Categories and Contexts

Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Author: Simon Szreter,Hania Sholkamy,A. Dharmalingam

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191533696

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 1585

Throughout its history as a social science, demography has been associated with an exclusively quantitative orientation for studying social problems. As a result, demographers tend to analyse population issues scientifically through sets of fixed social categories that are divorced from dynamic relationships and local contexts and processes. This volume questions these fixed categories in two ways. First, it examines the historical and political circumstances in which such categories had their provenance, and, second, it reassesses their uncritical applications over space and time in a diverse range of empirical case studies, encouraging throughout a constructive interdisciplinary dialogue involving anthropologists, demographers, historians, and sociologists. This volume seeks to examine the political complexities that lie at the heart of population studies by focusing on category formation, category use, and category critique. It shows that this takes the form of a dialectic between the needs for clarity of scientific and administrative analysis and the recalcitrant diversity of the social contexts and human processes that generate population change. The critical reflections of each chapter are enriched by meticulous ethnographic fieldwork and historical research drawn from every continent. This volume, therefore, exemplifies a new methodology for research in population studies, one that does not simply accept and re-use the established categories of population science but seeks critically and reflexively to explore, test, and re-evaluate their meanings in diverse contexts. It shows that for demography to realise its full potential it must urgently re-examine and contextualize the social categories used today in population research.

Humanitarian Crises and Migration

Causes, Consequences and Responses

Author: Susan F. Martin,Sanjula Weerasinghe,Abbie Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135085544

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 6352

Whether it is the stranding of tens of thousands of migrant workers at the Libyan–Tunisian border, or the large-scale displacement triggered by floods in Pakistan and Colombia, hardly a week goes by in which humanitarian crises have not precipitated human movement. While some people move internally, others internationally, some temporarily and others permanently, there are also those who become "trapped" in place, unable to move to greater safety. Responses to these "crisis migrations" are varied and inadequate. Only a fraction of "crisis migrants" are protected by existing international, regional or national law. Even where law exists, practice does not necessarily guarantee safety and security for those who are forced to move or remain trapped. Improvements are desperately needed to ensure more consistent and effective responses. This timely book brings together leading experts from multi-disciplinary backgrounds to reflect on diverse humanitarian crises and to shed light on a series of exploratory questions: In what ways do people move in the face of crisis situations? Why do some people move, while others do not? Where do people move? When do people move, and for how long? What are the challenges and opportunities in providing protection to crisis migrants? How might we formulate appropriate responses and sustainable solutions, and upon what factors should these depend? This volume is divided into four parts, with an introductory section outlining the parameters of "crisis migration," conceptualizing the term and evaluating its utility. This section also explores the legal, policy and institutional architecture upon which current responses are based. Part II presents a diverse set of case studies, from the earthquake in Haiti and the widespread violence in Mexico, to the ongoing exodus from Somalia, and environmental degradation in Alaska and the Carteret Islands, among others. Part III focuses on populations that may be at particular risk, including non-citizens, migrants at sea, those displaced to urban areas, and trapped populations. The concluding section maps the global governance of crisis migration and highlights gaps in current provisions for crisis-related movement across multiple levels. This valuable book brings together previously diffuse research and policy issues under the analytical umbrella of "crisis migration." It lays the foundations for assessing and addressing real challenges to the status quo, and will be of interest to scholars, policy makers, and practitioners committed to seeking out improved responses and ensuring the dignity and safety of millions who move in the context of humanitarian crises.

Menschen zählen

Wissensproduktion durch britische Volkszählungen und Umfragen vom 19. Jahrhundert bis ins digitale Zeitalter

Author: Kerstin Brückweh

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311040785X

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 2126

Dieses Buch führt ins Zentrum gesellschaftlicher Debatten um Big Data und das digitale Zeitalter. Denn die Idee, dass Menschen und Gesellschaften nichts weiter als die Summe ihrer Daten seien, ist im Kern der über 200-jährigen Methodengeschichte angelegt. Für Großbritannien wird dies im Rahmen von Volkszählungen und Umfragen an Akteuren, Methoden, Gesellschaftsklassifikationen sowie an Fragen nach Race, Ethnicity und Disabilites gezeigt.

Achsen der Ungleichheit

Zum Verhältnis von Klasse, Geschlecht und Ethnizität

Author: Cornelia Klinger,Gudrun-Axeli Knapp,Birgit Sauer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593403978

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 7629

Gesellschaftliche Ungleichheit wurde lange Zeit vor allem anhand von »Klasse« thematisiert. Inzwischen hat sich der Fokus um andere Konfliktlinien erweitert. In diesem Band werden die unterschiedlichen Relationen von Ungleichheit in den Dimensionen von Klasse, Geschlecht und Ethnizität bestimmt und in einen gesellschaftstheoretischen Horizont gestellt. Mit Beiträgen von Brigitte Aulenbacher, Regina Becker-Schmidt, Mechthild Bereswill, Hans- Jürgen Bieling, Wolfgang Gabbert, Christoph Görg, Sabine Hark, Lars Kohlmorgen, Helga Krüger, Sybille Küster, Helma Lutz, Shalini Randeria, Markus Schroer und Thomas Schwinn.

