Coal Wars

The Future of Energy and the Fate of the Planet

Author: Richard Martin

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1466879246

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 3998

Since the late 18th century, when it emerged as a source of heating and, later, steam power, coal has brought untold benefits to mankind. Even today, coal generates almost 45 percent of the world's power. Our modern technological society would be inconceivable without coal and the energy it provides. Unfortunately, that society will not survive unless we wean ourselves off coal. The largest single source of greenhouse gases, coal is responsible for 43 percent of the world's carbon emissions. Richard Martin, author of SuperFuel, argues that to limit catastrophic climate change, we must find a way to power our world with less polluting energy sources, and we must do it in the next couple of decades—or else it is "game over." It won't be easy: as coal plants shut down across the United States, and much of Europe turns to natural gas, coal use is growing in the booming economies of Asia— particularly China and India. Even in Germany, where nuclear power stations are being phased out in the wake of the Fukushima accident, coal use is growing. Led by the Sierra Club and its ambitious "Beyond Coal" campaign, environmentalists hope to drastically reduce our dependence on coal in the next decade. But doing so will require an unprecedented contraction of an established, lucrative, and politically influential worldwide industry. Big Coal will not go gently. And its decline will dramatically change lives everywhere—from Appalachian coal miners and coal company executives to activists in China's nascent environmental movement. Based on a series of journeys into the heart of coal land, from Wyoming to West Virginia to China's remote Shanxi Province, hundreds of interviews with people involved in, or affected by, the effort to shrink the industry, and deep research into the science, technology, and economics of the coal industry, Coal Wars chronicles the dramatic stories behind coal's big shutdown—and the industry's desperate attempts to remain a global behemoth. A tour de force of literary journalism, Coal Wars will be a milestone in the climate change battle.

Coal Wars

Unions, Strikes, and Violence in Depression-Era Central Washington

Author: David Bullock

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874223255

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 2159

Strikes are a way of life for central Washington coal miners and their families, but April 3, 1934, is different. This time, people are afraid. Wives and mothers pelt cars with rocks, rotten eggs, and cow pies. They curse and assault anyone who crosses their picket line. On a normal shift, the striking laborers are at the workplace ten or more hours. They dress, prepare equipment, and travel in the mine shaft--up to an hour each way--on their own time. The miners and their families want safer working conditions, fair wages, and a six-hour workday. When their national union leaders seem unsympathetic, some miners create a local union and decide to strike. But this time, conflicting union alliances turn residents of Roslyn, Cle Elem, and Ronald against each other, and the violent battle leaves deep scars. A refreshingly balanced yet personal account, Coal Wars captures a dual union movement and depicts the region's melting pot as well as sociopolitical effects of New Deal policies.

Killing for Coal

America's Deadliest Labor War

Author: Thomas G. Andrews

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674020219

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 7628

This book offers a bold and original perspective on the 1914 Ludlow Massacre and the “Great Coalfield War.” In a story of transformation, Andrews illuminates the causes and consequences of the militancy that erupted in colliers’ strikes over the course of nearly half a century.

Coal Wars

1920 Alabama Coal Strike, Battle of Blair Mountain, Battle of Evarts, Battle of Virden, Bituminous Coal Miners' Strike of 1894, Coal Creek

