion that Europe had overcome war. Perhaps these recent wars have given Europe an impetus to draw lessons from them, to find out what really needs to be done to build a peaceful Europe. A particular characteristic of this publication is that it does not settle for a single precise analysis of the reasons for war and for post-war conflicts. Rather, peace efforts and peace treaties are analyzed by focusing on their function of preventing conflicts or reducing their extent. Emphasis is placed on the efforts of national actors as well as on those of actors in civil society to promote peace policies in the international sphere. This collection of articles might, for the first time, clearly display the political challenges of peace in the context of the collapse of Yugoslavia and its subsequent wars. It certainly seeks to illustrate what has been learned and what still needs to be learned for the future.

Srebrenica in the Aftermath of Genocide

Author: Lara J. Nettelfield,Sarah Wagner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107000467

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 2071

This book traces the reverberations of genocide, forced displacement, and a legacy of loss in Bosnia and abroad.

Aspects of the Administration of International Justice

Author: Elihu Lauterpacht

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521463126

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 7563

This book focuses on the process of arbitration between States and private persons.

Environment and Planning

Society & space. D

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Human ecology

Page: N.A

View: 849

Oil Is Not a Curse

Ownership Structure and Institutions in Soviet Successor States

Author: Pauline Jones Luong,Erika Weinthal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491156

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7891

This book makes two central claims: first, that mineral-rich states are cursed not by their wealth but, rather, by the ownership structure they choose to manage their mineral wealth and second, that weak institutions are not inevitable in mineral-rich states. Each represents a significant departure from the conventional resource curse literature, which has treated ownership structure as a constant across time and space and has presumed that mineral-rich countries are incapable of either building or sustaining strong institutions - particularly fiscal regimes. The experience of the five petroleum-rich Soviet successor states (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) provides a clear challenge to both of these assumptions. Their respective developmental trajectories since independence demonstrate not only that ownership structure can vary even across countries that share the same institutional legacy but also that this variation helps to explain the divergence in their subsequent fiscal regimes.

Justice as Prevention

Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies

Author: Pablo De Greiff,Alexander Mayer-Rieckh

Publisher: SSRC

ISBN: 0979077214

Category: Law

Page: 565

View: 496

Countries emerging from armed conflict or authoritarian rule face difficult questions about what to do with public employees who perpetrated past human rights abuses and the institutional structures that allowed such abuses to happen. Justice as Prevention: Vetting Public Employees in Transitional Societies examines the transitional reform known as "vetting"--the process by which abusive or corrupt employees are excluded from public office. More than a means of punishing individuals, vetting represents an important transitional justice measure aimed at reforming institutions and preventing the recurrence of abuses. The book is the culmination of a multiyear project headed by the International Center for Transitional Justice that included human rights lawyers, experts on police and judicial reform, and scholars of transitional justice and reconciliation. It features case studies of Argentina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Czech Republic, El Salvador, the former German Democratic Republic, Greece, Hungary, Poland, and South Africa, as well as chapters on due process, information management, and intersections between other institutional reforms.

Building Democracy in the Yugoslav Successor States

Accomplishments, Setbacks, and Challenges since 1990

Author: Sabrina P. Ramet,Christine M. Hassenstab,Ola Listhaug

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107180740

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 6310

A comprehensive analysis of how the Yugoslav successor states have coped with the challenges of building democracy since 1990.

Establishing Law and Order After Conflict

Author: Seth G. Jones,Jeremy M. Wilson,Andrew Rathmell,K. Jack Riley

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833040928

Category: Law

Page: 292

View: 8844

In a nation-building operation, outside states invest much of their resources in establishing and maintaining the host country's police, internal security forces, and justice system. This book examines post-Cold War reconstruction efforts, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan, and assesses the success of U.S. and allied efforts in reconstructing internal security institutions.

The Humanitarians

The International Committee of the Red Cross

Author: David P. Forsythe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521612814

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 9681

Provides a comprehensive overview of the International Committee of the Red Cross from its origins up to the present day.

