Urban space has emerged as the central organizing construct in studies of the post-modern metropolis. This volume talks about how urban space is used and contested by different social groups, how urban space is transformed by the changing economic relationships manifested in the world order, and how urban space is defined by those who use it.
Public spaces have long been the focus of urban social activity, but investigations of how public space works often adopt only one of several possible perspectives, which restricts the questions that can be asked and the answers that can be considered. In this volume, Anthony Orum and Zachary Neal explore how public space can be a facilitator of civil order, a site for power and resistance, and a stage for art, theatre, and performance. They bring together these frequently unconnected models for understanding public space, collecting classic and contemporary readings that illustrate each, and synthesizing them in a series of original essays. Throughout, they offer questions to provoke discussion, and conclude with thoughts on how these models can be combined by future scholars of public space to yield more comprehensive understanding of how public space works.
die Stiftungen Jakob Fuggers des Reichen vor und während der Reformation (ca. 1505-1555)
Author: Benjamin Scheller
Category: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations
Gegenstand des Buches sind drei Stiftungen: die beruhmte Kleinhaussiedlung, die seit 1531 als "Fuggerei" bekannt ist; die Grabkapelle der Fugger in der Klosterkirche der Augsburger Karmeliter; eine Pradikatur bei der Kollegiat- und Pfarrkirche St. Moritz in Augsburg. Zentrale Frage der Untersuchung ist die nach den Interdependenzen von Stiftungen und historischem Wandel. So ist exemplarisch eine Stiftungsgeschichte als allgemeine Geschichte entstanden, die mikro- und makrohistorische Perspektiven ebenso miteinander verbindet wie kultur- und sozialhistorische und in der sich diese Aspekte wechselseitig erhellen. Gleichzeitig wird auf diese Weise erstmals eine Gesamtdarstellung der Stiftungen Jakob Fuggers aus allgemeinhistorischer Perspektive dargeboten."
This book examines a range of practical developments that are happening in education as conducted in urban settings across different scales. It contains insights that draw upon the fields of urban planning/urbanism, geography, architecture, education and pedagogy. It brings together current thinking and practical experience from German and international perspectives. This discussion is organised in four segments: schools and the neighbourhood; education and the neighbourhood; education and the city and finally, education and the region. Contributors cover a wide range of contemporary and significant socio-political aspects of education over the last decade. They reinforce emergent thinking that space and its urban context are important dimensions of education. This book also underscores the need for more research in the relationships between education and urban development itself. Current urban planning does not fully connect our understanding in education with what we know in the spatial and planning sciences. Accordingly, this release is an early attempt to bring together a growing body of integrated and interdisciplinary reflection on education theory and practice.
This book presents a cross-cultural approach to the study of urban space from a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives. Essays written by major contributors to contemporary urban studies explore conceptual and linguistic interpretations of urban space, visual and social examinations of world cities, and policy issues in spatial analysis. Using case studies from Asia, Latin America, North America, and Europe, the authors raise important questions about space and power, processes of change, aesthetics and attitudes toward space, and social divisions expressed through urban life. This collection endorses the centrality of cross-cultural investigation and paves the way for comparative debate which will lead to new areas of urban research.
Public art - the making, management and mediation of art outside its conventional location in museums and galleries, and the livable city - a concept involving user-centred strategies for urban planning and design, are both socially produced but have emerged from different fields and tend to be discussed in isolation. This book applies a range of critical perspectives which have emerged from different disciplines - art criticism, urban design, urban sociology, geography and critical theory - to examine the practice of art for urban public spaces, seeing public art from positions outside those of the art world to ask how it might contribute to possible urban futures. Exploring the diversity of urban politics, the functions of public space and its relation to the structures of power, the roles of professionals and users in the construction of the city, the gendering of space and the ways in which space and citizen are represented, the book explains how these issues are as relevant to architecture, urban design and urban planning as they are to public art. Drawing on a wealth of images from across the UK and Europe and the USA, in particular, the author questions the effectiveness of public art in achieving more convivial urban environments, whilst retaining the idea that imagining possible futures is as much part of a democratic society as using public space.
