Author: Roy S. Berns,Fred W. Billmeyer,Max Saltzman
Fully updated-the classic comprehensive introduction to color technology The Third Edition of Billmeyer and Saltzman's Principles of Color Technology combines the clarity and ease of use of earlier editions with two decades of advancement in the theory and technology of color. Defining color as "a certain kind of light, its effect on the human eye, or (most important of all) the result of this effect in the mind of the viewer," the book offers detailed coverage of color, colorants, the coloring of materials, and reproducing the color of materials through imaging. While retaining important material on the color technology of paints, plastics, textiles, and other materials, the Third Edition features in-depth coverage of computer-generated color, digital image capture, desktop color printing, and color management-achieving color fidelity among scanners, digital cameras, and other color imaging devices. The new edition of Principles of Color Technology offers expanded coverage that includes: * Measuring color quality-a new chapter describes the principles and applications of setting instrumental color tolerances * Mathematics of color technology-a new appendix presents principles of color technology using mathematics * Color modeling-additional material covers CRT displays and color printing Supplemented with copious numerical examples, graphs, and illustrations that clarify and explain complex material, as well as side bars that present technical details in a well-organized, accessible manner, this excellent and exciting introduction for newcomers to the field is also a valuable reference for experienced color technologists, color specialists, chemical and industrial engineers, computer scientists, research scientists, and mathematicians interested in color.
Colorimetry: Understanding the CIE System summarizes and explains the standards of CIE colorimetry in one comprehensive source. Presents the material in a tutorial form, for easy understanding by students and engineers dealing with colorimetry. Provides an overview of the area of CIE colorimetry, including colorimetric principles, the historical background of colorimetric measurements, uncertainty analysis, open problems of colorimetry and their possible solutions, etc. Includes several appendices, which provide a listing of CIE colorimetric tables as well as an annotated list of CIE publications. Commemorates the 75th anniversary of the CIE's System of Colorimetry.
The Science of Color focuses on the principles and observations that are foundations of modern color science. Written for a general scientific audience, the book broadly covers essential topics in the interdisciplinary field of color, drawing from physics, physiology and psychology. This book comprises eight chapters and begins by tracing scientific thinking about color since the seventeenth century. This historical perspective provides an introduction to the fundamental questions in color science, by following advances as well as misconceptions over more than 300 years. The next chapters then discuss the relationship between light, the retinal image, and photoreceptors, followed by a focus on concepts such as color matching and color discrimination; color appearance and color difference specification; the physiology of color vision; the 15 mechanisms of the physics and chemistry of color; and digital color reproduction. Each chapter begins with a short outline that summarizes the organization and breadth of its material. The outlines are valuable guides to chapter structure, and worth scanning even by readers who may not care to go through a chapter from start to finish. This book will be of interest to scientists, artists, manufacturers, and students.
A Guide for Conservators, Curators, and the Curious
Author: Roy S. Berns
Publisher: Getty Publications
“A curator, a paintings conservator, a photographer, and a conservation scientist walk into a bar.” What happens next? In lively and accessible prose, color science expert Roy S. Berns helps the reader understand complex color-technology concepts and offers solutions to problems that occur when art is displayed, conserved, imaged, or reproduced. Berns writes for two types of audiences: museum professionals seeking explanations for common color-related issues and students in conservation, museum studies, and art history programs. The seven chapters in the book fall naturally into two sections: fundamentals, covering topics such as spectral measurements, metamerism, and color inconstancy; and applications, where artwork display, painting materials, and color reproduction are discussed. A unique feature of this book is the use of more than 200 images as its main medium of communication, employing color physics, color vision, and imaging science to produce visualizations throughout the pages. An annotated bibliography complements the main text with suggestions for further reading and more in-depth study of particular topics. Engaging, incisive, and absolutely critical for any scholar or student interested in color science, Color Science and the Visual Arts is sure to become a key reference for the entire field.