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: Booksllc.Net

ISBN: 9781230831503


Page: 34

View: 1877

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 33. Chapters: 1920 Alabama coal strike, Battle of Blair Mountain, Battle of Evarts, Battle of Virden, Bituminous Coal Miners' Strike of 1894, Coal Creek War, Coal Strike of 1902, Colorado Coalfield War (1913-1914), Columbine Mine massacre, Harlan County War, Hartford Coal Mine Riot, Herrin massacre, Illinois Coal Wars, Lattimer massacre, Ludlow Massacre, Paint Creek-Cabin Creek strike of 1912, Pana Massacre, Westmoreland County coal strike of 1910-1911, West Virginia Coal Wars. Excerpt: The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado on April 20, 1914. The massacre resulted in the violent deaths of between 19 and 25 people; sources vary but all sources include two women and eleven children, asphyxiated and burned to death under a single tent. The deaths occurred after a daylong fight between militia and camp guards against striking workers. Ludlow was the deadliest single incident in the southern Colorado Coal Strike, lasting from September 1913 through December 1914. The strike was organized by the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) against coal mining companies in Colorado. The three largest companies involved were the Rockefeller family-owned Colorado Fuel & Iron Company (CF&I), the Rocky Mountain Fuel Company (RMF), and the Victor-American Fuel Company (VAF). In retaliation for Ludlow, the miners armed themselves and attacked dozens of mines over the next ten days, destroying property and engaging in several skirmishes with the Colorado National Guard along a 40-mile front from Trinidad to Walsenburg. The entire strike would cost between 69 and 199 lives. Thomas Franklin Andrews described it as the "deadliest strike in the history of the United States." The Ludlow Massacre...

The West Virginia Coal Wars

The History of the 20th Century Conflict Between Coal Companies and Miners

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781535276917


Page: 46

View: 9212

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the coal wars from Mother Jones and other important participants *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "I'm not a humanitarian, I'm a hell-raiser." - Mother Jones America is famous around the world for being the land of opportunity, and in many respects it has been for the nearly 400 years since its colonization. However, that opportunity has always come at some sort of price. In the times of wooden sailing vessels, men and women risked life and limb to sail across the Atlantic on small, creaking ships, but later, transportation became safer and easier with the invention of the coal powered steam engine. Over time, coal came to be used to power other advances in industry and technology, such as plants that produced steel and electricity. By the dawn of the 20th century, it seemed that there was nothing that the country could not accomplish, and that the future was brighter than ever. But then, as always, there was the price. The vast majority of people burning coal to heat their farms and homes, and those watching skyscrapers rise over the city's landscape, likely never stopped to think about the price thousands of miners across the country were paying for these and other conveniences. Many never knew that coal had to be dug from the ground, typically in dark mines where dust poisoned miners' lungs, and that these men barely made enough to feed and clothe their families despite their hard days of toil. The people using the coal wanted it to be cheap, the miners wanted to earn enough money to survive, and the companies wanted to turn a profit. In some ways, it seems safe to say that conflict was inevitable, but while there were numerous labor disputes during the early decades of the 20th century, few were as violent as the one that erupted in the hills of West Virginia in 1912. In fact, this conflict, which lasted about a decade, has rightly been called a war because men and women killed and were killed on its battlefields, culminating with the largest domestic insurrection since the Civil War in 1921. The coal companies' army was a hired force, professional gunfighters brought in to stop miners. But while they had the best training and the best weapons, they did not have Mother Jones - Mary Harris Jones - perhaps the most inspirational union organizer in United States history. With the help of Frank Keeney and other miners like him, Jones successfully brought the owners to their knees and won the right to unionize for miners who had only dreamed it might be possible. Now that a century has passed and mining is at least somewhat safer than it was, those working today can thank Jones and Keeney, not to mention the ones who died at the hand of hired guns, for what freedom they do have to fight for a living wage. The West Virginia Coal Wars: The History of the 20th Century Conflict Between Coal Companies and Miners looks at the tumultuous fight on both sides of the lines. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the West Virginia mine wars like never before, in no time at all.

The Devil Is Here in These Hills

West Virginia's Coal Miners and Their Battle for Freedom

Author: James Green

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 0802192092

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 5691

“The most comprehensive and comprehendible history of the West Virginia Coal War I’ve ever read” (John Sayles, writer and director of Matewan). On September 1, 1912, the largest, most protracted, and deadliest working class uprising in American history was waged in West Virginia. On one side were powerful corporations whose millions bought armed guards and political influence. On the other side were fifty thousand mine workers, the nation’s largest labor union, and the legendary “miners’ angel,” Mother Jones. The fight for unionization and civil rights sparked a political crisis that verged on civil war, stretching from the creeks and hollows of the Appalachians to the US Senate. Attempts to unionize were met with stiff resistance. Fundamental rights were bent then broken, and the violence evolved from bloody skirmishes to open armed conflict, as an army of more than fifty thousand miners finally marched to an explosive showdown. Extensively researched and vividly told, this definitive book about an essential chapter in the history of American freedom, “gives this backwoods struggle between capital and labor the due it deserves. [Green] tells a dark, often despairing story from a century ago that rings true today” (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette).

