"Bifurcation and Chaos in Discontinuous and Continuous Systems" provides rigorous mathematical functional-analytical tools for handling chaotic bifurcations along with precise and complete proofs together with concrete applications presented by many stimulating and illustrating examples. A broad variety of nonlinear problems are studied involving difference equations, ordinary and partial differential equations, differential equations with impulses, piecewise smooth differential equations, differential and difference inclusions, and differential equations on infinite lattices as well. This book is intended for mathematicians, physicists, theoretically inclined engineers and postgraduate students either studying oscillations of nonlinear mechanical systems or investigating vibrations of strings and beams, and electrical circuits by applying the modern theory of bifurcation methods in dynamical systems. Dr. Michal Fečkan is a Professor at the Department of Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Mathematics on the Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics at the Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia. He is working on nonlinear functional analysis, bifurcation theory and dynamical systems with applications to mechanics and vibrations.
This book focuses on bifurcation theory for autonomous and nonautonomous differential equations with discontinuities of different types – those with jumps present either in the right-hand side, or in trajectories or in the arguments of solutions of equations. The results obtained can be applied to various fields, such as neural networks, brain dynamics, mechanical systems, weather phenomena and population dynamics. Developing bifurcation theory for various types of differential equations, the book is pioneering in the field. It presents the latest results and provides a practical guide to applying the theory to differential equations with various types of discontinuity. Moreover, it offers new ways to analyze nonautonomous bifurcation scenarios in these equations. As such, it shows undergraduate and graduate students how bifurcation theory can be developed not only for discrete and continuous systems, but also for those that combine these systems in very different ways. At the same time, it offers specialists several powerful instruments developed for the theory of discontinuous dynamical systems with variable moments of impact, differential equations with piecewise constant arguments of generalized type and Filippov systems.
The book presents the recent achievements on bifurcation studies of nonlinear dynamical systems. The contributing authors of the book are all distinguished researchers in this interesting subject area. The first two chapters deal with the fundamental theoretical issues of bifurcation analysis in smooth and non-smooth dynamical systems. The cell mapping methods are presented for global bifurcations in stochastic and deterministic, nonlinear dynamical systems in the third chapter. The fourth chapter studies bifurcations and chaos in time-varying, parametrically excited nonlinear dynamical systems. The fifth chapter presents bifurcation analyses of modal interactions in distributed, nonlinear, dynamical systems of circular thin von Karman plates. The theories, methods and results presented in this book are of great interest to scientists and engineers in a wide range of disciplines. This book can be adopted as references for mathematicians, scientists, engineers and graduate students conducting research in nonlinear dynamical systems. · New Views for Difficult Problems · Novel Ideas and Concepts · Hilbert's 16th Problem · Normal Forms in Polynomial Hamiltonian Systems · Grazing Flow in Non-smooth Dynamical Systems · Stochastic and Fuzzy Nonlinear Dynamical Systems · Fuzzy Bifurcation · Parametrical, Nonlinear Systems · Mode Interactions in nonlinear dynamical systems
This book presents the theoretical frame for studying lumped nonsmoothdynamical systems: the mathematical methods are recalled, and adaptednumerical methods are introduced (differential inclusions, maximalmonotone operators, Filippov theory, Aizerman theory, etc.
"Discontinuous Dynamical Systems on Time-varying Domains" is the first monograph focusing on this topic. While in the classic theory of dynamical systems the focus is on dynamical systems on time-invariant domains, this book presents discontinuous dynamical systems on time-varying domains where the corresponding switchability of a flow to the time-varying boundary in discontinuous dynamical systems is discussed. From such a theory, principles of dynamical system interactions without any physical connections are presented. Several discontinuous systems on time-varying domains are analyzed in detail to show how to apply the theory to practical problems. The book can serve as a reference book for researchers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, physics and mechanics. Dr. Albert C. J. Luo is a professor at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA. His research is involved in the nonlinear theory of dynamical systems. His main contributions are in the following aspects: a stochastic and resonant layer theory in nonlinear Hamiltonian systems, singularity on discontinuous dynamical systems, and approximate nonlinear theories for a deformable-body.
This monograph combines the knowledge of both the field of nonlinear dynamics and non-smooth mechanics, presenting a framework for a class of non-smooth mechanical systems using techniques from both fields. The book reviews recent developments, and opens the field to the nonlinear dynamics community. This book addresses researchers and graduate students in engineering and mathematics interested in the modelling, simulation and dynamics of non-smooth systems and nonlinear dynamics.
