An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
Author: John William Hill,Stuart J. Baum,Rhonda J. Scott-Ennis
Publisher: Pearson College Division
Renowned for its lively, easy-to-follow writing style, this popular introduction to chemistry offers a strong foundation in the fundamentals of the science, and relates its essential principles to health, sports, lifestyles, the environment and other subjects of direct interest to readers. Separates the material into three distinct areas of study (general, organic and biological), offering clear explanations of matter and measurement, atoms, chemical reactions, gases, acids and bases, hydrocarbons, aldehydes and ketones, stereoisomerism, lipids, nucleic acids and protein synthesis, and much more. Includes "Special Topics" mini-chapters covering such diverse areas as electrolytes, sight and odor, digestion, drugs, and hormones, and explores many newsworthy topics including acid rain, the greenhouse effect, anabolic steroids, designer drugs, AIDS, osteoporosis, chromium supplements, arteriosclerosis, lead poisoning, blood doping, hemophilia, and cancer risks. Offers boxed essays and many examples that illustrate chemistry's application to the real world.
Writing in a popular and well illustrated style, leading young scientists describe their research and give their visions of future developments. Topics include studies of atoms and molecules in motion; development of new processes and materials; nature's secrets of biological growth and form, progress in understanding the human body and mind. Introduced by Robert May, the book conveys the excitement and enthusiasm of the young authors. The book offers definitive reviews for anyone with a general interest in the future directions of science.
Chemistry underlies life. This book establishes the relationship between the focal point of chemistry - the molecule - and the key characteristics of living organisms. The key is the interactions between small molecules and macromolecules leading to metabolic control, memory and learning, the senses, and drug action.
This book is a compact and simultaneously comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of optical spectroscopy. The author skillfully leads the reader from the basics to practical applications. The main topics covered are: - theory of optical spectroscopy - components of spectrometers (light sources, filters, lenses and mirror chromators, detectors, cuvettes) - evaluation of data and interpretation of spectra Such important methods as absorption and luminescence spectroscopy, scattering and reflection spectroscopy, photoaccustic spectroscopy, spectroscopy of atoms, polarimetry and near infrared spectroscopy are covered in depth. A useful appendix with the addresses of pertinent equipment manufacturers rounds off the work.
"WHAT DOES NOT NEED TO BE BIG, WILL BE SMALL", a word by an engineer at a recent conference on chips technology. This sentence is particularly true for chemistry. Microfabrication technology emerged from microelectronics into areas like mechanics and now chemistry and biology. The engineering of micron and submicron sized features on the surface of silicon, glass and polymers opens a whole new world. Micromotors smaller than human hair have been fabricated and they work fine. It is the declared goal of the authors to bring these different worlds together in this volume. Authors have been carefully chosen to guarantee for the quality of the contents. An engineer, a chemist or a biologist will find new impulses from the various chapters in this book.
This first volume in the new Springer Series on Fluorescence brings together fundamental and applied research from this highly interdisciplinary and field, ranging from chemistry and physics to biology and medicine. Special attention is given to supramolecular systems, sensor applications, confocal microscopy and protein-protein interactions. This carefully edited collection of articles is an invaluable tool for practitioners and novices.
First published in 1966, THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE has held its own as a clear and authoritative introduction to the world of biochemistry. This fourth edition has been fully updated and revised to include the latest developments in DNA and protein synthesis, cell regulation, and their social and medical implications.
The series Topics in Current Chemistry presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in modern chemical research. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research chemists at universities or in industry, graduate students.
The nature and directionality of halogen bonding; the sigma hole, by Timothy Clark, Peter Politzer, Jane S. Murray Solid-state NMR study of halogen-bonded adducts, by David Bryce Infrared and Raman measurements of halogen bonding in cryogenic solutions, by Wouter Herrebout Halogen bonding in the gas phase, by Anthony C. Legon Halogen bonding in solution, Mate Erdelyi Unconventional motifs for halogen bonding, by Kari Rissanen Halogen bonding in supramolecular synthesis, Christer Aakeröy Halogen bond in synthetic organic chemistry, Stefan M. Huber Anion recognition in solution via halogen bonding, Mark S. Taylor Anion transport with halogen bonds, by Stefan Matile Halogen bonding in silico drug design, by Pavel Hobza, Kevin Riley Biological halogen bonds: An old dog with new tricks, by P. Shing Ho Principles and applications of halogen bonding in medicinal chemistry, by Frank M. Boeckler Halogen bond in molecular conductors and magnets, by Marc Foumigué Halogen bonding towards design of organic phosphors, by Wei Jun Jin Halogen bond in photoresponsive materials, by Pierangelo Metrangolo, Giuseppe Resnati, Arri Priimagi
Antoine Lavoisier, the author of the "chemical revolution," also did much to estabish the foundations for the fields of organic chemistry and biochemistry. Here, Frederic Lawrence Holmes gives us an intimate portrait of Lavoisier's investigations, ranging over twenty years, from 1773 to 1792, on respiration, fermentation, and plant and animal matter. These studies, Holmes finds, were not simply belated applications of Lavoisier's established chemical theories, but intimately bound from the beginning to his more widely known research on combustion and calcination.
