Bones of Contention

Controversies in the Search for Human Origins

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226476513

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 497

Explores the nature of the debate over the findings of paleoanthropologists, looking at how the biases and preconceptions of scientists in the field shape their work, and telling the stories of some of the world's major fossil finds.

Bones of Contention

A Creationist Assessment of Human Fossils

Author: Marvin L. Lubenow

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 1585581577

Category: Religion

Page: 400

View: 6538

Seeking to disprove the theory of human evolution, the author examines the fossils of the so-called "ape men."

Adventures in the Bone Trade

The Race to Discover Human Ancestors in Ethiopia’s Afar Depression

Author: Jon Kalb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387216189

Category: Social Science

Page: 389

View: 3946

As co-founder of the expedition that discovered Lucy, and leader of most of the first site-surveys in the Afar Depression in Ethiopia, Jon Kalb has years of experience with the region, its politics, and the scientists involved in the excavations. A participant himself in the "bone wars" that accompanied these discoveries, Kalb recounts the cutthroat competition and back stabbing that were often part of the media-highlighted race to find the oldest hominid fossil. He weaves this story in the rich fabric of Ethiopian society and politics, the plight of the regions peoples, and the international maneuverings for control of the fossil finds.

Origins Reconsidered

In Search of what Makes Us Human

Author: Richard E. Leakey,Roger Lewin

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0385467923

Category: Nature

Page: 375

View: 6172

Reassesses human prehistory, incorporating ideas from philosophy, anthropology, molecular biology, and linguistics to explore how humans acquired the qualities of consciousness and humanity.

Ancestral Passions

The Leakey Family and the Quest for Humankind's Beginnings

Author: Virginia Morell

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439143872

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 640

View: 3474

This biography of the "First Family" of anthropology reveals how their discoveries, collaborations, and rivalries contributed to our own knowledge of the origins of humankind. In this fascinating and authoritative work, acclaimed science writer Virginia Morell brings to vivid life the famous and infamous Leakey family, pioneers in the field of paleoanthropology: Louis Leakey, the patriarch, who persisted through initial scientific failures and scandal-ridden divorce to achieve spectacular success in digs throughout East Africa; Mary, his second wife, who worked alongside Louis as they made their outstanding discoveries at Olduvai Gorge and elsewhere; and Richard, their son, who ascended to the top of the field in his parents’ wake, only to be threatened with both near-fatal illness and fierce professional rivalry. Morell transports us into the world of these compelling personalities, demonstrating how a small clan of highly talented and fiercely competitive people came to dominate an entire field of science and to contribute immeasurably to our understanding of the origins of humanity.

Principles of Human Evolution

Author: Robert Andrew Foley,Roger Lewin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111868799X

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 8799

Principles of Human Evolution presents an in-depth introduction to paleoanthropology and the study of human evolution. Focusing on the fundamentals of evolutionary theory and how these apply to ecological, molecular genetic, paleontological and archeological approaches to important questions in the field, this timely textbook will help students gain a perspective on human evolution in the context of modern biological thinking. The second edition of this successful text features the addition of Robert Foley, a leading researcher in Human Evolutionary Studies, to the writing team. Strong emphasis on evolutionary theory, ecology and behavior and scores of new examples reflect the latest evolutionary theories and recent archaeological finds. More than a simple update, the new edition is organized by issue rather than chronology, integrating behavior, adaptation and anatomy. A new design and new figure references make this edition more accessible for students and instructors. New author, Robert Foley – leading figure in Human Evolutionary Studies – joins the writing team. Dedicated website – www.blackwellpublishing.com/lewin – provides study resources and artwork downloadable for Powerpoint presentations. Beyond the Facts boxes – explore key scientific debates in greater depth. Margin Comments – indicate the key points in each section. Key Questions – review and test students’ knowledge of central chapter concepts and help focus the way a student approaches reading the text. New emphasis on ecological and behavioral evolution – in keeping with modern research. Fully up to date with recent fossil finds and interpretations; integration of genetic and paleoanthropological approaches.

