Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner provides a thorough introduction to the key statistical techniques that medical practitioners encounter throughout their professional careers. These techniques play an important part in evidence-based medicine or EBM. Adherence to EBM requires medical practitioners to keep abreast of the results of medical research as reported in their general and specialty journals. At the heart of this research is the science of statistics. It is through statistical techniques that researchers are able to discern the patterns in the data that tell a clinical story worth reporting. The authors begin by discussing samples and populations, issues involved in causality and causal inference, and ways of describing data. They then proceed through the major inferential techniques of hypothesis testing and estimation, providing examples of univariate and bivariate tests. The coverage then moves to statistical modeling, including linear and logistic regression and survival analysis. In a final chapter, a user-friendly introduction to some newer, cutting-edge, regression techniques will be included, such as fixed-effects regression and growth-curve modeling. A unique feature of the work is the extensive presentation of statistical applications from recent medical literature. Over 30 different articles are explicated herein, taken from such journals. With the aid of this primer, the medical researcher will also find it easier to communicate with the statisticians on his or her research team. The book includes a glossary of statistical terms for easy access. This is an important reference work for the shelves of physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician’s assistants, medical students, and residents.
Cyber forensic knowledge requirements have expanded and evolved just as fast as the nature of digital information has—requiring cyber forensics professionals to understand far more than just hard drive intrusion analysis. The Certified Cyber Forensics Professional (CCFPSM) designation ensures that certification holders possess the necessary breadth, depth of knowledge, and analytical skills needed to address modern cyber forensics challenges. Official (ISC)2® Guide to the CCFP® CBK® supplies an authoritative review of the key concepts and requirements of the Certified Cyber Forensics Professional (CCFP®) Common Body of Knowledge (CBK®). Encompassing all of the knowledge elements needed to demonstrate competency in cyber forensics, it covers the six domains: Legal and Ethical Principles, Investigations, Forensic Science, Digital Forensics, Application Forensics, and Hybrid and Emerging Technologies. Compiled by leading digital forensics experts from around the world, the book provides the practical understanding in forensics techniques and procedures, standards of practice, and legal and ethical principles required to ensure accurate, complete, and reliable digital evidence that is admissible in a court of law. This official guide supplies a global perspective of key topics within the cyber forensics field, including chain of custody, evidence analysis, network forensics, and cloud forensics. It also explains how to apply forensics techniques to other information security disciplines, such as e-discovery, malware analysis, or incident response. Utilize this book as your fundamental study tool for achieving the CCFP certification the first time around. Beyond that, it will serve as a reliable resource for cyber forensics knowledge throughout your career.
Bruce Budowle,Steven E. Schutzer,Roger G. Breeze,Paul S. Keim,Stephen A. Morse
Author: Bruce Budowle,Steven E. Schutzer,Roger G. Breeze,Paul S. Keim,Stephen A. Morse
Publisher: Academic Press
Microbial Forensics is a rapidly evolving scientific discipline. In the last decade, and particularly due to the anthrax letter attacks in the United States, microbial forensics has become more formalized and has played an increasingly greater role in crime investigations. This has brought renewed interest, development and application of new technologies, and new rules of forensic and policy engagement. It has many applications ranging from biodefense, criminal investigations, providing intelligence information, making society more secure, and helping protect precious resources, particularly human life. A combination of diverse areas is investigated, including the major disciplines of biology, microbiology, medicine, chemistry, physics, statistics, population genetics, and computer science. Microbial Forensics, Second Edition is fully revised and updated and serves as a complete reference of the discipline. It describes the advances, as well as the challenges and opportunities ahead, and will be integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. A collection of microbiology, virology, toxicology and mycology as it relates to forensics, in one reference New and expanded content to include statistical analysis of forensic data and legal admissibility and the standards of evidence, to name a few Includes research information and application of that research to crime scene analysis, which will allow practitioners to understand and apply the knowledge to their practice with ease
Most arguments for a rediscovery of the body and the senses hinge on a critique of "visualism" in our globalized, technified society. This approach has led to a lack of actual research on the processes of visual "enskillment." Providing a comprehensive spectrum of case studies in relevant contexts, this volume raises the issue of the rehabilitation of vision and contextualizes vision in the contemporary debate on the construction of local knowledge vs. the hegemony of the socio-technical network. By maintaining an ethnographic approach, the book provides practical examples that are both accessible to undergraduate students and informative for an academic audience.
