*An Introduction*

**Author**: Herbert Edelsbrunner,John Harer

**Publisher:** American Mathematical Soc.

**ISBN:** 0821849255

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 241

**View:** 3365

Combining concepts from topology and algorithms, this book delivers what its title promises: an introduction to the field of computational topology. Starting with motivating problems in both mathematics and computer science and building up from classic topics in geometric and algebraic topology, the third part of the text advances to persistent homology. This point of view is critically important in turning a mostly theoretical field of mathematics into one that is relevant to a multitude of disciplines in the sciences and engineering. The main approach is the discovery of topology through algorithms. The book is ideal for teaching a graduate or advanced undergraduate course in computational topology, as it develops all the background of both the mathematical and algorithmic aspects of the subject from first principles. Thus the text could serve equally well in a course taught in a mathematics department or computer science department.

What is the shape of data? How do we describe flows? Can we count by integrating? How do we plan with uncertainty? What is the most compact representation? These questions, while unrelated, become similar when recast into a computational setting. Our input is a set of finite, discrete, noisy samples that describes an abstract space. Our goal is to compute qualitative features of the unknown space. It turns out that topology is sufficiently tolerant to provide us with robust tools. This volume is based on lectures delivered at the 2011 AMS Short Course on Computational Topology, held January 4-5, 2011 in New Orleans, Louisiana. The aim of the volume is to provide a broad introduction to recent techniques from applied and computational topology. Afra Zomorodian focuses on topological data analysis via efficient construction of combinatorial structures and recent theories of persistence. Marian Mrozek analyzes asymptotic behavior of dynamical systems via efficient computation of cubical homology. Justin Curry, Robert Ghrist, and Michael Robinson present Euler Calculus, an integral calculus based on the Euler characteristic, and apply it to sensor and network data aggregation. Michael Erdmann explores the relationship of topology, planning, and probability with the strategy complex. Jeff Erickson surveys algorithms and hardness results for topological optimization problems.

Based on the first Workshop for Women in Computational Topology that took place in 2016, this volume assembles new research and applications in computational topology. Featured articles range over the breadth of the discipline, including topics such as surface reconstruction, topological data analysis, persistent homology, algorithms, and surface-embedded graphs. Applications in graphics, medical imaging, and GIS are discussed throughout the book. Four of the papers in this volume are the product of working groups that were established and developed during the workshop. Additional papers were also solicited from the broader Women in Computational Topology network. The volume is accessible to a broad range of researchers, both within the field of computational topology and in related disciplines such as statistics, computational biology, and machine learning.

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Computational Topology in Image Context, CTIC 2016, held in Marseille, France, in June 2016. The 24 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 35 submissions. Additionally, this volume contains 2 invited papers. CTIC covers a wide range of topics such as: topological invariants and their computation, homology, cohomology, linking number, fundamental groups; algorithm optimization in discrete geometry, transfer of mathematical tools, parallel computation in multi-dimensional volume context, hierarchical approaches; experimental evaluation of algorithms and heuristics; combinatorial or multi-resolution models; discrete or computational topology; geometric modeling guided by topological constraints; computational topological dynamics; and use of topological information in discrete geometry applications.

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Computational Topology in Image Context, CTIC 2012, held in Bertinoro, Italy, in May 2012. The 16 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. They focus on the topology and computation in image context. The workshop is devoted to computational methods using topology for the analysis and comparison of images. The involved research fields comprise computational topology and geometry, discrete topology and geometry, geometrical modeling, algebraic topology for image applications, and any other field involving a geometric-topological approach to image processing.

The emerging field of computational topology utilizes theory from topology and the power of computing to solve problems in diverse fields. Recent applications include computer graphics, computer-aided design (CAD), and structural biology, all of which involve understanding the intrinsic shape of some real or abstract space. A primary goal of this book is to present basic concepts from topology and Morse theory to enable a non-specialist to grasp and participate in current research in computational topology. The author gives a self-contained presentation of the mathematical concepts from a computer scientist's point of view, combining point set topology, algebraic topology, group theory, differential manifolds, and Morse theory. He also presents some recent advances in the area, including topological persistence and hierarchical Morse complexes. Throughout, the focus is on computational challenges and on presenting algorithms and data structures when appropriate.

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Computational Topology in Image Context, CTIC 2019, held in Málaga, Spain, in January 2019. The 14 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 21 submissions. Papers deal with theoretical issues but most of them put the attention on the applicability of concepts and algorithms. These were designed to deal with objects and images, but also with the speech signal. The final application must be for instance in the medical domain or in the robotics one.