The one-stop reference to the essentials of color science and technology—now fully updated and revised The fully updated Third Edition of Color: An Introduction to Practice and Principles continues to provide a truly comprehensive, non-mathematical introduction to color science, complete with historical, philosophical, and art-related topics. Geared to non-specialists and experts alike, Color clearly explains key technical concepts concerning light, human vision, and color perception phenomena. It covers color order systems in depth, examines color reproduction technologies, and reviews the history of color science as well as its relationship to art and color harmony. Revised throughout to reflect the latest developments in the field, the Third Edition: Features many new color illustrations, now fully incorporated into the text Offers new perspectives on what color is all about, diverging from conventional thinking Includes new information on perception phenomena, color order, and technological advances Updates material on such topics as the CIE colorimetric system and optimal object colors Extends coverage of color reproduction to display systems, photography, and color management Contains a unique timetable of color in science and art, plus a glossary of important terms Praise for the previous editions: "A nice bridge to areas usually not covered in academic visual science programs . . . outstanding." —Joel Pokorny, visual scientist at The University of Chicago "A good addition to any library, this should be useful for the color interests of artists, designers, craftsmen, philosophers, psychologists, color technologies, and students in related fields." —CHOICE
The essential resource for readers needing to understand visual perception and for those trying to produce, reproduce and measure color appearance in various applications such as imaging, entertainment, materials, design, architecture and lighting. This book builds upon the success of previous editions, and will continue to serve the needs of those professionals working in the field to solve practical problems or looking for background for on-going research projects. It would also act as a good course text for senior undergraduates and postgraduates studying color science. The 3rd Edition of Color Appearance Models contains numerous new and expanded sections providing an updated review of color appearance and includes many of the most widely used models to date, ensuring its continued success as the comprehensive resource on color appearance models. Key features: Presents the fundamental concepts and phenomena of color appearance (what objects look like in typical viewing situations) and practical techniques to measure, model and predict those appearances. Includes the clear explanation of fundamental concepts that makes the implementation of mathematical models very easy to understand. Explains many different types of models, and offers a clear context for the models, their use, and future directions in the field.
With the move of cinema away from film, the adoption of electronic-based production throughout all media is now complete. In order to exploit its advantages, the accurate definition, measurement and reproduction of colour has become more important than ever to achieve the best fidelity of colour reproduction. This book is concerned with providing readers with all they need to know about colour: how it is perceived and described, how it is measured and generated and how it is reproduced in colour systems. It serves as both a tutorial and a reference book, defining what we mean by colour and providing an explanation of the proper derivation of chromaticity charts and through to the means of ensuring accurate colour management. Key Features: Addresses important theory and common misconceptions in colour science and reproduction, from the perception and characteristics of colour to the practicalities of its rendering in the fields of television, photography and cinematography Offers a clear treatment of the CIE chromaticity charts and their related calculations, supporting discussion on system primaries, their colour gamuts and the derivation of their contingent red, green and blue camera spectral sensitivities Reviews the next state-of-the-art developments in colour reproduction beyond current solutions, from Ultra-High Definition Television for the 2020s to laser projectors with unprecedented colour range for the digital cinema Includes a companion website hosting a workbook consisting of invaluable macro-enabled data worksheets; JPEG files containing images referred to in the book, including colour bars and grey scale charts to establish perceived contrast range under different environmental conditions; and, guides to both the workbook and JPEG files
Covering both underlying theory and practical applications, Laser Safety provides a unique and readily-understandable review of current laser safety. This resource explains in detail the biological effects of laser radiation, particularly on the eye, and the provisions and requirements of the international laser safety standard IEC 60825-1, including a full description of the recently revised system of laser classification. It elucidates the rationale for the often-complex laser emission and exposure limits given in the standard, and provides detailed guidance for using the standard to carry out quantitative laser assessments. The authors also discuss practical issues of risk assessment, safety controls, eye protection, and laser safety management. This practical and comprehensive handbook will be useful for anyone involved in laser safety, including academic and medical researchers, laser manufacturers, and compliance officers.
