Bones

Structure and Mechanics

Author: John D. Currey

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400849500

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 4707

This is a comprehensive and accessible overview of what is known about the structure and mechanics of bone, bones, and teeth. In it, John Currey incorporates critical new concepts and findings from the two decades of research since the publication of his highly regarded The Mechanical Adaptations of Bones. Crucially, Currey shows how bone structure and bone's mechanical properties are intimately bound up with each other and how the mechanical properties of the material interact with the structure of whole bones to produce an adapted structure. For bone tissue, the book discusses stiffness, strength, viscoelasticity, fatigue, and fracture mechanics properties. For whole bones, subjects dealt with include buckling, the optimum hollowness of long bones, impact fracture, and properties of cancellous bone. The effects of mineralization on stiffness and toughness and the role of microcracking in the fracture process receive particular attention. As a zoologist, Currey views bone and bones as solutions to the design problems that vertebrates have faced during their evolution and throughout the book considers what bones have been adapted to do. He covers the full range of bones and bony tissues, as well as dentin and enamel, and uses both human and non-human examples. Copiously illustrated, engagingly written, and assuming little in the way of prior knowledge or mathematical background, Bones is both an ideal introduction to the field and also a reference sure to be frequently consulted by practicing researchers.

Osteoporosis

Author: Robert Marcus,David Feldman,Dorothy Nelson,Clifford J. Rosen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080553474

Category: Medical

Page: 2016

View: 6822

Now in its third edition, Osteoporosis, is the most comprehensive, authoritative reference on this disease. Written by renowned experts in the field, this two-volume reference is a must-have for academic and medical libraries, physicians, researchers, and any company involved in osteoporosis research and development. Worldwide, 200 million women between 60-80 suffer from osteoporosis and have a lifetime risk of fracture between 30 and 40 percent continuing to make osteoporosis a hot topic in medicine. This newest edition covers everything from basic anatomy and physiology to diagnosis, management and treatment in a field where direct care costs for osteoporitic fractures in the U.S. reach up to $18 billion each year. NEW TO THIS EDITION: *Recognizes the critical importance of the Wnt signaling pathway for bone health *Incorporates new chapters on osteocytes, phosphatonins, mouse genetics, and CNS and bone *Examines essential updates on estrogen prevention and treatment and the recent results from the WHI *Discusses the controversial topics of screening and clinical trial design for drug registration *Includes essential updates on therapeutic uses of calcium, vitamin D, SERMS, bisphosphonates, and parathyroid hormone * Offers critical reviews of reproductive and hormonal risk factors, ethnicity, nutrition, therapeutics, management, and economics comprising a tremendous wealth of knowledge in a single source not found elsewhere

Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics 2003

Author: K.J Bathe

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080529479

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2524

View: 8966

Bringing together the world's leading researchers and practitioners of computational mechanics, these new volumes meet and build on the eight key challenges for research and development in computational mechanics. Researchers have recently identified eight critical research tasks facing the field of computational mechanics. These tasks have come about because it appears possible to reach a new level of mathematical modelling and numerical solution that will lead to a much deeper understanding of nature and to great improvements in engineering design. The eight tasks are: The automatic solution of mathematical models Effective numerical schemes for fluid flows The development of an effective mesh-free numerical solution method The development of numerical procedures for multiphysics problems The development of numerical procedures for multiscale problems The modelling of uncertainties The analysis of complete life cycles of systems Education - teaching sound engineering and scientific judgement Readers of Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics 2003 will be able to apply the combined experience of many of the world's leading researchers to their own research needs. Those in academic environments will gain a better insight into the needs and constraints of the industries they are involved with; those in industry will gain a competitive advantage by gaining insight into the cutting edge research being carried out by colleagues in academia. Features Bridges the gap between academic researchers and practitioners in industry Outlines the eight main challenges facing Research and Design in Computational mechanics and offers new insights into the shifting the research agenda Provides a vision of how strong, basic and exciting education at university can be harmonized with life-long learning to obtain maximum value from the new powerful tools of analysis

Bones

The Unity of Form and Function

Author: R. McNeill Alexander

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 672

A celebration and exploration of the form and function of bones, blending science and art with a clear and fascinating text and beautiful photographs, shows the incredible complexity of the skeleton and demonstrates how adaptations have occurred. Reprint.

Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface

Author: Yuehuei H. An,Robert A. Draughn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420073560

Category: Medical

Page: 648

View: 1344

The mechanical properties of whole bones, bone tissue, and the bone-implant interfaces are as important as their morphological and structural aspects. Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface helps you assess these properties by explaining how to do mechanical testing of bone and the bone-implant interface for bone-related research. Articles explore the basic mechanical principles of bone-related study and how to conduct mechanical testing of bone specimens. More practical than theoretical, the text includes 42 chapters in three sections that cover mechanical properties of bone, general considerations of mechanical testing, basic facilities and instruments for mechanical testing; mechanical testing procedures on bone tissues; and mechanical testing procedures on the implant-bone interface. There are approximately three hundred illustrations, including line drawings, diagrams, tables, and photographs. Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface is the most concise, straightforward, and in-depth treatment ever to be published - long needed by the orthopedic and bone research communities.

Multiscale Simulations and Mechanics of Biological Materials

Author: Shaofan Li,Dong Qian

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118402944

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 7886

Multiscale Simulations and Mechanics of Biological Materials A compilation of recent developments in multiscale simulation and computational biomaterials written by leading specialists in the field Presenting the latest developments in multiscale mechanics and multiscale simulations, and offering a unique viewpoint on multiscale modelling of biological materials, this book outlines the latest developments in computational biological materials from atomistic and molecular scale simulation on DNA, proteins, and nano-particles, to meoscale soft matter modelling of cells, and to macroscale soft tissue and blood vessel, and bone simulations. Traditionally, computational biomaterials researchers come from biological chemistry and biomedical engineering, so this is probably the first edited book to present work from these talented computational mechanics researchers. The book has been written to honor Professor Wing Liu of Northwestern University, USA, who has made pioneering contributions in multiscale simulation and computational biomaterial in specific simulation of drag delivery at atomistic and molecular scale and computational cardiovascular fluid mechanics via immersed finite element method. Key features: Offers a unique interdisciplinary approach to multiscale biomaterial modelling aimed at both accessible introductory and advanced levels Presents a breadth of computational approaches for modelling biological materials across multiple length scales (molecular to whole-tissue scale), including solid and fluid based approaches A companion website for supplementary materials plus links to contributors’ websites (www.wiley.com/go/li/multiscale)

Women, Science, and Technology

A Reader in Feminist Science Studies

Author: Mary Wyer,Mary Barbercheck,Donna Cookmeyer,Hatice Ozturk,Marta Wayne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135055416

Category: Social Science

Page: 634

View: 2346

Women, Science, and Technology is an ideal reader for courses in feminist science studies. This third edition fully updates its predecessor with a new introduction and twenty-eight new readings that explore social constructions mediated by technologies, expand the scope of feminist technoscience studies, and move beyond the nature/culture paradigm.

Orthopedic Rehabilitation Science

Principles for Clinical Management of Bone

Author: Katie Lundon

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 204

View: 3023

This practical reference presents basic science knowledge of bone dynamics in health and disease states commonly encountered in physical therapy practice. It will help physical therapists understand the structure and mechanics of bone tissue, including the impact of physical activity on bone, so that they can more effectively treat their patients.

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Interfaces in Medicine and Mechanics

Proceedings of the International Conference held at the University College, Swansea 12th – 15th April, 1988

Author: K. R. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401174776

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 6902

The thirty nine papers accepted for pub1 ication in the First International Conference on 'Interfaces in Medicine & Meehani cs' at Swansea in Apri 1, 1988 represent the current state of the art in the science of implant surgery. This initial venture was planned and undertaken when the present editors and their colleagues realised the need for a closer interaction and dialogue between the clinician and. those basic scientists working in the area of implant surgery. Thi s interface, together with the real interface at the material/tissue borders, thus forms the basis of the present conference. These two ideas, we felt, were nicely and effectively captured in the drawing by Edgar Rubins (1915), a perception psycho 1 ogi st, used on the book cover and elsewhere in our 1 iterature. The Proceedings were planned with some difficulty, due to the wi de scope of the conference. However, we felt the best format was to follow the logical progression of implant development. The introductory papers and talks therefore demonstrate the scope of surgical implants in current use. The development of an implant starts with modelling of the proposed implant and its potential environment and the proceedings follow the same format. Following this, materials in current use are discussed.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

Author: Dennis Dirkmaat

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118255410

Category: Social Science

Page: 752

View: 7804

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Skeletal Tissue Mechanics

Author: R. Bruce Martin,R... Bruce Martin,David B. Burr,Neil A. Sharkey,R. Bruce Bach,Lina Martins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387984742

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 6940

Knowledge of the mechanical properties of the skeletal system is important in understanding the workings of the body and its means of repair. This volume describes the biomechanics of bone, cartilage, tendons and ligaments, taking a rigorous approach to the mechanical properties of the skeleton, without neglecting the biological properties of skeletal tissue. 203 illus.

