Public spaces have long been the focus of urban social activity, but investigations of how public space works often adopt only one of several possible perspectives, which restricts the questions that can be asked and the answers that can be considered. In this volume, Anthony Orum and Zachary Neal explore how public space can be a facilitator of civil order, a site for power and resistance, and a stage for art, theatre, and performance. They bring together these frequently unconnected models for understanding public space, collecting classic and contemporary readings that illustrate each, and synthesizing them in a series of original essays. Throughout, they offer questions to provoke discussion, and conclude with thoughts on how these models can be combined by future scholars of public space to yield more comprehensive understanding of how public space works.
die Stiftungen Jakob Fuggers des Reichen vor und während der Reformation (ca. 1505-1555)
Author: Benjamin Scheller
Category: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations
Gegenstand des Buches sind drei Stiftungen: die beruhmte Kleinhaussiedlung, die seit 1531 als "Fuggerei" bekannt ist; die Grabkapelle der Fugger in der Klosterkirche der Augsburger Karmeliter; eine Pradikatur bei der Kollegiat- und Pfarrkirche St. Moritz in Augsburg. Zentrale Frage der Untersuchung ist die nach den Interdependenzen von Stiftungen und historischem Wandel. So ist exemplarisch eine Stiftungsgeschichte als allgemeine Geschichte entstanden, die mikro- und makrohistorische Perspektiven ebenso miteinander verbindet wie kultur- und sozialhistorische und in der sich diese Aspekte wechselseitig erhellen. Gleichzeitig wird auf diese Weise erstmals eine Gesamtdarstellung der Stiftungen Jakob Fuggers aus allgemeinhistorischer Perspektive dargeboten."
This book presents a cross-cultural approach to the study of urban space from a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives. Essays written by major contributors to contemporary urban studies explore conceptual and linguistic interpretations of urban space, visual and social examinations of world cities, and policy issues in spatial analysis. Using case studies from Asia, Latin America, North America, and Europe, the authors raise important questions about space and power, processes of change, aesthetics and attitudes toward space, and social divisions expressed through urban life. This collection endorses the centrality of cross-cultural investigation and paves the way for comparative debate which will lead to new areas of urban research.
This volume emphasises the sociological view that cities are primarily about people, not places or buildings, and explores the social dynamics of urban space in globalising India. Distinguishing between ‘locale’ and ‘milieu’ and the community–cosmopolitanism dialectic in urban areas, it elucidates the thematic for urban sociology today. The chapters explore the various perspectives and processes in understanding the urban predicament in India today. The contributors specifically ask: What are the characteristics of the fastest growing cities in India? What are the forces shaping their forms and processes? Who benefits from what type of livelihood options cities offer? How have city administrations been dealing with mounting demands for housing, energy, and water resources, and problems of mass transportation? What implications do these have for the ecology of the city and the surrounding areas? Given the heterogeneity of urban populations, what social processes are at work and how they affect cit[y]zenship and identity? What aspirations and tensions are expressed among different groups, and what implications do these have for inter-group relations? What challenges do inter-group relations pose for urban planning and administration? The contributors include renowned scholars as also young researchers. They go beyond their disciplinary moorings of economics, history, political science, social work, and sociology, and their trans-disciplinary dialogues carry inputs from policy makers, administrators, and grassroots activists working in urban areas.
Presents contributions in comparative suburban studies for urban regions, not just in Europe and the United States but also metropolitan regions in China, India and other areas of the world. This title examines the patterns of suburban development in metropolitan regions around the globe.
Explores cities and urban life from the perspectives of both sociology and cultural theory. Through an interdisciplinary approach, the book demonstrates that the "real" city of physicality and struggle and the "imagined" city of representations are entwined in the construction of urban cultures.