Revisiting the dominant scientific method, 'coding,' with which investigators from sociology to literary criticism have sampled texts and catalogued their cultural messages, the author demonstrates that the celebrated hard outputs rest on misleading samples and on unfeasible classifying of the texts' meanings.
Alexander J. Sutton,Nicky J. Welton,Nicola Cooper,Keith R. Abrams,A. E. Ades
Author: Alexander J. Sutton,Nicky J. Welton,Nicola Cooper,Keith R. Abrams,A. E. Ades
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
"In the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish interventions that are beneficial, are superior to all alternatives and are cost-effective. Usually one study will not provide answers to these questions and it will be necessary to synthesize evidence from multiple sources. This book aims to outline a coherent approach to such evidence synthesis, for the purpose of decision making. Each chapter contains worked examples, exercises and solutions drawn from a variety of medical disciplines Evidence Syntesis for Decision Making intends to provide a practical guide to the appropriate methods for synthesizing evidence for use in analytical decision models. More specifically, it proposes a comprehensive evidence synthesis framework, which models all the available data appropriately and efficiently in a format that can be incorporated directly into a decision model."--publisher website.
Make informed clinical decisions with reliable, up-to-date guidance from Evidence-Based Practice of Anesthesia, 3rd Edition! Leading authority Lee A. Fleisher, MD expertly explores the full range of important issues in perioperative management, discussing the available options, examining the relevant research, and presenting practical recommendations. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader with intuitive search tools and adjustable font sizes. Elsevier eBooks provide instant portable access to your entire library, no matter what device you're using or where you're located. Make sound, evidence-based decisions on every aspect of patient care: preoperative assessment, monitoring and administration of anesthesia during surgery, postoperative intensive care management, and postoperative pain management. Master the current best practices you need to know for day-to-day practice and oral board review. Confidently navigate the latest issues thanks to new chapters on optimal airway management in GI endoscopy, the role of Ketamine for perioperative management, fast-track surgery, and hypothermia after intraoperative cardiac arrest, plus many other vital updates. Efficiently translate evidence into practice with numerous quick-reference tables and short, well-organized chapters that promote fast and effective decision making. Get practical decision-making tools you can use in both routine care and complicated or special situations.
As early pioneers in the use of digital geographic data, many local governments in the UK were ahead of their counterparts in central government and the private sector in the application of GIS technology. To meet current challenges, local authorities must coordinate the latest technology with effective information management strategies, human and cultural issues, and organizational structures and processes. Geographic Information Management in Local Government examines the factors that are necessary to ensure that real benefits are delivered from the improved availability of geographic information. Written by two practitioners with extensive government experience, this four-part book examines supporting technology, the data that fuels it, and the human factors that help or hinder successful GIS implementation. Exploring the history of geographic information management in local government, this volume offers a pragmatic overview of the subject and what local authorities need to do in order to be successful. The Introduction covers the emergence of Geographic Information Management (GIM) and GIS in local government and explains why they are important. Part 2 explains the key elements of human and organizational issues, data, the technology toolbox, GIS selection and implementation, and coordinating mechanisms. Part 3 provides in-depth analyses of nine case studies on the use of technology by local UK authorities. Part 4 looks forward to the prospects and challenges for further GIM by local governments.
Medical decisions are made on the basis of critical thinking and clinical judgments are based on the relevancy of the collected data. Medical decisions and clinical judgments are the results of the long thought process generated from formal learning, data from guidelines and practice standards, experience, an understanding of the incidence of disease in the population that the patient represents, and the likelihood of a disease being present in a specific patient. This book introduces and encourages the concept of evidence-based patient care. This work presents the ideology and methodology of critical thinking and also the available evidence, management and cost effectives across the field. Evidence-Based Cardiology is aimed at any clinician who encounters a cardiac patient from the Clerk to the Internist to the Practicing Physician, encouraging disease management decisions to be based on the highest level of evidence.