Explores cities and urban life from the perspectives of both sociology and cultural theory. Through an interdisciplinary approach, the book demonstrates that the "real" city of physicality and struggle and the "imagined" city of representations are entwined in the construction of urban cultures.
First published in 1993, this book provides an overview of issues and debates in contemporary urban sociology. It reviews critically each of the major theoretical orientations in the field, providing a brief historical introduction to each approach but emphasising the current theoretical debate. Flanagan juxtaposes the approaches of classical urbanism and urban community theory, the urban ecology approach and the postmodern approach and explains their lasting contribution to the field. Adherents of each of these methodologies contribute to debates within the field, making an overview volume all the more necessary.
The Culture of Cities Project is an international interdisciplinary five-year research project studying the lived experience of place in urban life. This book is like the city itself, a collective effort where each place shows itself at different stages of planning and construction. These essays examine the particularities of the cultures of Montreal, Toronto, Dublin and Berlin and include local uses of cinema and the arts, public space and global economies. Areas of research focus on building and rebuilding, the circulation of objects and artifacts, representations of locality, the arts, and citizenship. The purpose is to sustain the dialogue on the good city and the good of the city that is implicit or a tacit feature of research and commentary on urban life. This collection of papers, The Culture of Cities...under construction, emerges from The Project's first graduate colloquium, held in Toronto in November 2000, and involves participants from the universities of Montreal, Concordia, Quebec at Montreal, McGill, Calgary, Waterloo and York. The Culture of Cities Project is funded through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada as part of their Major Collaborative Initiatives Program. The project director is Alan Blum of York University in Toronto.
While we are used to looking around us, we are less used to listening to what happens around us. And yet, the noises we produce reveal our way of life, and learning to master them is a necessity. This book aims at drawing the reader’s attention to the sound of the urban environment. The topic is by its very nature complex, as it involves sounds and noises, urban space and social activities. Using an interdisciplinary approach, it examines a heterogeneous selection of experimentations from the domains of music, art and architecture. Significant case studies of pieces of music, public art works and scientific research in the field of urban planning are analyzed, investigating the methods that have been adopted and the aural processes that have been generated. It then uses the findings to reconstruct the underlying theories and practices and to show what might be drawn from these procedures applied to urban planning. The overall objective is to learn to build and enrich space with sound, arguing that there is a need to reconsider architecture and urban planning beyond building, and to look to the world of the arts and other disciplines. In doing so, the book guides the reader toward a sensorial architecture, and more generally toward consciously creating environmental architecture which is sustainable and connects with art and which diffuses a culture of sound.
Brings the analysis of gender from the margin to the center of urban theory. This volume examines the influence of gender in shaping relations in urban spaces and places. It represents a "crack" in the landscape of urban sociology, and engages in the discourse of the field from a gendered perspective.
This book investigates architectural and urban dimensions of the ethnic-nationalist conflict in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, during and after the siege of 1992–1995. Focusing on the wartime destruction of a portion of the cityscape in central Sarajevo and its post-war reconstruction, re-inscription and memorialization, the book reveals how such spatial transformations become complicit in the struggle for reconfiguration of the city’s territory, boundaries and place identity. Drawing on original research, the study highlights the capacities of architecture and urban space to mediate terror, violence and resistance, and to deal with heritage of the war and act a catalyst for ethnic segregation or reconciliation. Based on a multi-disciplinary methodological approach grounded in architectural and urban theory, the spatial turn in critical social theory and assemblage thinking, as well as techniques of spatial analysis, in particular morphological mapping, the book provides an innovative spatial framework for analyzing the political role of contemporary cities.