Presents a systematic view of vibro-impact dynamics based onthe nonlinear dynamics analysis Comprehensive understanding of any vibro-impact system iscritically impeded by the lack of analytical tools viable forproperly characterizing grazing bifurcation. The authors establishvibro-impact dynamics as a subset of the theory of discontinuoussystems, thus enabling all vibro-impact systems to be explored andcharacterized for applications. Vibro-impact Dynamics presents an original theoreticalway of analyzing the behavior of vibro-impact dynamics that can beextended to discontinuous dynamics. All topics are logicallyintegrated to allow for vibro-impact dynamics, the central theme,to be presented. It provides a unified treatment on the topicwith a sound theoretical base that is applicable to both continuousand discrete systems Vibro-impact Dynamics: Presents mapping dynamics to determine bifurcation and chaos invibro-impact systems Offers two simple vibro-impact systems with comprehensivephysical interpretation of complex motions Uses the theory for discontinuous dynamical systems ontime-varying domains, to investigate the Fermi-oscillator Essential reading for graduate students, university professors,researchers and scientists in mechanical engineering.
This unique book presents the discretization of continuous systems and implicit mapping dynamics of periodic motions to chaos in continuous nonlinear systems. The stability and bifurcation theory of fixed points in discrete nonlinear dynamical systems is reviewed, and the explicit and implicit maps of continuous dynamical systems are developed through the single-step and multi-step discretizations. The implicit dynamics of period-m solutions in discrete nonlinear systems are discussed. The book also offers a generalized approach to finding analytical and numerical solutions of stable and unstable periodic flows to chaos in nonlinear systems with/without time-delay. The bifurcation trees of periodic motions to chaos in the Duffing oscillator are shown as a sample problem, while the discrete Fourier series of periodic motions and chaos are also presented. The book offers a valuable resource for university students, professors, researchers and engineers in the fields of applied mathematics, physics, mechanics, control systems, and engineering.
Mario Bernardo,Chris Budd,Alan Richard Champneys,Piotr Kowalczyk
Author: Mario Bernardo,Chris Budd,Alan Richard Champneys,Piotr Kowalczyk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents a coherent framework for understanding the dynamics of piecewise-smooth and hybrid systems. An informal introduction expounds the ubiquity of such models via numerous. The results are presented in an informal style, and illustrated with many examples. The book is aimed at a wide audience of applied mathematicians, engineers and scientists at the beginning postgraduate level. Almost no mathematical background is assumed other than basic calculus and algebra.
Annotation Consisting primarily of contributions written by engineers from Europe, Asia, and the US, this volume provides a general methodology for describing, solving, and analyzing discontinuous systems. The focus is on mechanical engineering problems where clearances, piecewise stiffness, intermittent contact, variable friction, or other forms of discontinuity occur. Practical applications include vibration absorbers, percussive drilling of hard materials, and dynamics of metal cutting. Of likely interest to new and experienced researchers working in the field of applied mathematics and physics, mechanical and civil engineering, and manufacturing. Lacks a subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Discontinuous dynamical systems have played an important role in both theory and applications during the last several decades. This is still an area of active research and techniques to make the applications more effective are an ongoing topic of interest. Principles of Discontinuous Dynamical Systems is devoted to the theory of differential equations with variable moments of impulses. It introduces a new strategy of implementing an equivalence to systems whose solutions have prescribed moments of impulses and utilizing special topologies in spaces of piecewise continuous functions. The achievements obtained on the basis of this approach are described in this book. The text progresses systematically, by covering preliminaries in the first four chapters. This is followed by more complex material and special topics such as Hopf bifurcation, Devaney's chaos, and the shadowing property are discussed in the last two chapters. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematics and also in diverse areas such as biology, computer science, and engineering who deal with real world problems.
Power electronics is a discipline spawned by real-life applications in industrial, commercial, residential and aerospace environments. Much of its development evolves around some immediate need for solving specific power conversion problems. This comprehensive book focuses on the typical bifurcation scenarios and nonlinear behavior observed in switching power converters, expounding on their most relevant aspects from a practical viewpoint. A balanced emphasis on theory, computer methods, and laboratory experiments bridges the gap between the theoretical research and practical engineering applications.