Colorimetry, the science of quantitvely describing color, is essential for color reproduction technology. This is because it creates standards by which to measure color, using mathematical techniques and software to ensure fidelity across media, allow accurate color mixing, and to develop color optimization. This book is a comprehensive and thorough introduction to colorimetry, taking the reader from basic concepts through to a variety of industrial applications. Set out in clear, easy-to-follow terminology, Ohta and Robertson explain fundamental principles such as color specification, the CIE (International Commission on Illumination) system, and color vision and appearance models. They also cover the following topics: the optimization of color reproduction; uniform color spaces and color difference formulae, including the CIEDE 2000 formula; applications of metamerism, chromatic adaptation, color appearance and color rendering; mathematical formulae for calculating color mixing, maximising luminous efficacy, and designing illuminants with specific properties. Colorimetry: Fundamentals and Applications is an ideal reference for practising color engineers, color scientists and imaging professionals working on color systems. It is also a practical guide for senior undergraduate and graduate students who want to acquire knowledge in the field.
This latest edition of Coloring of Plastics: Fundamentals offers an updated introduction to color as a science while also providing the foundation for many additional technological subjects. The basic families of colorants are described, along with their properties. The material examines how statistical analysis can improve the consistency of colored polymer production runs as well as the colorants used to match the color. Other important topics covered in Coloring of Plastics: Fundamentals, Second Edition include: Environmental issues and the reuse of discarded material Potential problems with the interaction between colorants and other additives Measurement information and matching, visually and instrumentally Techniques for incorporating colorants into polymers as compounds or concentrates Special effect colorants Polymer and colorant manufacturers, plastics compounders, and coating and synthetic fiber industries will acquire an enhanced appreciation of the complex technological issues a colorist must consider if a plastics coloring project is to succeed.
This second edition has been rewritten, updated, and enlarged, describing the basic principles of color vision and colorimetry. The history of color is described, along with the main methods used to measure color and their associated color systems, and the human eye and its color detectors are explained with some detail. The book has been written with students in an introductory color course in mind, but those who have experience in the field will also benefit from the compendium of data within.
Completely revised and updated, this book has become a standard work in this area and is widely used as a basis for lectures in universities and specialist institutions. Includes information on the latest digital and printing technologies and is illustrated with many new photographs and diagrams. Divided into six parts, the book presents the foundations of colour imaging and colour reproduction before going on to discuss how these basic principles can be applied to photography, television, printing and digital imaging. The final part deals with the evaluation of colour appearance. The Reproduction of Colour presents a tried-and-tested balance of theory and practical application, which will appeal to both students and practicing engineers. Describes the fundamental principles of colour reproduction for photography, television, printing and electronic imaging. Provides detailed coverage of the physics of light and the chemistry of colorants. Includes new chapters on digital printing and digital imaging discussing colour reproduction on HDTV and digital cinema systems. Features expanded coverage of the evaluation of colour appearance, including a detailed treatment of colour appearance models and the colour inconstancy index.
Author: Claudine Lacroix,Philippe Mendels,Frédéric Mila
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The field of highly frustrated magnetism has developed considerably and expanded over the last 15 years. Issuing from canonical geometric frustration of interactions, it now extends over other aspects with many degrees of freedom such as magneto-elastic couplings, orbital degrees of freedom, dilution effects, and electron doping. Its is thus shown here that the concept of frustration impacts on many other fields in physics than magnetism. This book represents a state-of-the-art review aimed at a broad audience with tutorial chapters and more topical ones, encompassing solid-state chemistry, experimental and theoretical physics.
Written by leading coffee technology specialists in consultation with some of the world's biggest coffee manufacturers, the second edition of the successful Espresso Coffee will once again comprehensively cover the current status of the chemistry and technology of espresso coffee. It comprehensively covers topics such as agronomy, green coffee processing, roasting/grinding, packaging, percolating and decaffeination techniques. It provides a comprehensive resource for those interested in the fundamental notions of coffee quality; with a point of reference given in the form of a detailed bibliography to provide direction to the wider literature. Chapters Include: * Quality of espresso coffee * The plant * The raw bean * Roasting * Grinding * Packaging * Percolation * The cup * Physiology
Whether they are working in print, interactive, environmental, or web-based design, designers will learn how to apply color theory to their work in order to communicate and entertain. Graphic design professors John Drew and Sarah Meyer explain all of the technical issues that are relevant to communicating with color in 2-D and 3-D environments and in still and moving images. This invaluable guide arms designers with all the in-depth technical information that they need about color theory, color systems, mixing, removal, pigments, inks, papers, and printing. Graphic design students and educators will also appreciate Drew and Meyer’s considerations of how human beings perceive and react to color in every aspect of their daily lives. Featuring over 200 dynamic samples of graphic design and color usage from around the world, this guide is an unrivaled resource and an excellent choice for course adoptions.