People of the Lake

Mankind and Its Beginnings

Author: Richard E. Leakey,Roger Lewin

Publisher: Avon Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 1085

Born in Africa

The Quest for the Origins of Human Life

Author: Martin Meredith

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1586488384

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4104

Africa does not give up its secrets easily. Buried there lie answers about the origins of humankind. After a century of investigation, scientists have transformed our understanding about the beginnings of human life. But vital clues still remain hidden. In Born in Africa, Martin Meredith follows the trail of discoveries about human origins made by scientists over the last hundred years, recounting their intense rivalry, personal feuds, and fierce controversies as well as their feats of skill and endurance. The results have been momentous. Scientists have identified more than twenty species of extinct humans. They have firmly established Africa as the birthplace not only of humankind but also of modern humans. They have revealed how early technology, language ability, and artistic endeavour all originated in Africa; and they have shown how small groups of Africans spread out from Africa in an exodus sixty thousand years ago to populate the rest of the world. We have all inherited an African past.

Human Evolution

An Illustrated Introduction

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405156147

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7091

The brief length and focused coverage of Human Evolution: An Illustrated Introduction have made this best-selling textbook the ideal complement to any biology or anthropology course in which human evolution is taught. The text places human evolution in the context of humans as animals, while also showing the physical context of human evolution, including climate change and the impact of extinctions. Chapter introductions, numerous drawings and photographs, and an essential glossary all add to the accessibility of this text.The fifth edition has been thoroughly updated to include coverage of the latest discoveries and perspectives, including: · New early hominid fossils from Africa and Georgia, and their implications · New archaeological evidence from Africa on the origin of modern humans · Updated coverage of prehistoric art, including new sites · New perspectives on molecular evidence and their implications for human population history. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.

Dawn of Man

The Story of Human Evolution

Author: Robin McKie

Publisher: Dk Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 3785

Traces the origins and evolution of human beings, from the earliest prehistoric fossil record to the latest evidence based on genetic research.

IN THE AGE OF MANKIND PB

Author: LEWIN ROGER

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: 9780895990259

Category: Science

Page: 255

View: 6617

Describes what is currently known about human evolution, loks at the work of anthropologists, and discusses the human traits of consciousness and language

Java Man

How Two Geologists Changed Our Understanding of Human Evolution

Author: Carl C. Swisher III,Garniss H. Curtis,Roger Lewin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226787343

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1313

"'Garniss, lend me your knife for a second, will you,' I whispered." So begins Java Man, the inside story of how one discovery—a human skull found on the island of Java—by two geologists shook the foundations of science. By uncovering new evidence about the hominid known as Java man, Carl C. Swisher and Garniss H. Curtis were able to date his fossil remains at 1.7 million years, an age that stunned the scientific community because it pushed back the time when humans migrating out of Africa first reached Eurasia by nearly one million years. Cowritten by the popular science writer Roger Lewin, this is a gripping and informative account of the discovery that breathed new life into the human origins debate. Originally published by Scribner 2000 ISBN: 0-684-80000-4

Lucy's Legacy

The Quest for Human Origins

Author: Donald C. Johanson,Kate Wong

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 0307396401

Category: Science

Page: 321

View: 600

Reconsiders the questions of evolution made in the wake of the stunning discovery of a 3.2 million year-old female skeleton known as Lucy, a new and transitional species placed somewhere between apes and humans that would forever change the way scientists think about human origins.

