Capgras and Fregoli Syndromes in Criminal Justice

A Guide to Forensic Testimony

Author: Naira R. Matevosyan

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781544931289

Category:

Page: 84

View: 8711

Ethical integrity of criminal law seems to necessitate at least some provisions of heightened scrutiny in assessment of insanity claims for the individuals who - as the result of mental illnesses involving prosopagnosia and reduplicative paramnesia - act in a way they do not perceive to be wrong. This study informs a more differentiate approach to the ill intent (or formation of requisite intent) - a legitimate objective of the fair deterrence. Accurate diagnostics of the offenders with delusional misidenitifaction syndromes would include careful assessment of comorbidity, brain trauma, organic psychosis (Lewy body disease, frontal brain tumor, pituitary tumor, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, spino-cerebral ataxia, Parkinson's disease, Prion disease, Huntington's disease), epilepsy and postictal delirium, cerebrovascular disorders (hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, arteriovenous malformations, Moyamoya disease, atherosclerosis, carotid artery stenosis), other severe mental illnesses (paranoid schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, bipolar depression, obsessive -compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder), pharmacokinetic induction (Ketamine), cerebral metabolic disorders, postpartum psychosis, genetic mutations (E1A binding protein, P300), biological age of the offender. Often, the psychognomic inventories employed by the expert-witnesses lack in the construct, external, concurrent, and discriminative validity; as well as test-retest reliability - leading to the poorly informed and unidimensional solutions. A more accurate assessment of the offenders with Capgras or Fregoli syndromes would include: MRI or CT scan to map the hippocampal atrophy and varying amounts of the increased T2-weighted signals in subcortical and periventricular white matter, voxel-based morphometry of the right frontal gray matter, fusiform gyrus and Brodmann speech area-37, tractography of the face processing circuitry and occulomotor processing speed. Test utilized by the Courts for trying sanity and volition (ALI, M'Naghten), or justifying a death sentence when the defendant does not understand the reason for imminent execution (Sell factors, Panetti or Alleyne tests), should appreciate differences between the mental capacity and competence - the requisites of autonomy in making decisions, self-incrimination, as well as separation of the wrong from the right.

Synesthesia

The Phenomenon and Its Presentation in Torts and Criminal Justice

Author: Naira Matevosyan

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781503387485

Category:

Page: 80

View: 1418

A defect or largess, a sensory fusion or transcendental sensing, synesthesia is known for over 200 years and is defined as a cross-modal sensory linkage. Despite of the wealth of literature on synesthesia, this book is one in a kind, as it pioneers in exploring this phenomenon in the courts of law. Based on 134 updated scientific sources, the current effort stratifies synesthesia into the eight clinical groups and reviews the legal and legislative forum around this phenomenon. In an effort to understand the impact of synesthesia on establishing evidence, or defendants' motivations behind the actions plausibly obscured with collided sensations (especially in traffic accidents), the case law is studied. A discussion about reasons, to which we could imply the absence of synesthesia-defense in criminal justice or torts, is provided.

The Paradoxical Brain

Author: Narinder Kapur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495798

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 806

The Paradoxical Brain focuses on a range of phenomena in clinical and cognitive neuroscience that are counterintuitive and go against the grain of established thinking. The book covers a wide range of topics by leading researchers, including: • Superior performance after brain lesions or sensory loss • Return to normal function after a second brain lesion in neurological conditions • Paradoxical phenomena associated with human development • Examples where having one disease appears to prevent the occurrence of another disease • Situations where drugs with adverse effects on brain functioning may have beneficial effects in certain situations A better understanding of these interactions will lead to a better understanding of brain function and to the introduction of new therapeutic strategies. The book will be of interest to those working at the interface of brain and behaviour, including neuropsychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists and neuroscientists.

A Short Textbook of Psychiatry

Author: Niraj,Niraj Ahuja

Publisher: Jaypee Brothers Medical Pub

ISBN: 9789380704661

Category: Medical

Page: 261

View: 8685

The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology

A Syndrome-Based Approach

Author: Mike R. Schoenberg,James G. Scott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387769783