In depth demonstrations teach how to interpret the basic shapes of the head and facial features. Everyone who paints or draws portraits worries most about one thing: getting an accurate likeness. But getting a likeness doesn't take genius and isn't based on a bag of tricks. It's really a matter of learning to use a logical procedure, based on careful observation of the subject, and then lots of practice. Drawing a Likeness is divided into three parts. In the first part you learn how to analyze a head--how to recognize the basic shapes and their variations, and place the features within the larger form of the head. Drawings of many different subjects serve as examples. In the second part, the actual drawing procedure is analyzed in minute detail as three different-shaped heads--oval, rectangular, and round--are drawn. Each of these three demonstrations contains a photograph of the subject and develops the portrait in great detail (45 actual steps) right down to the finished drawing. In the third part of the book, you learn how to use different combinations of drawing materials to create a wide range of effects: charcoal, Conté, and carbon pencils on both gray and white charcoal paper, graphite pencils on illustration board, soft and hard charcoal sticks and pencils on smooth board, charcoal and carbon pencil worked over acrylic-gessoed chipboard. There are six demonstrations in this section showing how to draw men and women of different ages. Each demonstration has ten steps, one per page, and includes a photograph of the subject. Drawing a Likeness is a basic, practical book for anyone who has ever tried to draw or paint a portrait--students, amateurs, professionals, and teachers.
The Earth is shaped by processes as fleeting as molecular motion and as slow as the movement of tectonic plates. This landmark book is the first comprehensive treatment of the huge range of kinetic processes that lie along the continuum from one of these extremes to the other. A leading researcher in modern geochemistry and geophysics, Antonio Lasaga reviews the theories and quantitative tools that explain these processes, and he shows how they can be applied in the field and laboratory. Chapters focus on such theoretical topics as rate laws of chemical reactions, transport theory, diffusion, irreversible thermodynamics, nucleation theory, and the theory of crystal growth and dissolution. These theories help to explain such kinetic processes as molecular complexation, fluid flow, weathering, oxidation, nucleation, growth, magma generation, biological membrane reactions, atmospheric gas reactions, geochemical cycles, mantle creep, subduction, and erosion. Throughout, Lasaga emphasizes the need to view earth-science phenomena as ongoing processes--to add fully the element of time to models of earth dynamics. He draws on extensive knowledge of geology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics and makes creative use of numerous examples from both nature and the laboratory. Kinetic Theory in the Earth Sciences will be essential reading for geologists and chemists who wish to understand the application of chemical kinetics to the workings of the Earth. Originally published in 1998. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Completely revised and updated to reflect current advances in heat exchanger technology, Heat Exchanger Design Handbook, Second Edition includes enhanced figures and thermal effectiveness charts, tables, new chapter, and additional topics––all while keeping the qualities that made the first edition a centerpiece of information for practicing engineers, research, engineers, academicians, designers, and manufacturers involved in heat exchange between two or more fluids. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Updated information on pressure vessel codes, manufacturer’s association standards A new chapter on heat exchanger installation, operation, and maintenance practices Classification chapter now includes coverage of scrapped surface-, graphite-, coil wound-, microscale-, and printed circuit heat exchangers Thorough revision of fabrication of shell and tube heat exchangers, heat transfer augmentation methods, fouling control concepts and inclusion of recent advances in PHEs New topics like EMbaffle®, Helixchanger®, and Twistedtube® heat exchanger, feedwater heater, steam surface condenser, rotary regenerators for HVAC applications, CAB brazing and cupro-braze radiators Without proper heat exchanger design, efficiency of cooling/heating system of plants and machineries, industrial processes and energy system can be compromised, and energy wasted. This thoroughly revised handbook offers comprehensive coverage of single-phase heat exchangers—selection, thermal design, mechanical design, corrosion and fouling, FIV, material selection and their fabrication issues, fabrication of heat exchangers, operation, and maintenance of heat exchangers —all in one volume.