CONTENTS - I. SURFACE PHENOMENA - II. ADSORPTION AT LIQUID/LIQUID INTERFACES - III. DILUTE EMULSIONS AS OIL HYDROSOLS - IV. EMULSIFYING AGENTS - V. PROPERTIES OF EMULSIONS - VI . THEORIES OF EMULSIONS - VII. DUAL EMULSIONS AND THE INVERSION OF PHASES - VIII. EMULSIONS IN BIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS - IX. TECHNICAL EMULSIONS - X. POLYMERISATION IN EMULSIONS - XI. THE PREPARATION OF EMULSIONS-BASIC PRINCIPLES - XII. THE PREPARATION OF EMULSIONS-TECHNICAL OPERATIONS - XIII. DE-EMULSIFICATION - APPENDIX: PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS IN EMULSIONS - AUTHOR INDEX - SUBJECT INDEX -
Over the last decade, the biggest advances in physical chemistry have come from thinking smaller. The leading edge in research pushes closer to the atomic frontier with every passing year. Collecting the latest developments in the science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering explores heat, mass, momentum and electron transfer phenomena of well-characterized interfaces at the milli-, micro-, nano-, and atto-scales. An interdisciplinary team of leading experts from around the world discuss recent concepts in the physics and chemistry of various well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems, including emulsions, dispersoids, foams, fluosols, polymer membranes, and biocolloids. The contributors clearly elucidate the hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, as well as the rheological properties of interfacial layers responsible for droplets, particles, and droplet-particle-film structures in finely dispersed systems. The book examines structure and dynamics from various angles, such as relativistic and non-relativistic theories, molecular orbital methods, and transient state theories. With a comprehensive survey of our current understanding, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering provides a solid platform for further exploration and discovery at increasingly smaller scales.
Fungicides, Volume I: Agricultural and Industrial Applications, Environmental Interactions discusses the application, use, and environmental interactions of fungicides. This book is organized into 15 chapters that cover the commercial development of fungicide and the organism's interaction with the environment. After discussing the history of fungicides, the book presents data on world fungicide usage and how this usage is influenced by epidemiology. It then describes procedures and approaches for commercial fungicide development; practical tests and laboratory techniques for agricultural fungicide toxicity; and significance of fungicide formulation that is determined by a variety of factors, including cost and biological efficiency. The following chapters discuss technological evolution, both in chemical fungicides and in the machinery for their application for soil and seed treatment. The application of foliar and postharvest fungicides and the use of other fungicides as industrial and wood preservatives is also tackled. The last four chapters are concerned with the various interactions between fungicides and the environment which may cause them to be more or less effective. The book will be useful to researchers, advanced students, and professional workers in the fungicide field of study who are concerned with the synthesis and development of better fungicides or their mode of action.
Most books on colloid science are either quite theoretical, or focused on a specific types of dispersion, or on specific applications. The second, revised and enlarged edition of this monograph provides an integrated introduction to the classification, formation and occurrence, stability, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process-related industries. Although the initial emphasis covers basic concepts essential for understanding colloidal dispersions, this is done in the context of emulsions, foams, suspensions, and aerosols, and is aimed at providing the necessary framework for understanding industrial and medical applications. Therefore, the first part of the book introduces the fundamental principles, whereas the following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the different methodologies that have been successfully applied. Mayor additions to the new edition comprise the field of aerosols providing the neccessary theoretical background as well as a overview on industrial applications and environmental impact.
Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry
Author: Laurier Lincoln Schramm,Petroleum Recovery Institute
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Based on a Short Course sponsored by Canada's Petroleum Recovery Institute. The first book to focus on the occurrence of emulsions in the petroleum industry. Brings together contributions from a wide range of experts. Provides an up-to-date examination of the nature, occurrence, handling, formation, and breaking of petroleum emulsions. Topics covered include emulsion stability; characterization techniques; rheology of emulsions, and flow properties of emulsions in pipes and porous media, well-head productions, and industrial process streams. Using the fundamental concepts, and based on commercial and pilot-scale experiences, Also shows how to approach making desirable emulsions, transporting and handling them, and how to approach breaking undesirable emulsions.
This third Edition is a completely new version in a new century of the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. The new edition will bring the state-of-the-art up to the 21st century, with coverage of nanotechnology, new imaging and analytical techniques, new methods of controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more. New topics covered include nanotechnology, AFM, MALDI, biomimetics, and genetic methods, of increasing importance since 1990 and will also bring up-to-date coverage of traditional topics of continuing interest. This edition will publish in 3 Parts of 4 volumes each. Each Part will be an A-Z selection of the newest articles available in the online edition of this encyclopedia. A list of the titles to appear in Part I can be viewed by clicking "What's New" at www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/epst. Titles for Parts II and III will appear there as well when available.
The fifth edition of the Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology builds upon the solid foundation of the previous editions, which have proven to be a mainstay for chemists, biochemists, and engineers at academic, industrial, and government institutions since publication of the first edition in 1949. The new edition includes necessary adjustments and modernization of the content to reflect changes and developments in chemical technology.