The Case for Contention

Teaching Controversial Issues in American Schools

Author: Jonathan Zimmerman,Emily Robertson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022645634X

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 5075

From the fights about the teaching of evolution to the details of sex education, it may seem like American schools are hotbeds of controversy. But as Jonathan Zimmerman and Emily Robertson show in this insightful book, it is precisely because such topics are so inflammatory outside school walls that they are so commonly avoided within them. And this, they argue, is a tremendous disservice to our students. Armed with a detailed history of the development of American educational policy and norms and a clear philosophical analysis of the value of contention in public discourse, they show that one of the best things American schools should do is face controversial topics dead on, right in their classrooms. Zimmerman and Robertson highlight an aspect of American politics that we know all too well: We are terrible at having informed, reasonable debates. We opt instead to hurl insults and accusations at one another or, worse, sit in silence and privately ridicule the other side. Wouldn’t an educational system that focuses on how to have such debates in civil and mutually respectful ways improve our public culture and help us overcome the political impasses that plague us today? To realize such a system, the authors argue that we need to not only better prepare our educators for the teaching of hot-button issues, but also provide them the professional autonomy and legal protection to do so. And we need to know exactly what constitutes a controversy, which is itself a controversial issue. The existence of climate change, for instance, should not be subject to discussion in schools: scientists overwhelmingly agree that it exists. How we prioritize it against other needs, such as economic growth, however—that is worth a debate. With clarity and common-sense wisdom, Zimmerman and Robertson show that our squeamishness over controversy in the classroom has left our students woefully underserved as future citizens. But they also show that we can fix it: if we all just agree to disagree, in an atmosphere of mutual respect.

Lucy

The Beginnings of Humankind

Author: Donald Johanson,Maitland Edey,Maitland Armstrong Edey

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0671724991

Category: Nature

Page: 416

View: 7661

Johanson, the discoverer, in 1974, of "Lucy"--the oldest skelton of an erect-walking human yet found--reports the story of his internationally acclaimed find

Icons of Evolution

Science or Myth? Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution Is Wrong

Author: Jonathan Wells

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 159698533X

Category: Religion

Page: 338

View: 7588

Everything you were taught about evolution is wrong.

The First Human

The Race to Discover Our Earliest Ancestors

Author: Ann Gibbons

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 140007696X

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 6401

An account of the search for the missing link between humans and apes journeys into the competitive world of fossil hunting and the lives of competing scientists determined to uncover the mysteries of human evolution.

Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 039330700X

Category: Fiction

Page: 347

View: 6342

A study of the Burgess Shale, a sea bed 530 million years old, and attempts to tackle what the findings are and what it means

Complexity

Life at the Edge of Chaos

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226476551

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 1872

Examines the field of complexity science, with sections focusing on how the discipline works within computer simulations, natural ecosystems, and various social systems.

War Before Civilization

Author: Lawrence H. Keeley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199761531

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5599

The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone. Prehistoric warfare, according to this view, was little more than a ritualized game, where casualties were limited and the effects of aggression relatively mild. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War Before Civilization offers a devastating rebuttal to such comfortable myths and debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization (an idea he denounces as "the pacification of the past"). Building on much fascinating archeological and historical research and offering an astute comparison of warfare in civilized and prehistoric societies, from modern European states to the Plains Indians of North America, War Before Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric warfare was in fact more deadly, more frequent, and more ruthless than modern war. To support this point, Keeley provides a wide-ranging look at warfare and brutality in the prehistoric world. He reveals, for instance, that prehistorical tactics favoring raids and ambushes, as opposed to formal battles, often yielded a high death-rate; that adult males falling into the hands of their enemies were almost universally killed; and that surprise raids seldom spared even women and children. Keeley cites evidence of ancient massacres in many areas of the world, including the discovery in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the remains of over 500 scalped and mutilated men, women, and children (a slaughter that took place a century and a half before the arrival of Columbus). In addition, Keeley surveys the prevalence of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in all kinds of warfare and again finds little moral distinction between ancient warriors and civilized armies. Finally, and perhaps most controversially, he examines the evidence of cannibalism among some preliterate peoples. Keeley is a seasoned writer and his book is packed with vivid, eye-opening details (for instance, that the homicide rate of prehistoric Illinois villagers may have exceeded that of the modern United States by some 70 times). But he also goes beyond grisly facts to address the larger moral and philosophical issues raised by his work. What are the causes of war? Are human beings inherently violent? How can we ensure peace in our own time? Challenging some of our most dearly held beliefs, Keeley's conclusions are bound to stir controversy.