Barasi's Human Nutrition: a health perspective provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic principles of nutrition. Thoroughly revised, restructured, and updated, the new edition covers the application of nutrition in the protection of health, and presents up-to-date scientific information in an accessible and reader-friendly format. The new edition places more emphasis on applied nutrition. Specifically, sections relating to clinical nutrition and public health nutrition are now separate chapters, with new chapters on sport nutrition, obesity, and weight management. Each chapter will have a dedicated table of contents to better highlight the subject covered. The book also focuses on nutritional issues relating to major disease in the West, such as coronary heart disease, cancer, and diabetes, while discussing methods of studying nutrition and the essential principles of diet structure. This is an invaluable source for students of nutrition and those pursuing further qualifications in food science.
Human Nutrition: A Health Perspective, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to the basic principles of nutrition, together with their application through the life cycle and in a variety of life situations. Topics covered are relevant to students in a variety of courses that include nutrition. The book is also ideal for health-related courses that address how nutrition is related to the development of diseases that afflict Western populations, and what can be done to minimize the risks of developing such diseases. To facilitate learning, the book involves readers in thinking about their own nutrition for the protection and promotion of health. Topics include food allergy, fluid intakes, sports nutrition, functional foods, and nutrients sold as supplements. The text is interspersed with study questions and diagrams to engage and maintain readers’ attention. Scientific explanations are provided in an accessible manner to help in understanding and to clarify principles. The flow of the information builds from methods of studying nutrition and essential principles about the structure of diet through an exploration of the functions of all the nutrients. The basic knowledge is applicable to a study of the major life stages and the challenges that might threaten nutritional status. The book highlights issues related to major diseases in the West such as coronary heart disease and cancer. It also considers the concept of optimizing nutrition and discusses nutrition policy and related health promotion issues.
Food is one of the basic necessities of life, yet nutrition has only relatively recently been recognised as one of the most important determinants of individual and public health. A full understanding of this multi-faceted subject area requires an integrated approach, from molecular to societal level. Essentials of Human Nutrition provides a complete and student-friendly introduction to the field making it an ideal companion forstudents throughout their study of nutrition. Careful editing of contributions from an international team of experts draws together a broad spectrum of disciplines and promotes the practical application ofnutritional science at the human level, covering everything a student needs to know in order to understand the importance of nutrition to health and disease.
Michael J. Gibney,Susan A. Lanham-New,Aedin Cassidy,Hester H. Vorster
Author: Michael J. Gibney,Susan A. Lanham-New,Aedin Cassidy,Hester H. Vorster
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
In this second edition of the introductory text in the acclaimed Nutrition Society Textbook Series, Introduction to Human Nutrition has been revised and updated to meet the needs of the contemporary student. Introduction to Human Nutrition is an essential purchase for students of nutrition and dietetics, and also for those students who major in other subjects that have a nutrition component, such as food science, medicine, pharmacy and nursing. Professionals in nutrition, dietetics, food science, medicine, health sciences and many related areas will also find much of great value within its covers.
1. 1. 4 Nutritional deficiency and excess which form the metabolic enzyme structure of the individual. It is not possible to live for more than 2-3 minutes without oxygen. However, life can continue with 1. 1. 5 Social, population and environmental out water for between 2 and 7 days depending influences on nutrition upon the ambient temperature and the amount of exercise being taken. Survival without any food at The reliable provision of food requires an orga all, but with water, may be for 60-120 days, nized society. A society that is disorganized depending upon the body stores. Females and through war, epidemics of infections or natural those with considerable subcutaneous fat survive disaster is less able to produce or deliver food for longer than slightly built males. than a well-structured stable society with a suffi There are individual responses to nutritional ciency of healthy workers. It is important that deficiency and excess. Though in general weight food is grown which is appropriate for the partic increase in association with overall excessive eat ular population's social, cultural and religious ing and weight loss is associated with inadequate beliefs. The influences on nutrition (Figure 1. 1) dietary intake. The failure to provide the essential include: amino acids, fats, vitamins and trace elements leads to specific lesions which may progress to • food availability and intake morbidity and death.
