Sydney Lou Bonnick, MD, FACP, and Lori Ann Lewis, MRT, CDT, have updated and expanded their highly praised Bone Densitometry for Technologists to reflect the latest standards and developments in the field. Here radiologic technologists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and dedicated densitometry technologists can find new guidelines for bone density testing, new therapies for osteoporosis, and new treatment guidelines for osteoporosis, as well as new chapters on pediatric densitometry, body composition assessments, and the use of skeletal morphometry in diagnosis and fracture risk prediction.
Bone densitometry (BD) is an extraordinary clinical tool. It provides a safe, non-invasive window to the skeleton. Through that window, a physician can obtain vital clinical information that enhances diagnosis and improves patient management. Further, much has changed in the last decade to make bone densitometry the especially fascinating field of medicine it is today, incorporating imaging, physics, quantitative analysis, statistics, and computer technology -- all applied in the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis. No text details the state-of-the-art and value of densitometry better than Bone Densitometry in Clinical Practice: Applications and Interpretation, Third Edition. Written by renowned expert Sydney Lou Bonnick, MD, this edition improves remarkably on her highly regarded previous volumes, with a significant update and expansion of material. New chapters reflect densitometry’s growing applications as well as the evolving needs of the densitometrist. New material on radiation safety and assessment for secondary causes of bone fragility is included, and the text also incorporates material from the recent ISCD Position Development Conferences (PDC’s), both the 4th adult and the 1st pediatric. Moreover, an entire appendix devoted to the PDCs has been added, providing solutions to many unanswered questions concerning bone densitometry applications. Comprehensive and invaluable, Bone Densitometry in Clinical Practice: Application and Interpretation, Third Edition offers all primary care physicians and specialists the ideal reference for practicing state-of-the-art bone densitometry and caring for patients with, or at risk for, osteoporosis.
A Case-Based Manual for Understanding and Interpreting Bone Densitometry
Author: Angelo A. Licata
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Despite public perception, osteoporosis remains a widespread, devastating disease, and a very serious and costly public health threat. Early detection and treatment must be a priority for primary health care providers. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the principal x-ray technology used to diagnose osteoporosis in its early, asymptomatic stages, to assess treatment efficacy, and to guide treatment decisions. It remains the gold standard today. A DXA Primer for the Practicing Clinician: A Case-Based Manual for Understanding and Interpreting Bone Densitometry is developed around real cases of patients’ DXA measurements. The content is derived from presentations given by the authors at a national society training course and exemplifies not only the complete body of education provided through these lectures but the full range of previously undiscussed nuances as well. This practical, easy-to-read title provides the day to day problems of DXA usage that new users may encounter and that training courses do not have time to provide in detail. The central focus of the book is the presentation of what is normal and what is problematic in the use of DXA, depicting various scenarios with real case histories of patients, their corresponding DXA images and the data that explain the problems. Unique in approach and presentation, this case-based manual will be of immense value to all practitioners -- and students – interested in providing optimal diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis.
Clinical Guidelines for Prevention, Diagnosis, and Management
Author: Sarah H. Gueldner, DSN, RN, FAAN, FGSA, FNAP, FAGHE
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Osteoporosis is a preventable disease. But each year some 500,000 people are hospitalized from osteoporosis fractures, and another 180,000 people are placed into nursing homes from injuries due to osteoporosis. What can nurses, clinicians, medical researchers, physiologists, health care policy experts, and other providers do to diminish, if not eradicate, the disease from local to global scales? What are the best methods for care and treatment? Osteoporosis addresses these questions, and more. Designed as a complete reference, Osteoporosis presents vivid explanations plus illustrations of specific surgical procedures to guide in the preparation and post-operative rehabilitation of the patient for surgical repairs of fractures. Chapters also discuss leading components of a patient's recovery, from dietary requirements and exercise, to fall prevention, quality of life and independence issues. The authors highlight disease prevention strategies and various models of community outreach that have proven effective in educating target populations about osteoporosis, encouraging proper lifestyle choices, and helping children to achieve their maximum bone potential at a young age. Osteoporosis can be prevented. Here is the book to help you, and your health care institution, do just that.