Skeletal Aging and Osteoporosis

Biomechanics and Mechanobiology

Author: Matthew J. Silva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642180531

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 944

The focus of this book is on mechanical aspects of skeletal fragility related to aging and osteoporosis. Topics include: Age-related changes in trabecular structure and strength; age-related changes in cortical material properties; age-related changes in whole-bone structure; predicting bone strength and fracture risk using image-based methods and finite element analysis; animal models of osteoporosis and aging; age-related changes in skeletal mechano responsiveness; exercise and physical interventions for osteoporosis.

Mechanics of Cellular Bone Remodeling

Coupled Thermal, Electrical, and Mechanical Field Effects

Author: Qing-Hua Qin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466564172

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 726

Research on bone remodeling has resulted in much new information and has led to improvements in design and biomedical practices. Mechanics of Cellular Bone Remodeling: Coupled Thermal, Electrical, and Mechanical Field Effects presents a unified exploration of recent advances, giving readers a sound understanding of bone remodeling and its mathematical representation. Beginning with a description of the basic concept of bone remodeling from a mathematical point of view, the book details the development of each of the techniques and ideas. From there it progresses to the derivation and construction of multifield and cellular bone remodeling and shows how they arise naturally in response to external multifield loads. Topics include: Fundamental concepts and basic formulations for bone remodeling Applications of formulations to multifield internal bone remodeling of inhomogeneous long cylindrical bone Theory and solution of multifield surface bone remodeling A hypothetical regulation mechanism on growth factors for bone modeling and remodeling under multifield loading The RANK–RANKL–OPG pathway and formulation for analyzing the bone remodeling process A model of bone cell population dynamics for cortical bone remodeling under mechanical and pulsed electromagnetic stimulus Recent developments in experiments with bone materials Readers will benefit from the thorough coverage of general principles for each topic, followed by detailed mathematical derivations and worked examples, as well as tables and figures where appropriate. The book not only serves as a reliable reference but is also destined to attract interested readers and researchers to a field that offers fascinating and technologically important challenges.

Biomechanics of Hard Tissues

Author: Andreas Öchsner,Waqar Ahmed

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527642064

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 7357

This monograph assembles expert knowledge on the latest biomechanical modeling and testing of hard tissues, coupled with a concise introduction to the structural and physical properties of bone and cartilage. A strong focus lies on the current advances in understanding bone structure and function from a materials science perspective, providing practical knowledge on how to model, simulate and predict the mechanical behavior of bone. The book presents directly applicable methods for designing and testing the performance of artificial bones and joint replacements, while addressing innovative and safe approaches to stimulated bone regeneration essential for clinical researchers.

Cellular Materials in Nature and Medicine

Author: Lorna J. Gibson,Michael F. Ashby,Brendan A. Harley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521195446

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 7091

Describes the structure and mechanics of a wide range of cellular materials in botany, zoology, and medicine.

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 4

Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

Author: François Barthelat,Pablo Zavattieri,Chad S. Korach,Barton C. Prorok,K. Jane Grande-Allen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319007777

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 189

View: 5473

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fourth volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Structure-Function & Design of Soft Biological Tissues Soft Tissue Biomechanics: Nanoscale to Physiological Control Bone Mechanics Biomimetic Materials Residual Stresses in Biological Materials Cells Cellulose Materials

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 5

Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

Author: Barton C. Prorok,François Barthelat,Chad S. Korach,K. Jane Grande-Allen,Elizabeth Lipke,George Lykofatitits,Pablo Zavattieri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461444276

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 222

View: 6507

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics SEM 12th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 11-14, 2012. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, MEMS and Nanotechnology and, Composite Materials and Joining Technologies for Composites.

III European Conference on Computational Mechanics

Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering: Book of Abstracts

Author: C. A. Mota Soares,J.A.C. Martins,H.C. Rodrigues,Jorge A.C. Ambrosio,C.A.B. Pina,C.M. Mota Soares,E.B.R. Pereira,J. Folgado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402053703

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 788

View: 6518

III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problem in Engineering Computational Mechanics in Solid, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering is today a mature science with applications to major industrial projects. This book contains the edited version of the Abstracts of Plenary and Keynote Lectures and Papers, and a companion CD-ROM with the full-length papers, presented at the III European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering (ECCM-2006), held in the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal 5th - 8th June 2006. The book reflects the state-of-art of Computation Mechanics in Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems in Engineering and it includes contributions by the world most active researchers in this field.