Struggling for Air

Power Plants and the "War on Coal"

Author: Jack Lienke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190233117

Category: Coal-fired power plants

Page: 232

View: 4301

Since the beginning of the Obama Administration, conservative politicians have railed against the President's "War on Coal." As evidence of this supposed siege, they point to a series of rules issued by the Environmental Protection Agency that aim to slash air pollution from the nation's power sector . Because coal produces far more pollution than any other major energy source, these rules are expected to further reduce its already shrinking share of the electricity market in favor of cleaner options like natural gas and solar power. But the EPA's policies are hardly the "unprecedented regulatory assault " that opponents make them out to be. Instead, they are merely the latest chapter in a multi-decade struggle to overcome a tragic flaw in our nation's most important environmental law. In 1970, Congress passed the Clean Air Act, which had the remarkably ambitious goal of eliminating essentially all air pollution that posed a threat to public health or welfare. But there was a problem: for some of the most common pollutants, Congress empowered the EPA to set emission limits only for newly constructed industrial facilities, most notably power plants. Existing plants, by contrast, would be largely exempt from direct federal regulation-a regulatory practice known as "grandfathering." What lawmakers didn't anticipate was that imposing costly requirements on new plants while giving existing ones a pass would simply encourage those old plants to stay in business much longer than originally planned. Since 1970, the core problems of U.S. environmental policy have flowed inexorably from the smokestacks of these coal-fired clunkers, which continue to pollute at far higher rates than their younger peers. In Struggling for Air, Richard L. Revesz and Jack Lienke chronicle the political compromises that gave rise to grandfathering, its deadly consequences, and the repeated attempts-by presidential administrations of both parties-to make things right.

Gun Thugs, Rednecks, and Radicals

A Documentary History of the West Virginia Mine Wars

Author: David Corbin

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1604864524

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 2961

A sobering account on the human cost of a landmark industrial conflict retraces the West Virginia coal mining rebellions of the early 20th century as culled from articles, speeches, union transcripts and Senate committee testimonies by miners and their families. Original.

When Miners March

Author: William C. Blizzard

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1604864109

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5776

Chronicling the West Virginia Mine Wars of the 1920s, this first-hand account of the coal miners' uprisings offers a new perspective on labor unrest during this time period. Complete with previously unpublished family photographs and documents, this retelling shares the experiences of Bill Blizzard, the author's father who was the leader of the Red Neck Army. The tensions between the union and the coal companies that led up to the famous Battle of Blair Mountain, the largest open and armed rebellion in United States history, are described in detail, as are its aftermath and legacy. Addressing labor issues in contemporary times, this historical narrative makes clear the human costs of extracting coal for electricity.

Bloodletting in Appalachia

the story of West Virginia's four major mine wars and other thrilling incidents of its coal fields

Author: Howard Burton Lee

Publisher: McClain Printing Co


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 1503

The author records the history of the "mine wars" in West Virginia during the early years of the twentieth century. Twelfth Printing, 1997.