Written specifically to meet the needs of surgical technologists, Pharmacology for the Surgical Technologist, 3rd Edition focuses on the uses of medicines, agents, and solutions in surgery. An introduction to pharmacology covers basic math skills, pharmacologic principles, and drug administration, and is followed by detailed descriptions of common surgical medications along with anesthesia in surgical and emergency situations. This edition adds a new index of drugs by surgical specialty, and a companion Evolve website reinforces your understanding with practical activities and exercises, drug calculations, and more. In this book, Surgical Technology educators Katherine C. Snyder and Chris Keegan cover all areas of pharmacology that are designated in the core curriculum by the AST (Association of Surgical Technology). Coverage of pharmacology includes all areas designated in the core curriculum by the Association of Surgical Technology (AST). A review of basic math skills and pharmacologic principles makes it easier to apply the information to surgical situations. Learning tools in each chapter include learning objectives, key terms with definitions, chapter summaries, and review questions. Important and practical advice is provided with Caution alerts, Tech Tips, Notes, and First Assist boxes. Common surgical medications are covered by category and include descriptions of surgical applications. The free companion Evolve website includes a NEW online study guide with chapter objectives, outlines, key term activities, drug calculations, chapter exercises and review questions, critical thinking exercises, and chapter quizzes. Expanded appendix includes an index of Drugs by Surgical Specialty focusing on specific uses of medicines and solutions in surgery. Revised Anesthesia unit helps you assist the anesthesia care team with updated protocols and a more cohesive organization for preoperative medications, patient monitoring and local and regional anesthesia, general anesthesia, and emergency situations. References in each chapter make it easier to find source material.
The world is beset by a pandemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes and the need for new drugs is startlingly clear; recent years have seen a huge increase in research activity to fill this gap. The development of new drugs for diabetes and obesity must be founded upon a sound appreciation of the pathophysiology of these common disorders. The dual defects of insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion are fundamental to the pathogenesis and progression of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. There is a need to explain how new drugs can counter insulin resistance and insulin deficiency to a broad range of professionals, from clinical scientists active in early (and later) phase drug development to specialist physicians and increasingly primary care doctors who must tailor drug regimens to the individual patient. Clinical research methods for measuring insulin action and insulin secretion have become well-established in proof-of-mechanism studies; however, selection of the best techniques is by no means straightforward. The purpose of the book is to aid the selection of the most appropriate techniques for assessing insulin action, insulin secretion and body composition in humans (with particular reference to new drugs) in phase 1 and 2 studies and aid the understanding of drug effects and non-drug treatment strategies on key biochemical-hormonal defects of obesity and type 2 diabetes. The book will assume a working knowledge of human physiology relating to glucose metabolism and will be of interest to biomedical scientists, pharmacologists, academics involved in metabolic research and clinicians practicing in these specialties.
Bone Densitometry in Growing Patients: Guidelines for Clinical Practice, edited by Drs. Sawyer, Bachrach, and Fung, is a milestone book for all health prof- sionals concerned with bone health in growing patients. The book introduces and emphasizes the importance of attending to issues of bone health and development in childhood and adolescence as a way of maintaining such health and decreasing the epidemic of osteoporosis that we are now seeing in older adults. In doing so, the book offers a much-needed first set of standards of bone densitometry in growing patients. Given the numerous reports of serious interpretation errors in densitometry results in children, the development of this body of work is truly important. It is in this context that Bone Densitometry in Growing Patients: Guidelines for Clinical Practice presents the current evidence, including an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses in the data on assessing bone density in childhood and adolescence. In short, the editors and authors have done an outstanding job of or- nizing not only the key topics in this broad clinical discussion, but also, and most importantly, the evidence within these areas.
This reference describes the pathologic processes that radiographers are most likely to encounter. Radiographs depict these pathologies using the modern imaging modalities available, with increased emphasis on CT and MRI. Information is organized by body system versus disease classification.
Radiographic Pathology for Technologists, 6th Edition concisely covers the injuries and abnormalities most frequently diagnosed using medical imaging to prepare you for what you are most likely to encounter on the job. This essential text also features background discussions of key anatomy and physiology principles, along with imaging considerations for each disease categorized by type followed by a description of its radiographic appearance, signs and symptoms, and treatment. Concise coverage presents approximately 150 injuries and abnormalities most frequently diagnosed using medical imaging to keep you focused on what you are most likely to encounter in practice. Correlative and differential diagnosis discussions explain the diagnostic process and demonstrate the importance of high quality images. Chapter outlines and objectives, key terms, and multiple choice and discussion questions for each chapter with answers provided in the back of the text highlight the most important concepts within each chapter. Summary tables at the end of each chapter list pathologies covered and the preferred imaging modalities for diagnosis. Trauma chapter emphasizes the multi-system implications of traumatic injuries. NEW! Replacement images and illustrations reflect current practice for general radiography and alternative modalities, such as CT, MR, and fusion imaging. NEW! Updated coverage of digital radiography gives you the most up-to-date information on 3-D reconstructions, PET imaging, molecular imaging, monoclonal antibody technology, advances in cardiac imaging, and fusion technologies. NEW! Information on the Human Genome Project in introductory chapter reflects advances in molecular medical leading to more personalized treatment of disease. NEW! Virtual endoscopic images in GI chapter illustrate the latest in endoscopic imaging techniques. NEW! Coverage of interventional procedures in hepatobiliary and urinary systems help you diagnose and treat patients using the least invasive techniques. NEW! Expansion of neoplastic disease content in respiratory system chapter highlights the important role radiographic pathology plays in diagnosis and treatment.