Category: Psychology

Page: 968

View: 7070

From translating the patient’s medical records and test results to providing recommendations, the neuropsychological evaluation incorporates the science and practice of neuropsychology, neurology, and psychological sciences. The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology brings the practice and study of neuropsychology into concise step-by-step focus—without skimping on scientific quality. This one-of-a-kind assessment reference complements standard textbooks by outlining signs, symptoms, and complaints according to neuropsychological domain (such as memory, language, or executive function), with descriptions of possible deficits involved, inpatient and outpatient assessment methods, and possible etiologies. Additional chapters offer a more traditional approach to evaluation, discussing specific neurological disorders and diseases in terms of their clinical features, neuroanatomical correlates, and assessment and treatment considerations. Chapters in psychometrics provide for initial understanding of brain-behavior interpretation as well as more advanced principals for neuropsychology practice including new diagnostic concepts and analysis of change in performance over time. For the trainee, beginning clinician or seasoned expert, this user-friendly presentation incorporating ‘quick reference guides’ throughout which will add to the practice armentarium of beginning and seasoned clinicians alike. Key features of The Black Book of Neuropsychology: Concise framework for understanding the neuropsychological referral. Symptoms/syndromes presented in a handy outline format, with dozens of charts and tables. Review of basic neurobehavioral examination procedure. Attention to professional issues, including advances in psychometrics and diagnoses, including tables for reliable change for many commonly used tests. Special “Writing Reports like You Mean It” section and guidelines for answering referral questions. Includes appendices of practical information, including neuropsychological formulary. The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology is an indispensable resource for the range of practitioners and scientists interested in brain-behavior relationships. Particular emphasis is provided for trainees in neuropsychology and neuropsychologists. However, the easy to use format and concise presentation is likely to be of particular value to interns, residents, and fellows studying neurology, neurological surgery, psychiatry, and nurses. Finally, teachers of neuropsychological and neurological assessment may also find this book useful as a classroom text. "There is no other book in the field that covers the scope of material that is inside this comprehensive text. The work might be best summed up as being a clinical neuropsychology postdoctoral residency in a book, with the most up to date information available, so that it is also an indispensible book for practicing neuropsychologists in addition to students and residents...There is really no book like this available today. It skillfully brings together the most important foundationsof clinical neuropsychology with the 'nuts and bolts' of every facet of assessment. It also reminds the more weathered neuropsychologists among us of the essential value of neuropsychological assessment...the impact of the disease on the patient’s cognitive functioning and behavior may only be objectively quantified through a neuropsychological assessment." Arch Clin Neuropsychol (2011) first published online June 13, 2011 Read the full review acn.oxfordjournals.org

Uncommon Psychiatric Syndromes, 4Ed

Author: David Enoch,Hadrian Ball

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780340763889

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5394

Uncommon Psychiatric Syndromes presents an up-to-date definitive account of eleven unusual but important clinical disorders that have significant legal and social implications. For each syndrome the historical background and present day understanding are given and the worldwide literature is reviewed. Each account gives the principal features of the condition, its causation and underlying psychopathology, illustrative cases and notes on diagnosis and treatment. These syndromes include: De Clerambault's syndrome, associated with stalking; The Othello syndrome (morbid jealousy); Munchausen's syndrome (simulated but plausible illness) and possession states. The fourth edition of this classic and unique text has been fully updated to include the latest information regarding causation and treatment, and especially the significance of neurodiagnostic findings. In addition, forensic aspects are now highlighted. All psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and allied mental health workers will find this an essential volume for reference as well as a fascinating 'read'.

The Psychiatric Interview for Differential Diagnosis

Author: Lennart Jansson,Julie Nordgaard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331933249X

Category: Medical

Page: 270

View: 9034

This book offers an alternative to operational diagnostic manuals and manuals for structured interviewing as the only sources of theoretical and clinical knowledge. It provides an exposition of psychiatric interviewing that is theoretically and clinically well founded and supplies the reader with a coherent framework for performance of a thorough psychiatric examination. The goal is not to come up with yet another interview scheme but to facilitate an understanding of the basic (but, today, completely neglected) tenets of psychopathology and phenomenology. This exposition targets the disorders of subjectivity (consciousness), the second-person processes involved in converting subjective, first-person and observable data into a third person, diagnostically useful, format. In addition, the most pertinent clinical descriptions concerning the major diagnostic groups are presented and discussed.

450 Single Best Answers in the Clinical Specialities

Author: Sukhpreet Singh Dubb,Alex Bailey,Charlene Rodrigues,Margaret Rhoads,Jeffrey Ahmed,Edward Maclaren

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444149024

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 8898

Single Best Answer (SBA) examinations are an increasingly popular means of testing medical students and those undertaking postgraduate qualifications in a number of subject areas. Written by a final-year medical student, junior doctors, and experienced clinicians, 450 Single Best Answers in the Clinical Specialties provides invaluable guidance from authors who understand from personal experience that detailed and accurate explanations are the key to successful revision. The presentation of questions arranged by specialty area, coupled with the clear discussion of how the correct answer was reached and other options ruled out for every question, make this book an excellent learning aid during all stages of clinical studies, and particularly while preparing for medical finals.