The Culture of Cities Project is an international interdisciplinary five-year research project studying the lived experience of place in urban life. This book is like the city itself, a collective effort where each place shows itself at different stages of planning and construction. These essays examine the particularities of the cultures of Montreal, Toronto, Dublin and Berlin and include local uses of cinema and the arts, public space and global economies. Areas of research focus on building and rebuilding, the circulation of objects and artifacts, representations of locality, the arts, and citizenship. The purpose is to sustain the dialogue on the good city and the good of the city that is implicit or a tacit feature of research and commentary on urban life. This collection of papers, The Culture of Cities...under construction, emerges from The Project's first graduate colloquium, held in Toronto in November 2000, and involves participants from the universities of Montreal, Concordia, Quebec at Montreal, McGill, Calgary, Waterloo and York. The Culture of Cities Project is funded through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada as part of their Major Collaborative Initiatives Program. The project director is Alan Blum of York University in Toronto.
First published in 1993, this book provides an overview of issues and debates in contemporary urban sociology. It reviews critically each of the major theoretical orientations in the field, providing a brief historical introduction to each approach but emphasising the current theoretical debate. Flanagan juxtaposes the approaches of classical urbanism and urban community theory, the urban ecology approach and the postmodern approach and explains their lasting contribution to the field. Adherents of each of these methodologies contribute to debates within the field, making an overview volume all the more necessary.
Public art - the making, management and mediation of art outside its conventional location in museums and galleries, and the livable city - a concept involving user-centred strategies for urban planning and design, are both socially produced but have emerged from different fields and tend to be discussed in isolation. This book applies a range of critical perspectives which have emerged from different disciplines - art criticism, urban design, urban sociology, geography and critical theory - to examine the practice of art for urban public spaces, seeing public art from positions outside those of the art world to ask how it might contribute to possible urban futures. Exploring the diversity of urban politics, the functions of public space and its relation to the structures of power, the roles of professionals and users in the construction of the city, the gendering of space and the ways in which space and citizen are represented, the book explains how these issues are as relevant to architecture, urban design and urban planning as they are to public art. Drawing on a wealth of images from across the UK and Europe and the USA, in particular, the author questions the effectiveness of public art in achieving more convivial urban environments, whilst retaining the idea that imagining possible futures is as much part of a democratic society as using public space.
Transnational Architecture Production in Urban China
Author: Xuefei Ren
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
From the years 2004 to 2008, Beijing and Shanghai witnessed the construction of an extraordinary number of new buildings, many of which were designed by architectural firms overseas. Combining ethnographic fieldwork, historical research, and network analysis, Building Globalization closely scrutinizes the growing phenomenon of transnational architecture and its profound effect on the development of urban space. Roaming from construction sites in Shanghai to architects’ offices in Paris, Xuefei Ren interviews hundreds of architects, developers, politicians, residents, and activists to explore this issue. She finds that in the rapidly transforming cities of modern China, iconic designs from prestigious international architects help private developers to distinguish their projects, government officials to advance their careers, and the Chinese state to announce the arrival of modern China on the world stage. China leads the way in the globalization of architecture, a process whose ramifications can be felt from Beijing to Dubai to Basel. Connecting the dots between real estate speculation, megaproject construction, residential displacement, historical preservation, housing rights, and urban activism, Building Globalization reveals the contradictions and consequences of this new, global urban frontier.
This book examines a range of practical developments that are happening in education as conducted in urban settings across different scales. It contains insights that draw upon the fields of urban planning/urbanism, geography, architecture, education and pedagogy. It brings together current thinking and practical experience from German and international perspectives. This discussion is organised in four segments: schools and the neighbourhood; education and the neighbourhood; education and the city and finally, education and the region. Contributors cover a wide range of contemporary and significant socio-political aspects of education over the last decade. They reinforce emergent thinking that space and its urban context are important dimensions of education. This book also underscores the need for more research in the relationships between education and urban development itself. Current urban planning does not fully connect our understanding in education with what we know in the spatial and planning sciences. Accordingly, this release is an early attempt to bring together a growing body of integrated and interdisciplinary reflection on education theory and practice.
Brings the analysis of gender from the margin to the center of urban theory. This volume examines the influence of gender in shaping relations in urban spaces and places. It represents a "crack" in the landscape of urban sociology, and engages in the discourse of the field from a gendered perspective.