The paper investigates cyclical fluctuations in the current and financial (formerly capital) accounts of the balance of payments and major underlying components for nine industrial countries. The empirical model uses as explanatory variables domestic output growth, price inflation, real exchange rate fluctuations, energy price inflation, global growth, and regional growth. The evidence from the estimation of the model indicates the importance of fluctuations in output growth to the cyclicality of the current and financial account balances. The necessary and sufficient condition to sustain a large current account deficit is high domestic growth, which tends to stimulate financial inflows and provides adequate resources for financing. Other factors appear to be less important to the cyclicality of the current and financial account balances and their negative correlations.
From the contents: Charles MORGAN: Canonical models and probabilistic semantics. - Francois LEPAGE: A many-valued probabilistic logic. - Piers RAWLING: The exchange paradox, finite additivity, and the principle of dominance. - Susan VINEBERG: The logical status of conditionalization and its role in confirmation. - Deborah MAYO: Science, error statistics, and arguing from error. - Mark N. LANCE: The best is the enemy of the good: Bayesian epistemology as a case study in unhelpful idealization. - Robert B. GARDNER & Michael C. WOOTEN: An application of Bayes' theorem to population genetics. - Peter D. JOHNSON, Jr.: Another look at group selection."
This book tackles the third major challenge and the second most difficult step in the ROI methodology: converting data to monetary values. When a particular project or program is connected to a business measure, the next logical question is: what is the monetary value of that impact? For ROI analysis, it is at this critical point where the monetary benefits are developed to compare to the costs of the program to calculate the ROI. Includes: the importance of converting data to monetary value; preliminary issues; standard values: the standard values: where to find them; using internal experts, using external databases; linking with other measures; using estimates; when to abandon conversion efforts and leave data as intangible, analyzing the intangibles; and reporting the intangibles.
Author: Albert J. Marcella, Jr.,Frederic Guillossou
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
An explanation of the basic principles of data This book explains the basic principles of data as buildingblocks of electronic evidential matter, which are used in a cyberforensics investigations. The entire text is written with noreference to a particular operation system or environment, thus itis applicable to all work environments, cyber investigationscenarios, and technologies. The text is written in astep-by-step manner, beginning with the elementary buildingblocks of data progressing upwards to the representation andstorage of information. It inlcudes practical examples andillustrations throughout to guide the reader.
This paper analyzes the effects of exchange rate volatility on bilateral trade flows. Through use of a gravity model and panel data from western Europe, exchange rate uncertainty is found to have a negative effect on international trade. The results seem to be robust with respect to the particular measures representing exchange rate uncertainty. Particular attention is reserved for problems of simultaneous causality. The negative correlation between trade and bilateral volatility remains significant after controlling for the simultaneity bias. However, a Hausman test rejects the hypothesis of the absence of simultaneous causality.
"An extremely practical manual on how to get almost any kind of evidence admitted."--Faust F. Rossi, Professor of Law & Samuel S. Leibowitz Professor of Trial Techniques, Cornell Law School Leading trial attorney Deanne C. Siemer gives you the up-to-date, practical information you need to get all kinds of exhibits admitted into evidence. In a clear, user-friendly format, this text divides exhibits into seven categories & gives foundation questions & answers for each. Use this information to create a solid trial outline & notes that will lead you to ask the right questions & get the right answers so your exhibits will be admitted into evidence. Each chapter covers: The foundation required to obtain admission for each type of evidence Objections available to your opponent & how to counter those objections Technical information about creating exhibits Tactical considerations for using each exhibit type From e-mail, workgroup documents, & faxes, to sound recordings, computer animations, & simulations, you will understand how to get "cutting-edge" exhibits admitted smoothly into evidence. And you will see how to display them for maximum impact.