A clearly structured, compact text on the behavioral sciences for medical and other students and trainees, including practical features such as annotated review questions and a practice exam.The brand new edition of this compact text presents succinct information about the wide variety of behavioral, social, and psychological sciences that comprise the behavioral sciences relevant to health and wellness.Based around but expanding on the Integrated Sciences Model, and integrating the Institute of Medicine¿s key themes for medical training, the new edition is organized in sections covering: ¿ Biological Mediators of Behavior ¿ Individual-Environment Interaction ¿ Development Through the Life Cycle ¿ Social and Cultural Determinants ¿ Societal and Behavioral Health Challenges ¿ The Health Care System, Policy, and Economics ¿ Physician-Patient Interaction ¿ PsychopathologyNew chapters deal with Stress, Adaptation, and Illness; Geriatric Health and Successful Aging; Palliative Care; Health Care Issues Facing Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals; Competency in Clinical Education; Health Literacy; and Changing Risk Behaviors. Clear appendices review principles of epidemiology and biostatistics.Each chapter begins with guidance questions and ends with current recommended readings and review questions. A complete 300+ question-and-answer USMLE-type review section not only allows readers to check how well they have learned the material, but also highlights important points and adds additional specific information to supplement the text.The authors of this text are experienced teachers and researchers drawn primarily from the membership of the Association for the Behavioral Sciences and Medical Education.
Metabolism at a Glance presents a concise, illustrated summary of metabolism in health and disease. This essential text is progressively appropriate for introductory through to advanced medical and biochemistry courses. It also provides a succinct review of inborn errors of metabolism, and reference for postgraduate medical practitioners and biomedical scientists who need a resource to quickly refresh their knowledge. Fully updated and extensively illustrated, this new edition of Metabolism at a Glance is now in full colour throughout, and includes new coverage of sports biochemistry; the metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates and cholesterol; glyceroneogenesis, α-oxidation and ω-oxidation of fatty acids. It also features the overlooked “Krebs Uric Acid Cycle”. Metabolism at a Glance offers an accessible introduction to metabolism, and is ideal as a revision aid for students preparing for undergraduate and USMLE Step 1 exams.
This concise introduction to the gastrointestinal system encapsulates the fundamental facts and principles of this rapidly growing and changing specialty. Written by experienced clinicians and teachers, the text covers the basic concepts of both the science surrounding the gastrointestinal system and the basics of clinical practice in an accessible, lucid format. Now fully supported by a companion website at www.ataglanceseries.com/gastro containing interactive MCQs and downloadable digital flashcards, The Gastrointestinal System at a Glance is the ideal revision aid for medical and allied health students, and provides valuable insight for anyone seeking a comprehensive and concise guide to this subject area. Fully revised and updated to include further coverage of diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy, revised liver chapters and a new chapter on embryology Now in full colour throughout Supported by a companion website containing interactive self-assessment and digital flashcards - perfect for both study and revision Provides an integrated approach to both the basic and clinical science of this core specialty
Vickie A. Vaclavik, Ph.D.,Marjorie M. Devine, Ph.D.,Marcia H. Pimentel, M.S.
Author: Vickie A. Vaclavik, Ph.D.,Marjorie M. Devine, Ph.D.,Marcia H. Pimentel, M.S.
