Before Brown

Heman Marion Sweatt, Thurgood Marshall, and the Long Road to Justice

Author: Gary M. Lavergne

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292722001

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 1224

On February 26, 1946, an African American from Houston applied for admission to the University of Texas School of Law. Although he met all of the academic qualifications, Heman Marion Sweatt was denied admission because he was black. He challenged the university's decision in court, and the resulting case, Sweatt v. Painter, went to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in Sweatt's favor. The Sweatt case paved the way for the landmark Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka rulings that finally opened the doors to higher education for all African Americans and desegregated public education. This book tells the story of Sweatt's struggle for justice and how it became a milestone for the civil rights movement. It reveals that Sweatt was a central player in a master plan conceived by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for ending racial segregation. The NAACP used the Sweatt case to practically invalidate the "separate but equal" doctrine that had undergirded segregated education for decades. The book also shows how this case advanced the career of Thurgood Marshall, whose advocacy of Sweatt taught him lessons that he used to win the Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954 and ultimately led to his becoming the first black Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

Laughing Mad

The Black Comic Persona in Post-soul America

Author: Bambi Haggins

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813539850

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 274

View: 1155

Prior to the civil rights movement, comedians performed for audiences that were clearly delineated by race. Black comedians performed for black audiences and white comedians performed for whites. Yet during the past forty-five years, black comics have become progressively more central to mainstream culture. In Laughing Mad , Bambi Haggins looks at how this transition occurred in a variety of media and shows how this integration has paved the way for black comedians and their audiences to affect each other. Historically, African American performers have been able to use comedy as a pedagogic tool, interjecting astute observations about race relations while the audience is laughing. And yet, Haggins makes the convincing argument that the potential of African American comedy remains fundamentally unfulfilled as the performance of blackness continues to be made culturally digestible for mass consumption. Rather than presenting biographies of individual performers, Haggins focuses on the ways in which the comic persona is constructed and changes across media, from stand-up, to the small screen, to film. She examines the comic televisual and cinematic personae of Dick Gregory, Bill Cosby, Flip Wilson, and Richard Pryor and considers how these figures set the stage for black comedy in the next four decades. She reads Eddie Murphy and Chris Rock as emblematic of the first and second waves of post-civil rights era African American comedy, and she looks at the socio-cultural politics of Whoopi Goldberg's comic persona through the lens of gender and crossover. Laughing Mad also explores how the comedy of Dave Chappelle speaks to and for the post-soul generation. A rigorous analytic analysis, this book interrogates notions of identity, within both the African American community and mainstream popular culture. Written in engaging and accessible prose, it is also a book that will travel from the seminar room, to the barbershop, to the kitchen table, allowing readers to experience the sketches, stand-up, and film comedies with all the laughter they deserve.

Black Power

The Politics of Liberation in America

Author: Stokely Carmichael,Charles V. Hamilton,Kwame Ture

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0679743138

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 6711

An explanation of the ideology and desired political framework of the Black Power movement in America

Negroes with Guns

Author: Robert Franklin Williams

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814327142

Category: History

Page: 89

View: 3370

First published in 1962, Negroes with Guns is the story of a southern black community's struggle to arm itself in self-defense against the Ku Klux Klan and other racist groups. Frustrated and angered by violence condoned or abetted by the local authorities against blacks, the small community of Monroe, North Carolina, brought the issue of armed self-defense to the forefront of the civil rights movement. The single most important intellectual influence on Huey P. Newton, the founder of the Black Panther Party, Negroes with Guns is a classic story of a man who risked his life for democracy and freedom.

Worse Than Death

Author: Sherry Gottlieb

Publisher: Forge Books

ISBN: 9780312873929

Category: Fiction

Page: 251

View: 1942

Los Angeles policeman Jace Levy has fallen hard for the sexy Risha only to discover that his beloved is a vampire and that eternity has its drawbacks

Bad Boy

The True Story of Kenneth Allen McDuff, the Most Notorious Serial Killer in Texas History

Author: Gary M. Lavergne

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312981259

Category: True Crime

Page: 416

View: 9963

The author of A Sniper in the Tower: The Charles Whitman Murders journeys into the dark life of brutal serial killer Kenneth Allen McDuff, his murderous crime spree before and after his release on parole in 1989, and the reactive "McDuff Rules," which were designed to restructure the failed Texas criminal justice system. Reissue.

The Jim Crow Encyclopedia

Greenwood Milestones in African American History

Author: Nikki L. M. Brown,Barry M. Stentiford

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313341816

Category: History

Page: 952

View: 2891

This is the essential ready reference to understand American history post Reconstruction.