Storming Heaven: A Novel

Author: Denise Giardina

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393076264

Category: Fiction

Page: 312

View: 5924

This is the story of the miners and the union they wanted, of the people who loved them and the people who wanted to kill their dreams. Annadel, West Virginia, was a small town rich in coal, farms, and close-knit families, all destroyed when the coal company came in. It stole everything it hadn't bothered to buy—land deeds, private homes, and ultimately, the souls of its men and women. Four people tell this powerful, deeply moving tale: Activist Mayor C. J. Marcum. Fierce, loveless union man Rondal Lloyd. Gutsy nurse Carrie Bishop, who loved Rondal. And lonely, Sicilian immigrant Rosa Angelelli, who lost four sons to the deadly mines. They all bear witness to nearly forgotten events of history, culminating in the final, tragic Battle of Blair Mountain—when the United States Army greeted ten thousand unemployed pro-union miners with airplanes, bombs, and poison gas. It was the first crucial battle of a war that has yet to be won.

Killing for Coal

America's Deadliest Labor War

Author: Thomas G. Andrews

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674020219

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 3082

This book offers a bold and original perspective on the 1914 Ludlow Massacre and the “Great Coalfield War.” In a story of transformation, Andrews illuminates the causes and consequences of the militancy that erupted in colliers’ strikes over the course of nearly half a century.

Thunder on the Mountain

Death at Massey and the Dirty Secrets Behind Big Coal

Author: Peter A. Galuszka

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1250018080

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 5765

"Scathing exposé of the coal industry." --The New York Times Book Review On April 5, 2010, an explosion ripped through Massey Energy's Upper Big Branch Mine, killing twenty-nine coal miners. This tragedy was the deadliest mine disaster in the United States in forty years—a disaster that never should have happened. These deaths were rooted in the cynical corporate culture of Massey and its notorious former CEO Don Blankenship, and were part of an endless cycle of poverty, exploitation, and environmental abuse that has dominated the Appalachian coalfields since coal was first discovered there. And the cycle continues unabated as coal companies bury the most insidious dangers deep underground, all in search of higher profits, and hide the true costs from regulators, unions, and investors alike. But the disaster at Upper Big Branch goes beyond the coalfields of West Virginia. It casts a global shadow, calling into bitter question why coal miners in the United States are sacrificed to erect cities on the other side of the world, why the coal wars have been allowed to rage, polarizing the country, and how the world's voracious appetite for energy is satisfied at such horrendous cost. With Thunder on the Mountain, Peter A. Galuszka pieces together the true story of greed and negligence behind the tragedy at the Upper Big Branch Mine, and in doing so he has created a devastating portrait of an entire industry that exposes the coal-black motivations that led to the death of twenty-nine miners and fuel the ongoing war for the world's energy future.


Mother Jones and the Colorado Coal Field War

Author: Lois Ruby

Publisher: Filter Press

ISBN: 9780865411418

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 215

View: 6617

When the bloodiest labor dispute in U.S. history burst forth in 1913 in the coal fields of Southern Colorado, the miners knew whom to praise and the owners knew whom to blame. Mary Harris, known from New York to Colorado as Mother Jones, could incite a riot or calm a crowd with her powerful oratory.Mary Harris “Mother” Jones dedicated her life to helping workers organize unions to negotiate, even demand, better wages and working conditions. In the Colorado Coal Field War, did her call to STRIKE! help or harm? Were the deaths of mothers and children at Ludlow too high a price to pay for unionizing? "It is extremely important that readers of all ages know what happened at Ludlow, and the role played by that spectacular rabble-rouser, Mother Jones. Lois Ruby has told this gripping story with just the right balance of fact and dramatic power. The eyes of the nation were on southern Colorado in 1914, when much that has made America what it is-—the lives of immigrants, the conflict between corporate power and organized labor-—lay in the balance. This story will speak to our time as provocatively as it spoke a century ago, and this book will engage and inform anyone who gives it attention." –DAVID MASON, Colorado Poet Laureate

