Neil Tennant presents an original logical system with unusual philosophical, proof-theoretic, metalogical, computational, and revision-theoretic virtues. Core Logic, which lies deep inside Classical Logic, best formalizes rigorous mathematical reasoning. It captures constructive relevant reasoning. And the classical extension of Core Logic handles non-constructive reasoning. These core systems fix all the mistakes that make standard systems harbor counterintuitive irrelevancies. Conclusions reached by means of core proof are relevant to the premises used. These are the first systems that ensure both relevance and adequacy for the formalization of all mathematical and scientific reasoning. They are also the first systems to ensure that one can make deductive progress with potential logical strengthening by chaining proofs together: one will prove, if not the conclusion sought, then (even better!) the inconsistency of one's accumulated premises. So Core Logic provides transitivity of deduction with potential epistemic gain. Because of its clarity about the true internal structure of proofs, Core Logic affords advantages also for the automation of deduction and our appreciation of the paradoxes.
Jeremy Wyatt,Nikolaj J. L. L. Pedersen,Nathan Kellen
Author: Jeremy Wyatt,Nikolaj J. L. L. Pedersen,Nathan Kellen
This edited volume brings together 18 state-of-the art essays on pluralism about truth and logic. Parts I and II are dedicated to respectively truth pluralism and logical pluralism, and Part III to their interconnections. Some contributors challenge pluralism, arguing that the nature of truth or logic is uniform. The majority of contributors, however, defend pluralism, articulate novel versions of the view, or contribute to fundamental debates internal to the pluralist camp. The volume will be of interest to truth theorists and philosophers of logic, as well as philosophers interested in relativism, contextualism, metaphysics, philosophy of language, semantics, paradox, epistemology, or normativity.
The decline of home prices in many parts of the country has left millions of homeowners with negative home equity, meaning that their outstanding mortgage balances exceed the current value of their homes. A substantial proportion of borrowers with active nonprime mortgages had negative equity in their homes as of June 30, 2009. For ex., among the 16 metro areas examined, the percentage of nonprime borrowers with negative equity ranged from about 9% (Denver, CO) to more than 90% (Las Vegas, NV). This report examines, at the state level, the estimated proportion of nonprime borrowers with active loans that were in a negative equity position and the proportion that were seriously delinquent on their loan payments from 2006 through the end of 2009. Illus.
Heute entsteht Software meist auf der Basis von Frameworks, die bereits Sicherheitstechniken enthalten. Diese zu verstehen, ist essentiell für Applikationsentwickler und Systemingenieure, die Frameworks verwenden, um Applikationen mit der jeweiligen Firmeninfrastruktur zu verbinden. Ein Schwerpunkt dieses Bandes ist die Absicherung von Enterprise-Software durch existierende Frameworks wie z. B. J2EE. Darüber hinaus werden grundsätzliche Fragen der Zuverlässigkeit von Software behandelt, etwa Safety, sicheres Funktionieren von Software und Usability.
Explains how this group of Intel processor-based servers can supply a business's needs, covering topics including the overall eServer strategy, system management, xSeries software, and the Enterprise X-Architecture.
Whats the best design framework for CoreLogic organization now that, in a post industrial-age if the top-down, command and control model is no longer relevant? Are there any specific expectations or concerns about the CoreLogic team, CoreLogic itself? What are the revised rough estimates of the financial savings/opportunity for CoreLogic improvements? What prevents me from making the changes I know will make me a more effective CoreLogic leader? What would be the goal or target for a CoreLogic's improvement team? Defining, designing, creating, and implementing a process to solve a challenge or meet an objective is the most valuable role... In EVERY group, company, organization and department. Unless you are talking a one-time, single-use project, there should be a process. Whether that process is managed and implemented by humans, AI, or a combination of the two, it needs to be designed by someone with a complex enough perspective to ask the right questions. Someone capable of asking the right questions and step back and say, 'What are we really trying to accomplish here? And is there a different way to look at it?' This Self-Assessment empowers people to do just that - whether their title is entrepreneur, manager, consultant, (Vice-)President, CxO etc... - they are the people who rule the future. They are the person who asks the right questions to make CoreLogic investments work better. This CoreLogic All-Inclusive Self-Assessment enables You to be that person. All the tools you need to an in-depth CoreLogic Self-Assessment. Featuring 696 new and updated case-based questions, organized into seven core areas of process design, this Self-Assessment will help you identify areas in which CoreLogic improvements can be made. In using the questions you will be better able to: - diagnose CoreLogic projects, initiatives, organizations, businesses and processes using accepted diagnostic standards and practices - implement evidence-based best practice strategies aligned with overall goals - integrate recent advances in CoreLogic and process design strategies into practice according to best practice guidelines Using a Self-Assessment tool known as the CoreLogic Scorecard, you will develop a clear picture of which CoreLogic areas need attention. Your purchase includes access details to the CoreLogic self-assessment dashboard download which gives you your dynamically prioritized projects-ready tool and shows your organization exactly what to do next. Your exclusive instant access details can be found in your book.