Revision Notes in Psychiatry, Third Edition

Author: Basant Puri,Annie Hall,Roger Ho

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444170139

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 2303

Revision Notes in Psychiatry, Third Edition continues to provide a clear and contemporary summary of clinical psychiatry and the scientific fundamentals of the discipline. It is an essential study aid for all those preparing for postgraduate examinations in psychiatry and a superb reference for practising psychiatrists. Structured to follow the entire MRCPsych exam syllabus, the book covers the following key areas, along with the CACS examination: Paper 1: General and adult psychiatric disorder History and mental state examination Cognitive assessment Neurology and psychology for psychiatrists Psychopathology History of psychiatry and psychiatric ethics Paper 2: Psychopharmacology Neurobiology for psychiatrists Psychiatric genetics Epidemiology Advanced psychological processes and treatments Paper 3: Critical appraisal Learning disability Child and adolescent psychiatry Old age psychiatry Forensic psychiatry Consultation liaison psychiatry Neuropsychiatry Psychosexual medicine Fully updated with recent references and many additional figures, this third edition features a wealth of new material (including NICE guidelines) and updates the DSM-IV-TR criteria to the new DSM-5. Designed to meet the needs of today's candidates, Revision Notes in Psychiatry, Third Edition continues to provide a source of trusted expert information to ensure examination success for all those taking higher examinations in psychiatry.

Madness Explained

Psychosis and Human Nature

Author: Richard P Bentall

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141909323

Category: Psychology

Page: 656

View: 4038

Today most of us accept the consensus that madness is a medical condition: an illness, which can be identified, classified and treated with drugs like any other. In this ground breaking and controversial work Richard Bentall shatters the myths that surround madness. He shows there is no reassuring dividing line between mental health and mental illness. Severe mental disorders can no longer be reduced to brain chemistry, but must be understood psychologically, as part of normal behaviour andhuman nature. Bentall argues that we need a radically new way of thinking about psychosis and its treatment. Could it be that it is a fear of madness, rather than the madness itself, that is our problem?

The Encyclopedia of Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Author: Richard Noll

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 0816075085

Category: Psychology

Page: 409

View: 3781

Deals with the subject of Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders. With more than 600 entries, this work features a foreword and an introduction, and references and appendixes. Its coverage includes the history, treatment, diagnosis, and medical research and theories regarding this class of mental illness.

The Psychology of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior

Victim and Offender Perspectives

Author: Wayne Petherick,Grant Sinnamon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128095776

Category: Law

Page: 632

View: 8217

The Psychology of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Victim and Offenders Perspectives is not just another formulaic book on forensic psychology. Rather, it opens up new areas of enquiry to busy practitioners and academics alike, exploring topics using a practical approach to social deviance that is underpinned by frontier research findings, policy, and international trends. From the relationship between psychopathology and crime, and the characteristics of catathymia, compulsive homicide, sadistic violence, and homicide victimology, to adult sexual grooming, domestic violence, and honor killings, experts in the field provide insight into the areas of homicide, violent crime, and sexual predation. In all, more than 20 internationally recognized experts in their fields explore these and other topic, also including discussing youth offending, love scams, the psychology of hate, public threat assessment, querulence, stalking, arson, and cults. This edited work is an essential reference for academics and practitioners working in any capacity that intersects with offenders and victims of crime, public policy, and roles involving the assessment, mitigation, and investigation of criminal and antisocial behavior. It is particularly ideal for those working in criminology, psychology, law and law enforcement, public policy, and for social science students seeking to explore the nature and character of criminal social deviance. Includes twenty chapters across a diverse range of criminal and antisocial subject areas Authored by an international panel of experts in their respective fields that provide a multi-cultural perspective on the issues of crime and antisocial behavior Explores topics from both victim and offender perspectives Includes chapters covering research, practice, policy, mitigation, and prevention Provides an easy to read and consistent framework, making the text user-friendly as a ready-reference desktop guide

Chamberlain's Symptoms and Signs in Clinical Medicine 13th Edition, An Introduction to Medical Diagnosis

Author: Andrew R Houghton,David Gray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482213788

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 7926

A classic text, Chamberlain's Symptoms and Signs in Clinical Medicine has been providing students and professionals with a detailed and well-illustrated account of the symptoms and signs of diseases affecting all the body systems since the first edition published in 1936. Now completely rewritten by a new team of authors selected for their experience and reputation in writing quality publications in their specialist fields, the 13th edition brings the title into line with current teaching and practice. One of the key challenges of writing a textbook of diagnostic medicine is to balance the "bottom up" approach of constructing a differential diagnosis from individual clinical findings, and the "top down" approach of learning the key features pertaining to a particular diagnosis. The 13th edition of Chamberlain's Symptoms and Signs in Clinical Medicine integrates both approaches into a coherent working framework that will assist the reader in preparing for academic and professional examinations, and in everyday practice. Presented in full colour and illustrated with relevant images, this book provides a thorough lesson in diagnostic medicine, ensuring the reader is fully prepared to deal with the challenging process of differential diagnosis through a thorough knowledge of the central features of the conditions that they are likely to encounter. Key features: Teaches the reader how to diagnose correctly through assessment of symptoms and signs while simultaneously recalling all key features of a given condition Full colour and generously illustrated Conforms with the core competencies required for the foundation years Includes bullet point lists and tip boxes Chapters conclude with a summary of key points for easy revision Written and edited by a highly experienced team of specialists Companion website

