Working Group III Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report
Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.
Selten sind in einem einzigen Buch so unterschiedliche Aspekte der Klimaforschung zusammengetragen worden. Spitzenwissenschaftler aus der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft sowie internationale Experten geben einen allgemeinverständlichen Überblick darüber, was wir aktuell über den Klimawandel wissen und wie sich, abhängig von den durchsetzbaren Maßnahmen, die Zukunft des Klimas gestalten kann. Sie berichten wissenschaftlich fundiert über die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von Klimamodellen, über Wolken und ihre Wechselwirkungen mit dem Klima, den globalen Kohlenstoff-Kreislauf und die Bedeutung von Mikroben für das Klima genauso wie über Reaktionen der Vogelwelt auf den Klimawandel. Sie geben einen Überblick über Klimaziele in der politischen Auseinandersetzung, fragen, warum Klimaverhandlungen scheitern, was Emissionszertifikate wirklich leisten und worin die völkerrechtlichen Voraussetzungen und Grenzen für gezielte Eingriffe in das Klimageschehen bestehen.
Das als Durchbruch gefeierte Abkommen von Paris (2015) hat erneut bestätigt, dass es auf die Fähigkeit der Politik zur Zusammenarbeit ankommt, weltweit, national und in Netzwerken, wenn die Stabilisierung des Weltklimas gelingen soll. Das Handbuch informiert über die wichtigsten Institutionen (IPCC, UN-Klimaregime), Akteure (USA, EU, China, Entwicklungsländer) und Kooperationsformen des noch jungen globalen Politikfeldes.
Auf der Basis der physikalischen Grundlagen (Strahlung, Luftbewegung, Wolken- und Niederschlagsbildung) sowie der verschiedenen Methoden der Wetterbeobachtung (Boden, Radiosonde, Satelliten, Radar) werden Wettersysteme und Wettervorhersage verständlich erläutert. Die allgemeine atmosphärische Zirkulation verknüpft das kurzlebige Wettergeschehen mit dem großräumigen Klima auf der Erde. Ausführungen über Klimaänderungen, orographische Windsysteme, Stadtklima, Luftverunreinigungen und Wetterbeeinflussung runden die Einführung in den aktuellen Stand der Meteorologie und Klimatologie ab. Die 4. Aufl. beinhaltet zahlreiche Aktualisierungen und Ergänzungen, so z.B. zu den lufthygienischen Bedingungen in Tälern, und wurde um ein Kapitel über El Nino bzw. ENSO erweitert.
This authored monograph provides in-depth analysis and methods for aligning electricity demand of manufacturing systems to VRE supply. The book broaches both long-term system changes and real-time manufacturing execution and control, and the author presents a concept with different options for improved energy flexibility including battery, compressed air and embodied energy storage. The reader will also find a detailed application procedure as well as an implementation into a simulation prototype software. The book concludes with two case studies. The target audience primarily comprises research experts in the field of green manufacturing systems.
For science to remain a legitimate and trustworthy source of knowledge, society will have to engage in the collective processes of knowledge co-production, which not only includes science, but also other types of knowledge. This process of change has to include a new commitment to knowledge creation and transmission and its role in a plural society. This book proposes to consider new ways in which science can be used to sustain our planet and enrich our lives. It helps to release and reactivate social responsibility within contemporary science and technology. It reviews critically relevant cases of contemporary scientific practice within the Cartesian paradigm, relabelled as 'innovation research', promoted as essential for the progress and well-being of humanity, and characterised by high capital investment, centralised control of funding and quality, exclusive expertise, and a reductionism that is philosophical as well as methodological. This is an accessible and relevant book for scholars in Science and Technology Studies, History and Philosophy of Science, and Science, Engineering and Technology Ethics. Providing an array of concrete examples, it supports scientists, engineers and technical experts, as well as policy-makers and other non-technical professionals working with science and technology to re-direct their approach to global problems, in a more integrative, self-reflective and humble direction.
International policy makers are currently exploring methodological matters associated with non-carbon benefits and joint mitigation and adaptation approaches as they relate to REDD+. Although few pilot projects are exploring these issues, emerging evidence shows how these approaches can be implemented on the ground. This analysis draws from the scientific literature on non-carbon benefits and joint mitigation and adaptation, evaluates recent submissions to the SBSTA on these issues, and intends to inform the negotiations on these approaches
The first World Climate Conference, which was sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization in Gen?ve in 1979, triggered an international dialogue on global warming. From the 1997 United Nations-sponsored conference-during which the Kyoto Protocol was signed-through meetings in Copenhagen, Canc?n, Durban, and most recently Doha (2012) and Warsaw (2013), worldwide attention to the issue of global warming and its impact on the world's economy has rapidly increased in intensity. The consensus of these debates and discussions, however, is less than clear. Optimistically, many geoscience researchers and members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have supported CO2 emission reduction pledges while maintaining that a 2?C limit in increased temperature by the year 2100 is achievable through international coordination. Other observers postulate that established CO2 reduction commitments such as those agreed to at the Copenhagen United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009) are insufficient and cannot hold the global warming increase below 2?C. As experts theorize on precisely what impact global warming will have, developing nations have become particularly alarmed. The developed world will use energy to mitigate global warming effects, but developing countries are more exposed by geography and poverty to the most dangerous consequences of a global temperature rise and lack the economic means to adapt. The complex dynamics that result from this confluence of science and geopolitics gives rise to even more complicated issues for economists, financial planners, business leaders, and policy-makers. The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming analyzes the economic impact of issues related to and resulting from global warming, specifically the implications of possible preventative measures, various policy changes, and adaptation efforts as well as the different consequences climate change will have on both developing and developed nations. This multi-disciplinary approach, which touches on issues of growth, employment, and development, elucidates for readers state-of-the-art research on the complex and far-reaching problem of global warming.
