Capital punishment on trial

Furman v. Georgia and the death penalty in modern America

Author: David M. Oshinsky

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 2243

In his first book since the Pulitzer Prize--winning Polio: An American Story, renowned historian David Oshinsky takes a new and closer look at the Supreme Court's controversial and much-debated stances on capital punishment--in the landmark case of Furman v. Georgia. Career criminal William Furman shot and killed a homeowner during a 1967 burglary in Savannah, Georgia. Because it was a "black-on-white" crime in the racially troubled South, it also was an open-and-shut case. The trial took less than a day, and the nearly all-white jury rendered a death sentence. Aided by the NAACP's Legal Defense Fund, Furman's African-American attorney, Bobby Mayfield, doggedly appealed the verdict all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which in 1972 overturned Furman's sentence by a narrow 5--4 vote, ruling that Georgia's capital punishment statute, and by implication all other state death-penalty laws, was so arbitrary and capricious as to violate the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against "cruel and unusual punishment." Furman effectively, if temporarily, halted capital punishment in the United States. Every death row inmate across the nation was resentenced to life in prison. The decision, however, did not rule the death penalty per se to be unconstitutional; rather, it struck down the laws that currently governed its application, leaving the states free to devise new ones that the Court might find acceptable. And this is exactly what happened. In the coming years, the Supreme Court would uphold an avalanche of state legislation endorsing the death penalty. Capital punishment would return stronger than ever, with many more defendants sentenced to death and eventually executed. Oshinsky demonstrates the troubling roles played by race and class and region in capital punishment. And he concludes by considering the most recent Supreme Court death-penalty cases involving minors and the mentally ill, as well as the impact of international opinion. Compact and engaging, Oshinsky's masterful study reflects a gift for empathy, an eye for the telling anecdote and portrait, and a talent for clarifying the complex and often confusing legal issues surrounding capital punishment.

The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: A-De

Author: Wilbur R. Miller

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412988764

Category: History

Page: 2606

View: 694

Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this four-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia will: explicate philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; chart changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identify major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explore evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.

Roe v. Wade

the abortion rights controversy in American history

Author: N. E. H. Hull,Peter Charles Hoffer

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 4866

Judging the Jury

Author: Valerie P. Hans,Neil Vidmar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489964630

Category: Law

Page: 285

View: 9531

Democracy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: N.A

View: 786

Gibbons v. Ogden

John Marshall, steamboats, and the commerce clause

Author: Herbert Alan Johnson

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 198

View: 6041

Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte

Author: Vereinte Nationen

Publisher: Aegitas

ISBN: 500064137X

Category: Law

Page: 8

View: 8448

Die Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte (A/RES/217, UN-Doc. 217/A-(III)), auch: Deklaration der Menschenrechte oder UN-Menschenrechtscharta oder kurz AEMR, ist das ausdrückliche Bekenntnis der Vereinten Nationen zu den allgemeinen Grundsätzen der Menschenrechte. Es wurde am 10. Dezember 1948 von der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen im Palais de Chaillot in Paris genehmigt und verkündet.

The Supreme Court and capital punishment

judging death

Author: Michael Parrish

Publisher: Cq Staff Directories

ISBN: 9780872897731

Category: Law

Page: 467

View: 1988

This volume explores how Supreme Court rulings over history have shaped and reshaped the rules under which Americans have been tried, convicted, sentenced and put to death for capital offenses.Through judicial decisions and other primary documents, this reference examines the impact of these rulings upon the behavior of legislators, judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys and defendants. Considerable emphasis is placed upon the twentieth century, especially the period since the 1972 Furman v. Georgia case. Since Furman, few areas of constitutional doctrine have undergone more abrupt changes than Court-mandated standards for administering capital punishment. Topics covered include the debate over the execution of juveniles, the mentally retarded, and the insane; race and capital punishment; judicial philosophies on the death penalty; Constitutionality of methods of execution; and changing public opinion and its impact on capital punishment.

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7673

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

Das Gift der Gewissheit

Author: Scott Turow

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 364114860X

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 9897

Für gewöhnlich tragen Arthur Ravens Mandanten feinen Zwirn und sitzen hinter Mahagonischreibtischen. Romeo Gandolph jedoch trägt Handschellen und sitzt hinter Gittern im Trakt für zum Tode verurteilte Straftäter in Rudyard. Man hat ihn für schuldig befunden, am 4. Juli 1991 zwei Männer und eine Frau in einem Imbissrestaurant beraubt und erschossen zu haben. Obwohl er die Tat bereits mehrfach gestanden hat, schwört er nun, dass er nicht der Mörder ist. Das Bundesberufungsgericht von Kindle County ernennt Raven zum Pflichtverteidiger in diesem scheinbar aussichtslosen Verfahren, das doch nur dazu dienen soll, längst gesichert geglaubte Fakten ein weiteres Mal abzuhaken. Der Anwalt macht sich missmutig an die Arbeit, entdeckt aber schon bald Hinweise darauf, dass sein Mandant möglicherweise unschuldig ist. Er ist dankbar für die Unterstützung, die Gillian Sullivan anbietet, doch er kann nicht ahnen, dass ihm die ehemalige Richterin, die Gandolph in erster Instanz zum Tode verurteil hatte, ihre dunkle Vergangenheit verschweigt. Der spektakuläre Auftritt eines Zeugen lässt die Ereignisse schließlich in einem ganz anderen Licht erscheinen und führt Anklage und Verteidigung vor Augen, wie sich die Wahrheit zu immer neuen Trugbildern verzerrt. Turows mitreißende Inszenierung dieses Prozesses vermittelt jenseits von Hollywood-Heroismus und Schwarz-Weiß-Malerei, wie morsch das Justizsystem ist, das über Leben und Tod von Menschen entscheidet, und wie schwierig es für alle Beteiligten ist, sich mit ihren Emotionen auseinander zu setzen. Selbstzweifel, Reue und Verbitterung sind seinen Figuren ebenso eigen wie guter Glaube, Ehrgeiz und Hoffnung. Ein spannendes Courtroom-Drama, das schließlich nur die eine Gewissheit postuliert: Der Weg zur Hölle ist gepflastert mit guten Absichten.

--aus der Todeszelle

Author: Mumia Abu-Jamal

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783926529626

Category: African Americans

Page: 237

View: 9284

Die Federalist papers

Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547546

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 583

View: 5088