Eric S. Belsky,Christopher E. Herbert,Jennifer H. Molinsky
Balancing Access, Affordability, and Risk after the Housing Crisis
Author: Eric S. Belsky,Christopher E. Herbert,Jennifer H. Molinsky
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Category: Political Science
The ups and downs in housing markets over the past two decades are without precedent, and the costs—financial, psychological, and social—have been enormous. Yet Americans overwhelmingly still aspire to homeownership, and many still view access to homeownership as an important ingredient for building wealth among historically disadvantaged groups. This timely volume reexamines the goals, risks, and rewards of homeownership in the wake of the housing bubble and subprime lending crisis. Housing, real estate, and finance experts explore the role of government in supporting homeownership, deliberate how homeownership can be made more sustainable, and discuss how best to balance affordability, access, and risk, particularly for minorities and low income families. Contributors: Eric S. Belsky (JCHS); Raphael W. Bostic (University of Southern California); Mark Calabria (Cato Institute); Kaloma Cardwell (University of California, Berkeley); Mark Cole (Hope LoanPort); J. Michael Collins (University of Wisconsin– Madison); Marsha J. Courchane (Charles River Associates); Andrew Davidson (Andrew Davidson and Co.); Christopher E. Herbert (JCHS); Leonard C. Kiefer (Freddie Mac); Alex Levin (Andrew Davidson and Co.); Adam J. Levitin (Georgetown University Law Center); Mark R. Lindblad (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill); Jeffrey Lubell (Abt Associates); Patricia A. McCoy (University of Connecticut School of Law); Daniel T. McCue (JCHS); Jennifer H. Molinsky (JCHS); Stephanie Moulton (Ohio State University); john a. powell (University of California–Berkeley); Roberto G. Quercia (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill); Janneke H. Ratcliffe (University of North Carolina); Carolina Reid (University of California–Berkeley); William M. Rohe (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill); Rocio Sanchez-Moyano (JCHS); Susan Wachter (University of Pennsylvania); Peter M. Zorn (Freddie Mac)
Provide research communities in information modelling and knowledge bases with scientific results and experiences achieved by using innovative methodologies in computer science and other disciplines related to linguistics, philosophy, and psychology.
Author: Francisco da Silva,Teresa McLaurin,Tom Waayers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
The Core Test Wrapper Handbook: Rationale and Application of IEEE Std. 1500tm provides insight into the rules and recommendations of IEEE Std. 1500. This book focuses on practical design considerations inherent to the application of IEEE Std. 1500 by discussing design choices and other decisions relevant to this IEEE standard. The authors provide background information about some of the choices and decisions made throughout the design of IEEE Std. 1500.
An Analytical Review of a President’S Policy Failures
Author: Vahab Aghai Ph .D
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Political Science
Now that the first term of the Obama presidency is nearly over and another presidential election campaign is approaching, this book is especially timely. It summarizes the promises that then candidate Barak Obama made and analyzes President Obamas accomplishments in terms of delivering on those promises. Obamas Broken Promises ventures across the total scope of the U.S. economy, factually and statistically documenting the administrations impact on unemployment, the national debt, poverty, health care, education, housing, energy, trade, foreign relations, and more. Everyone who is planning to vote in November and feels impelled in an era of negative campaigning to base his or her choice on facts rather than attack ads should read this book. It is a bold excursion into the reality of Americas most pressing needs.