Publisher: CRC Press
Much like its popular predecessors, the seventh edition of Dimensions of Food encourages readers to become interactive participants in understanding the physical, chemical, and functional and structural properties of food components, including the connection between conscientious food preparation and palatability and wholesome eating. With a wealth of questions, charts to complete, and practical exercises, this four part workbook allows readers to explore and develop a deeper understanding of food in ways that will maximize each of their own culinary experiences. Part One leads readers through an investigation of the economic, nutritional, palatability, sanitation, chemical, and processing dimensions of food. Part Two provides a number of demonstrations and participatory exercises that will help develop a basic understanding of the functional and structural properties of a variety of food groups that include starches, fruits and vegetables, eggs, dairy, meat, poultry, fish, fats and oils, and sugars and baked products. Part Three focuses an analytical eye on the modern convenience of microwave cookery, detailing effective procedures for cooking, reheating, and defrosting food. Part Four gives readers the opportunity to creatively apply the principles of food selection so as to prepare meals that that are personally satisfying, nutritious, and practical. Revised and updated to include new information and current trends, this resource: Offers an expanded discussion of food allergies and intolerances Includes sample scorecards for evaluating foods, as well as a sample nutrition facts label Accesses new website information on calibrating a thermometer Emphasizes how to preserve both the nutritional value and the palatability of food Adds new exercises and problems to facilitate the learning of key principles Provides18 detailed appendices that cover everything from foodborne illness, allergies, and cooking regulations, to dietary guidelines, cooking terms, buying guides, and dessert websites Designed with perforated pages, extra space for specialized lessons, and plenty of opportunity for user input, this book will allow each reader to create a personalized reference for their continued use and enjoyment.
A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "microbiota" or "microbiome," with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa. It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian–microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community’s composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state. The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.
Arthritis affects millions of people throughout the world and while its treatment is usually medical or surgical, there exists an increasingly large body of evidence concerning the positive effects of nutrition on the condition. There are over two hundred forms of rheumatoid disease, with conditions varying in prevalence. In this important title the authors have focussed on osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most common arthritic diseases with the largest body of dietary data. Including coverage of disease incidence and prevalence, pathology, aetiology and measures of disease assessment and dietary risk factors, Nutrition and Arthritis is a clear, concise and user-friendly book gathering the latest research to bring the reader state-of-the-art information on: Micronutrients (e.g. vitamins C, D and selenium), food supplements and their potential to ameliorate arthritis Polyunsaturated fatty acids, with particular attention paid to n-3 fatty acids Glucosamine and chondroitin The value of exclusion, vegetarian, vegan and other dietary approaches Nutritionists and dietitians, including those working in the health services, rheumatologists, orthopaedic surgeons, general practitioners, osteopaths and commercial organisations involved in the formulation of dietary supplements will find this book an important and practical reference source. Libraries in medical schools and universities and research establishments where nutrition, dietetics and food science are studied and taught will find it a valuable addition to their shelves.
The standard work for all those involved in the field of clinical nutrition and dietetics, The Manual of Dietetic Practice has been equipping health care professionals with the essential foundations on which to build expertise and specialist skill since it was first published in 1988. The fourth edition responds to the changing demand for multidisciplinary, patient-centred, evidence-based practice and has been expanded to include dedicated chapters covering adult nutrition, freelance dietetics, complementary and alternative therapies. Compiled from the knowledge of both individual experts and the British Dietetic Association's Specialist Groups, this truly is the essential guide to the principles of dietetics across its whole range.
The Climate Majority is the first book to investigate climate apathy, to describe how it prevents action to stop climate change and to show how it can be beaten with an approach developed for political campaigns. Leo Barasi argues that dangerous climate change will only be prevented if the majority of people—including those who aren’t environmentalists—are persuaded of the need to limit emissions. He applies his policy and campaign experience to show that politicizing climate change makes it more difficult to build consensus, particularly among people who are currently apathetic. This is one of few books to focus on public opinion and climate change and it attempts to reveal what people really think by drawing examples and evidence of from the United States, the UK, Australia, and Canada. In a time of growing nationalism in many developed countries—and right-wing negativity towards the need for meaningful action—The Climate Majority offers a new way of understanding what can be done within the system, rather than despite it. In an era of political setbacks for sustainability, we need new hope and new tools. Anyone who cares about climate change can draw on the lessons in this book to help build a climate majority. Leo Barasi is a freelance consultant on climate change policy and campaigns. He works with charities, political candidates, and private companies to help them understand and change public opinion. He writes regularly for the New Statesman, openDemocracy, and Climate Home.