A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer

An Easy Guide to Identifying Psychiatric Illness

Author: Dr. Gary Solomon

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 1624889395

Category: Psychology

Page: 516

View: 3899

A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer: an easy guide to identifying psychiatric illness A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer: an easy guide to identifying psychiatric illness is the first book of its type written for non-psychiatric medical professionals, therapists, attorneys, employers, teachers, students, parents, etc., to assist them in identifying and taking action relating to problem presentations of mental illness. The book is designed to assist individuals and groups with the quick identification of mental illness. Additionally, the book supplies the reader with instant information on how and where to seek support for those who may be suffering from a mental health problem.

Marijuana and Mental Health

Author: Michael T. Compton, M.D., M.P.H.

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 1615370080

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 2793

With relatable clinical vignettes that illustrate the applicability of each chapter’s content, as well as key chapter points that summarize major themes, Marijuana and Mental Health is the definitive, single source of comprehensive information on marijuana and mental health in modern American society. Balanced, focused, and highly readable, chapters address topics such as the effects of marijuana on the brain and mind, marijuana-related policy and legislation, the complex link between marijuana use and psychotic disorders, synthetic cannabinoids, and the treatment and prevention of marijuana misuse. Beyond offering clinical and research psychiatrists, psychiatric residents and fellows, clinical psychologists, and psychiatric nurses a comprehensive but concise compilation of research in this area, this reference informs clinical mental health practice as well as policy decisions by articulating the connection between marijuana and mental health, particularly in the United States.

Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry

Author: Benjamin J. Sadock,Pedro Ruiz,Virginia A. Sadock

Publisher: LWW

ISBN: 9781451100471

Category: Medical

Page: 4997

View: 8078

50th Anniversary Edition The cornerstone text in the field for 50 years, Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry has consistently kept pace with the rapid growth of research and knowledge in neural science, as well as biological and psychological science. This two-volume Tenth Edition shares the expertise of 618 renowned contributors who cover the full range of psychiatry and mental health, including neural science, genetics, neuropsychiatry, psychopharmacology, and other key areas. It remains the gold standard of reference for all those who work with the mentally ill, including psychiatrists and other physicians, psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatric nurses, and other mental health professionals. New authors bring a fresh perspective to many topics, keeping you at the forefront of current developments in the field. Thoroughly updated coverage of neural sciences, with new sections on epigenetics, the microbiome, systems neuroscience, the Human Connectome Project, neurodevelopment, and many more. Extensively revised sections on schizophrenia, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, geriatric psychiatry and neurocognitive disorders. Uniquely comprehensive information of psychosomatic medicine, including chapters on obesity, chronic pain, and psychiatric sequella of critical illness. Timely information on public and global psychiatry, biological therapies, and psychotherapies. "Text within a text" coverage of child psychiatry includes thorough information on neuroimaging, assessment, genetics, sleep disorders, and the impact on parents of raising a psychiatrically disabled child. Abundant case histories add clarity and represent the vast clinical experiences and wisdom of hundreds of contributing authors. Now with the print edition, enjoy the bundled interactive eBook edition, which can be downloaded to your tablet and smartphone or accessed online and includes features like: Complete content with enhanced navigation Powerful search tools and smart navigation cross-links that pull results from content in the book, your notes, and even the web Cross-linked pages, references, and more for easy navigation Highlighting tool for easier reference of key content throughout the text Ability to take and share notes with friends and colleagues Quick reference tabbing to save your favorite content for future use

The African Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry and Mental Health

Author: David Musyimi Ndetei,Christopher P. Szabo,Tarek Okasha,John Mburu,Benson Gakinya

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychiatry

Page: 602

View: 7926

Horror Film and Psychoanalysis

Freud's Worst Nightmare

Author: Steven Jay Schneider

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139453684

Category: Performing Arts

Page: N.A

View: 1206

Psychoanalytic theory has been the subject of attacks from philosophers, cultural critics and scientists who have questioned the cogency of its reasoning as well as the soundness of its premises. Nevertheless, when used to shed light on horror cinema, psychoanalysis in its various forms has proven to be a fruitful and provocative interpretative tool. This volume seeks to find the proper place of psychoanalytic thought in critical discussion of cinema in a series of essays that debate its legitimacy, utility and validity as applied to the horror genre. It distinguishes itself from previous work in this area through the self-consciousness with which psychoanalytic concepts are employed and the theorization that coexists with interpretations of particular horror films and subgenres.