While we are used to looking around us, we are less used to listening to what happens around us. And yet, the noises we produce reveal our way of life, and learning to master them is a necessity. This book aims at drawing the reader’s attention to the sound of the urban environment. The topic is by its very nature complex, as it involves sounds and noises, urban space and social activities. Using an interdisciplinary approach, it examines a heterogeneous selection of experimentations from the domains of music, art and architecture. Significant case studies of pieces of music, public art works and scientific research in the field of urban planning are analyzed, investigating the methods that have been adopted and the aural processes that have been generated. It then uses the findings to reconstruct the underlying theories and practices and to show what might be drawn from these procedures applied to urban planning. The overall objective is to learn to build and enrich space with sound, arguing that there is a need to reconsider architecture and urban planning beyond building, and to look to the world of the arts and other disciplines. In doing so, the book guides the reader toward a sensorial architecture, and more generally toward consciously creating environmental architecture which is sustainable and connects with art and which diffuses a culture of sound.
The construction industry as a workplace is commonly seen as problematic for a number of reasons, including its worrying health and safety record, the instability of its workforce, and the poorly regulated nature of the sector. It is surprising therefore, that the sector and its working practices remain so under-theorised. Now though, there is a growing interest in and awareness of the utility of an ethnographic approach to the construction industry. Ethnographic Research in the Construction Industry draws together in one volume a set of expert contributions which demonstrate how social science perspectives, rooted in ethnographic research on construction sites and with construction workers themselves, can generate fresh insights into the social, cultural and material ways that the industry and conditions of work in it are experienced and played out. Each chapter develops discussion on the basis of an ethnographic case study to examine how theoretically informed ethnographic research can help us understand industry problems, and can challenge common perceptions of the construction industry. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of anthropology, sociology, geography and organization studies, as well as those from the built environment and related applied fields.
Drawing on a rich diversity of theoretical approaches and analytical strategies, urban geographers have been at the forefront of understanding the global and local processes shaping cities, and of making sense of the urban experiences of a wide variety of social groups. Through their links with those working in the fields of urban policy design, urban geographers have also played an important role in the analysis of the economic and social problems confronting cities. Capturing the diversity of scholarship in the field of urban geography, this reader presents a stimulating selection of articles and excerpts by leading figures. Organized around seven themes, it addresses the changing economic, social, cultural, and technological conditions of contemporary urbanization and the range of personal and public responses. It reflects the academic importance of urban geography in terms of both its theoretical and empirical analysis as well as its applied policy relevance, and features extensive editorial input in the form of general, section and individual extract introductions. Bringing together in one volume 'classic' and contemporary pieces of urban geography, studies undertaken in the developed and developing worlds, and examples of theoretical and applied research, it provides in a convenient, student-friendly format, an unparalleled resource for those studying the complex geographies of urban areas.
City schools, especially those attended by working class and ethnic minority pupils are teh catalysts of many significant issues in educational debate and policy making. They bring into sharp focus questions to do with class, gender and race relations in education; concepts of equality of opportunity and of social justice; and controversies about the wider political economic and social context of mass schooling. America, Western Europe and Australia have all taken a keen interest in the problems of urban schooling. The contributors to this collection of original essays all share a concern about these problems, although they approach them from a wide range of theoretical and ideological positions. Gerald Grace and his contributors criticis the current limitations of urban education as a field of study and they present a foundation for a more historically located and critically informed inquiry into problems, conflicts and contradictions in urban schooling. Part I presents contributions on theories of the urban. Part II focuses upon the history of urban education both in Britain and the USA. Part III discusses contemporary policy and practice with essays relating to education in inner city London and in New York City. This book was first published in 1984.
Globalization and the Transformation of Urban Space
Author: Naoki Yoshihara,Minako Sato
Publisher: Trans Pacific Press
Fluidity of Place - now in paperback - presents an interdisciplinary conversation with theories of space-time, place, and globalization at the cutting edge of social theory. Focusing on the construction of urban space in the context of hyper-mobility, it examines the social relations that form 'place' in a globalized world. The first half of the book discusses globalization theory and looks at place in relation to the fluidity brought about by recent technological advances. The second half details the construction of understandings of Asian mega-cities, particularly Jakarta, and examines the realities behind narratives of over-urbanization in light of globalization and the concomitant fluidity of place. The book makes a compelling argument about the competing claims to place in a world where the nation-state has lost control of its borders.