While high-quality books and journals in this field continue to proliferate, none has yet come close to matching the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, which in its first edition, quickly became the definitive reference work in its field. But with the rapid growth of the discipline and the many advances made over the past seven years, it's time to bring this standard-setting reference up to date. Editors Jacob E. Goodman and Joseph O'Rourke reassembled their stellar panel of contributors, added manymore, and together thoroughly revised their work to make the most important results and methods, both classic and cutting-edge, accessible in one convenient volume. Now over more then 1500 pages, the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Second Edition once again provides unparalleled, authoritative coverage of theory, methods, and applications. Highlights of the Second Edition: Thirteen new chapters: Five on applications and others on collision detection, nearest neighbors in high-dimensional spaces, curve and surface reconstruction, embeddings of finite metric spaces, polygonal linkages, the discrepancy method, and geometric graph theory Thorough revisions of all remaining chapters Extended coverage of computational geometry software, now comprising two chapters: one on the LEDA and CGAL libraries, the other on additional software Two indices: An Index of Defined Terms and an Index of Cited Authors Greatly expanded bibliographies

This book covers combinatorial data structures and algorithms, algebraic issues in geometric computing, approximation of curves and surfaces, and computational topology. Each chapter fully details and provides a tutorial introduction to important concepts and results. The focus is on methods which are both well founded mathematically and efficient in practice. Coverage includes references to open source software and discussion of potential applications of the presented techniques.

This volume is a collection of surveys of research problems in topology and its applications. The topics covered include general topology, set-theoretic topology, continuum theory, topological algebra, dynamical systems, computational topology and functional analysis. * New surveys of research problems in topology * New perspectives on classic problems * Representative surveys of research groups from all around the world

The aim of this volume is to give an introduction and overview to differential topology, differential geometry and computational geometry with an emphasis on some interconnections between these three domains of mathematics. The chapters give the background required to begin research in these fields or at their interfaces. They introduce new research domains and both old and new conjectures in these different subjects show some interaction between other sciences close to mathematics. Topics discussed are; the basis of differential topology and combinatorial topology, the link between differential geometry and topology, Riemanian geometry (Levi-Civita connextion, curvature tensor, geodesic, completeness and curvature tensor), characteristic classes (to associate every fibre bundle with isomorphic fiber bundles), the link between differential geometry and the geometry of non smooth objects, computational geometry and concrete applications such as structural geology and graphism.

Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) is concerned with all aspects of the process of designing, prototyping, manufacturing, inspecting, and maintaining complex geometric objects under computer control. As such, there is a natural synergy between this field and Computational Geometry (CG), which involves the design, analysis, implementation, and testing of efficient algorithms and data representation techniques for geometric entities such as points, polygons, polyhedra, curves, and surfaces. The DIMACS Center (Piscataway, NJ) sponsored a workshop to further promote the interaction between these two fields. Attendees from academia, research laboratories, and industry took part in the invited talks, contributed presentations, and informal discussions. This volume is an outgrowth of that meeting. Topics covered in this volume include geometric modeling, computational topology, computational metrology, geometric constraint solving, part immobilization, geometric aspects of machining, layered manufacturing, and algebraic methods. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in geometric and algorithmic aspects of computer-aided design and manufacturing.

Discover a unique and modern treatment of topology employing across-disciplinary approach Implemented recently to understand diverse topics, such as cellbiology, superconductors, and robot motion, topology has beentransformed from a theoretical field that highlights mathematicaltheory to a subject that plays a growing role in nearly all fieldsof scientific investigation. Moving from the concrete to theabstract, Topology and Its Applications displays both the beautyand utility of topology, first presenting the essentials oftopology followed by its emerging role within the new frontiers inresearch. Filling a gap between the teaching of topology and its modernuses in real-world phenomena, Topology and Its Applications isorganized around the mathematical theory of topology, a frameworkof rigorous theorems, and clear, elegant proofs. This book is the first of its kind to present applications incomputer graphics, economics, dynamical systems, condensed matterphysics, biology, robotics, chemistry, cosmology, material science,computational topology, and population modeling, as well as otherareas of science and engineering. Many of these applications arepresented in optional sections, allowing an instructor to customizethe presentation. The author presents a diversity of topological areas, includingpoint-set topology, geometric topology, differential topology, andalgebraic/combinatorial topology. Topics within these areasinclude: Open sets Compactness Homotopy Surface classification Index theory on surfaces Manifolds and complexes Topological groups The fundamental group and homology Special "core intuition" segments throughout the book brieflyexplain the basic intuition essential to understanding severaltopics. A generous number of figures and examples, many of whichcome from applications such as liquid crystals, space probe data,and computer graphics, are all available from the publisher's Website.

The papers were elicited primarily from Mathematics for Industry: Challenges and Frontiers, a conference sponsored by SIAM in October, 2003.