The symposium provided a forum for reviewing and discussing all aspects of process integration, with special focus on nanoscaled technologies, 65 nm and beyond on DRAM, SRAM, flash memory, high density logic-low power, RF, mixed analog-digital, process integration yield, CMP chemistries, low-k processes, gate stacks, metal gates, rapid thermal processing, silicides, copper interconnects, carbon nanotubes, novel materials, high mobility substrates (SOI, sSi, SiGe, GeOI), strain engineering, and hybrid integration.
Analysis of Loan Performance, Factors Associated with Defaults, and Data Sources
Author: William B. Shear
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The surge in mortgage foreclosures that began in late 2006 and continues today was initially driven by deterioration in the performance of non-prime loans. Non-prime mortgage originations increased dramatically from 2000 through 2006, rising from 12% of all mortgage originations to 34%. The non-prime market contracted sharply in mid-2007, in response to increasing defaults and foreclosures for these loans. This report: (1) provides info. on the performance of non-prime loans through 12/31/09; (2) examines how loan and borrower characteristics and economic conditions influenced the likelihood of default of non-prime loans; and (3) describes the features of data on non-prime loan performance and borrower characteristics. Illus.
Uses case studies to explore why large scale electronics failed to win a leadership position in the early computer industry and why IBM, a firm with a heritage in the business machines industry, succeeded. The cases cover both the US and the UK industry focusing on electronics giants GE, RCA, English Electric, EMI and Ferranti.
The Dodd-Frank Act is intended to reform residential mortgage lending and securitization practices that contributed to the recent financial crisis. The Act provides some liability protection for lenders originating mortgages that meet nine specified criteria associated with a borrower¿s ability to repay (¿qualified mortgages¿). The act also requires securitizers of mortgages not meeting separate criteria associated with lower default risk to retain at least 5% of the credit risk. This report discusses the potential impact of the act¿s: (1) qualified mortgage criteria; (2) credit risk retention requirement; and (3) provisions concerning homeownership counseling and regulation of high-cost loans. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.
Semantic underspecification is an essential and pervasive property of natural language. This monograph provides a comprehensive survey of the various phenomena in the field of ambiguity and vagueness. The book discusses the major theories of semantic indefiniteness, which have been proposed in linguistics, philosophy and computer science. It argues for a view of indefiniteness as the potential for further contextual specification, and proposes a unified logical treatment of indefiniteness on this basis. The inherent inconsistency of natural language induced by irreducible imprecision is investigated, and treated in terms of a dynamic extension of the proposed logic. The book is an extended edition of a German monograph and is addressed to advanced students and researchers in theoretical and computational linguistics, logic, philosophy of language, and NL- oriented AI. Although it makes extensive use of logical formalisms, it requires only some basic familiarity with standard predicate logic concepts since all technical terms are carefully explained.
Have you ever found yourself struggling with information overload? Have you ever felt both overworked and underutilised? Do you ever feel busy but not productive? If you answered yes to any of these, the way out is to become an Essentialist. In Essentialism, Greg McKeown, CEO of a Leadership and Strategy agency in Silicon Valley who has run courses at Apple, Google and Facebook, shows you how to achieve what he calls the disciplined pursuit of less. Being an Essentialist is about a disciplined way of thinking. It means challenging the core assumption of ‘We can have it all’ and ‘I have to do everything’ and replacing it with the pursuit of ‘the right thing, in the right way, at the right time'. By applying a more selective criteria for what is essential, the pursuit of less allows us to regain control of our own choices so we can channel our time, energy and effort into making the highest possible contribution toward the goals and activities that matter. Using the experience and insight of working with the leaders of the most innovative companies and organisations in the world, McKeown shows you how to put Essentialism into practice in your own life, so you too can achieve something great.
This book presents comprehensive studies on nine specification languages and their logics of reasoning. The editors and authors are authorities on these specification languages and their application. In a unique feature, the book closes with short commentaries on the specification languages written by researchers closely associated with their original development. The book contains extensive references and pointers to future developments.