Beng Huat Chua,Norman Edwards,National University of Singapore. Centre for Advanced Studies
Author: Beng Huat Chua,Norman Edwards,National University of Singapore. Centre for Advanced Studies
Publisher: NUS Press
Category: Social Science
This collection of essays addresses the important issue of public space in terms of its design, use and management and value as a social, economic and cultural resource, with special reference to Singapore. Multi-disciplinary in perspective, it represents the first concerted attempt by academics and practitioners involved in the physical design and planning of Singapore to closely analyse a much neglected aspect of the Singapore's rapid industrialisation and provide suggestions for the country's future development. The book should interest ecologists, sociologists, botanists, geographers, urban planners, engineers, architects and other building professionals as well as the general public.
This book is based on the results of over two decades of field research on cities and towns of Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore. The connections between micro and macro processes, between grassroots interactions and urban structures, between social theory and empirical data are analysed to provide a vivid picture of the great variety of urban forms, the social creativity in the slums of Bangkok, Manila or Jakarta, the variety of cultural symbolism and the political and religious structuration of urban space. The book is written in the tradition of German or European sociological research from Marx and Weber to Habermas and Bourdieu. It will be of interest to urban anthropologists, political scientists and sociologists, to students of Southeast Asian history, culture and society, to urban planners and policy makers.
The construction industry as a workplace is commonly seen as problematic for a number of reasons, including its worrying health and safety record, the instability of its workforce, and the poorly regulated nature of the sector. It is surprising therefore, that the sector and its working practices remain so under-theorised. Now though, there is a growing interest in and awareness of the utility of an ethnographic approach to the construction industry. Ethnographic Research in the Construction Industry draws together in one volume a set of expert contributions which demonstrate how social science perspectives, rooted in ethnographic research on construction sites and with construction workers themselves, can generate fresh insights into the social, cultural and material ways that the industry and conditions of work in it are experienced and played out. Each chapter develops discussion on the basis of an ethnographic case study to examine how theoretically informed ethnographic research can help us understand industry problems, and can challenge common perceptions of the construction industry. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of anthropology, sociology, geography and organization studies, as well as those from the built environment and related applied fields.
Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism
Author: Nikolas C. Heynen,Maria Kaika,Erik Swyngedouw
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
The social and material production of urban nature has recently emerged as an important area in urban studies, human/environmental interactions and social studies. This has been prompted by the recognition that the material conditions that comprise urban environments are not independent from social, political, and economic processes, or from the cultural construction of what constitutes the 'urban' or the 'natural'. Through both theoretical and empirical analysis, this groundbreaking collection offers an integrated and relational approach to untangling the interconnected processes involved in forming urban landscapes. The essays in this book attest that the re-entry of the ecological agenda into urban theory is vital both in terms of understanding contemporary urbanization processes, and of engaging in a meaningful environmental politics. They debate the central themes of whose nature is, or becomes, urbanized, and the uneven power relations through which this socio-metabolic transformation takes place. Including urban case studies, international research and contributions from prominent urban scholars, this volume will enable students, scholars and researchers of geographical, environmental and urban studies to better understand how interrelated, everyday economic, political and cultural processes form and transform urban environments.
Drawing on a rich diversity of theoretical approaches and analytical strategies, urban geographers have been at the forefront of understanding the global and local processes shaping cities, and of making sense of the urban experiences of a wide variety of social groups. Through their links with those working in the fields of urban policy design, urban geographers have also played an important role in the analysis of the economic and social problems confronting cities. Capturing the diversity of scholarship in the field of urban geography, this reader presents a stimulating selection of articles and excerpts by leading figures. Organized around seven themes, it addresses the changing economic, social, cultural, and technological conditions of contemporary urbanization and the range of personal and public responses. It reflects the academic importance of urban geography in terms of both its theoretical and empirical analysis as well as its applied policy relevance, and features extensive editorial input in the form of general, section and individual extract introductions. Bringing together in one volume 'classic' and contemporary pieces of urban geography, studies undertaken in the developed and developing worlds, and examples of theoretical and applied research, it provides in a convenient, student-friendly format, an unparalleled resource for those studying the complex geographies of urban areas.