1. 1 Preface Many phenomena from physics, biology, chemistry and economics are modeled by di?erential equations with parameters. When a nonlinear equation is est- lished, its behavior/dynamics should be understood. In general, it is impossible to ?nd a complete dynamics of a nonlinear di?erential equation. Hence at least, either periodic or irregular/chaotic solutions are tried to be shown. So a pr- erty of a desired solution of a nonlinear equation is given as a parameterized boundary value problem. Consequently, the task is transformed to a solvability of an abstract nonlinear equation with parameters on a certain functional space. When a family of solutions of the abstract equation is known for some para- ters, the persistence or bifurcations of solutions from that family is studied as parameters are changing. There are several approaches to handle such nonl- ear bifurcation problems. One of them is a topological degree method, which is rather powerful in cases when nonlinearities are not enough smooth. The aim of this book is to present several original bifurcation results achieved by the author using the topological degree theory. The scope of the results is rather broad from showing periodic and chaotic behavior of non-smooth mechanical systems through the existence of traveling waves for ordinary di?erential eq- tions on in?nite lattices up to study periodic oscillations of undamped abstract waveequationsonHilbertspaceswithapplicationstononlinearbeamandstring partial di?erential equations. 1.
Exact analytical solutions to periodic motions in nonlineardynamical systems are almost not possible. Since the 18th century,one has extensively used techniques such as perturbation methods toobtain approximate analytical solutions of periodic motions innonlinear systems. However, the perturbation methods cannot providethe enough accuracy of analytical solutions of periodic motions innonlinear dynamical systems. So the bifurcation trees of periodicmotions to chaos cannot be achieved analytically. The authorhas developed an analytical technique that is more effective toachieve periodic motions and corresponding bifurcation trees tochaos analytically. Toward Analytical Chaos in Nonlinear Systemssystematically presents a new approach to analytically determineperiodic flows to chaos or quasi-periodic flows in nonlineardynamical systems with/without time-delay. It covers themathematical theory and includes two examples of nonlinear systemswith/without time-delay in engineering and physics. From theanalytical solutions, the routes from periodic motions to chaos aredeveloped analytically rather than the incomplete numerical routesto chaos. The analytical techniques presented will provide abetter understanding of regularity and complexity of periodicmotions and chaos in nonlinear dynamical systems. Key features: Presents the mathematical theory of analytical solutions ofperiodic flows to chaos or quasieriodic flows in nonlineardynamical systems Covers nonlinear dynamical systems and nonlinear vibrationsystems Presents accurate, analytical solutions of stable and unstableperiodic flows for popular nonlinear systems Includes two complete sample systems Discusses time-delayed, nonlinear systems and time-delayed,nonlinear vibrational systems Includes real world examples Toward Analytical Chaos in Nonlinear Systems is acomprehensive reference for researchers and practitioners acrossengineering, mathematics and physics disciplines, and is also auseful source of information for graduate and senior undergraduatestudents in these areas.
Dynamical Systems: Discontinuous, Stochasticity and Time-Delay provides an overview of the most recent developments in nonlinear dynamics, vibration and control. This book focuses on the most recent advances in all three areas, with particular emphasis on recent analytical, numerical and experimental research and its results. Real dynamical system problems, such as the behavior of suspension systems of railways, nonlinear vibration and applied control in coal manufacturing, along with the multifractal spectrum of LAN traffic, are discussed at length, giving the reader a sense of real-world instances where these theories are applied. Dynamical Systems: Discontinuous, Stochasticity and Time-Delay also contains material on time-delay systems as they relate to linear switching, dynamics of complex networks, and machine tools with multiple boundaries. It is the ideal book for engineers and academic researchers working in areas like mechanical and control engineering, as well as applied mathematics.
Gesellschaft für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik
Regularity and Complexity in Dynamical Systems describes periodic and chaotic behaviors in dynamical systems, including continuous, discrete, impulsive, discontinuous, and switching systems. In traditional analysis, the periodic and chaotic behaviors in continuous, nonlinear dynamical systems were extensively discussed even if unsolved. In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of interest in periodic and chaotic behaviors in discontinuous dynamical systems because such dynamical systems are prevalent in engineering. Usually, the smoothening of discontinuous dynamical system is adopted in order to use the theory of continuous dynamical systems. However, such technique cannot provide suitable results in such discontinuous systems. In this book, an alternative way is presented to discuss the periodic and chaotic behaviors in discontinuous dynamical systems.
Volume I: Mathematics, Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, and Finance
Author: J. Barkley Rosser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
From Catastrophe to Chaos: A General Theory of Economic Discontinuities presents and unusual perspective on economics and economic analysis. Current economic theory largely depends upon assuming that the world is fundamentally continuous. However, an increasing amount of economic research has been done using approaches that allow for discontinuities such as catastrophe theory, chaos theory, synergetics, and fractal geometry. The spread of such approaches across a variety of disciplines of thought has constituted a virtual intellectual revolution in recent years. This book reviews the applications of these approaches in various subdisciplines of economics and draws upon past economic thinkers to develop an integrated view of economics as a whole from the perspective of inherent discontinuity.