Hunger and Fury

The Crisis of Democracy in the Balkans

Author: Jasmin Mujanovic

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190877391

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6107

Less than two decades after the Yugoslav Wars ended, the edifice of parliamentary government in the Western Balkans is crumbling. This collapse sets into sharp relief the unreformed authoritarian tendencies of the region's entrenched elites, many of whom have held power since the early 1990s, and the hollowness of the West's "democratization" agenda. There is a widely held assumption that institutional collapse will precipitate a new bout of ethnic conflict, but Mujanovic argues instead that the Balkans are on the cusp of a historic socio-political transformation. Drawing on a wide variety of sources, with a unique focus on local activist accounts, he argues that a period of genuine democratic transition is finally dawning, led by grassroots social movements, from Zagreb to Skopje. Rather than pursuing ethnic strife, these new Balkan revolutionaries are confronting the "ethnic entrepreneurs" cemented in power by the West in its efforts to stabilise the region since the mid-1990s. This compellingly argued book harnesses the explanatory power of the striking graffiti scrawled on the walls of the ransacked Bosnian presidency during violent anti-government protests in 2014: 'if you sow hunger, you will reap fury'.

Complementarity in the Line of Fire

The Catalysing Effect of the International Criminal Court in Uganda and Sudan

Author: Sarah M. H. Nouwen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107010780

Category: Law

Page: 525

View: 6194

"This book follows as LAW"--

Culture in the Domains of Law

Author: René Provost

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107163331

Category: Law

Page: 467

View: 824

This book examines whether law, as a cultural practice, can apply across cultural boundaries to bind people with vastly different beliefs and practices.

Peacebuilding and Civil Society in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Ten Years After Dayton

Author: Martina Fischer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825887933

Category: History

Page: 483

View: 2034

The Dayton Accords ended the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1995. The 10th anniversary gives reason to investigate the post-war period, today's realities and future perspectives. Bosnian authors and international experts express their views on recent developments. Insiders and outsiders, working in the conflict and on its transformation, have been invited to tackle the questions: Which conflict lines mark the present society? Did peacebuilding activities address the underlying causes? What are obstacles for conflict transformation? What are the potentials and limits of international support? What does "civil society" mean in Bosnia and how is it related to statebuilding and democratisation? How can people constructively deal with the past in order to design the future in the region of former Yugoslavia? The book gives an overview on an important research focus of the Berghof Research Center, highlighting the work of its most important cooperation partners.

Can Might Make Rights?

Building the Rule of Law after Military Interventions

Author: Jane Stromseth,David Wippman,Rosa Brooks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458701

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6064

This book looks at why it's so difficult to create 'the rule of law' in post-conflict societies such as Iraq and Afghanistan, and offers critical insights into how policy-makers and field-workers can improve future rule of law efforts. A must-read for policy-makers, field-workers, journalists and students trying to make sense of the international community's problems in Iraq and elsewhere, this book shows how a narrow focus on building institutions such as courts and legislatures misses the more complex cultural issues that affect societal commitment to the values associated with the rule of law. The authors place the rule of law in context, showing the interconnectedness between the rule of law and other post-conflict priorities, such as reestablishing security. The authors outline a pragmatic, synergistic approach to the rule of law which promises to reinvigorate debates about transitions to democracy and post-conflict reconstruction.

Citizens and Service Delivery

Assessing the Use of Social Accountability Approaches in Human Development Sectors

Author: Dena Ringold,Alaka Holla,Margaret Koziol,Santhosh Srinivasan

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821389300

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 148

View: 3871

The report reviews how citizens can influence education, health and social protection services through access to information and opportunities to hold providers accountable. It takes stock of international evidence and experience from projects supported by the World Bank to identify knowledge gaps, key questions and areas for further work.

Searching for Truth in the Transitional Justice Movement

Author: Jamie Rowen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107108764

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 2983

Searching for Truth in the Transitional Justice Movement examines calls for a truth commission to redress the brutal war during the breakup of the former Yugoslavia, the decades-long armed conflict in Colombia, and US detention policies in the War on Terror. In so doing, it argues that transitional justice is an idea around which a loosely structured movement emerged and professionalized, making truth commissions a standard response to mass violence. By exploring how this movement developed, as well as efforts to make truth commissions in the Balkans, Colombia, and the US, this book explains different processes through which political actors translate new legal ideas such as transitional justice into political action. Further, it reveals how the malleability of transitional justice and truth commissions is both an asset and a liability for those hoping to ensure accountability, improve survivor well-being, and prevent future violence.

Radovan Karadzic

Architect of the Bosnian Genocide

Author: Robert J. Donia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107073359

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 360

View: 1165

This book traces Radovan Karadžić's personal transformation from an unremarkable family man to the powerful leader of the Bosnian Serb nationalists. Based on previously unused documents and trial transcripts, this book argues that postcommunist democracy was a primary enabler of mass atrocities because it provided the means to mobilize large numbers of Bosnian Serbs for the campaign to eliminate non-Serbs from conquered land.