David Slawson,Allen Shaughnessy,Mark Ebell,Henry Barry
Author: David Slawson,Allen Shaughnessy,Mark Ebell,Henry Barry
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This manual helps clinicians easily to find the best available evidence to facilitate sound medical decisions. It is the first published compilation of highly relevant InfoPOEMs that the editors believe has the potential to change a clinician's practice. The editors have selected over 300 of the most influential, compelling POEMs, and organized them by topic for easy reference. Each POEM contains: Clinical Question: Poses a question that the study seeks to answer. Bottom line: Summarizes the findings of the research and places these findings into the context with the known information on the topic. The bottom line also is designed to help readers understand how to apply the results. LOE: Each review is given a Level of Evidence indicator. This allows the reader to discern an overall sense of how well the new information is supported. Reference: Displays the citation of the article being reviewed. Study Design: Identifies the procedures of the study (i.e., Meta-Analysis, randomized controlled trial). Setting: Identifies the environment in which the study took place (i.e., outpatient, inpatient). Synopsis: Provides a brief overview of the study design and results, but is not an abstract. The editors have pulled out only the most important information – the materials that readers need to judge the validity of the research and to understand the results. The manual opens with two complementary, original chapters: 1) Introduction to Information Mastery which covers the skills physicians need to practice the best medicine. 2) An Introduction to Evidence Based Medicine that reviews the key concepts and principles behind this practice model.
Does your current trial advocacy resource show how to develop a winning trial strategy? Thomas A. Mauet's new Trials: Strategy, Skills, and the New Powers of Persuasion leads readers, step by step, through the many elements necessary for persuasive litigation. This realistic and practical work from the highly regarded leader in the field responds to significant changes in trial theory and practice: recognition of the decisive role of the jurors' perspective, including how they process and evaluate people, information, and arguments, and how they reach collective decisions the increased necessity of an effective opening statement and how to construct and deliver opening statements for maximum strategic value, with annotated examples from both the plaintiff's and the defendant's attorneys the new importance of visuals, with an entire chapter dedicated to this crucial element of today's trials, including proven tips for developing a visual strategy and using visuals/electronic media in opening statements, closing arguments, and expert testimony Tom Mauet draws on his extensive experience to set a strong foundation for practice by: presenting a methodology for developing an effective trial strategy and preparing for trial explaining and demonstrating the skills that must be developed and used in trials sequencing topics in order of the stages of a jury trial structuring the chapters in a consistent format: "The Law" lays out the legal framework for the chapter, generally a Rule (or Rules) of Evidence; "The Jury's Perspective" provides the sociological or psychological context; substantive sections provide the instruction "Trial Notebook" describes the information to add to the notebook at each stage of the trial, and "Common Problems" point out recurring problem including a CD-ROM that provides a trial notebook, video presentations of evidence (including interactive ones), and examples of opening statements, direct examination, and closing arguments for civil and criminal cases ;creating an exceptionally helpful Teacher's Manual An author website to support classroom instruction using this title is available at http://www.aspenlawschool.com/mauet_trials
Dr. Spitzer has created an issue devoted to the evidence-based pharmacologic care of the neonate. The issue opens with an important article on A Quality Improvement Approach to Modifying Medication Use in the NICU. The expert authors he has secured have contributed articles in the areas of therapeutic drug monitoring, off-label use of medications in the NICU, antenatal and post-natal corticosteroids, antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals, as well as bronchodilators and nitric oxide. Other articles also present evidence-based use of oxygen, dopamine, anesthetics and analgesics, and erythropoetin.
The advantages of employing evidence-based practices (EBPs) are now widely acknowledged across the medical, substance abuse, & mental health fields. This overview paper discusses EBPs & their role in the treatment of co-occurring disorders (COD). Practitioners seldom have as much evidence as they would like about the best clinical approach to use in any given clinical situation. This paper discusses EBPs & their use in treating persons with COD, discusses how evidence is used to determine if a given practice should be labeled as evidence based, & gives some brief examples of EBPs for COD. There is still considerable debate concerning how EBPs should be defined. This paper presents various points of view. Tables.