Egyptian Yoga

The Philosophy of Enlightenment

Author: Muata Ashby

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781884564017

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6132

1.EGYPTIAN YOGA: THE PHILOSOPHY OF ENLIGHTENMENT An original, fully illustrated work, including hieroglyphs, detailing the meaning of the Egyptian mysteries, tantric yoga, psycho-spiritual and physical exercises. Egyptian Yoga is a guide to the practice of the highest spiritual philosophy which leads to absolute freedom from human misery and to immortality. It is well known by scholars that Egyptian philosophy is the basis of Western and Middle Eastern religious philosophies such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism, the Kabala, and Greek philosophy, but what about Indian philosophy, Yoga and Taoism? What were the original teachings? How can they be practiced today? What is the source of pain and suffering in the world and what is the solution? Discover the deepest mysteries of the mind and universe within and outside of your self. ISBN: 1-884564-01-1

Duke Ellington's America

Author: Harvey G. Cohen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226112659

Category: Music

Page: 704

View: 4577

Few American artists in any medium have enjoyed the international and lasting cultural impact of Duke Ellington. From jazz standards such as “Mood Indigo” and “Don’t Get Around Much Anymore,” to his longer, more orchestral suites, to his leadership of the stellar big band he toured and performed with for decades after most big bands folded, Ellington represented a singular, pathbreaking force in music over the course of a half-century. At the same time, as one of the most prominent black public figures in history, Ellington demonstrated leadership on questions of civil rights, equality, and America’s role in the world. With Duke Ellington’s America, Harvey G. Cohen paints a vivid picture of Ellington’s life and times, taking him from his youth in the black middle class enclave of Washington, D.C., to the heights of worldwide acclaim. Mining extensive archives, many never before available, plus new interviews with Ellington’s friends, family, band members, and business associates, Cohen illuminates his constantly evolving approach to composition, performance, and the music business—as well as issues of race, equality and religion. Ellington’s own voice, meanwhile, animates the book throughout, giving Duke Ellington’s America an intimacy and immediacy unmatched by any previous account. By far the most thorough and nuanced portrait yet of this towering figure, Duke Ellington’s America highlights Ellington’s importance as a figure in American history as well as in American music.

A Defiant Life

Thurgood Marshall and the Persistence of Racism in America

Author: Howard Ball

Publisher: Three Rivers Press

ISBN: 0307777987

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 464

View: 6381

Thurgood Marshall's extraordinary contribution to civil rights and overcoming racism is more topical than ever, as the national debate on race and the overturning of affirmative action policies make headlines nationwide. Howard Ball, author of eighteen books on the Supreme Court and the federal judiciary, has done copious research for this incisive biography to present an authoritative portrait of Marshall the jurist. Born to a middle-class black family in "Jim Crow" Baltimore at the turn of the century, Marshall's race informed his worldview from an early age. He was rejected by the University of Maryland Law School because of the color of his skin. He then attended Howard University's Law School, where his racial consciousness was awakened by the brilliant lawyer and activist Charlie Houston. Marshall suddenly knew what he wanted to be: a civil rights lawyer, one of Houston's "social engineers." As the chief attorney for the NAACP, he developed the strategy for the legal challenge to racial discrimination. His soaring achievements and his lasting impact on the nation's legal system--as the NAACP's advocate, as a federal appeals court judge, as President Lyndon Johnson's solicitor general, and finally as the first African American Supreme Court Justice--are symbolized by Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark case that ended legal segregation in public schools. Using race as the defining theme, Ball spotlights Marshall's genius in working within the legal system to further his lifelong commitment to racial equality. With the help of numerous, previously unpublished sources, Ball presents a lucid account of Marshall's illustrious career and his historic impact on American civil rights. From the Hardcover edition.

Person to Person

Positive Relationships Don't Just Happen

Author: Sharon L. Hanna,Rose Suggett,Doug Radtke

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780132288149

Category: Psychology

Page: 447

View: 9167

Highly practical and easy-to-read--yet thoroughly grounded in recent psychological and sociological research, this book provides a complete tutorial on the personal and interpersonal skills that underlie the process of building developing healthy, fulfilling professional and personal relationships. It guides readers in taking responsibility for themselves, making wiser choices, improving their relationships, appreciating all kinds of diversity, and living happy, fulfilling, and productive lives. “Reflections and Applications” sections provide easily accessible, hands-on, user-friendly assignments and activities.Knowing and Valuing Yourself. Understanding Yourself Throughout the Life Span. Exploring Values and Making Wise Choices. Achieving Happiness and Satisfaction. Experiencing and Expressing Emotion. Becoming a Positive Listener. Improving Communication: How to Send Messages. Improving Communication: What to Say. Building Positive Relationships. Succeeding in Your Career. Developing and Enriching Intimate Relationships. Strengthening Family Relationships.For those interested in improving their interpersonal communication skills, both professional and personal.

A Sniper in the Tower

The Charles Whitman Murders

Author: Gary M. Lavergne

Publisher: University of North Texas Press

ISBN: 1574410296

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 7374

On August 1, 1966, Charles Joseph Whitman ascended the University of Texas Tower and committed what was then the largest simultaneous mass murder in American history. He gunned down forty-five people inside and around the Tower before he was killed by two Austin police officers. During the previous evening he had killed his wife and mother, bringing the total to sixteen people dead and at least thirty-one wounded. The murders spawned debates over issues which still plague America today: domestic violence, child abuse, drug abuse, military indoctrination, gun control, the insanity defense, and the delicate balance between civil liberties and public safety.