Thunder In the Mountains

The West Virginia Mine War, 1920–21

Author: Lon Savage

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822971429

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 7408

The West Virginia mine war of 1920-21, a major civil insurrection of unusual brutality on both sides, even by the standards of the coal fields, involved thousands of union and nonunion miners, state and private police, militia, and federal troops. Before it was over, three West Virginia counties were in open rebellion, much of the state was under military rule, and bombers of the U.S. Army Air Corps had been dispatched against striking miners. The origins of this civil war were in the Draconian rule of the coal companies over the fiercely proud miners of Appalachia. It began in the small railroad town of Matewan when Mayor C. C. Testerman and Police Chief Sid Hatfield sided with striking miners against agents of the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, who attempted to evict the miners from company-owned housing. During a street battle, Mayor Testerman, seven Baldwin-Felts agents, and two miners were shot to death. Hatfield became a folk hero to Appalachia. But he, like Testerman, was to be a martyr. The next summer, Baldwin-Felts agents assassinated him and his best friend, Ed Chambers, as their wives watched, on the steps of the courthouse in Welch, accelerating the miners’ rebellion into open warfare. Much neglected in historical accounts, Thunder in the Mountains is the only available book-length account of the crisis in American industrial relations and governance that occured during the West Virginia mine war of 1920-21.

Fall of Giants

Author: Ken Follett

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0451232852

Category: Fiction

Page: 942

View: 2757

The first novel in The Century Trilogy follows the fates of five interrelated familiesNAmerican, German, Russian, English, and WelshNas they move through the world-shaking dramas of the First World War, the Russian Revolution, and the struggle for women's suffrage.

Black Coal Miners in America

Race, Class, and Community Conflict, 1780-1980

Author: Ronald L. Lewis

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813150442

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 2703

From the early day of mining in colonial Virginia and Maryland up to the time of World War II, blacks were an important part of the labor force in the coal industry. Yet in this, as in other enterprises, their role has heretofore been largely ignored. Now Roland L. Lewis redresses the balance in this comprehensive history of black coal miners in America. The experience of blacks in the industry has varied widely over time and by region, and the approach of this study is therefore more comparative than chronological. Its aim is to define the patterns of race relations that prevailed among the miners. Using this approach, Lewis finds five distractive systems of race relations. There was in the South before and after the Civil War a system of slavery and convict labor -- an enforced servitude without legal compensation. This was succeeded by an exploitative system whereby the southern coal operators, using race as an excuse, paid lower wages to blacks and thus succeeded in depressing the entire wage scale. By contrast, in northern and midwestern mines, the pattern was to exclude blacks from the industry so that whites could control their jobs and their communities. In the central Appalachians, although blacks enjoyed greater social equality, the mine operators manipulated racial tensions to keep the work force divided and therefore weak. Finally, with the advent of mechanization, black laborers were displaced from the mines to such an extent that their presence in the coal fields in now nearly a thing of the past. By analyzing the ways race, class, and community shaped social relations in the coal fields, Black Coal Miners in America makes a major contribution to the understanding of regional, labor, social, and African-American history.


Thorium, the Green Energy Source for the Future

Author: Richard Martin

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 0230341918

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7391

A riveting look at how an alternative source of energy is revoluntionising nuclear power, promising a safe and clean future for millions, and why thorium was sidelined at the height of the Cold War In this groundbreaking account of an energy revolution in the making, award-winning science writer Richard Martin introduces us to thorium, a radioactive element and alternative nuclear fuel that is far safer, cleaner, and more abundant than uranium. At the dawn of the Atomic Age, thorium and uranium seemed to be in close competition as the fuel of the future. Uranium, with its ability to undergo fission and produce explosive material for atomic weapons, won out over its more pacific sister element, relegating thorium to the dustbin of science. Now, as we grapple with the perils of nuclear energy and rogue atomic weapons, and mankind confronts the specter of global climate change, thorium is re-emerging as the overlooked energy source as a small group of activists and outsiders is working, with the help of Silicon Valley investors, to build a thorium-power industry. In the first book mainstream book to tackle these issues, Superfuel is a story of rediscovery of a long lost technology that has the power to transform the world's future, and the story of the pacifists, who were sidelined in favour of atomic weapon hawks, but who can wean us off our fossil-fuel addiction and avert the risk of nuclear meltdown for ever.