The Endocrine System at a Glance provides a concise and accessible introduction and revision aid for medical students in the early years of their course. Following the familiar, easy-to-use at a Glance format, each topic is presented as a double-page spread with key facts accompanied by clear tables and diagrams encapsulating all the students need to know. This new edition of Endocrinology at a Glance: Contains a second colour throughout to enhance the visual appeal, making the subject even easier to understand Presents schematic diagrams on the left page and concise explanations of the right, providing a user-friendly overview of endocrinology Has been thoroughly revised and updated, including brand new information on: Obesity Osteoporosis Infertility Endocrinology at a Glance will appeal to all medical students studying endocrinology and revising for final exams. The book is also suitable for those training in allied health professions and nurses specialising in endocrinology.
Understanding the way in which nutrients are metabolised, and hence the principles of biochemistry, is essential for understanding the scientific basis of what we would call a healthy diet. Extensively revised and updated to reflect current knowledge of nutritional and dietary requirements, Introduction to Nutrition and Metabolism, Fifth Edition presents an accessible text on the basic principles of nutrition and metabolism and the biochemistry needed for comprehending the science of nutrition. This full-color text explores the need for food and the uses to which that food is put in the body, as well as the interactions between health and diet. It describes the metabolic pathways and the biochemical basis of their nutritional and physiological importance. Topics covered include chemical reactions and catalysis by enzymes; the role of ATP; digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins; issues associated with being overweight; problems of malnutrition; and vitamin and mineral requirements and functions. This new edition contains significantly expanded information on a variety of subjects including appetite control, hormone action, and integration and control of metabolism. The fifth edition also includes a list of key points at the end of each chapter. This text explains the conclusions of the experts who have deliberated on nutritional requirements, diet, and health, as well as the scientific basis for the conclusions they have reached. It also provides a foundation of scientific knowledge for the interpretation and evaluation of future advances in nutrition and health sciences. The accompanying CD-ROM contains new interactive tutorial exercises, PowerPoint presentations for each chapter, self-assessment quizzes, simulations of laboratory experiments, and a nutrient analysis program.
Nutrient Metabolism, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the supply and use of nutrients in the human body and how the body regulates intake. Chapters detail the principles determining digestion and absorption of food ingredients and how these compounds and their metabolites get into the brain, cross the placenta and pass through the kidneys. Each nutrient’s coverage contains a nutritional summary that describes its function, its food sources, dietary requirements, potential health risks if deficient, and impact of excessive intake. This handbook contains the latest information on the scope of structures, processes, genes and cofactors involved in maintaining a healthy balance of nutrient supplies. Of interest to a wide range of professionals because nutrient issues connect to so many audiences, the book contains a useful link to dietary supplements. Latest research findings on health and clinical effects of nutrients and of interventions affecting nutrient supply or metabolism Each nutrient covered contains a nutritional summary describing its function, food sources, dietary requirements, potential health risks if deficient, and impact of excessive intake. Nutrient information immediately accessible--from source to effect--in one volume
The explosion of knowledge about satiety and hunger has given new meaning to our understanding of the genetics of obesity. New interest in gene expression as related to nutrition and advances in the field of macronutrients has made the latest nutrition research intriguing. Advanced Nutrition: Macronutrients adopts an integrated approach to the understanding of macronutrient nutrition. It provides scientific foundations of the current findings on energy balance, protein need, gene expression, and carbohydrate and lipid use, and maintains emphasis on the biochemical and physiological basis for nutrient need.
This 1992 volume was prepared for the Golden Jubilee of the Nutrition Society and celebrates 50 years of nutrition research. It details the contribution which nutrition research has made and continues to make to the health of man and animals.
This is a comprehensive text on the methods - dietary, anthropometric, laboratory and clinical - of assessing the nutritional status of populations and of individuals in the hospital or the community. This Second Edition incorporates recent data from national nutritional surveys in the US and Europe; the flood of new information about iron, vitamin A and iodine; the role of folate in preventing neural tube defects; the use of HPLC techniques and enzyme assays; improvements in data handling; and many other developments. A paperback edition of this book is available to readers living outside of North America and Europe. Interested parties should contact the author at: [email protected] http: //nutrition.earthlight.co.nz