The Lepers of Molokai

Author: Charles Warren Stoddard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Leprosy

Page: 80

View: 4304

Discusses the leper colony on Molokai and the work of Father Damien.

Space Unveiled

Invisible Cultures in the Design Studio

Author: Carla Jackson Bell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317659112

Category: Architecture

Page: 262

View: 4249

Since the early 1800s, African Americans have designed signature buildings; however, in the mainstream marketplace, African American architects, especially women, have remained invisible in architecture history, theory and practice. Traditional architecture design studio education has been based on the historical models of the Beaux-Arts and the Bauhaus, with a split between design and production teaching. As the result of current teaching models, African American architects tend to work on the production or technical side of building rather than in the design studio. It is essential to understand the centrality of culture, gender, space and knowledge in design studios. Space Unveiled is a significant contribution to the study of architecture education, and the extent to which it has been sensitive to an inclusive cultural perspective. The research shows that this has not been the case in American education because part of the culture remains hidden.

Marshalling Justice

The Early Civil Rights Letters of Thurgood Marshall

Author: Michael G. Long

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062064290

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 1663

“[An] important collection….Michael G. Long deserves high praise indeed for unearthing [Marshall’s letters] and bringing them to light.” —Wil Haygood Collected together for the first time in Marshalling Justice, here are selected letters written by one of the most influential and important activists in the American Civil Rights movement: the brilliant legal mind and footsoldier for justice and racial equality, Thurgood Marshall. The correspondences of a rebellious young attorney with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Marshalling Justice paints an eye-opening portrait of Thurgood Marshall before he became the first African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, during his years as a groundbreaking and vibrant Civil Rights activist in the tradition of Martin Luther King and Julian Bond.

The Cambridge Companion to Modern American Culture

Author: C. W. E. Bigsby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521841321

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 3684

The Cambridge Companion to Modern American Culture offers a comprehensive, authoritative and accessible overview of the cultural themes and intellectual issues that drive the dominant culture of the twentieth century. The essays explore the social, political and economic forces that have made America what it is today. Varied, extensive and challenging, this Companion is essential reading for students and teachers of American studies around the world. It is the most accessible and useful introduction available to an exciting ...

Sammy Davis Jr.

A Personal Journey with My Father

Author: Tracey Davis,Nina Bunche Pierce

Publisher: Running Press

ISBN: 0762450649

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 3105

Nicknamed Mr. Show Business, Sammy Davis Jr. was a consummate performer who sang, danced, and acted on film, television, radio, and the stage for over six decades. In this uniquely intimate volume, the entertainment legend's story comes to life through rare family photos and a compelling narrative based on conversations between Sammy Davis Jr. and his daughter, Tracey Davis. The story of a future superstar unfolds beginning with his bittersweet childhood days, raised primarily by his grandmother in Harlem. On the stage by age three, he first became a star in vaudeville with the Will Mastin Trio. Davis was already an up-and-coming performer by the time he was recruited into the Army during World War II. As Tracey Davis candidly relates, it was there that her father first learned to use his talent—singing and dancing—as a weapon against racial bigotry. Davis's career took off in the 1940s through his sheer determination, talent, and the support of friends like Frank Sinatra. With tenderness and humor Tracey describes her father's friendship with Sinatra, and how he stood by him when Davis married Tracey's Swedish actress mother. In a time when interracial marriages were forbidden by law in thirty-one states, both bride and groom endured an onslaught of negative press and even death threats. Complete with rare personal and professional photos, Sammy Davis Jr. recounts Davis's adventures through the Rat Pack era, and the extraordinary obstacles he overcame to become a 5'6”, 120-pound legend who across six decades packed in more than forty albums, seven Broadway shows, twenty-three films, and countless nightclub and concert performances. What emerges from the pages of this loving, but utterly frankly written book, is a uniquely personal perspective on one of the greatest pop culture icons of the twentieth century.

Introduction to Maat Philosophy

The Path of Spiritual Enlightenment Through Virtuous Living - Karma Yoga of Ancient Africa

Author: Muata Abhaya Ashby,Muata Ashby

Publisher: Sema Institute / C.M. Book Publishing

ISBN: 9781884564208

Category: History

Page: 188

View: 7616

MAAT is a philosophy and a spiritual symbol as well as a cosmic energy or force which pervades the entire universe. MAAT is an ancient way of life based on ethical, moral and spiritual principles which promote order and harmony in society and spiritual evolution in the life of every individual. MAAT was the basis of ancient Egyptian civilization which lasted for over thousands of years. MAATI is the dual form of the goddess of Truth and Cosmic Order who presides over the universe and the karmic destiny of every individual.

Bad Boy from Rosebud

The Murderous Life of Kenneth Allen McDuff

Author: Gary M. Lavergne

Publisher: University of North Texas Press

ISBN: 1574410725

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 366

View: 8161

Publisher Fact Sheet A chilling account of a serial killer whose cruel & tortuous murders while on parole from the Broomstick Murders changed the third largest criminal justice system in the United States.