Climate change poses a risk to business operations and to markets--but at the same time it can bring opportunities for some businesses. With chapters on the nature, science and politics of climate change risk, as well as how to assess, then how to cope with it, and recommendations for incorporating climate change risks into a Company Climate Risk System, this concise guide serves the needs of business students and practitioners across a wide range of sectors, public and private.
A solution to the problem of climate change requires close international cooperation and difficult reforms involving all states. Law has a clear role to play in that solution. What is not so clear is the role that law has played to date as a constraining factor on state conduct. International Climate Change Law and State Compliance is an unprecedented treatment of the nature of climate change law and the compliance of states with that law. The book argues that the international climate change regime, in the twenty or so years it has been in existence, has developed certain normative rules of law, binding on states. State conduct under these rules is characterized by generally high compliance in areas where equity is not a major concern. There is, by contrast, low compliance in matters requiring a burden-sharing agreement among states to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions to a ‘safe’ level. The book argues that the substantive climate law presently in place must be further developed, through normative rules that bind states individually to top-down mitigation commitments. While a solution to the problem of climate change must take this form, the law’s development in this direction is likely to be hesitant and slow. The book is aimed at scholars and graduate students in environmental law, international law, and international relations.
The Precautionary Principle's Contribution to the Uncertainties Surrounding Climate Change Liability
Author: Miriam Haritz
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
"This vitally important book asks: Can the precautionary principle make uncertainty judiciable in the context of liability for the consequences of climate change, and, if so, to what extent? Drawing on the full range of pertinent existing literature and case law, the author examines the precautionary principle both in terms of its content and application and in the context of liability law. She analyses the indirect means offered by existing legislation being used by environmental groups and affected individuals before the courts to challenge both companies and regulators as responsible agents of climate change damage"--Page 4 of cover.
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works
Recent hydrometeorological extreme events have highlighted the increased exposure and vulnerability of societies and the need to strengthen the knowledge-base of related policies. Current research is focused on improving forecasting, prediction and early warning capabilities in order to improve the assessment of vulnerability and risks linked to extreme climatic events. Hydrometeorological Hazards: Interfacing science and policy is the first volume of a series which will gather scientific and policy-related knowledge related to climate-related extreme events. Invited authors are internationally recognized experts in their respective fields. This volume reflects the most recent advances in science and policy within this field and takes a multidisciplinary approach. The book provides the reader with a state-of-the art account on flash floods, droughts, storms, and a comprehensive discussion focused on the cost of natural hazards, resilience and adaptation. This book will be an invaluable reference for advanced undergraduates taking courses with a focus on natural hazards including climate-related extreme events. The book will also be of interest to postgraduates, researchers and policy makers in this field looking for an overview of the subject.
Jean P. Palutikof,Sarah L. Boulter,Jon Barnett,David Rissik
Author: Jean P. Palutikof,Sarah L. Boulter,Jon Barnett,David Rissik
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The book advances knowledge about climate change adaptationpractices through a series of case studies. It presents importantevidence about adaptation practices in agriculture, businesses, thecoastal zone, community services, disaster management, ecosystems,indigneous populations, and settlements and infrastructure. Inaddition to 38 case studies across these sectors, the book containshorizon-scoping essays from international experts in adaptationresearch, including Hallie Eakin, Susanne Moser, Jonathon Overpeck,Bill Solecki, and Gary Yohe. Australia’s social-ecological systems have a long historyof adapting to climate variability and change, and in recentdecades has been a world-leader in implementing and researchingadaptation, making this book of universal relevance to all thoseworking to adapt our environment and societies to climatechange.
Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert
Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott
Category: Social Science
Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.
This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of landsystems vulnerability assessment in Asia - fundamental to theunderstanding of the link between global change, environmentalsustainability and human wellbeing. The extent and intensity ofhuman interactions with the environment have increasedspectacularly since the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the globalchange research community and development practitionersincreasingly recognize the need to address the adverse consequencesof changes taking place in the structure and function of thebiosphere and the implications for society. With a focus onAsia, this book provides an overview of the vulnerability of landsystems and the subsequent multiple stressors in this region. Thebook offers a discussion surrounding the potential causal processesthat affect land systems vulnerability and our capacity to copewith different perturbations. It also identifies factors that helpto integrate vulnerability assessment into policy anddecision-making. • Addresses the complex issues arising fromhuman–environment interactions that cannot be satisfactorilydealt with by core disciplinary methods alone. • Key coverage of a variety of topics from thevulnerability of smallholder agriculture and urban systems to theimpact of socioeconomic processes at the sub-regional level. • Coverage of the causal processes that affect landsystems vulnerability and capacity to cope with differentperturbations are documented. • Focus on integrating vulnerability assessment intopolicies and decision-making • Includes contributions from leading academics in thefield.
The vulnerability of socio-ecosystem combines the probability of exposure to natural or anthropogenic pressure, sensitivity and resilience. This book presents a systemic view of the diversity of pressures and impacts produced by climate change and human actions. Erosion of biodiversity by changing ocean chemistry, the intensification of global change raises the problem of the adaptation of living resources.