Victor L. Heasley,Val J. Christensen,Gene E. Heasley
Author: Victor L. Heasley,Val J. Christensen,Gene E. Heasley
Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Class-tested by thousands of students, this popular lab manual provides a comprehensive collection of 34 experiments specific to the General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry course. The Sixth Edition includes discussion of important environmental and cultural topics that relate to the experiments, offers new and revised laboratory questions and problems, fully revised laboratory techniques and discussion sections, and much more.
The Chemistry of Life CD-ROM is intended to teach the essentials to students encountering chemistry for the first time, as well as those needing a thorough review before continuing with their science or allied health coursework. Using a highly interactive format, The Chemistry of Life CD-ROM explains and illustrates crucial concepts and principle s such as atomic structure, properties of water, pH, buffers, enzyme function, and the structure and function of macromolecules. Learning is reinforced by presenting students with animations, encouraging interaction, then testing their grasp of the material with interactive quizzes.
The dynamic field of extraterrestrial chemistry brings together ideas of chemistr, astrophysics, and biology to the study of molecules between stars, around stars, and on plantes. This book serves as an introduction to chemial processes under ?unearthly? and hence usually extreme conditions (temperature, pressure, high or low density, bombardment by cosmic rays), and their impact on the early development of our solar system, as well as providing a deeper understanding of processes in earthly regions where conditions approach those of extraterrestrial areas. A unique and extraordinary perspective written with chemists in mind. An excellent practical book for inorganic, and physical chemists, spectroscopists, astronomers, and libraries. From the contents: * Introduction and technical notes * Origin and development of the universe * Stars * The interstellar medium * The solar system * Exoplanets * The origin of life
Seventy years ago, Erwin Schrodinger posed a profound question: 'What is life, and how did it emerge from non-life?' This problem has puzzled biologists and physical scientists ever since. Living things are hugely complex and have unique properties, such as self-maintenance and apparently purposeful behaviour which we do not see in inert matter. So how does chemistry give rise to biology? What could have led the first replicating molecules up such a path? Now, developments in the emerging field of 'systems chemistry' are unlocking the problem. Addy Pross shows how the different kind of stability that operates among replicating molecules results in a tendency for chemical systems to become more complex and acquire the properties of life. Strikingly, he demonstrates that Darwinian evolution is the biological expression of a deeper, well-defined chemical concept: the whole story from replicating molecules to complex life is one continuous process governed by an underlying physical principle. The gulf between biology and the physical sciences is finally becoming bridged. This new edition includes an Epilogue describing developments in the concepts of fundamental forms of stability discussed in the book, and their profound implications. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.
This book highlights the importance of chemistry in human well-being by introducing the readers to the basic usefulness of chemistry in everyday life. Chemistry has helped in creating valuable products that have transformed the lifestyle of people. Since we spend lots of money in buying our daily requirements, there is a need for us to understand the benefits and hazards of using consumer products which contain chemicals. In this context, this book will help readers to make reasoned choices and intelligent decisions in buying consumer products which contain chemicals. This text is divided into seventeen chapters devoted to the basic necessities of life like food, shelter, clothing, healthcare, and energy and consumer products. Topics on chemistry in environment, crime, warfare, arts, conservation, communications and transportation are also highlighted in individual chapters. All these topics are discussed with regard to the needs of modern society. In this third edition, the various chapters have been updated with current information keeping the language simple and friendly. Critical thinking exercises and questions have been included. The style of questions included in the book is to meet the requirement of various competitive examinations such as Indian Civil Services and entrance examinations in medicine and engineering.