Sixteenth International Conference. 1-5 November 2000, Denton, Texas, USA
Author: Jerome L. Duggan
Publisher: American Inst. of Physics
The purpose of the conference was to review current research and the wealth of industrial applications that are in progress with accelerators throughout the world. The conference was composed of two symposia which ran in parallel. These are the Research Symposium and the Industrial Applications of Accelerators. Some of the sessions, which are of general interest, were held common to both groups. Over 500 invited papers were given at these symposia and contributed papers were accepted in the following areas: Accelerator and Component Design and Automation, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS), Accelerator Technology, Atomic Physics and Related Phenomena, Beam Processing Biological and Chemical Applications, Carbon Dating, Channeling, Charged Particle Microprobes, Computer Tomography, CTR and Related Phenomena, Detectors-Electronics-Instrumentation, Dosimetry, Electron Beam Processing, ERDA, Geosciences and Related Phenomena, Government Funding for Research, Insitu Beams, Ion Implantation (Semiconductors), Ion Implantation (Metallurgical), Ion Sources and Control Systems, Material Analysis with Ion Beams, Medical Applications with Accelerators, Medical Radioisotopes, Neutron Activation Analysis and Bulk Analysis with Accelerators, Nuclear Physics Photon-Ion Interaction using Fast Beams, Positron Beam Experiments and Facilities, Radiation Effects, Radiation Processing, Radiation Therapy, Radioactive Beam Experiments and Facilities, Radiological Safety Aspects of Accelerators, RBS, Single-Event Upsets Stopping Power, Surface Analysis with Ion Beams (PIXE), Synchrotron Light Source experiments, Targetry, Trace Analysis with Ion Beams, and Use of Small Accelerators in the Undergraduate Curriculum.
Since its invention in the 1920s, particle accelerators have made tremendous progress in accelerator science, technology and applications. However, the fundamental acceleration principle, namely, to apply an external radiofrequency (RF) electric field to accelerate charged particles, remains unchanged. As this method (either room temperature RF or superconducting RF) is approaching its intrinsic limitation in acceleration gradient (measured in MeV/m), it becomes apparent that new methods with much higher acceleration gradient (measured in GeV/m) must be found for future very high energy accelerators as well as future compact (table-top or room-size) accelerators. This volume introduces a number of advanced accelerator concepts (AAC) — their principles, technologies and potential applications. For the time being, none of them stands out as a definitive direction in which to go. But these novel ideas are in hot pursuit and look promising. Furthermore, some AAC requires a high power laser system. This has the implication of bringing two different communities — accelerator and laser — to join forces and work together. It will have profound impact on the future of our field. Also included are two special articles, one on "Particle Accelerators in China' which gives a comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing accelerator community in China. The other features the person-of-the-issue who was well-known nuclear physicist Jerome Lewis Duggan, a pioneer and founder of a huge community of industrial and medical accelerators in the US.
This book fills the need for a coherent work combining carefully reviewed articles into a comprehensive overview accessible to research groups and lecturers. Next to fundamental physics, contributions on topical medical and material science issues are included.
It is the purpose and business of the pharmaceutical industry to dis cover, develop, and make available drugs for the care of the sick. The purpose of universities and national laboratories is to provide people and scientific knowledge that can help in the process. This book presents the combined efforts of scientists from the drug in dustry, academic laboratories and national laboratories to describe advances in radiotracer technology in studies on experimental ani mals and living human beings. The authors believe that the technol ogy is now ready for widespread application in the pharmaceutical industry. The goal of this book is to help bring this about. The field of Nuclear Medicine is based on the concept that, if treatment of disease is chemical, the patient's diagnosis should be chemical. Anatomy and histopathology have been the principle ba sis for making a diagnosis. Histopathologic data suffer from being descriptive, subjective, not quantifiable, and based on the study of dead tissue. The era of histopathology as the dominant concept in medical practice is coming to an end. Histopathologic findings are often heterogeneous and a single biopsy will at times not reveal the true nature of the disease, such as the grading of malignancy. Far greater accuracy of staging of disease and in the planning of treat ment is possible through chemistry, as well as by making possible a more suitable selection of a histological biopsy site.
General Aspects and Stopping of Swift Point Charges
Author: Peter Sigmund
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Drawing on the author’s forty-plus years of experience as a researcher in the interaction of charged particles with matter, this book emphasizes the theoretical description of fundamental phenomena. Special attention is given to classic topics such as Rutherford scattering; the theory of particle stopping; the statistical description of energy loss and multiple scattering and numerous more recent developments.