Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner provides a thorough introduction to the key statistical techniques that medical practitioners encounter throughout their professional careers. These techniques play an important part in evidence-based medicine or EBM. Adherence to EBM requires medical practitioners to keep abreast of the results of medical research as reported in their general and specialty journals. At the heart of this research is the science of statistics. It is through statistical techniques that researchers are able to discern the patterns in the data that tell a clinical story worth reporting. The authors begin by discussing samples and populations, issues involved in causality and causal inference, and ways of describing data. They then proceed through the major inferential techniques of hypothesis testing and estimation, providing examples of univariate and bivariate tests. The coverage then moves to statistical modeling, including linear and logistic regression and survival analysis. In a final chapter, a user-friendly introduction to some newer, cutting-edge, regression techniques will be included, such as fixed-effects regression and growth-curve modeling. A unique feature of the work is the extensive presentation of statistical applications from recent medical literature. Over 30 different articles are explicated herein, taken from such journals. With the aid of this primer, the medical researcher will also find it easier to communicate with the statisticians on his or her research team. The book includes a glossary of statistical terms for easy access. This is an important reference work for the shelves of physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician’s assistants, medical students, and residents.
Cyber forensic knowledge requirements have expanded and evolved just as fast as the nature of digital information has—requiring cyber forensics professionals to understand far more than just hard drive intrusion analysis. The Certified Cyber Forensics Professional (CCFPSM) designation ensures that certification holders possess the necessary breadth, depth of knowledge, and analytical skills needed to address modern cyber forensics challenges. Official (ISC)2® Guide to the CCFP® CBK® supplies an authoritative review of the key concepts and requirements of the Certified Cyber Forensics Professional (CCFP®) Common Body of Knowledge (CBK®). Encompassing all of the knowledge elements needed to demonstrate competency in cyber forensics, it covers the six domains: Legal and Ethical Principles, Investigations, Forensic Science, Digital Forensics, Application Forensics, and Hybrid and Emerging Technologies. Compiled by leading digital forensics experts from around the world, the book provides the practical understanding in forensics techniques and procedures, standards of practice, and legal and ethical principles required to ensure accurate, complete, and reliable digital evidence that is admissible in a court of law. This official guide supplies a global perspective of key topics within the cyber forensics field, including chain of custody, evidence analysis, network forensics, and cloud forensics. It also explains how to apply forensics techniques to other information security disciplines, such as e-discovery, malware analysis, or incident response. Utilize this book as your fundamental study tool for achieving the CCFP certification the first time around. Beyond that, it will serve as a reliable resource for cyber forensics knowledge throughout your career.
Microbial Forensics is a rapidly evolving scientific discipline. In the last decade, and particularly due to the anthrax letter attacks in the United States, microbial forensics has become more formalized and has played an increasingly greater role in crime investigations. This has brought renewed interest, development and application of new technologies, and new rules of forensic and policy engagement. It has many applications ranging from biodefense, criminal investigations, providing intelligence information, making society more secure, and helping protect precious resources, particularly human life. A combination of diverse areas is investigated, including the major disciplines of biology, microbiology, medicine, chemistry, physics, statistics, population genetics, and computer science. Microbial Forensics, Second Edition is fully revised and updated and serves as a complete reference of the discipline. It describes the advances, as well as the challenges and opportunities ahead, and will be integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. A collection of microbiology, virology, toxicology and mycology as it relates to forensics, in one reference New and expanded content to include statistical analysis of forensic data and legal admissibility and the standards of evidence, to name a few Includes research information and application of that research to crime scene analysis, which will allow practitioners to understand and apply the knowledge to their practice with ease
Most arguments for a rediscovery of the body and the senses hinge on a critique of "visualism" in our globalized, technified society. This approach has led to a lack of actual research on the processes of visual "enskillment." Providing a comprehensive spectrum of case studies in relevant contexts, this volume raises the issue of the rehabilitation of vision and contextualizes vision in the contemporary debate on the construction of local knowledge vs. the hegemony of the socio-technical network. By maintaining an ethnographic approach, the book provides practical examples that are both accessible to undergraduate students and informative for an academic audience.
Studies of Collective Behavior and Social Movements
Author: John Lofland
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Social Science
This volume addresses three major issues: What are the circumstances in which people elect to protest; what are the forms of such action; and how do people organize to do so? Phrased differently, what are the contexts of protest (collective behavior), personal readiness for protest (conversion), and finally joining together for protest in movement organizations and movement strategies. The key to the book's value is its theoretical sophistication. These studies address in a systematic way fundamental alternatives to organizing protests and outline in detail options for structuring units of social movement. The author deals especially with movement organization locals, including "corps" and "cells." Such units are examined in terms of how they coexist and how they exist sequentially through time. Several case studies of movement organization are included, such as the Unification Church and Mankind United. The work places a heavy emphasis on protest action or strategy. In the final section four chapters examine the entire gamut of strategic possibilities, ranging from polite politics to violent action. Protest is a distinctive and complex strategy. The work carefully evaluates varieties of protest that have become significant in the 1980s. In each section of the book Lofland draws out underlying themes and issues that interrelate the studies and places protest in the larger context of political and social change and theories to date.
Revisiting the dominant scientific method, 'coding,' with which investigators from sociology to literary criticism have sampled texts and catalogued their cultural messages, the author demonstrates that the celebrated hard outputs rest on misleading samples and on unfeasible classifying of the texts' meanings.
"In the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish interventions that are beneficial, are superior to all alternatives and are cost-effective. Usually one study will not provide answers to these questions and it will be necessary to synthesize evidence from multiple sources. This book aims to outline a coherent approach to such evidence synthesis, for the purpose of decision making. Each chapter contains worked examples, exercises and solutions drawn from a variety of medical disciplines Evidence Syntesis for Decision Making intends to provide a practical guide to the appropriate methods for synthesizing evidence for use in analytical decision models. More specifically, it proposes a comprehensive evidence synthesis framework, which models all the available data appropriately and efficiently in a format that can be incorporated directly into a decision model."--publisher website.
Make informed clinical decisions with reliable, up-to-date guidance from Evidence-Based Practice of Anesthesia, 3rd Edition! Leading authority Lee A. Fleisher, MD expertly explores the full range of important issues in perioperative management, discussing the available options, examining the relevant research, and presenting practical recommendations. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader with intuitive search tools and adjustable font sizes. Elsevier eBooks provide instant portable access to your entire library, no matter what device you're using or where you're located. Make sound, evidence-based decisions on every aspect of patient care: preoperative assessment, monitoring and administration of anesthesia during surgery, postoperative intensive care management, and postoperative pain management. Master the current best practices you need to know for day-to-day practice and oral board review. Confidently navigate the latest issues thanks to new chapters on optimal airway management in GI endoscopy, the role of Ketamine for perioperative management, fast-track surgery, and hypothermia after intraoperative cardiac arrest, plus many other vital updates. Efficiently translate evidence into practice with numerous quick-reference tables and short, well-organized chapters that promote fast and effective decision making. Get practical decision-making tools you can use in both routine care and complicated or special situations.
Report of cases relating to patents, trade marks, copyrights decided by Supreme Court of the United States, United States Circuit courts of appeals, District courts of the United States, United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, Court of Claims of the United States, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, Commissioner of Patents and Patent Office Board of Appeals.