Organization Descriptions and Cross-References

Author: Union of International Associates

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783598246487

Category: Reference

Page: 3013

View: 7552

Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected and documented by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed information on international organizations worldwide can be found here. Besides historical and organizational information, details on activities, events or publications, contact details, biographies of the leading individuals as well as the presentation of networks of organizations are included. Key features: Most comprehensive compendium of international organizations Over 62,000 profiles of organizations with current contact details Biography profiles of key figures in International Organizations

Reproducing Inequities

Poverty and the Politics of Population in Haiti

Author: M. Catherine Maternowska

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 6878

Residents of Haiti - one of the poorest and most unstable countries in the world - face a grim reality of starvation, violence, lack of economic opportunity, and minimal health care. For years, aid organizations have sought to alleviate the problems by creating health and family planning clinics, including one modern (and, by local standards, luxurious) center in the heart of Cite Soleil. During its height of service in the 1980s and 1990s, the clinic boasted nineteen staff members, an array of modern contraceptives, an accessible location, and convenient hours - but very few clients. Why did this initiative fail so spectacularly despite surveys finding that residents would like to have fewer children? Why don't poor women heed the message of family planning, when smaller families seem to be in their best interest? In Reproducing Inequities, M. Catherine Maternowska argues that we too easily overlook the political dynamics that shape choices about family planning.

Governing China's population

from Leninist to neoliberal biopolitics

Author: Susan Greenhalgh,Edwin A. Winckler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 2449

'Governing China's Population' tells the story of political and cultural shifts, from the perspectives of both regime and society.

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 8400

The Demography of Armed Conflict

Author: Helge Brunborg,Ewa Tabeau,Henrik Urdal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402051340

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 6813

This book assembles researchers in demography, statistics, political science, sociology, anthropology, history, geography, economics and law to offer fresh insight on the demographic causes and consequences of armed conflict. Cause studies consider migration, ethnicity, population growth and youth bulges. Studies on consequences of conflict include mortality from conflict, casualty estimation for prosecution of war crimes, and case studies of conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, Kenya, Mali, Rwanda, Sudan and Uganda.

Population Mobility and Infectious Disease

Author: Yorghos Apostolopoulos,Sevil Sonmez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387497110

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 1596

This book explores the complex roles of mobile, transient, and displaced populations in the worldwide spread of disease. While biomedical events cause disease, social forces such as poverty and marginalization magnify them by giving them opportunities to take hold. From Katrina to Darfur, and from influenza to AIDS, an expert panel of health and social scientists brings the social context of epidemics into clear focus.

Asien

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Asia

Page: N.A

View: 2966

Homo Imperii

A History of Physical Anthropology in Russia

Author: Marina Mogilner

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803239785

Category: History

Page: 486

View: 2938

It is widely assumed that the “nonclassical” nature of the Russian empire and its equally “nonclassical” modernity made Russian intellectuals immune to the racial obsessions of Western Europe and the United States. Homo Imperii corrects this perception by offering the first scholarly history of racial science in prerevolutionary Russia and the early Soviet Union. Marina Mogilner places this story in the context of imperial self-modernization, political and cultural debates of the epoch, different reformist and revolutionary trends, and the growing challenge of modern nationalism. By focusing on the competing centers of race science in different cities and regions of the empire, Homo Imperii introduces to English-language scholars the institutional nexus of racial science in Russia that exhibits the influence of imperial strategic relativism. Reminiscent of the work of anthropologists of empire such as Ann Stoler and Benedict Anderson, Homo Imperii reveals the complex imperial dynamics of Russian physical anthropology and contributes an important comparative perspective from which to understand the emergence of racial science in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe and America.

Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power

Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule

Author: Ann Laura Stoler,Willy Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Anthropology and Historical Studies Ann Laura Stoler

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520231104

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

View: 7308

"To my knowledge, there simply is no one else writing on questions of colonialism, gender, race, and intimacy who brings this depth and reach of historical and anthropological illumination to bear."—Nancy F. Cott, author of Public Vows: A History of Marriage and the Nation "This new book brings our collective agenda forward with a degree of maturity and flexibility that makes narrow academic preferences both unnecessary and misleading."—Doris Sommer, author of Proceed with Caution, When Engaged by Minority Writing in the Americas

A Reader in Medical Anthropology

Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities

Author: Byron J. Good,Michael M. J. Fischer,Sarah S. Willen,Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405183152

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5439

A Reader in Medical Anthropology: Theoretical Trajectories, Emergent Realities brings together articles from the key theoretical approaches in the field of medical anthropology as well as related science and technology studies. The editors’ comprehensive introductions evaluate the historical lineages of these approaches and their value in addressing critical problems associated with contemporary forms of illness experience and health care. Presents a key selection of both classic and new agenda-setting articles in medical anthropology Provides analytic and historical contextual introductions by leading figures in medical anthropology, medical sociology, and science and technology studies Critically reviews the contribution of medical anthropology to a new global health movement that is reshaping international health agendas